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The immortal female triads in paintings.ppsx

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The immortal female triads in paintings.ppsx

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Greek mythology has several female triads, four of which, according to Hesiod, are immortal:
the terrible Fates, the avenging Erinyes, the sweet Seasons and the charming Graces.

Greek mythology has several female triads, four of which, according to Hesiod, are immortal:
the terrible Fates, the avenging Erinyes, the sweet Seasons and the charming Graces.

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The immortal female triads in paintings.ppsx

  1. 1. Greek mythology has several female triads, four of which, according to Hesiod, are immortal: the terrible Fates, the avenging Erinyes, the sweet Seasons and the charming Graces.
  2. 2. The immortal female triads in paintings
  3. 3. Name: The Moirae, Clotho, Lachesis, Atropos (Aisa) Nickname: The Fates, the Parcae, the Fata, The Controllers Current city: Olympus General Duties: Deciding everything that will happen to everyone who is born, including the moment and way in which they will they die. Division of Labor: Clotho, spins the first thread of life, causing birth; Lachesis, measures the length of the thread of life; Atropos (Aisa), cuts the thread of life, bringing death The Moirae, often called the Fates in English, are the goddesses who decide the fate of all living things. Some say that not even Zeus can escape the webs these ladies spin. In paintings, the Fates almost always appear as the three sisters, and hardly ever (possibly even never) singly. Where the artist has elected to give them individual appearances, it is Atropos who is normally shown as an older woman, with the gravity of her task.
  4. 4. Father Time and his scythe making the association with death ... Clotho and Lachesis are working together, and … Atropos, with her shears, looks directly at the spectator, knowing his fate. Pieter Thijs Le Temps et les Parques Time and the Three Fates 1665 Museum of Art and History, Geneva
  5. 5. The story of the fall of Troy and an apple inscribed 'For the Fairest’ … Every head has turned towards Eris- Discord as she brings her golden apple … (apart from that of the centaur) even the three Fates, have for once paused momentarily in their work … Edward Burne-Jones The Feast of Peleus La fête de Pélée 1872-1881 Birmingham Museum and Art Gallery, Birmingham
  6. 6. Atropos, the inexorable goddess of death carries a few scissors to cut the thread of life; Clotho, Goya her distaff replaces with a doll, possibly an allegory of life; Lachesis looks across a lens and symbolizes time, since she was the one who measured the length of the fiber. and a male figure, hands tied behind him as if he were captive. The Fates would be deciding the destiny of the man whose bound hands cannot be opposed to his fate. Francisco Goya Atropos, or the Fates Átropos, ou Les Moires 1819-23 Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid
  7. 7. a bearded figure, the personification of the Time, a black female figure having four breasts, that symbolized life, Clotho with a red thread, the symbol of love, Lachesis with a white thread, which emphasizes the purity of life, Atropos, holding a pair of scissors, capable of breaking the thread of life and to strengthen the concept, a skeleton watches the scene. The three Parcae as three young and beautiful girls. A way to underline the perfection of the human body and, consequently, the perfection of Nature. Il Sodoma (Giovanni Antonio Bazzi) or Marco Bigio The Three Parcae Les trois Parques 1525, 1540-1550 Villa Barberini, Galleria Nazionale d’Arte Antica, Rome
  8. 8. Accompanying a sorceress ... flowers, snakes, and other supplies of a sorceress, Medea in the midst of an incantation to force Jason’s return to her and the Fates and a flash-forward: Medea fleeing Corinth in a chariot drawn by dragons, the bodies of her children thrown down after their deaths Joseph Mallord William Turner Vision of Medea Vision de Médée 1828 The Tate Gallery, London
  9. 9. Name: The Erinyes: Alecto, Tisiphone, Magaera Nickname: The Furies, The Infernal Goddesses Current city: Tartarus Occupation: Goddesses of Vengeance Means of transport: Their wings Weapon of Choice: Dementia Friends: Nemesis, Hades Enemies: Apollo, Orestes, All Evildoers They became associated with the punishment of moral crimes such as anger, those who broke their oaths, and murderers, respectively. Furious, snaky-haired, bloody-eyed ladies flap their wings and rise up from the black pit of Tartarus to put the smack down. Their favorite methods of punishment include driving people insane, blighting big stretches of countryside, and blasting whole cities with plague.
  10. 10. Ovid’s Metamorphoses, Athamas and Ino. Juno seeks vengeance ... a nocturnal fantasy landscape lit by fires, peacocks, the monsters and the tormented, the frightening, partly animal-like spooky figures Juno, the wife of Jupiter and the three goddesses of vengeance (Juno engages Tisiphone, one of the three Furies, to bring Athamas down by driving him mad. Tisiphone hurls two snakes from her hair at Athamas and Ino, and pours a poisonous concoction on them both.) Jan Brueghel the Elder, Jan Brueghel l'Ancien Juno in the Underworld Junon aux Enfers 1596-1598 Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden, Dresden
  11. 11. Three groaning and screaming Gorgonic Furies carry the murdered corpse of Clytemnestra, with Orestes' dagger still buried deep in her chest ... Orestes holding his hands over his ears with an expression of pain on his face, his mother, a knife buried and with hair swarming with snakes, the Furies: Tisiphone, Alecto, and Megaera point at his crime William-Adolphe Bouguereau Oreste poursuivi par les Furies ou Les Remords d'Oreste Orestes Pursued by the Furies or The Remorse of Orestes 1862 Chrysler Museum of Art, Norfolk
  12. 12. Orestes, whom the god Apollo ordered to avenge the death of his father ... the murdered body of Clytemnestra, on the floor and the Furies who rush, arms outstretched, towards Orestes (and a profusion of arms reaching out, grasping, tugging ...) Philippe-Auguste Hennequin Les Remords d'Oreste The Remorse of Orestes 1800 Musée du Louvre, Paris
  13. 13. Orestes trying to escape from three snake-wielding Furies, who swirl around him with menace. They are avenging Orestes’ murder of his own mother, Clytemnestra, and her lover Aegisthus. Franz von Stuck Orestes and the Erinyes Oreste et les Erinyes 1905 Galleria Nazionale d’Arte Moderna, Rome
  14. 14. Orestes under the attacks of the Furies, as he tries to run from them, the swarm of fearsome Furies, daemonic mask-like faces, hold out burning brands and fistfuls of small snakes and a woman who stands in Orestes’ way, a gilded crown, and a clean incision of a stab wound above her left breast ... his mother, Clytemnestra. John Singer Sargent Orestes Pursued by the Furies Oreste poursuivi par les Furies 1922-1925 Museum of Fine Arts Boston, Boston
  15. 15. Name: The Horae, Horai, Seasons or Hours Nickname: Doorkeepers on Olympus Occupation: Diké, goddess of moral justice; Eunomia, goddess of law and legislation; Eirene, the personification of peace and wealth Friends: Aphrodite, Charites The artists gave the Hours the physiognomy of graceful girls, often dancers dressed in long clothes, holding flowery branches in their hands. Their numbers range from three to over a dozen, and in paintings they’re usually identified by a process of elimination. If there’s one or more dancing young women, who aren’t Graces or Muses, then they could well be the Horai.
  16. 16. One of the Horai is believed to appear in Botticelli’s Birth of Venus ... Zephyros , the west wind, harbinger of Spring, and Aura the personification of lighter breezes, Aphrodite is received by one of the Hours which represents the season of spring. It could therefore be Thallo or Thalatte (Latin Flora), who is featured in Botticelli’s Primavera. Sandro Botticelli The Birth of Venus La Naissance de Vénus 1486 Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence
  17. 17. The Horai accompany Phaëthon in his father’s sun chariot ... some are shown with butterfly wings, as they’re thrown into turmoil, causing time to fall out of joint Peter Paul Rubens The Fall of Phaeton La Chute de Phaéton 1604-1608 The National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC
  18. 18. Name: The Charites, Graces Current city: Olympus Occupation: Goddesses of charm, beauty, nature, human creativity, goodwill, and fertility Friends: Aphrodite, the Muses, Apollo In visual art they typically appear dancing together, in the company of Aphrodite, sometimes they are simply an excuse to add three nude females. Protagonists of countless works, from antiquity to the present day, have served to represent not only the mythological characters but also the ideal of female beauty of each period and for each artist.
  19. 19. Represent the feminine virtues Pleasure, Chastity and Beauty ... Their clothing is like lace, very light, and see-through, which demonstrates Botticelli’s virtuosity The Three Graces together with Venus form a feminine, but also a human ideal. Sandro Botticelli Primavera, Spring Le Printemps 1482 Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence
  20. 20. Adonis's death in Ovid's Metamorphoses, Venus discovers the body of her young, handsome lover. pathos and passion … the three weeping Graces and the sobbing Cupid who, with the grieving Venus, replicate a Pietà scene. (... only the dogs remain unruffled) Peter Paul Rubens The Death of Adonis (with Venus, Cupid, and the Three Graces) La Mort d'Adonis (Adonis pleuré par Vénus, Cupidon et les Trois Grâces) 1614 The Israel Museum, Jerusalem
  21. 21. the three Graces completely naked, but without symbolic attributes, such as the apple or the flowers, but they have hat and necklaces Lucas Cranach the Elder, Lucas Cranach l'Ancien Les Trois Grâces The Three Graces 1531 Musée du Louvre, Paris
  22. 22. Originally, only one of the three women was holding a golden ball in her hand. This would be a depiction of the Judgement of Paris and the three Greek goddesses: Hera, Athena and Aphrodite. Subsequently, Raphael changed his mind and put an apple in each woman’s hand, making them Hesperidia, who conferred immortality to humans by giving them apples. According to other more contemporary art historians, the figures as handmaidens of Venus, holding the golden apples presenting the golden apples as symbols of the hero's virtue Raphael, Raphaël Les trois Grâces Three Graces 1504-1505 Musée Condé, Château de Chantilly, Chantilly
  23. 23. a fountain, a flower garland a horn of abundance, Cupid and the three naked goddesses, mature and opulent Peter Paul Rubens The three Graces Les Trois Grâces 1639 Museo del Prado, Madrid
  24. 24. A temple floating in the clouds ... Venus disarms Mars, the god of war, Cupid forgot about the arrows, Mars, is succumbing to the charms of Venus, but the outcome is still in doubt and the Three Graces who perform aimless tasks: one offers a cup of wine to Mars who has no free hand to take it, another rolls his shield as if it were a child's hoop and we can only wonder where the Grace on the left thinks she is putting Mars' helmet. (Traditionally, the Graces were the beautifuI handmaidens of Venus, but these are patently 'graceless Graces' and their gestures and expressions border on the absurd and comical.) Jacques-Louis David Mars désarmé par Vénus Mars disarmed by Venus 1824 Musées royaux des Beaux-Arts de Belgique, Bruxelles
  25. 25. The juxtaposition of modern Paris and the Graces ... the mythical Three Graces adapted from a Roman fresco from Pompeii, extend their arms through antiquity and present to us the Parisian cityscape dominated by the modern landmark of the Eiffel Tower “Ancient grace reappears: Pompeii! But drowned in a desire for new composition” (Delaunay, op.cit., ed. Francastel, 1957, p. 62). Robert Delaunay La Ville de Paris The City of Paris, The Three Graces 1910-1912 Musée national d'art moderne, Centre national d'art et de culture Georges-Pompidou, Paris
  26. 26. o.esqsegues@gmail.com The immortal female triads in paintings Triades féminines immortelles dans la peinture images and text credit www. Music Vangelis Alpha created olga.e. thanks for watching merci M.C., merci Michel, merci Josiane

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