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The Unicorn in Western painting

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one of the most beautiful magical creatures

an imaginary animal more important in the Christian West from the Middle Ages to the end of the Renaissance

Publicado en: Arte y fotografía
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The Unicorn in Western painting

  1. 1. one of the most beautiful magical creatures symbol of purity
  2. 2. an imaginary animal more important in the Christian West from the Middle Ages to the end of the Renaissance symbol of chastity, feminine purity and innocence in Early Christian Art
  3. 3. The Unicorn in Western painting
  4. 4. Moretto da Brescia Saint Justina with the Unicorn, Venerated by a Patron Sainte Justine à la licorne, Sainte Justine et un dévot 1530-1534 Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna an devotional image she is usually depicted as a young woman in a long dress and cloak, and carrying a palm branch Moretto further emphasizes her virginity with the presence of a unicorn
  5. 5. François Clouet A Lady in Her Bath Dame au bain 1571 National Gallery of Art, Washington the classic portrayal of a Royal mistress in her official role ... cool, beautiful, aloof, bejewelled even in her bath, accompanied by the strappings of her state: fine rooms, a noble child in the arms of its leering, accomplice-nurse, the sly Love-child stealing the fruits, a flower of passion in her hand and a tapestry with a heraldic composition with a unicorn and a tree on a pink background
  6. 6. Raphael Portrait of Young Woman with Unicorn, Lady with unicorn Portrait d'une jeune femme avec la licorne, La Dame à la licorne 1505 Galleria Borghese, Rome the unicorn, traditionally a symbol of chastity in medieval romance
  7. 7. Luca Longhi The Lady and the Unicorn Dame à la licorne 16th century Stanza di Paolo III, Castel Sant'Angelo, Rome possibly Giulia Farnese the mistress to Pope Alexander VI, and the sister of Pope Paul III. was known as Giulia la bella (Julia the beautiful)
  8. 8. Jacopo Tintoretto, Le Tintoret Creation of the Animals La Création des animaux 1551-1552 Gallerie dell'Accademia, Venice in a blaze of golden light, which does not entirely escape the darkness still partly enveloping the newly created earth God the Father is portrayed as if suspended in mid-air in the act of creation the birds shoot across the sky and the fishes dart through the water like arrows from his hand, the animals rush forward from behind him even a unicorn among them ...
  9. 9. Jan Brueghel the Elder, Jan Brueghel l'Ancien Landscape of Paradise and the Loading of the Animals in Noah’s Ark Paysage de paradis et chargement des animaux dans l'arche de Noé 1596 Private collection an idyllic landscape and somewhat whimsically depicted animals
  10. 10. Lucas Cranach the Elder, Lucas Cranach l'Ancien Paradise Paradis 1530 Gemäldegalerie Alte Meister, Dresden the biblical stories of Adam and Eve (Genesis 2-3) in a number of simultaneous scenes ... Jehovah imposing the prohibition on Adam and Eve to eat the fruit from the tree of knowledge and creation of Adam, creation of Eve, the fall of man, the discovery of the sin and the expulsion from paradise and the Garden of Eden in the form of an animal park, where wild, domestic and fabulous animals coexist peacefully
  11. 11. Hieronymus Bosch The Garden of Earthly Delights Le Jardin des délices 1500 Museo del Prado, Madrid one of the most mysterious paintings in Western art history swarms of living creatures, real animals, some exotic in Europe, and fabulous species: birds; swan, rabbit; elephant and giraffe; toad and owl; cock and snake; three-headed lizard reminiscent of Lerna’s hydra and unicorn symbol of virginity, chastity, purity
  12. 12. the triumph of Battista ... sitting on her cart pulled by unicorns, which symbolize chastity and purity
  13. 13. Piero della Francesca The double portrait of the Dukes of Urbino, The Dukes of Urbino Federico da Montefeltro and Battista Sforza Double Portrait des ducs d'Urbino, Les ducs d'Urbino Federico da Montefeltro et Battista Sforza 1473-1475 Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence a diptych, representing on the obverse, face to face, Federico III de Montefeltro, Duke of Urbino, and his second wife, Duchess Battista Sforza and on the overleaf, their arrival in the city accompanied by angels, in two triumphant chariots white horses pull Federico's triumphal car and Battista's is pulled by unicorns, which symbolize chastity
  14. 14. Domenichino, Le Dominiquin Virgin and Unicorn, A Virgin with a Unicorn Jeune fille et licorne, Jeune fille vierge et licorne 1604-1605 Palazzo Farnese, Rome the shyness of two sensitive creatures
  15. 15. Gustave Moreau La Licorne The Unicorn 1885 Musée National Gustave-Moreau, Paris Renaissance inspiration ... influenced by the tapestry of the Lady and the Unicorn from the Cluny Museum, Moreau uses the figures of Pegasus and Mercury from Mantegna's painting, Parnassus
  16. 16. Gustave Moreau Les Licornes The Unicorns 1888 Musée National Gustave-Moreau, Paris the dominant feeling of mystery ... one of the most fascinating and the most enigmatic works that the master of Symbolism has bequeathed us a strange place a gathering of princessesa lily, the symbol of purity a bejewelled sharp sword a chalice And unicorns, legendary creatures
  17. 17. olga_oes The Unicorn in Western painting La licorne dans la peinture occidentale images and text credit www. Music The Piano Guys Shawn Mendes In My Blood. Swan Lake (Piano/Cello Mashup) created olga.e. thanks for watching
  18. 18. In Europe the unicorn is often depicted as a white horse-like or goat-like animal with a long horn, cloven hooves, and sometimes a goat's beard. In the Middle Ages and Renaissance, it was commonly described as an extremely wild woodland creature, a symbol of purity and grace, which could be captured only by a virgin. In the encyclopedias, its horn was said to have the power to render poisoned water potable and to heal sickness. In medieval and Renaissance times, the tusk of the narwhal was sometimes sold as unicorn horn. During the Renaissance, however, scepticism grew concerning the miraculous properties of unicorn horns. In the 16th Century, the surgeon Ambroise Paré, court physician to four French kings, rubbished the idea that a unicorn’s horn had any medicinal effect. Unicorns still occasionally popped up in art at the start of the 17th Century, but, as belief in the existence of this mythical beast waned, so the golden age of the unicorn came to an end. Things changed, though, in the final decades of the 19th Century, with the rediscovery of The Lady and the Unicorn tapestries, which inspired artists such as the French Symbolist painter Gustave Moreau. In 1887, five years after the tapestries had been acquired by the Cluny Museum, Moreau completed his sensuous canvas The Unicorns.