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Velázquez, painter of princes and jesters.ppsx

  1. At the age of 24 he was appointed painter to King Philip IV. Four years later he was promoted to chamber painter, the most important position among court painters.
  2. Velázquez painter of princes and jesters
  3. The first and last portrait of the King painted by the man who was his court painter since 1623 ...
  4. The first portrait, from 1623, is only known to us thanks to X-rays, because five years later Velázquez repainted it completely: according to the X-rays, the first portrait was very natural, a physiognomy without nobility. The majestic repainted portrait shows, on the contrary, a firm face, an impression of power and serenity. (We know however that the King and the court were enthused by the first portrait: it was not at his request that Velázquez modified it, but rather to conform to his own vision of royal majesty, not out of primal flattery, but rather out of idealism, one might say.) Diego Velázquez Felipe IV, de cuerpo entero y vestido de negro Philip IV, full length and dressed in black Philippe IV, de pied et vêtu de noir hecho en 1623, repintado en 1628 executed in 1623, reworked in 1628 exécuté en 1623, repeint en 1628 Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid
  5. The last portrait of the King The king has no living male heir, is melancholy, preoccupied with death and his salvation; he reproaches himself for his conduct, his sins, the decline of the kingdom, and this exhaustion of an inbred race which goes to decay … However, Velázquez, certainly well aware of these vicissitudes, does not want to see any of this: in this final portrait, he once again idealizes his king, hiding his physical and moral infirmities, his wrinkles and his old age. … During the remaining eight years of his life, Velázquez no longer painted the king, except for the reflection in Las Meninas. He let his assistants and other painters paint portraits of the ageing king in accordance with royal taste, but not with his own, as a sign of his displeasure and disillusionment with the pre-eminence of the human over the majestic. Diego Velázquez Felipe IV Philip IV Philippe IV 1653 Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid
  6. Next to the king, Velázquez painted the royal family ... the King's first wife, Elisabeth, and the second Queen, Maria Anna, stilted and austere in her vertugadin; the infant Balthazar Charles, the feeble hope of the dynasty, but who will die at the age of 17, and his half-brother Philipp Prospero, of a dull sadness, the infant will die at the age of four; the Infanta Maria Theresa and the pretty infanta Marguerite with her plump cheeks and angelic air.
  7. Wearing a jacket with embroidered stars and a gold-embroidered skirt with her arms and initials ... … Elisabeth of France or Isabella of Bourbon, Queen consort of Spain. French princess, daughter of King Henry IV of France and his second wife, the Italian Maria de' Medici. Elizabeth, while still a child, came to Spain to marry the man who was to become Philip IV. The new Spanish queen had to endure her husband’s infidelities, and see illegitimate children born while she suffered continuous miscarriages and premature deaths of her daughters. It was at the end of her life that Elizabeth of Bourbon managed to win her husband's affection. It was, however, too late. On October 6, 1644, after suffering a new abortion, the queen died. Diego Velázquez La reina Isabel de Borbón, a caballo Queen Elisabeth of France on Horseback la Reine Isabelle de Bourbon à Cheval 1635 Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid
  8. Niece and wife of Philip IV of Spain, elegant and extravagantly dressed in the height of contemporary fashion, but with a sulky expression; suffered from "boredom, loneliness, home-sickness and illness in consequence of her never ending pregnancies which transformed the lively girl into an willful, mulish women … Mariana of Austria or Maria Anna, Queen consort of Spain. The daughter of German Emperor Ferdinand III and Doña María, daughter of the sister of Philip IV, King of Spain. In 1649, 14-year-old Marie-Anne married her uncle, 30 years her senior. Diego Velázquez La reina doña Mariana de Austria Queen Mariana of Austria La Reine Marianne d'Autriche 1652-1653 Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid
  9. In the uniform of a captain-general, a commander's baton and a sword. The dwarf holds an apple and a rattle, to contrast with the heir to the most powerful monarchy in Europe, who is shown as already in military training and not needing these usual children's attributes. … Balthasar Charles, Prince of Asturias. Fifth son of Philip IV and Isabella of Bourbon. At the time of birth he was the only survivor of the royal offspring. On October 9, 1646, smallpox was fulminant. The death of the prince left the monarchy without a direct male heir. Philip IV was obliged to remarry. Diego Velázquez El príncipe Baltasar Carlos con un enano Prince Balthasar Charles with a Dwarf Le Prince Balthazar Carlos avec un nain 1631 Museum of Fine Arts, Boston
  10. Compassion where one would expect majesty ... a three-year-old prince, delicate and fragile, the infant's health is precarious as indicated by the amulets and relicson his garments a small white dog whose gaze accentuates the melancholy of the scene the pale background suggests a dark fate: the little prince died at the age of four … Philip Prospero, Prince of Asturias. The birth of Prince revives hope for the Spanish crown. Since the death of Prince Balthasar Charles, an heir to the throne is missing. The crown's hopes were dashed in 1661, when the little prince died, probably of an epileptic seizure, a few days before the birth of the future Charles II. Diego Velázquez El príncipe Felipe Próspero o El infante Felipe Próspero Portrait of Prince Philip Prospero Le Prince Philippe Prosper ou L'Infant Philippe Prosper 1659 Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna
  11. A majestic pose ... this portrait is one of the pictures sent to the courts of Vienna, Paris and Brussels in 1653 when possible matches were being considered for her. … Maria Theresa of Spain. Infanta of Spain and Archduchess of Austria and by marriage Queen of France. Daughter of King Philip IV of Spain and Elisabeth de France, who died when Maria Theresa was six years old. Her marriage in 1660 to King Louis XIV, her double first cousin, was made with the purpose of ending the lengthy war between France and Spain. Diego Velázquez La infanta María Teresa de España, o La infanta María Teresa a los catorce años The infanta Maria Theresa of Spain or The infanta Maria Theresa aged 14 L'infante Marie-Thérèse d'Espagne, ou L'infante Marie Thérèse à quatorze ans 1652-1653 Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna
  12. The princess of Las Meninas... at the age of five, Infanta Margarita in a white Dress. One of the canvases sent for the infanta's future husband, Leopold I of Habsburg. Painted slightly after Las Meninas, which shows Margaret Theresa in a similar white dress. … Margaret Theresa of Spain. The daughter of King Philip IV of Spain born from his second marriage with his niece Mariana of Austria. In October 1662, the Imperial ambassador in the Spanish Kingdom, began one of his main diplomatic assignments: the celebration of the marriage between the Infanta and the Emperor Leopold I, her maternal uncle and paternal cousin. On 25 April 1666, the marriage by proxy was celebrated in Madrid. On 28 April Margaret traveled from Madrid to Vienna. Margaret Theresa is the central figure in the famous Las Meninas by Velázquez. Diego Velázquez La infanta Margarita en blanco Infanta Margareta in a White Dress L’Infante Marguerite en robe blanche 1656 Kunsthistorisches Museum, Gemäldegaler, Vienna
  13. Surrounded by bridesmaids, a widow, an aposentador, a guardadamas, a dwarf, an Italian boy and a Spanish mastiff, the Infanta Margaret Theresa 5 years old, dressed in a guardainfante under the gray and cream basquiña. Doña Isabel de Velasco bowing and Doña María Agustina Sarmiento de Sotomayor offering water in a búcaro, a small porous and perfumed clay vessel that refreshed the water. Velázquez the painter is standing in front of a large canvas with his palette and brush in his hands and the valet's key at his waist. a mirror reflects King Philip IV and Queen Mariana being painted by Velázquez Diego Velázquez Las Meninas Les Ménines 1656-1657 Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid
  14. Velázquez's jesters are the artist's documentation on some of the residents of the King Felipe IV. A curious troop of jesters, dwars or psychic disabled, whose main function in court was to distract the boredom monarchs and the routine of government affairs. Al parecer, estos bufones eran muy queridos por la familia real y por el propio Velázquez, que los retrataba a todos con gran dignidad. The same dignity with which he portrayed philosophers, mythological gods, historical figures and even the royal family.
  15. He was pampered at court. As the king's jester, he enjoyed many privileges, in addition to being treated as a "Don", he received a salary, not to mention occasional gifts. His smile between hallway and beatific and the pumpkins he has next to himself on the ground are clear indications of mental retardation that affected this jester. Diego Velázquez El bufón "Calabacillas", llamado erróneamente "Bobo de Coria“ The Buffoon Calabacillas Le Bouffon Calabacillas ou Le Bouffon aux calebasses 1635-1639 Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid
  16. Dwarf and jester in the service of Prince Balthasar Charles. his green cloth suit, his red and gold coat, fine Brussels lace, are worthy of a princely garment. ... neither a smile, nor any buffoonery, Immobile, scrutinizing and impenetrable, his dark eyes are fixed on the spectator. Diego Velázquez El bufón el Primo,​ anteriormente conocido como El bufón don Sebastián de Morra The Buffoon El Primo Le Bouffon El Primo 1644 Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid
  17. The braggart Don Cristóbal de Castañeda y Pernía, better known as Barbarossa… dressed in red and aggressive, malicious and laughable, arrogant and somewhat grotesque, sword in hand and ready to attack, but provided with a coarse body … in short, totally contrary to the male beauty canons of the time. Diego Velázquez El bufón "Barbarroja", don Cristóbal de Castañeda y Pernia The Buffoon Barbarroja, Cristóbal de Castañeda y Pernia Bouffon Barbarroja, Cristóbal de Castañeda y Pernia 1633 Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid
  18. We do not know what the real name of this jester of Philip IV was. Don Juan of Austria was probably an ironic nickname, in accordance with the court custom of sometimes giving the name of Grande to the little people employed at the Palace. The jester wears the splendid costume of a prince of royal blood, which is probably what this jester wore at court, where he must have amused the courtiers with his delusions of grandeur. The comedy arises from the contrast between, on the one hand, the puny aspect of the character, his thin legs, which have something of the aspect of a disarticulated puppet, and his fearful and slippery expression, and, on the other hand, the belligerent atmosphere that surrounds him. Diego Velázquez El bufón llamado don Juan de Austria The Buffoon Juan de Austria Le bouffon Juan de Austria 1632 Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid
  19. Don Diego de Acedo... vain, womanizer and with a reputation of conqueror, dwarf, court jester and functionary of Felipe IV., melancholic and intelligent look, elegantly dressed like a gentleman, all in black, solemn. Grand lodging master and concierge of the Royal Palace. It is believed that he may have been linked to the murder of Doña Luisa de Encinillas, wife of the royal lodging master and concierge Don Marcos de Encinillas, who killed her out of jealousy after discovering that she was unfaithful to him with Acedo. He was entitled to the gift; He was also known as cousin, that is to say "cousin", ("primo") a name of improvement since it was the title with which the king addressed the nobles of Spain in his private correspondence. Diego Velázquez Bufón con libros Buffoon with books Bouffon avec des livres 1640 Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid
  20. Francisco Lezcano "The boy from Vallecas", pure innocence. An impression of sweetness and clemency emanates from this childish face. Without satirical intent, quite the contrary. Diego Velázquez El Niño de Vallecas The Boy from Vallecas (Francisco Lezcano) L'Enfant de Vallecas (Francisco Lezcano) 1635-1645 Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid
  21. Velázquez pintor de príncipes y de bufones Velázquez painter of princes and jesters Velázquez peintre de princes et de bouffons images and text credit www. Music The Piano Guys Ed Sheeran Thinking Out Loud created olga_oes thanks for watching