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Allen Gutwill ASTC 2008

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This presentation was given by Sue Allen and Josh Gutwill at the 2008 ASTC Annual Conference. It was part of the Digging Deeper session chaired by Sue Allen. Copyright 2008 Exploratorium.

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Allen Gutwill ASTC 2008

  1. 1. Group Inquiry by Visitors at Exhibits Sue Allen National Science Foundation Joshua Gutwill Exploratorium
  2. 2. Erin Wilson Mark Boccuzzi Malia Jackson Mary Kidwell Adam Klinger Suzy Loper Kathy McLean Nerissa Kuebrich Beth Gardner and…
  3. 3. Previous project: A ctive P rolonged E ngagement Going
  4. 7. Finding: It is possible to build exhibits that support visitors doing their own extended inquiry. But: Not all visitors take full advantage of such exhibits. Perhaps they aren’t inquiry experts.
  5. 8. G roup I nquiry V isitors E xhibits at by
  6. 9. G roup I nquiry V isitors E xhibits at by (facilitating)
  7. 10. Research question <ul><li>simple enough to be memorable </li></ul><ul><li>engaging enough to be used spontaneously </li></ul><ul><li>appropriate to diverse audiences </li></ul><ul><li>applicable to open-ended exhibits on any topic </li></ul><ul><li>learnable over a 20-30 minute experience </li></ul>Is it possible to explicitly teach visitors a useful set of inquiry skills?
  8. 11. What would such skills be? Experimentation P ropose A ction I nterpret R esults
  9. 13. Pedagogy: how to teach the skills? <ul><li>“ Juicy Question” game </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1) Visitors learn to PA: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Group chooses a “juicy question” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>= answerable at exhibit </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li> + nobody knows the answer </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2) Visitors learn to IR: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Group reflects on what they figured out </li></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 14. For video of Juicy Question Game Click Here
  11. 15. Pedagogy: how to teach the skills? <ul><li>“ Juicy Question” game </li></ul><ul><li>“ Hands off” game </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>1) Visitors learn to do PA’s: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Anyone can say “Hands off! I have a plan” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2) Visitors learn to do IR’s: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Anyone can say “Hands off! I made a discovery” </li></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 16. For video of Hands Off Game Click Here
  13. 17. Pedagogy: how to teach the skills? <ul><li>“ Juicy Question” game </li></ul><ul><li>= structured, group-oriented </li></ul><ul><li>“ Hands off” game </li></ul><ul><li>= spontaneous, individual </li></ul>
  14. 19. Results for Families
  15. 20. Results for Families Preliminary Results for Field-trip groups
  16. 21. Families <ul><li>Taught 2 skills: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Propose Action </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interpret Results </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Pre/Post change </li></ul><ul><li>Compared JQ and HO to two controls </li></ul>
  17. 22. Increasing Use of the Skills P ropose A ction I nterpret R esults
  18. 23. Families Interpreting Results (IRs)
  19. 24. Families Interpreting Results (IRs)
  20. 25. Families Interpreting Results (IRs)
  21. 26. Depth of inquiry: Linked PAs <ul><li>Score = largest number of PAs linked by a common theme </li></ul><ul><li>We didn’t teach them to do this </li></ul>Propose Action Experiment Propose Action Experiment
  22. 27. Deep Inquiry: Linked PAs
  23. 28. Deep Inquiry: Linked PAs
  24. 29. Building Explanations: Overlapping IRs <ul><li>Usually indicates </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Multiple people working together </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>People building on each other’s interpretations </li></ul></ul>Interpret Results Visitor 1 Visitor 2 Visitor 3 Interpret Results Interpret Results < 2 secs Time
  25. 30. Overlapping IRs
  26. 31. Overlapping IRs
  27. 32. Overlapping IRs
  28. 33. Field-trips Increasing Skills P ropose A ction I nterpret R esults
  29. 34. Field-trips Proposing Actions (PAs)
  30. 35. Field-trips Proposing Actions (PAs)
  31. 36. Field-trips Proposing Actions (PAs)
  32. 37. Field-trips Interpreting Results (IRs)
  33. 38. Field-trips Interpreting Results (IRs)
  34. 39. Field-trips Interpreting Results (IRs)
  35. 40. Overall results - JQ success JQ + HO Overlap IRs JQ + HO Linked PAs JQ JQ Field-trip groups JQ Ø Family groups Interpret Results (IR) Propose Action (PA)
  36. 41. Conclusions <ul><li>an engaging, memorable game </li></ul><ul><li>worked for family groups (8+) </li></ul><ul><li>worked for field-trip groups (5-6th) </li></ul><ul><li>learnable in 20 mins </li></ul><ul><li>led to </li></ul><ul><ul><li>more interpreting of results </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>more coherent investigations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More building on others’ explanations </li></ul></ul>We successfully created:
  37. 42. Conclusions <ul><li>Tool for docents </li></ul><ul><li>Other informal learning environmts </li></ul><ul><li>Homeschoolers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Implications for use: </li></ul></ul>