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The gerund is the –ing form of a verb that is used as a noun as
singing, dancing, looking or sleeping. A gerund can be used as the
subject of a sentence.
Smoking is prohibited. Walking is good exercise.
A gerund can also function as the object of a verb.
We hate waiting in line. My son loves playing video games.
A gerund can also function as the object of a preposition.
We spoke about moving to Chicago. They’re responsible for
paying the bill on time.
There isn’t any easy rule to explain which verbs are followed be
gerunds. They just have to be memorised and of course practiced.
Here is a list of some of the more common ones:
admit, advise, anticipate appreciate, avoid, begin, consider,
continue, delay, deny,discuss,dislike,enjoy, finish, forget,hate,
can’t help, can’t stand, keep, like,love,mind, miss, resist, risk, start,
stop, suggest,tolerate, understand.
I can’t stand waiting in line.
Some common verbs are followed not just by a gerund, but by a
preposition and a gerund.
She complained about standing in line.
Again, there’s no easy rule for determining which verbs are followed by
prepositions and gerunds.Here is a list of the most common and
to be excited about, to be concerned about, to be warried about, to
complain about, to dream about/of, to think about/of, to apologise for, to
blame someone for, to forgive someone for, to be responsible for,to
thank for, to keep from, to prevent from,
to stop from, to believe in, to be interested in, to take part in, to
succeed in, to insist on, to look forward to,to be opposed to, to be
accustomed to, to be capable of.
He kept his friend from learning the truth.
The verb go can be followed by certain gerunds in idiomatic expressions used
to describe some kind of an activity usually pleasurable or recreational.
Go dancing, go swimming, go sailing, go camping.
The verb go can be in any tense, or with modals.
The passive gerund is formed with being + past participle: being seen, being
taken... The passive gerund can have the same functions as the active
gerund- as subject or object.
I appreciate being drivan to the airport. Being stung by a bee is one of her
1.Fluent English- By Barbara Raifsnider
2.English Grammar –By Дроздова Т.Ю.