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Presented To: 
Ms. Saima Umar 
Presented By: 
Nadeem Anjum 
M.A. English 
3rd Semester 
NUML Multan
1 
Grammar-translation 
method
2 The method requires 
students to translate 
whole texts word by 
word and memorize 
numerous grammatical 
rules and exce...
H 
I 
S 
T 
O 
R 
Y 
The Grammar-Translation 
Method is not new. It has 
had different names, but it 
has been used by 
la...
Earlier in 20th century, 
this method was used 
for the purpose of 
helping students read 
and appreciate 
foreign languag...
In the 18th century foreign 
languages started to appear on 
the school curricula, requiring a 
systematic approach to tea...
6 
1- The teacher’s 
role is to be the 
authority in the 
classroom. The 
student’s role is 
to do what the 
teacher says.
7 
2- Most of the 
interaction in 
classroom is 
from the 
teacher to the 
student.
` 
3- Literary 
language is 
consider superior 
to spoken 
language and is 
therefore the 
language student 
study. 
8
10
6- Written test 
in which students 
have to translate 
from there 
native language 
to the target 
language or vise 
vers...
7- if students 
make errors or 
don’t know an 
answer, the 
teacher supplies 
them with the 
correct answer. 
12
 13 
Be able to read literature written in 
the target language. 
2- teach grammar rules and vocabulary 
of the target la...
14 
1- Students are taught to translate 
from one language to another. 
2- They translate readings in target 
language abo...
3- Students study grammar 
deductively, they have to memorize. 
5- Students memorize native 
language equivalents for fore...
TECHNIQUES 
Students translate a reading passage from the target language into 
their native language 
Reading comprehensi...
Grammar rules 
are presented 
with examples.
Students 
are given a 
series of 
sentences 
with words 
missing.
Memorization 
• Students are given lists of target language 
vocabulary words and their native language 
equivalents and a...
20 
Translation is the easiest 
way of explaining meaning 
or words and phrases 
from one language to 
another. 
Students ...
21 
Communication between the 
teacher and learners does not 
cause linguistic problems.
22 
Disadvantages 
The grammar translation method 
lays emphasis on reading and 
writing. It neglects speech. 
Speech is n...
DISADVANTAGES 23 
Exact translation is not possible. 
Translation is, indeed, a difficult 
task and exact translation from...
Situation In Pakistan 24 
GTM is highly using in Pakistan. There are many 
institutes in Pakistan that are using this meth...
 25 
conclusion 
Students will learn 
grammar by using 
translation from 
the target language 
to the first 
language wit...
Gtm
Gtm
Gtm
Gtm
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  1. 1. Presented To: Ms. Saima Umar Presented By: Nadeem Anjum M.A. English 3rd Semester NUML Multan
  2. 2. 1 Grammar-translation method
  3. 3. 2 The method requires students to translate whole texts word by word and memorize numerous grammatical rules and exceptions as well as enormous vocabulary lists. The Grammar-translation Method is a foreign language teaching method derived from the classical method of teaching Greek and Latin .
  4. 4. H I S T O R Y The Grammar-Translation Method is not new. It has had different names, but it has been used by language teachers for many years. At one time it was called Classical Method since it was first used in the teaching of the classical languages, Latin and Greek. 3 .
  5. 5. Earlier in 20th century, this method was used for the purpose of helping students read and appreciate foreign language literature. 4
  6. 6. In the 18th century foreign languages started to appear on the school curricula, requiring a systematic approach to teach them. 5
  7. 7. 6 1- The teacher’s role is to be the authority in the classroom. The student’s role is to do what the teacher says.
  8. 8. 7 2- Most of the interaction in classroom is from the teacher to the student.
  9. 9. ` 3- Literary language is consider superior to spoken language and is therefore the language student study. 8
  10. 10. 10
  11. 11. 6- Written test in which students have to translate from there native language to the target language or vise versa. 11
  12. 12. 7- if students make errors or don’t know an answer, the teacher supplies them with the correct answer. 12
  13. 13.  13 Be able to read literature written in the target language. 2- teach grammar rules and vocabulary of the target language.
  14. 14. 14 1- Students are taught to translate from one language to another. 2- They translate readings in target language about some aspect of the culture of the foreign language community.
  15. 15. 3- Students study grammar deductively, they have to memorize. 5- Students memorize native language equivalents for foreign language vocabulary words.
  16. 16. TECHNIQUES Students translate a reading passage from the target language into their native language Reading comprehension questions Students answer questions in the target language based on their understanding of the reading passage Anonyms/synonyms Students are given one set of words and are asked to find antonyms in the reading passage as well as synonyms for a particular set of words
  17. 17. Grammar rules are presented with examples.
  18. 18. Students are given a series of sentences with words missing.
  19. 19. Memorization • Students are given lists of target language vocabulary words and their native language equivalents and are asked to memorize them Use words in sentences • Students makes new sentences in which they use the new words. Composition • The teacher gives the students a topic to write about in the target language. Sometimes instead of creating a composition, students are asked to prepare a presentation of the reading passage.
  20. 20. 20 Translation is the easiest way of explaining meaning or words and phrases from one language to another. Students are more familiar with both languages ( the target language and the native language) by using translation. Teachers can ask and also discuss about some topics by the mother tongue.
  21. 21. 21 Communication between the teacher and learners does not cause linguistic problems.
  22. 22. 22 Disadvantages The grammar translation method lays emphasis on reading and writing. It neglects speech. Speech is neglected for the reason that grammar is the principal skill used
  23. 23. DISADVANTAGES 23 Exact translation is not possible. Translation is, indeed, a difficult task and exact translation from one language to another is not always possible. The person who have learnt a foreign or second language through this method find it difficult to give up the habit of first thinking in their mother tongue and then translating their ideas into the second language.
  24. 24. Situation In Pakistan 24 GTM is highly using in Pakistan. There are many institutes in Pakistan that are using this method. Mostly some primary schools are using this method throughout educational career to train their students. Some higher educational institutes are using this method while teaching subjects and also little bit in English subjects. For instance all Govt. primary Schools are applying this method to their students. Some Govt. higher educational institutes are applying this methods partially to their students while teaching.
  25. 25.  25 conclusion Students will learn grammar by using translation from the target language to the first language with teacher’s help and using long text, phrases and then translate to known language.
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