Module 4: Cognitive Explanations of Learning Metacognition: • John Flavell + Lev Vygotsky + Jean Piaget • Metacognition is the monitoring and control of thought, thinking about cognition, self reflection • Metacognition is the process of being self-aware of one’s own personal learning strengths and weaknesses; strategy knowledge and use; and a capacity for self-reflection Strategies to Improve Metacognitive Awareness: – Discuss with the class the importance of metacognitive knowledge – Model your own metacognitive processes for students – Ensure there is time for group discussion and reflection about learning activities – Make visible the cognitive strategies students are using Improve regulation of cognition by checking planning, monitoring and evaluating strategy use Examples of Reflective Questions: https://4assignmenthelpers.com/module-4-cognitive-explanations-of-learning/ – What is your goal? http://yourassignmentprofs.com/ What strategies are you using? – Who can you ask for help? – How often are you studying? – Do you think your strategies are working? – Do you need to make changes to your strategies? – Did you achieve your goal? – What strategies worked? – What will you do differently next time? Benefits and Limitations of Metacognition; – Self-awareness – More efficient use of study time by using strategies – Taking control of learning Not always easy to identify learning strategies – Hard to be honest about strategies Introspection can lead to doubt Module 5: The Constructivist Classroom Constructivism: • John Dewey + Jean Piaget + Jerome Bruner + Benjamin Bloom Key Principles of Constructivism; – Learners are active participants in their own learning – the leam by doing – Learners are self-regulated – they plan, monitor and evaluate (metacognition) – Social interaction is necessary for learning – Individuals are encouraged to make sense of information for themselves Classroom Strategies of Constructivism; – Discovery learning – problem based learning – Problem solving – Open-ended questions Reflection; Learning journal – Questioning – Collaborative learning – Small-group learning – Social learning – online networking Peer teaching – Use of experts e.g. parents or community members – Use of Bloom’s taxonomy to structure a series of questions that each student can apply based on their capacity – Cultural experiences – excursions to art galleries, museums, national parks Benefits and Limitations of Constructivism; – Active discovery promotes curiosity – Active rather than passive learning Interaction with experts – Encouraged use of available technology – Requires considerable time – Students may not have group work skills – Lack of student motivation – Students may leam incorrectly Module 6: Contemporary Teaching Strategies Collaborative Inquiry and Problem Based Learning: • John Chaffee + John Dewey + Socrates • Scaffolds (tools, resources, and processes provided by the te.