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A presentation for drug abuse prevention and education

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  1. 1. Despite the seemingly tamed and glamorized idea of drug use, it must be remembered that it can still lead to ABUSE, ADDICTION, LEGAL OFFENSES, SERIOUS HEALTHPROBLEMS, and even DEATH. We must understand that there is no way to predict the effect that a drug can have on a person, especially if it is the first time they try it, and even regardless of dose and amount. Given that each person’s brain and body chemistry are different, each person would also have a different tolerance for drugs.
  2. 2. Drug s Drugs are chemicals that affect a person in such a way as to bring about physiological, emotional, or behavioral change. ‘Dangerous drugs’ are those that have high tendency for abuse and dependency, these substances may be organic or synthetic, and pose harm to those who use them.
  3. 3. Drug Abuse Drug abuse exists when a person continually uses a drug other than its intended purpose. This continued use can lead to drug dependence, a state of physical and psychological dependence or both on a dangerous drug.
  4. 4. Drug Addictio n Drug addiction is a complex, and often chronic, brain disease. It is characterized by excessive drug craving, seeking, and use. Addiction is caused by brain changes caused by constant drug use.
  5. 5. De pe nde ncy This is the state of physical and psychological dependence, or both, on a dangerous drug, or drugs, experienced by a person following the use of that substance on a periodic or continuous basis. A person dependent on drugs will experience withdrawal reactions (also known as “cold turkey”, symptoms that occur after long-term use of a drug is reduced or stopped abruptly) after abstaining from drugs.
  6. 6. Drug Abuse: By the Numbers Estimated Drug Users in the Philippines: 1.7 Million
  7. 7. Profile of Drug Users Mean Age: 28 years old Ratio of Male is to Female Users: 10:1 Civil Status: Single (58.21%) Employment Status: Unemployed Educational Attainment: High School Level Average Monthly Household Income: Php 16,290.80 Residence: Urban Areas
  8. 8. Duration of Drug Use: More than 6 years
  9. 9. Nature of Drug Use: Polydrug-use
  10. 10. Commonly Abused Substances: (1)Methamphetamine Hydrochloride (Shabu) (2) Cannabis (Marijuana) (3) Inhalants (Contact Cement)
  12. 12. Methamphetamine Hydrochloride (Shabu)
  13. 13. Methamphetamine hydrochloride is found to have harmful effects to the brain. It changes how the brain functions. Studies have shown that methamphetamine abusers have reduced motor skills and impaired verbal learning as a result of alterations in the activity of the dopamine, a neurotransmitter involved in reward, motivation, experience of pleasure and motor function. Street names: shabs, ice, meth, crystal, kristal, basura, tawas, bato
  14. 14. Other adverse effects of methamphetamine: Severe dental problems (“meth mouth”) Anxiety Confusion Insomnia Mood Disturbances Violent behavior
  15. 15. Cannabis Sativa (Marijuana)
  16. 16. Marijuana use impairs a person's ability to form new memories and to shift focus. Its active component, tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) also disrupts coordination and balance, posture, and reaction time (experience commonly referred to as “spacing out”). Thus, chronic marijuana use significantly reduces a person’s capacity to learn, carry-out complicated tasks, participate in sports, driving and operating other machineries. Studies also show that marijuana use can lead to lung cancer and other problems in the respiratory and immune systems. Street names: weed, jutes, pot, grass, damo, chongke
  17. 17. Health problems that come with the use of marijuana include: Problems with memory and learning Distorted perception(sights, sounds, time, touch) Trouble with thinking and problem solving Loss of motor coordination Increased heart rate and palpitations
  18. 18. INHALANT S
  19. 19. The effects of inhalants are similar to that of alcohol, including slurred speech, lack of coordination, euphoria and dizziness. Inhalant abusers may also experience lightheadedness, hallucinations, and delusions.
  20. 20. Harmful irreversible effects of inhalants include: Hearing loss Limb spasms Central nervous system or brain damage Bone marrow damage
  22. 22. The following are common signs of drug revealed by individual using drugs. While not all of these signs mean that one person is involved in drugs and there could be some other physical or emotional problem that is causing these behaviors, there is high chance that drug use may be a possibility:
  23. 23. declining interest in school or work suddenly changes friends (hangs out with individuals known for their drug use) becomes pessimistic, irritable and anxious all the time asks to be left alone a lot is always tired (or makes it as an excuse to be left alone) becomes careless and often becomes involved in accidents becomes implicated in a lot of fights
  24. 24. frequent mood swings sudden change in appearance and conduct (red or puffy eyes, weight changes, constant complaints of headaches or stomachaches, shaking, incessant cough, brown stains on fingertips, stumbling, or a constant runny nose) loss of interest in hobbies or sports exhibits poor judgment finds it difficult to concentrate