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Made by: Zunaira
Content list
 What is Science
 The Nature of science
 Three different facets of
Science
 A Body of Knowledge (Content)...
What is Science? 
 As a way to
explore nature As
a subject to
understand the
secrets of the
universe As a
long list of fa...
The Nature of science : 
 The Nature of science Science is a process of
finding facts, laws, principles, and concepts
but...
Three different facets of Science
 Three different
facets of Science
can be described as
a process (Inquiry),
a set of id...
A Body of Knowledge (Content) : 
• A Body of Knowledge (Content) Content
knowledge is the background information that
we u...
Facts & concepts
   Facts & concepts Fact ... things that are
observable and indisputable. something
thought to be true, ...
Hypothesis
 
 Hypothesis It is a tentative answer to the
scientific question.
 A testable explanation for what was obser...
Theory :
 Theory In popular usage, a theory is just a
vague and fuzzy sort of fact and a hypothesis
is often used as a fa...
Principle orLaw
• Stands the test of time, often without change
• experimentally proven over and over
• can create true pr...
Science the Process(Inquiry) 
 Science the
Process(Inquiry) List
as many scientific
processes as you can.
 
 After viewi...
Processes of Science 
• Processes of
Science It is
through the
processes of
science that
knowledge is
gained.
• Scientists...
Science the Process 
 Problem solving and
applying
 Controlling variables
 Operationally
defining
 Observing and
recor...
Science as attitudes (Context)
 Science includes a set of attitudes that
encourage people to engage in scientific
study.
...
Scientific Attitudes
• Scientific Attitudes curiosity to explore their
environment and question what they find
• keenness ...
What is not included in Science
 1. Science does not make ethical or
moral judgments.
 2. There is no "good or bad", "ri...
Part V... Responsibilities
 Responsibilities It the
responsibility of
"mankind" to understand
how information is
obtained...
The Three Facts of Science are
Interrelated
• The Three Facets of Science
are Interrelated Inquiry begins
with an understa...
Conclusion
  These three facets of science should form the
framework of any understanding of what science
is, what scienc...
 Ziman, John (1978). Re liable kno wle dg e : An
e xplo ratio n o f the g ro unds fo r be lie f in scie nce .
Cambridge: ...
nature and scope of science
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nature and scope of science

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  • DOWNLOAD FULL. BOOKS INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. PDF EBOOK here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. EPUB Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. doc Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. PDF EBOOK here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. EPUB Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. doc Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/y8nn3gmc } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks ......................................................................................................................... Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult,
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nature and scope of science

  1. 1. Made by: Zunaira
  2. 2. Content list  What is Science  The Nature of science  Three different facets of Science  A Body of Knowledge (Content)  Facts &concepts  Hypothesis  Theory  Science the Process(Inquiry)  Processes of Science   Science as attitudes (Context)  Conclusion  References
  3. 3. What is Science?   As a way to explore nature As a subject to understand the secrets of the universe As a long list of facts to be memorized
  4. 4. The Nature of science :   The Nature of science Science is a process of finding facts, laws, principles, and concepts but the content does not represent science. Science is the quest for knowledge, not the knowledge itself. The nature of science is to investigate through experiences and then to logically explain the data gained through those experiences.
  5. 5. Three different facets of Science  Three different facets of Science can be described as a process (Inquiry), a set of ideas/ a body of knowledge (Content), and a set of attitudes (Context). A body of knowledge (content) Science as attitudes (context) Science as process (inquiry)
  6. 6. A Body of Knowledge (Content) :  • A Body of Knowledge (Content) Content knowledge is the background information that we use as the basis for further exploration and experimentation, and it is the foundation on which new technologies and practical solutions are built. Content can be subdivided among the classic branches of science: biology, chemistry, physics, and earth/space science.
  7. 7. Facts & concepts    Facts & concepts Fact ... things that are observable and indisputable. something thought to be true, that actually exists. because of their actual existence facts can be checked; e.g water will not dissolve oil. Water has three phases. Metal piece jumps towards the magnet.  Concept.. is a specific idea abstracted from particular instances. e.g three states of matter.
  8. 8. Hypothesis    Hypothesis It is a tentative answer to the scientific question.  A testable explanation for what was observed.  A hypothesis is not an observation, rather, a tentative explanation for the observation  It is based on the previous knowledge, facts, and general principals.
  9. 9. Theory :  Theory In popular usage, a theory is just a vague and fuzzy sort of fact and a hypothesis is often used as a fancy synonym to `guess'.  A theory is a generalization based on many observation and experiments. 
  10. 10. Principle orLaw • Stands the test of time, often without change • experimentally proven over and over • can create true predictions for different situations • has uniformity and is universal terms used to describe theories that are so well supported they are generally thought to be "facts". Theories become Laws (e.g., the Law of Gravity) when they are shown to be absolutely correct for the conditions to which they apply. 
  11. 11. Science the Process(Inquiry)   Science the Process(Inquiry) List as many scientific processes as you can.    After viewing the next slide describe how you used at least six of the processes within the past week.
  12. 12. Processes of Science  • Processes of Science It is through the processes of science that knowledge is gained. • Scientists collect information by using process skills Process skill ObservingObserving ClassifyingClassifying MeasuringMeasuring RelationshipRelationship PredictingPredicting FormulatingFormulating hypothesishypothesis
  13. 13. Science the Process   Problem solving and applying  Controlling variables  Operationally defining  Observing and recording Using equations and math Interpreting data    Processes  Classifying  Experimenting  Modeling  Measuring  Communicating  Predicting Examples of Scientific Processes  Examples of Scientific Processes
  14. 14. Science as attitudes (Context)  Science includes a set of attitudes that encourage people to engage in scientific study. Attitudes Open mindedness Willingness Collaborate Wonder
  15. 15. Scientific Attitudes • Scientific Attitudes curiosity to explore their environment and question what they find • keenness to identify and answer questions through carrying out investigations .creativity in suggesting novel and relevant ways to solve problems • open-mindedness to accept all knowledge as tentative and to change their view if the evidence is convincing • perseverance in pursuing a problem until a satisfying solution is found • concern for living things and awareness of the responsibility they have for the quality of the environment 
  16. 16. What is not included in Science  1. Science does not make ethical or moral judgments.  2. There is no "good or bad", "right or wrong" in science.  3. Value judgments are made by people
  17. 17. Part V... Responsibilities  Responsibilities It the responsibility of "mankind" to understand how information is obtained through the scientific processes and to make informed ethical decisions on the use of that information.
  18. 18. The Three Facts of Science are Interrelated • The Three Facets of Science are Interrelated Inquiry begins with an understanding of current content knowledge. • Inquiry produces new content understanding. • Context sets the goals and rationale for inquiry. • Content knowledge is used in new technologies that affect the societal context. • Content knowledge influences policy-making
  19. 19. Conclusion   These three facets of science should form the framework of any understanding of what science is, what science does, and how science education should be planned, conducted, and evaluated, from kindergarten through graduate school. In schools, we often teach only what a specific field of science knows, not the genuine nature of science.
  20. 20.  Ziman, John (1978). Re liable kno wle dg e : An e xplo ratio n o f the g ro unds fo r be lie f in scie nce . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.  Poincare's.(2003).science and method. New York.  E.L.youmans.(1872).popular science monthly. New York.

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