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step pyramid of egypt

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  1. 1. Djoser
  2. 2. Pharaoh Djoser Pharaoh, 2868-2649 BC. Name means strong in arm and speech. Long, peaceful region permits. The construction to go on constantly.
  3. 3. History:-  Djoser was the best known pharaoh, and possibly the founder, of the Third Dynasty of the Old Kingdom in Egypt. He was responsible for the world's first known monumental stone building, the Step Pyramid at Sakkara.
  4. 4.  According to the Turin King list, Netjerikhet Djoser ruled for about 19 years, following the 20 year long reign of the otherwise unattested Nebka (Sanakhte). However, some archaeological sources have shown that Djoser may be considered as the first king after Khasekhemwii, the last king of the 2nd Dynasty.  Djoser's reign began sometime between 2691 to 2625 BC.
  5. 5.  In contemporary inscriptions, he is called Netjerikhet, meaning "body of the gods." Later sources, which include a New Kingdom reference to his construction, help confirm that Netjerikhet and Djoser are the same person.
  6. 6.  The painted limestone statue of Djoser, now in the Egyptian Museum in Cairo, is the oldest known life-sized Egyptian statue. Today at the site in Saqqara where it was found, a plaster copy of the statue stands in place of the original. The statue was found during the Antiquities Service Excavations of 1924-1925.
  7. 7. The Step pyramid of Dojser
  8. 8. Sakara Royal city At boundary between upper and lower Egypt. Closer to Upper Egypt. ‘Near’ the Faiyum – an artificial Oasis of Nail. Across the river from Memphis-Royal palace and Egypt’s pivot point.
  9. 9. Mastaba Early Egyption tomb Temple inside the building Building covers shaft-grave Shaft-grave is cut-out, rock below ground
  10. 10. Imhotep the Arechitect Contamporary with Dojser. First bulid stone Mastaba. Then build small wedding cake on it. Then expend wedding cake in to large size.
  11. 11. THREE PHASIS OF CONSTRUCTION Black = mastaba Gray = first wedding cake White= expended wedding cake Traditional rock- cut tombs underneath
  12. 12. MOST COMPLEX GROUND Original centric shaft of the mastaba. Sloping tunnel to tomb from mortuary temple outside pyramid. Numerous branching rooms.
  13. 13. PICTURES