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80th ICREA Colloquium "Archaeology and Colonialism: multiple perspectives" by Sandra Montón Subías

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ICREA Research Professor Sandra Montón Subías exposes how Archaeology has come a long way from its origins as a colonial discipline to a more recent self-criticism and scrutiny in the wake of anti, post- and de-colonial thought. Beyond archaeologists' explicit unapologetic collaboration with colonialism during the 19th and most of the 20th centuries, an exploration of the effect of colonialism in archaeology reveals a myriad of other aspects in which archaeology became deeply entangled with what at first sight could be considered as a mere political and economic practice. Her own archaeological projects in the Mariana Islands (western Pacific) and the history of archaeological practice are brought to illustrate some of the issues raised.

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80th ICREA Colloquium "Archaeology and Colonialism: multiple perspectives" by Sandra Montón Subías

  1. 1. ARCHAEOLOGY AND COLONIALISM: MULTIPLE PERSPECTIVES (80TH ICREA COLLOQUIUM) Margarita Díaz-Andreu (ICREA Research Professor at UB) Sandra Montón Subías (ICREA Research Professor at UPF)
  2. 2. THE ARCHAEOLOGY OF COLONIALISM AND THE DECOLONIZATION OF ARCHAEOLOGY Napoleon facing the Sphinx (J.L. Gérôme 1868)
  3. 3. COLONIAL ARCHAEOLOGY OF COLONIALISM Excavations at Jamestown 1930-31
  4. 4. DE-COLONIAL ARCHAEOLOGY OF COLONIALISM Native chanting before fieldwork at Ritidian 2008
  5. 5. DE-COLONIZING THE ARCHAEOLOGY OF COLONIALISM 1. Whom and what are we talking about? Historiographic silences. 2. Which are the concepts and categories used? 3. Which values are emphasized? 4. Professional practices that accompany research & fieldwork/ archaeological ethics.
  6. 6. DE-COLONIZING THE ARCHAEOLOGY OF COLONIALISM Bloody Sunday, Selma, Alabama, 1965
  7. 7. ACCULTURATION
  8. 8. ABERIGUA PROJECT: ARCHAEOLOGY OF IBERIAN COLONIALISM IN GUAM
  9. 9. ABERIGUA PROJECT: ARCHAEOLOGY OF IBERIAN COLONIALISM IN GUAM Native Latte Societies (900/1000-1700 AD)
  10. 10. GENDER IN THE FIRST GLOBALIZATION
  11. 11. MAINTENANCE ACTIVITIES FEEDING AND FOOD PROCESSING HIGIENE AND PUBLIC HEALTH SOCIALIZATION OF CHILDREN CONDITIONING AND ORGANIZATION OF DOMESTIC SPACE PRACTICE OF RELATIONSHIP AND MOBILITY CARE GIVING MAINTENANCE ACTIVITIES WEAVING AND CLOTH MANUFACTURES
  12. 12. IN-CORPORATING COLONIALISM. BASIC TEXTILES AND CORPOREAL HABITS
  13. 13. IN-CORPORATING COLONIALISM. BASIC TEXTILES AND CORPOREAL HABITS Disciplinary mechanism to incarnate Christian values
  14. 14. CHILDREN’S SOCIALIZATION • “(…) que llevado del celo de Dios, se salía por aquellos montes a buscar niños perdidos, a quienes reducía con halagos a que se vinieran con él, y los traía sobre sus hombros para criarlos en el Seminario, y bautizarlos, y a veces sus padres gentiles le seguían para matarle por esta causa”.
  15. 15. GUMA’ URITAO “Esta casa de solteros, y solteras, es un sitio donde el Demonio tiene especial reinado de torpeza: pues por lo menor hay una en cada pueblo, y allí promiscuamente sin que haya quien se lo impida, muda el sucio gusto de su lascivia, objetos de deshonestidad. Y allí viven los que ya a su modo no están casados, o casadas“.
  16. 16. COOKING AND FOODWAYS
  17. 17. DE-COLONIZING THE ARCHAEOLOGY OF COLONIALISM 1. Whom and what are we talking about? Historiographic silences. 2. Which are the concepts and categories used? 3. Which values are emphasized? 4. Professional practices that accompany research & fieldwork/ archaeological ethics.
  18. 18. Humatak Archaeology www.youtube.com COMMUNITY ARCHAEOLOGY
  19. 19. Thanks! IPCE, Spanish Ministry of Education, Culture and Sports. Palarq Foundation. Historical Preservation Office (HPO). GPT. Guam Preservation Trust (GPT). Micronesian Area Research Center (MARC). HAR2016-77564-C2-1-P. ICREA. Univeristy of Hawai’I Mânoa. Universitat de Barcelona. Universitat Pompeu Fabra.

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