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Strong6 ppt ch09

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Strong6 ppt ch09

  1. 1. Sexual Expression
  2. 2. A complex process through which we reveal our sexual selves Involves behaviors and feelings Research relies upon self reports which may be problematic
  3. 3.  Characteristicsof what is “attractive” vary across cultures, but two universals emerge  Youthfulness  Health Theories proposed by evolutionary psychologists can be difficult to test
  4. 4.  Various cultures emphasize:  The eyes  Height and weight  Size and shape of genitals American ideals of beauty not universal  Breasts not erotic in several cultures  Plump women preferred over thin women in majority of cultures  Gender  Ethnicity
  5. 5.  Males and females differ in preferred traits in partners Males and females have different strategies of commitment Differences exist due to differences in reproductive investment and reproductive physiology
  6. 6.  Attractivepeople assumed to be more sexual and permissive Can create a self-fulfilling prophecy Expectation creates the desired outcome
  7. 7.  Can exist separately from physical sexual expression Very little scientific research in this area Difficult to quantify Desire is influenced by two factors:  Erotophilia: a more positive emotional response toward sexuality-related situations  Erotophobia: a more negative emotional response toward sexuality-related situation
  8. 8.  Scriptsorganize our sexual expressions Our sexual scripts have 3 main components:  Cultural  Intrapersonal  Interpersonal
  9. 9.  Provides the general pattern of expected sexual behaviors Our culture tells us which behaviors are acceptable (moral or normal) and which are unacceptable (immoral or abnormal) Individual views may not match cultural views of erotic
  10. 10.  Intrapersonal: Focus on the internal and physiological states that are associated with sexual arousal Interpersonal: Involves the shared conventions and signals that enable two people to engage in sexual behaviors
  11. 11.  Sexual activities that do not involve a partner Sexual fantasies and dreams Masturbation
  12. 12.  Define and direct erotic goals Anticipate and prepare for erotic situations Provide pleasurable escape Safe way to introduce novelty Clues to the unconscious mind
  13. 13.  Leitenberg and Henning (1995)  Notable differences in sexual fantasies of men and women consistent across orientation  Men’s tended to be more active, focusing on fantasy partner’s body, explicit sexual acts, physical gratification  Women’s tended to be more passive, focusing on partner’s interest in own body, emotional content, romance
  14. 14.  Dreams can accompany nocturnal orgasm for men and women Dream content may not be overtly sexual Content of dreams cannot be controlled and often runs the gamut of sexual possibilities
  15. 15.  Mostmen and women masturbate for several reasons  Relaxation  Relief of sexual tension  Partner not available  Physical pleasure  Aid to falling asleep  A way to avoid STIs and HIV
  16. 16.  Attitudes towards masturbation vary along ethnic, cultural, and religious lines Latino and Black cultures are generally less accepting than White culture Prevalence of masturbation is correlated with education, ethnicity, and religion
  17. 17.  An important means of learning about our bodies Not necessarily a substitute for interpersonal sexual activity A legitimate form of activity in its own right
  18. 18.  Children and adolescents masturbate and a neutral or non-judgmental parental reaction can be important Women and masturbation Men and masturbation Masturbation and marriage
  19. 19.  Touching  Oral-genital sex  pleasuring  cunnilingus  tribidism  fellatio  interfemoral  Vaginal intercourse intercourse  Anal eroticism Kissing  analingus  anal intercourse
  20. 20. A sign of caring and signal for arousal The entire body is responsive to touch and caresses Genital touch is one of many forms of this type of pleasuring  Pleasuring (Masters and Johnson)
  21. 21.  Usually our earliest interpersonal sexual experience  First kiss is often a milestone  The most widely accepted of all premarital sexual activities Lipsare highly sensitive to touch and highly erotic
  22. 22.  Became part of more Americans’ sexual scripts in the 20th century Cunnilingus: the erotic stimulation of a woman’s vulva and/or clitoris by her partner’s mouth and tongue Fellatio: the oral stimulation of a man’s penis by his partner’s sucking and licking
  23. 23.  Incidence: 70-90% report engaging in oral sex over the course of their lifetime Attitude towards genitals and sex can affect their comfort with oral sex Reduce risk of STI and HIV with latex barriers Ejaculation and semen  Preference  Risk
  24. 24. A source of pleasure, communication, and love Positions STIs Tantric
  25. 25.  Analingus: Oral–anal contact Anal manual activities Anal intercourse: insertion of a penis into anus Individuals of all sexual orientations engage in anal eroticism