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Less developed countries

Main features of less developed countries

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Less developed countries

  1. 1. Diana Alves | 3º B. 2012-13 IES FRAY PEDRO DE URBINA
  2. 2.  Agriculture  Education  Health care  Economy  Consumption  Technological gap
  3. 3.  It is very important in these countries because they usually use a subsistence agriculture.  There are two basic types of agriculture: traditional and plantation agriculture.  The traditional is practiced in small plots of land and it’s to feed families.  The plantation agriculture consists of large farms or estates practiced in less developed tropical countries.
  4. 4.  In these countries most of the people are literate (they can read and write but with difficulties).  Around 38 million children don’t go to school. They can’t because of economic reasons or just because they have to work to help their families: this is called child labour.
  5. 5.  Millions of people die every year from curable diseases.  One in sixteen women dies during pregnancy or child birth.  Because of the poverty there are bad hygienic conditions, that helps for most of the illnesses and the mortality (especially infant mortality), caused also by the lack of access to medicines.
  6. 6.  The income per capita is low, under 900$ per year.  The economic growth is low to, and difficult to maintain.  The infrastructure and the services are deficient and inaccessible to most of the population.  In these countries the consumption is very low because of the economy. Many families live of subsistence systems.
  7. 7.  In these countries the consumption is very low because of the poverty and the economic situation.  Because of this there is a high percentage of the population that suffers of malnutrition.  There is a lack of access to safe drinking water that contributes to 80% illnesses and 30% of deaths in these countries.
  8. 8.  Poor countries suffer from a lack of technology, they cannot assimilate the technology from the developed countries.  This makes them uncompetitive in the world market, so the economy doesn’t develop.

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