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2019 The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World: Safeguarding Against Economic Slowdowns and Downturns

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Discussion on the Key Findings of FAO’s 2019 State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World Report
Co-Organized by FAO North America and IFPRI
JUL 18, 2019 - 12:15 PM TO 01:45 PM EDT

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2019 The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World: Safeguarding Against Economic Slowdowns and Downturns

  1. 1. Washington DC IFPRI | 18 July 2019
  2. 2. 2 / 11 Multiple pathways from food insecurity to malnutrition
  3. 3. 2 / 11 The prevalence of hunger is unchanged at the global level, while the number of hungry people is slowly rising – now at more than 820 million people
  4. 4. 2 / 11 While the prevalence of hunger is unchanged at the global level, it continues to rise in many countries and regions both in percentage and in numbers
  5. 5. 2 / 11 Undernourishment increases sharply in countries affected by conflict in Sub-Saharan Africa
  6. 6. 2 / 11 Droughts are one of the factors behind the recent increase in undernourishment in Sub-Saharan Africa
  7. 7. 2 / 11 The Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela shows a significant increase in the prevalence of undernourishment in recent years
  8. 8. 2 / 11 Computing FIES-based estimates so that they are globally comparable
  9. 9. 3 / 11 Food Insecurity is more than hunger – about 2 billion people in the world experience moderate or severe food insecurity 1.3 billion 704 million
  10. 10. 2 / 11 Total levels of food insecurity have been on the rise at the global level, mainly due to increases in Africa and Latin America
  11. 11. 2 / 11 The concentration and distribution of food insecurity by severity differs greatly across the regions of the world
  12. 12. 2 / 11 As the country level of income falls, the prevalence of food insecurity increases and so does the proportion of severe food insecurity over the total
  13. 13. 2 / 11 The numbers of undernourished and of food insecure have been on the rise in recent years, after a decade-long decline in extreme poverty and undernourishment
  14. 14. 3 / 11 The pace of progress in reducing child stunting and low-birthweight is too slow to meet global nutrition targets, and overweight and obesity are increasing in all regions. experience moderate or severe food insecurity
  15. 15. 2 / 11 Overweight prevalence increases over the life course and is highest in adulthood
  16. 16. 2 / 11 The increase in the prevalence of obesity between 2000 and 2016 has been even larger than that of overweight
  17. 17. 2 / 11 Examples of policies and programmes aimed at preventing or reducing overweight and obesity
  18. 18. Global economic prospects warn of further slowing Creating sustained escapes from food insecurity and malnutrition will require policies and a transformation that tackle inequalities
  19. 19. Most countries where hunger increased also experienced economic slowdown or downturn; mostly middle-income countries 7 / 11
  20. 20. Economic shocks are contributing to prolonging and worsening the severity of food crises 7 / 11
  21. 21. High levels of commodity- export and –import dependence negatively affect food security 7 / 11 Increases in the degree of commodity dependence lead to increases in undernourishment (1995 – 2017)
  22. 22. Income inequality is rising in nearly half the countries of the world, including in several low-income countries and some middle-income countries 7 / 11
  23. 23. Economic slowdowns and downturns disproportionally undermine food security and nutrition where inequalities are greater 7 / 11 Inequality in the distribution of agricultural land is high in many countries in Africa.
  24. 24. Ending hunger and all forms of malnutrition by 2030 requires scaled-up and bolder action Economic resilience must be strengthened to safeguard food security and nutrition against economic adversity
  25. 25. Thank you