Se ha denunciado esta presentación.
Energy           The Opportunity in RwandaMInInFrA
EnErgy: The Opportunity in RwandanOTES   INTRODUcTION        Electricity accounts for only about          Table 1: Install...
EnErgy: The Opportunity in Rwanda     nOTES                                  ENERGY LAWS, POLIcIES, AND ENABLING ENvIRONME...
EnErgy: The Opportunity in RwandanOTES   issuance of an International Trade          energy requirements and gender       ...
EnErgy: The Opportunity in Rwanda     nOTES                                  Integrated approach to energy               a...
EnErgy: The Opportunity in RwandanOTES   Private sector participation in energy:   Electricity regulation        Private s...
EnErgy: The Opportunity in Rwanda     nOTES                                  The Electricity Law empowers RURA            ...
EnErgy: The Opportunity in RwandanOTES   The Electricity Development                 •   5 MW to be generated from        ...
EnErgy: The Opportunity in Rwanda     nOTES                                  EWSA                                      bil...
EnErgy: The Opportunity in RwandanOTES   (there presently is no inter-linkage with   generation plants and meet the       ...
EnErgy: The Opportunity in Rwanda     nOTES                                  the country, which is applicable also        ...
EnErgy: The Opportunity in RwandanOTES       such as hydropower, geothermal,       The Rwanda Environmental            pea...
EnErgy: The Opportunity in Rwanda     nOTES                                  Flowchart Mapping the General Business Proces...
EnErgy: The Opportunity in RwandanOTES   HYDRO POWER        Rwanda’s major rivers have proven         Domestic Medium/Larg...
EnErgy: The Opportunity in Rwanda     nOTES                                  Regional Hydropower Projects                K...
EnErgy: The Opportunity in RwandanOTES                                              PROjEcT: RUSIZI III HYDROPOWER PROjEcT...
EnErgy: The Opportunity in Rwanda     nOTES                                                   PROJECT: RUSIZI IV HYDROPOWE...
EnErgy: The Opportunity in RwandanOTES                                                   PROJECT: RUSUMO FALLS HYDROPOWER ...
EnErgy: The Opportunity in Rwanda     nOTES                                                    PROjEcT: NTARUKA A      Sec...
EnErgy: The Opportunity in RwandanOTES                                              PROJECT: AKANYARU HYDROPOWER PROJECT  ...
EnErgy: The Opportunity in Rwanda     nOTES                                             PROJECT: NYABARONGO II HYDROPOWER ...
EnErgy: The Opportunity in RwandanOTES                                       PROJECT: 20 SITES TOTALING 9 MW TO BE BID AS ...
EnErgy: The Opportunity in Rwanda     nOTES      PROjEcTS/PLANTS:     Rukarara 9 MW; Rugezi 2.2 MW; Mutobo 200 KW; Nyamyot...
EnErgy: The Opportunity in RwandanOTES   METHANE GAS        Lake Kivu Methane in rwanda          •   The 2,400 sq.km. lake...
EnErgy: The Opportunity in Rwanda     nOTES                                      60m supports the lake’s biology          ...
EnErgy: The Opportunity in RwandanOTES   Historic Use of Lake Kivu Methane in              is in negotiations with a strat...
EnErgy: The Opportunity in Rwanda     nOTES                           Project Structuring and                       Policy...
EnErgy: The Opportunity in RwandanOTES   GEOTHERMAL RESERvES IN RWANDA        Background                                Th...
EnErgy: The Opportunity in Rwanda     nOTES                                  Potential for Geothermal Energy            ch...
EnErgy: The Opportunity in RwandanOTES   •   Infrastructure development (water            incentives            supply, ac...
Project profiles                                                                           Energy: The Opportunity in Rwan...
EnErgy: The Opportunity in RwandanOTES   PEAT-TO-POWER PROjEcTS IN RWANDA        Background                               ...
EnErgy: The Opportunity in Rwanda     nOTES                                  Peat in the Rwabusoro marshland            • ...
EnErgy: The Opportunity in RwandanOTES   Peat-to-Power Financing Opportunities    •   The Peat Master Plan (1992/93)      ...
EnErgy: The Opportunity in Rwanda     nOTES                                               ENERGY SEcTOR PROjEcT PROfILES  ...
EnErgy: The Opportunity in RwandanOTES                                                   ENERGY SEcTOR PROjEcT PROfILES   ...
EnErgy: The Opportunity in Rwanda     nOTES                                  SOLAR ENERGY                                 ...
Energy sector project profile
Energy sector project profile
Energy sector project profile
Energy sector project profile
Energy sector project profile
Energy sector project profile
Energy sector project profile
Energy sector project profile
Energy sector project profile
Energy sector project profile
Energy sector project profile
Próxima SlideShare
Cargando en…5
×

Energy sector project profile

1.603 visualizaciones

Publicado el

  • Sé el primero en comentar

Energy sector project profile

  1. 1. Energy The Opportunity in RwandaMInInFrA
  2. 2. EnErgy: The Opportunity in RwandanOTES INTRODUcTION Electricity accounts for only about Table 1: Installed and available generation capacity 5% of primary energy use in Rwanda. category Name Biomass is the primary source of energy In house Hydro Power Ntaruka accounting for some 84% of primary Mukungwa energy use, and petroleum products Gihira account for the rest. Rwanda has one of Gisengy the lowest electricity consumption per Rukarara capita compared to other countries in the Imported Hydro Power Rusizi (SNEL) region, and generation capacity is low – Rusizi (SINELAc) the country currently has about 100. MW Micro Hydro Power Nya,yotsi I of installed capacity and only about 11% Mutobo of households are connected to the grid. Agatobwe Existing Generation Capacity Nyamyotsi II The existing installed generation capacity Murunda (REPRO) and available capacity is show in Table 1. Rushaki In house Thermal Power jabana (Diesel) Of the installed generation capacity, jabana (Heavy fuel Oil) hydropower accounts for about 59%, Rental Thermal Power Aggreko (Gikondo) thermal generation, primarily hired diesel Methane to Power KP1 and heavy oil fuel based generation units, Solar Power Kigali Solar for 40%, and methane gas for about 1%. Source: Electricity Development Strategy 2011-2017, MININfRA, March 2011 The high reliance on thermal generation comes at a significant cost to Rwanda, especially given the present high prices for oil products. www.rdb.rw UNLEASHING THE OPPORTUNITIES 01
  3. 3. EnErgy: The Opportunity in Rwanda nOTES ENERGY LAWS, POLIcIES, AND ENABLING ENvIRONMENT Electricity Law and loyal competition and for Rwanda’s draft Electricity Law was rights of users and operators. enacted into law in june 2011 and The Electricity Law gives the gazetted in july 2011. Ministry in-charge of electricity The law on electricity governs the rights to provide concession the activities of electric power Agreements to firms, and provides production, transmission, the legal basis for the Rwanda distribution and trading both within Utilities Regulatory Agency (RURA) and outside the national territory of to approve and grant licenses Rwanda. The primary objectives of for the production, transmission, the law are: distribution and sale of electricity, the conditions for licensing, and • Liberalization and Regulation of addresses the rights and obligations electricity sector; of the license holders. • Harmonious development of The Law specifies that the power supply for all population electricity market of Rwanda shall categories and for all the be a single market based on free country’s economic and social and open third party access to development sectors in the the transmission and distribution framework of laws in force; networks based upon the principles • Setting up economic conditions of regulated access to ensure a enabling electric power sector transparent and non-discriminatory investments; marketplace. • Respect for the conditions of fair The Electricity Law authorizes the02 UNLEASHING THE OPPORTUNITIES www.rdb.rw
  4. 4. EnErgy: The Opportunity in RwandanOTES issuance of an International Trade energy requirements and gender License for the import and export of dimensions; electric power across the borders of d. Bring down the average cost of Rwanda, and for the supply and sale electricity supply to eligible customers in conformance with sector policies and other laws in e. Bring the (policy) statement up- force. to-date by reflecting the latest developments in methane and The Law also provides for a “Universal renewable energy and their Access fund” to provide greater environmental implications; access to rural and other un-served f. State more clearly Rwanda’s areas. commitment to private sector participation and to regional Energy Policy cooperation in energy. the Ministry of Infrastructure (MININfRA) developed a draft g. clarify the roles and responsibilities National Energy Policy whose principle of public sector agencies and objectives are to; develop public sector skills in planning, procurement, and a. Harmonize the National Energy transactions’ negotiation Policy with Rwanda’s long-term h. Develop the legal, institutional development plans and strategies; and financial framework for rapid b. Give particular attention to development of the electricity requirements for the progressive sector development of the electricity sector to support economic The Energy Policy is a comprehensive development and the National document, which addresses the Access Roll Out Program principal issues in developing the energy sector in Rwanda. Some of the c. Have greater focus on household key issues include: www.rdb.rw UNLEASHING THE OPPORTUNITIES 03
  5. 5. EnErgy: The Opportunity in Rwanda nOTES Integrated approach to energy all subsidies in a transparent planning: The need to develop manner. energy plans within the framework Regulatory framework: of the broader national economic Empower RURA and build its plan and strategic developmental capacity to ensure independence objectives of the country. in energy price regulation and Use of indigenous energy licensing of energy providers. resources: Given the high cost Energy sector governance: of imported oil products, there is Management of the energy sector, a need to fully develop available including decision-making about indigenous energy resources to projects, must be open and the extent that they are financially, transparent and in the best interests economically and socially of the country. Procurement beneficial. should be rooted in the principles of transparency, equal treatment Energy efficiency and conservation: and non-discrimination between use efficient technologies to make competing bidders. the best use of available energy supplies and reduce environmental Institutional framework and capacity impacts. building: Strong energy sector institutions with adequate capacity Energy pricing and subsidy are essential to meet ambitious policies: develop cost-reflective growth targets. An effective energy prices to ensure that energy information system is to be energy suppliers can operate on established and capacity building a sustainable basis and make the is to be provided to all sector necessary investments to expand institutions to undertake implement power supply. Direct subsidies to their roles and responsibilities. one-time capital expenditures rather than to recurrent costs, and provide04 UNLEASHING THE OPPORTUNITIES www.rdb.rw
  6. 6. EnErgy: The Opportunity in RwandanOTES Private sector participation in energy: Electricity regulation Private sector participation should be promoted at all segments of the Some of the key functions of Regulator, energy supply industry. Where Public- RURA, are to: Private Partnerships (PPPs) are i. conduct all technical regulatory desirable, government will work with activities for the power production, private sector entities to ensure the transmission and distribution speedy structuring and financing of sectors PPP projects in the energy sector. ii. Issue permits and licenses to firms Financing energy sector investments: that satisfy licensing requirements GoR to leverage private sector iii. Monitor, evaluate and ensure the financing with public financing, quality of the technical services where appropriate. Reduce the need provided by the electric utility for government guarantees and contingent liabilities. iv. Ensure both compliance to the New and renewable energies: adopted standards and a fair Promote the use of renewable energy competition between electricity technologies that are financially, operators economically and socially beneficial. v. Study and recommend tariffs and Develop feed-in tariffs or other review and approve licensee tariffs mechanisms to provide incentives and vi. Promote sustainable provision of reduce risks for electricity production quality and safe services from renewable sources. Establish norms, codes of practice, guidelines vii. Promote the utilization of renewable and standards for new and renewable electrical energy resources in rural energy technologies. areas, viii. Promote energy efficiency and conservation measures. www.rdb.rw UNLEASHING THE OPPORTUNITIES 05
  7. 7. EnErgy: The Opportunity in Rwanda nOTES The Electricity Law empowers RURA of supply is expected to reduce by to set and approve electricity tariffs, 2012-13 when electricity production in consultation with the Ministry and shifts from expensive diesel fuelled pursuant to laws and regulations in plants to cheaper hydropower and force. The Law also allows for cost- other generation options. based tariffs to ensure adequate The GoR has been supporting the return on investments made by power sector through: license holders. The Law also allows for performance based pricing and • Direct operating cost support benchmarking by paying for fuel imports/ equipment rental or exempting Electricity Tariffs import-tax Rwanda has some of the highest • capital Expenditure support by electricity tariff in the region. The seeking external funds as well as current electricity tariff is fRW funds allocation from budget 112/kWh (+vAT) for small Lv • Other indirect subsidies (low voltage) consumers, and fRW 105/kWh (+vAT) for large feed-in tariffs (fIT) for eligible commercial and industrial Mv generation technologies is being (medium voltage) consumers. A considered and consultant studies consultant study estimates that are being reviewed to determine the tariff for residential and smaller appropriate feed-in tariffs, non-residential customers is below especially for small hydro and other the marginal cost of supply to renewable energy sources. fIT for residential customers, whereas the select generation technologies to be current industrial tariff is above the adopted by RURA by early 2012. marginal cost of supply. The cost06 UNLEASHING THE OPPORTUNITIES www.rdb.rw
  8. 8. EnErgy: The Opportunity in RwandanOTES The Electricity Development • 5 MW to be generated from Strategy renewable energy sources (solar Pv, micro hydro power or wind) and The objective of Rwanda’s electricity distributed to local communities strategy is to increase access to beyond the national electricity grid modern energy and to meet the • Electricity connections to increase ever increasing power demand from 200,000 to a total of 1,200,000 for economic development of the by 2017, which will be equivalent to country. To attain these objectives, 50% of access the accelerated electricity generation • Electrify 100% of schools, 100% of mix proposed in the “Electricity health facilities and 100% of sector Development Strategy 2011-2017”, offices by 2017, either through is to generate 1,000 MW from both connection to the grid or through the indigenous energy resources and reliable off-grid systems from shared energy resources with • Explore the possibility of neighboring countries. The following developing all relevant projects specific targets have been set in the as cDM projects right from the Electricity Development Strategy: planning phase in order to sell • Hydropower generation to be emission reductions. increased to about 333 MW • Emphasize energy efficiency • Geothermal power plants with measures such as reduction of capacity of 310 MW to be technical and commercial losses developed on the national grid, distribution of • Methane gas to power projects will energy efficient lamps (CFL’s) and deliver 300 MW to the national grid the establishment of a Solar Water • 20 MW of additional diesel generation Heater subsidy scheme in order to required for immediate power needs decrease electricity costs and save and serve as a back-up energy (potential to save around 50 MW per year) www.rdb.rw UNLEASHING THE OPPORTUNITIES 07
  9. 9. EnErgy: The Opportunity in Rwanda nOTES EWSA bilateral trades or to the power pool. The Rwanda Energy, Water and Sanitation Authority (EWSA) was Demand Forecast established in 2011 as a 100 An Electricity Master Plan (EMP) percent publicly owned utility. EWSA has developed a revised demand is responsible for the planning and forecast reflecting the goals of a implementation of power projects in new Electricity Strategy for the the country, while policy formulation country, which envisages the and sector oversight functions development of 1,000 MW of remain within MININfRA. generation capacity by 2017. Domestic demand is expected to Power Market account for 60% of peak demand, EWSA is presently the sole off-taker while cross border mining projects for all power generated in Rwanda. are expected to account for 20% Rwanda is also a member of the and sub regional electricity markets Eastern Africa Power Pool and for the remaining 20%. plans to strengthen transmission interconnections with neighboring countries of Burundi, DR congo, Transmission network in Tanzania and Uganda. rwanda Rwanda has about 383.6 km of 70 EWSA provides long-term power kv and 110 kv high-voltage (Hv) purchase agreement (PPA) to transmission lines, and about 4,900 project developers. km of and medium-voltage (Mv, 30 kv, 15 kv and 6.6 kv) lines and Once the interconnection low-voltage (Lv, 380 v and 220 v) with neighboring countries is lines. Rwanda’s electric network is strengthened and the Eastern Africa interconnected with the networks Power Pool becomes operational, of Burundi, the DRc and Uganda power can be exported through08 UNLEASHING THE OPPORTUNITIES www.rdb.rw
  10. 10. EnErgy: The Opportunity in RwandanOTES (there presently is no inter-linkage with generation plants and meet the Tanzania). expected demand in the future. Power flows between Rwanda, Burundi construction of 400 kv lines is and the DRc are managed by the also under consideration within the Societe Internationale d’Electricite des framework of the interstate network Pays des Grands Lacs (SINELAc). development. According to the Electricity feasibility studies have been Development Strategy for 2011-2017, prepared, or are under preparation, Rwanda intends to extend its grid by for a number of transmission inter- 2,100 km (700 km of Hv lines and linkages including the 220 kv 1,400 km of Mv lines). Kibuye- Kigali line, the 220 kv Kigoma–Rwegura (Burundi) and In addition to 110 kv lines, 220 kv Birembo–Mbarara (Uganda) lines, and interconnection lines are planned the 220 kv Rusomo– Kigali line. to evacuate power from planned SPEcIfIc POLIcIES, LAWS AND REGULATIONS TO PROMOTE POWER GENERATION PROjEcTS Incentives to Power Project to develop projects. Developers The GoR has also acquired at its Infrastructure support and cost land for power projects or transmission access: The GoR compensated private developers for provides transmission access to all land acquisition. The GoR provides a power projects at its cost, and also variety of tax and fiscal incentives to provides road access, water supply promote private sector investment in and other basic infrastructure needed www.rdb.rw UNLEASHING THE OPPORTUNITIES 09
  11. 11. EnErgy: The Opportunity in Rwanda nOTES the country, which is applicable also Methane Subsector to power project developers. The GoR has developed a draft Gas Public-Private Partnership (PPP): Law and Regulations to develop The GoR has a draft PPP policy, methane based projects. The which is designed to promote draft is currently under review by PPP investments in infrastructure Parliament and is expected to development including in the power be gazetted soon. Management sector. Prescriptions for the development of Lake Kivu gas resources have Hydropower Subsector been prepared and the GoR is expected to endorse and adopt the The GoR is in the process of prescription. developing a Hydropower Policy. The country also plans on developing a Hydropower Master Peat Subsector Plan to develop water resources The GoR is in the process of in the country, and has shortlisted developing a Peat Policy to consultants to conduct the study. sustainably and safely harvest peat fIT are to be adopted to promote resources for power generation. development of micro and small hydropower projects. Standardized Legal Document The GoR is developing standardized legal documents and geothermal Subsector contract templates for the following: The GoR is in the process of developing a Geothermal Policy and • Memorandum of Understanding Geothermal Resources Exploration, • Letter of Intent Development and Management • Non-Disclosure Agreements Act to guide the development • Power Purchase agreements for geothermal resources in the country. different generation technologies10 UNLEASHING THE OPPORTUNITIES www.rdb.rw
  12. 12. EnErgy: The Opportunity in RwandanOTES such as hydropower, geothermal, The Rwanda Environmental peat and methane gas Management Authority (REMA): • concession agreements for provides environmental clearances to energy projects: Peat concession power projects. Agreement, Gas concession The Rwanda Development Board Agreement, Geothermal (RDB): is the nodal agency for all concession Agreement private sector investment and foreign • fuel supply agreements (for Direct Investment in the country. example steam supply agreements The RDB negotiates all concession in order to allow IPPs to buy steam agreements with private project from a developer, or equivalent gas developers. or peat supply • Management contracts for Business Process for Power Sector power plants (for example for the Project Development Government owned hydropower The flowcharts below broadly map plants) the general business process for • Engineering, Procurement and development of power sector projects construction contracts in Rwanda. The flow charts also indicate the principal GoR agencies GoR Agencies/Institutions involved in and institutions involved in the Power Generation development and approval of power Rwanda Utilities Regulatory Authority projects in Rwanda. (RURA): The regulator is empowered to issue licenses to power generators, and provides licenses to private power developers following a transparent process. www.rdb.rw UNLEASHING THE OPPORTUNITIES 11
  13. 13. EnErgy: The Opportunity in Rwanda nOTES Flowchart Mapping the General Business Process for Development of Power Sector Projects in Rwanda Large Projects (Methane / Peat) Present project and sign Smaller Projects (Micro Hydro) Memorandum of Understanding with the Ministry of Infrastructure Sign Memorandum of Understanding for site with district Produce feasibililty study within six months of MOU signature Sign Memorandum of Understanding for project with Methane to Electricity Peat to Electricity the Ministry of Infrastructure Negotiate with Rwanda Peat Quarrying Licence issued Development Board (RDB) and by Ministry of Natural Resources Environmental impact sign concession Agreement for issued within 3 months of assessment submitted to, gas with Ministry of Infrastructure application and approved by Rwanda Development Board (RDB) Power Purchase Agreement Power Purchase Agreement negotiated with Rwanda Development negotiated with, and issued by, Board and issued by Energy, Water Energy, Water and Sanitation and Sanitation Authority Authority (EWSA) Environmental Impact Assessment Power Generation Licence issued submitted to and approved by by Rwanda Utilities Regulatory Rwanda Development Board Agency (RURA) issued withinin 30 days of application Power Generation Licence issued by Rwanda Utilities Regulatiory Agency (RURA) issued within 30 days of application12 UNLEASHING THE OPPORTUNITIES www.rdb.rw
  14. 14. EnErgy: The Opportunity in RwandanOTES HYDRO POWER Rwanda’s major rivers have proven Domestic Medium/Large Hydropower potential to support run-of-the-river Projects hydropower plants in a total of 333 The largest domestic hydropower sites across Rwanda. project is Nyabarongo I, with an installed capacity of 28 MW. The Micro/Mini/Small Hydropower Projects project is under construction and will Small hydropower projects totaling 20.9 be commissioned by 2014. MW are currently under construction and will be operational between 2011 and 2013. www.rdb.rw UNLEASHING THE OPPORTUNITIES 13
  15. 15. EnErgy: The Opportunity in Rwanda nOTES Regional Hydropower Projects Key Investment Opportunities Some shared hydropower projects Mini & Small hydropower: 20 with neighboring countries include; projects totaling 9 MW bid as 4 “bundles” with an expected Rusizi III (145 MW)- shared by investment of $25-30 million. Burundi, DRc and Rwanda with an Planned completion date is 2014- estimated 48 MW Rwandan share 15 and 3 bundled bids for 10 MW of Rusizi IV (287 MW) - With ≈96 MW, projects bid every year from 2015- estimated as Rwanda’s share. 17 Rusumo falls (90 MW) -Planned to Medium hydropower: 12-17 MW be jointly developed by Tanzania, Nyaborongo II is being evaluated, Burundi and Rwanda. Rwanda’s with an expected investment share would be 30 MW. amount of ≈ $80Mn The Akanyaru project- Between Regional hydropower: Ruzizi III Burundi and Rwanda with ≈ 4 MW (145 MW) supported by EU, AfDB, potential. among others with an expected investment capital of $450Mn and Existing Potential completion date in 2016. There There is an estimated potential is also a 90 MW Rusumo falls of ≈83 MW to be exploited with supported by WB and others. Its further sites with a potential of ≈ 22 expected investment amount is MW. feasibility studies to develop $300Mn and planned completion these projects are planned with the date is 2017 support of World Bank.14 UNLEASHING THE OPPORTUNITIES www.rdb.rw
  16. 16. EnErgy: The Opportunity in RwandanOTES PROjEcT: RUSIZI III HYDROPOWER PROjEcT Sector HYDROPOWER Geographical Location Rusizi River, DRc/Rwanda Border in the Great Lakes Region Responsible Agent (s) Ministry of Infrastructure/EWSA; EGL/cEPGL The project is being developed under cEPGL umbrella for Rwanda, Burundi and DRc. Ruzizi III hydropower project is planned to generate 145MW and the power output is shared equally by three countries. The project consist of 105 m long dam crest whose height is 20.5 m, 2.82 km Headrace Tunnel and a surface power station with 3x50 MW francis Units. Project Description & Rationale / Objectives Objectives: • Improving the electricity system security, reliability and economic power supply by switching to the cheap and renewable sources. • Increase electricity access rates. • Improve on cross-boundary energy trade among CEPL member Countries Project Size 145 MW Proposed Procurement The Project is structured as a Public Private Partnership Process Planned Start Date 2013 Project Documentation feasibility Study Report 2010; ESIA Report 2011 • A Transaction Advisor is in place and preparing Tender document for recruitment of a preferred Investor • Three Investor candidates have been prequalified current Status • Team of national negotiators have appointed in order to conduct negotiations with the would be selected Investor financing amount & US$ 565 Million, Private Public Partnership Structure Required Director General Energy Water & Sanitation Authority (EWSA) contact Person P.O. Box 537 Kigali. Rwanda Email: ymuyange@ewsa.rw or yuwamahoro@ewsa.rw www.rdb.rw UNLEASHING THE OPPORTUNITIES 15
  17. 17. EnErgy: The Opportunity in Rwanda nOTES PROJECT: RUSIZI IV HYDROPOWER PROJECT Sector HYDROPOWER Geographical Location Rusizi River, DRc/Rwanda Border in the Great Lakes Region, Africa Responsible Agent(s) Ministry of Infrastructure/EWSA; EGL/cEPGL The project is being developed under cEPGL umbrella for Rwanda, Burundi and DRc. Ruzizi Iv hydropower project is planned to generate 287 MW utilizing 224 m natural head and the power output will be shared equally by three countries of Burundi, DRc and Rwanda. The project is envisaged to consist of 80 m feed channel, 4.5 km long low pressure tunnel, surge shaft and a surface power station with 4x72 MW francis units. Project Description & Rationale / Objectives Objectives: • Improving the system security, reliability and economic power supply by switching to the cheap and renewable sources • Increase electricity access rates • Improve on cross-boundary energy trade among CEPL member Countries Project Size 287 MW Proposed Procurement The Project may be structured as a Public Private Partnership Process Planned Start Date 2016/17 Project Documentation Pre-feasibility Study Report 2009 by fitchner GmbH; Current Status Only Prefeasibility Study completed Financing amount & Structure US$ 432 Million as per Prefeasibility Study Report 2009, Private Public Partnership Required Director General Energy Water & Sanitation Authority, Contact Person P.O. Box 537 Kigali, Rwanda. Email: ymuyange@ewsa.rw or yuwamahoro@ewsa.rw16 UNLEASHING THE OPPORTUNITIES www.rdb.rw
  18. 18. EnErgy: The Opportunity in RwandanOTES PROJECT: RUSUMO FALLS HYDROPOWER PROJECT Sector HYDROPOWER Kagera River, Tanzania/Rwanda Border in East Africa, At Rusumo falls, on the Kagera River about 2 km Geographical Location downstream of its confluence with the Ruvubu River Responsible Agent(s) Ministry of Infrastructure/EWSA; NELSAP The project is being developed under NELSAP umbrella for Rwanda, Burundi and Tanzania. Rusumo falls Hydropower Project is planned to generate 90 MW and the power output will be shared equally by three countries. The project consists of concrete dam with crest length of 150 m whose height is 14.5 m, Headrace Tunnel of 460 m and a surface power station with 3x30 MW Kaplan turbines. Project Description & Rationale / Objectives Objective: • Improving the system security, reliability and economic power supply by switching to the cheap and renewable sources • Increase electricty access rates • Improve on cross-boundary energy trade among EAc member countries Project Size 90 MW Proposed Procurement The Project is structured as a Publicly financed but privately managed Process Planned Start Date 2013 Project Documentation feasibility Study Report 2012 by SNc Lavalin • Draft feasibility Study Report and Institutional framework complete with support from WB Current Status • Tripartite Agreement signed between the three Governments in feb 2012 • Procurement process of Owners Engineer commenced Financing amount & Structure US$ $400m Million, Public financed but Privately Managed Required Director General Energy Water & Sanitation Authority, Contact Person P.O. Box 537 Kigali, Rwanda. Email: ymuyange@ewsa.rw or yuwamahoro@ewsa.rw www.rdb.rw UNLEASHING THE OPPORTUNITIES 17
  19. 19. EnErgy: The Opportunity in Rwanda nOTES PROjEcT: NTARUKA A Sector HYDROPOWER Geographical Location On Ntaruka River, Busanze Sector in Nyaruguru District, Sothern Province, Rwanda Responsible Agent(s) Ministry of Infrastructure/EWSA The project is to be developed under IPP arrangement and is planned to generate 2 MW and the power fed into the Rwanda National Grid. The project consists of diversion weir with crest length of 14 m, Headrace canal 258, Penstock 30 m long and a surface power station with 1.125 x2 MW francis turbines. Project Description & Rationale / Objectives Objectives: • Increasing national generation installed capacity hence meeting increasing power demand • Improving the national energysecurity, reliability and economic power supply by switching to the cheap and renewable sources • Increase electricty access Project Size 2 MW Proposed Procurement Process The Project is structured as IPP Planned Start Date 2013/14 Project Documentation feasibility Study Report 2010 by SHER Engineers current Status • feasibility Study completed in june 2010 financing amount & Structure Euro 10.4 Million as per SHER Engineers june 2010 Report, IPP Required Director General Energy Water & Sanitation Authority, contact Person P.O. Box 537 Kigali, Rwanda. Email: ymuyange@ewsa.rw or yuwamahoro@ewsa.rw18 UNLEASHING THE OPPORTUNITIES www.rdb.rw
  20. 20. EnErgy: The Opportunity in RwandanOTES PROJECT: AKANYARU HYDROPOWER PROJECT Sector HYDROPOWER Geographical Location On Akanyaru River, in Nyaruguru District, Sothern Province, Rwanda Responsible Agent(s) Ministry of Infrastructure/EWSA The project will be developed under IPP arrangement and is planned to generate 4 MW and the power be fed into the Rwanda National Grid. The project consists of 35 m high dam with crest length of 125 m, Headrace Tunnel of 383 m long, Surge chamber, Penstock 110 m long and a surface power station with 2 x2 MW francis turbines. Project Description & Rationale / Objectives Objectives: • Increasing national generation installed capacity to meet increasing power demand • Improving the national energysecurity, reliability and economic power supply by switching to the cheap and renewable sources • Increase electricty access Project Size 4 MW Proposed Procurement Process The Project is structured as IPP Planned Start Date 2014/15 Project Documentation feasibility Study Report 1992 by SOGREAH Engineers Current Status feasibility Study completed in 1992 Financing amount & Structure USD 13 Million as per SOGREAH Engineers 1992 Report, IPP Required Director General Energy Water & Sanitation Authority, Contact Person P.O. Box 537 Kigali, Rwanda. Email: ymuyange@ewsa.rw or yuwamahoro@ewsa.rw www.rdb.rw UNLEASHING THE OPPORTUNITIES 19
  21. 21. EnErgy: The Opportunity in Rwanda nOTES PROJECT: NYABARONGO II HYDROPOWER PROJECT Sector HYDROPOWER Geographical Location Along Nyabarongo River, Bwenda Sector in Gakenke District, Northen Province, Rwanda Responsible Agent(s) Ministry of Infrastructure/EWSA This is a multipurpose project envisaged to cater for water supply, irrigation as well as electrical power generation. The project may be developed either under Public or PPP arrangement and is planned to generate 12- 17 MW and the power will be fed into the Rwanda National Grid. The project consists of 48 m high concrete gravity dam with crest length of 228 m, and a surface power station with 2x8.5 MW Kaplan turbines just situated at the dam toe. Project Description & Rationale / Objectives Objectives: • Increase the country’s hydropower potential. • Improve the availability of municipal and industrial water for Kigali; • Enhance agricultural water supply for Bugesera; • Provide better flood control Project Size 12-17 MW Proposed Procurement Process The project may be structured either as Publicly financed or PPP Planned Start Date 2013/14 Project Documentation feasibility Study Report 2008 by KOIcA Current Status feasibility Study completed in 2008 Financing amount & Structure USD 150 Million as per KOIcA2008 Report, Public/PPP Required Director General Energy Water & Sanitation Authority, Contact Person P.O. Box 537 Kigali, Rwanda. Email: ymuyange@ewsa.rw or yuwamahoro@ewsa.rw20 UNLEASHING THE OPPORTUNITIES www.rdb.rw
  22. 22. EnErgy: The Opportunity in RwandanOTES PROJECT: 20 SITES TOTALING 9 MW TO BE BID AS 4 “BUNDLES” OF PROJECTS. Sector HYDROPOWER Geographical Location The sites are situated in Northern, Western and Southern Provinces of Rwanda Responsible Agent(s) Ministry of Infrastructure/EWSA These are mini hydropower potential sites that so far have their Pre-Assessment Studies and costing reports prepared. Planned completion: 2014-15. Project Description & Rationale / Objectives Objectives: • Increase the country’s energy generation sufficiency by utilizing hydropower resources hence reducing costly fossil fuel dependence. Project Size 9 MW Proposed Procurement Process The projects are structured as PPP Planned Start Date 2013/14 Project Documentation HydroAtlas Report by SHER Engineers 2008 and Pre Assessment Report by Ifc 2011 Current Status Identified in HydroAtlas 2007 and Pre-Assed by IFC in December 2012 Financing amount & Structure Expected investment: US$25-30 Million. Required Envisaged to be developed as IPPs Director General Energy Water & Sanitation Authority, Contact Person P.O. Box 537 Kigali, Rwanda. Email: ymuyange@ewsa.rw or yuwamahoro@ewsa.rw www.rdb.rw UNLEASHING THE OPPORTUNITIES 21
  23. 23. EnErgy: The Opportunity in Rwanda nOTES PROjEcTS/PLANTS: Rukarara 9 MW; Rugezi 2.2 MW; Mutobo 200 KW; Nyamyotsi I & II 200 kW; Agatobwe 100kW, Mukungwa (II) 2.5 MW; Gashashi 200 kW; Nyabahanga 200 kW; Nyirabuhombohombo 500 kW; Nshili I 400 kW; janja 200 kW; Keya (2.2 MW), Nkora (680 kW) and cyimbili(300kW) Sector HYDROPOWER Geographical Location The plants/projects are situated in Northern, Western and Southern Provinces of Rwanda Responsible Agent Ministry of Infrastructure/EWSA GoR intends to privatize some of its existing small hydropower assets (totaling 15.6 MW) by placing them under private sector management. Project Description & Rationale / Objectives: Objectives • To ensure efficiency and operational sustainability of the country’s power systems. • To encourage wide participation of players in the Energy/Power Sector hence build confidence to the private investors and business community from both local and foreign circles. Project Size 18.8 MW Proposed Procurement Process The plants/projects may be leased and/or private operated and maintained. Planned Start Date 2012 Project Documentation feasibility Studies and Design as well as final As built documentations Rukarara 9 MW, Keya (2.2 MW), Nkora(680 kW), cyimbiri (300kW) and Rugezi 2.2 are in operation since 2011 while Mutobo 200 Kw; Nyamyotsi I & II 200 kW and Agatobwe 100kW became operational in 2010 current Status while Mukungwa (II) 2.5 MW; Gashashi 200 kW; Nyabahanga 200 kW; Nyirabuhombohombo 500 kW; Nshili I 400 kW; janja 200 kW are still under construction and earmarked to be completed end of 2012 Expected investment: Negotiable financing amount & Structure Required Planned to be placed under Private Management contract Director General Energy Water & Sanitation Authority, contact Person P.O. Box 537 Kigali, Rwanda. Email: ymuyange@ewsa.rw or yuwamahoro@ewsa.rw22 UNLEASHING THE OPPORTUNITIES www.rdb.rw
  24. 24. EnErgy: The Opportunity in RwandanOTES METHANE GAS Lake Kivu Methane in rwanda • The 2,400 sq.km. lake contains high concentrations of naturally occurring cH4 and cO2, with the Background highest concentrations at depths • Lake Kivu is located in the East ranging from 270m to 500m African Rift Zone between Rwanda • The oxygenated upper layer of the and the DRc lake from the surface to a depth of www.rdb.rw UNLEASHING THE OPPORTUNITIES 23
  25. 25. EnErgy: The Opportunity in Rwanda nOTES 60m supports the lake’s biology generated annually in the lake • The resource is shared equally • Rwanda wishes to utilize this between Rwanda and the DRc resource to develop methane-to- power projects and other uses • The PMP (Peat, Methane and such as fertilizer and gas-to- Petroleum) Unit, at EWSA is liquids projects developing methane projects • The methane in Lake Kivu is Potential for Methane-to-Power estimated to be sufficient to Generation generate 700 MW of electricity • Lake Kivu contains about 300 over a period of 55 years; billion cu.m of cO2and 60 billion Rwanda’s share of the total cu.m of cH4 gas. An estimated generation potential is about 350 120 to 250 million cu.m of cH4 is MW, with the rest being DRc’s share Characteristics of Methane in Lake Kivu Methane 24.9% vol Carbon Dioxide 73.5% vol Hydrogen Sulphide 0.05% vol Other gases 1.5% vol Characteristics of Scrubbed Gas After Extraction Methane 80% Carbon dioxide 18% Nitrogen 2%24 UNLEASHING THE OPPORTUNITIES www.rdb.rw
  26. 26. EnErgy: The Opportunity in RwandanOTES Historic Use of Lake Kivu Methane in is in negotiations with a strategic Rwanda partner to scale-up capacity to 50 MW in phases • Lake Kivu methane was first tapped by Union chimique de Belge with a • REc, a subsidiary of RIG (Rwanda), gas pilot plant at cape Rubona in is a 3.6 MW plant. The plant is 1963 to supply the Bralirwa brewery presently not operational and REc is seeking new partners and • Bralirwa brewery converted one of investors to revive and scale up the its boilers to use gas in place of fuel project oil, and was supplied with 5,000 cu.m/day of methane gas purified Opportunities in Existing Concessions to 80% • KivuWatt’s 25 MW Phase I (est. • The pilot plant was recently shut cost $140m), is under construction down after operating for over 40 with GoR Sovereign Guarantee years and MIGA guarantee. The 75 MW 2nd Phase will need financing. Existing Methane-to-Power Projects in Estimated cost: $260m. completion: Rwanda 2014 • KivuWatt, a subsidiary of contour • REc is seeking partners and Global (USA), is developing a 100 financing to revive the plant and MW plant: 25 MW 1st Phase by scale it up to 50 MW. Estimated end 2012, and 75 MW 2nd Phase cost: $106m. completion: 2015 by 2015. Phase I is currently under construction • Ongoing negotiations with private partners for 100 MW may be an • KP1, a 4.5 MW pilot plant opportunity once they are not developed by GoR, is operating at concluded about 1.5 MW since late 2007. GoR www.rdb.rw UNLEASHING THE OPPORTUNITIES 25
  27. 27. EnErgy: The Opportunity in Rwanda nOTES Project Structuring and Policy, Law & Regulation Financing • Draft Gas Law and Regulations for methane projects is under review Methane-to-Power Financing by Parliament, and is to be gazetted Opportunities • A draft concession Agreement and • 25 MW KivuWatt Phase I financed draft PPA is under development for new projects (existing projects have by a lending syndicate - Emerging PPAs with the utility) Africa Infrastructure fund, fMO, • Management Prescriptions for the AfDB, etc. 75 MW Phase 2 needs safe extraction of Lake Kivu gas financing. Project is an IPP resources are to be adopted • The 4.5 MW REc pilot plant was developed as an IPP. Project may Available Documents be restructured depending on the • Numerous reports on Lake Kivu new partners and investors going back to 1937 are available. Recent studies by LAHMEYER- Financing Support for Investors OSAE and K. Tietze, and Lake • financing institutions such as Management Prescriptions are also AfDB, WBG (WB, Ifc, MIGA), EU available and other bilateral donors and • Project specific documents may be development partners will support available subject to confidentiality eligible projects agreements • GoR will consider providing other incentives Why invest in methane gas to power? • Risk mitigation instruments • Methane demonstration plants including PRI, PRG, PcG, from the prove that the gas extraction AfDB, the WB, and MIGA will be technology is feasible. available to eligible projects and • Rwanda is keen to develop its developers methane resources as part of its strategy to substantially increase the power capacity26 UNLEASHING THE OPPORTUNITIES www.rdb.rw
  28. 28. EnErgy: The Opportunity in RwandanOTES GEOTHERMAL RESERvES IN RWANDA Background There are 4 geothermal prospects 3 in the Nothern Region(Gisenyi, Karisimbi and Kinigi) associated with volcanoes Rwanda lies along the Western branch and one in the Southern region of the East Africa Rift valley known as (Bugarama) associated with faults the “ring of fire” – an area with young along the East Africa Rift volcanism, seismic and magmatic activity www.rdb.rw UNLEASHING THE OPPORTUNITIES 27
  29. 29. EnErgy: The Opportunity in Rwanda nOTES Potential for Geothermal Energy chevron in 2006 estimated reservoir Generation temperatures in excess of 150°c • The potential for power Detailed geo-scientific data (geo- generation from geothermal chemistry, MT and TEM) by the energy in the country is BGR, KenGen, ISOR and the ITER estimated to be more than 700 in 2008 indicated the possibility MW out of which 310MW is of high temperature geothermal planned to be developed by system 2017. Uniservices of AU-IESE has • Surface exploration and conducted geophysical and MT & reconnaissance studies have TEM studies, micro-seismic and been carried out in the Western micro-earthquake monitoring, heat region (no studies have been flow measurements, geological conducted in the Southern mapping, and analysis of region) geochemistry data to prepare 3-D • Rwanda has conducted detailed geological and physical models. surface studies and plans to drill Preliminary interpretation and three exploratory wells in August analysis confirms previous findings 2012 to confirm the commercial and provides higher potential for viability of geothermal-to-power one of the sites (Kinigi) projects GoR will organize a peer review • 10MW well head generation meeting to discuss the study results units are expected to be and validate the findings and help operational in 2014. locate optimum sites for test drilling Scientific Exploration Studies Present Status of Development Reconnaissance surface studies by • To reduce drilling and BRGM in 1982 reported estimated temperatures above 100°c exploration risk, GoR is financing three exploratory wells in Reconnaissance surface studies by Karisimbi starting August ’12.28 UNLEASHING THE OPPORTUNITIES www.rdb.rw
  30. 30. EnErgy: The Opportunity in RwandanOTES • Infrastructure development (water incentives supply, access road) to the • Risk mitigation instruments including geothermal site is ongoing PRI, PRG, PcG, from the AfDB, the • feasibility studies and SEIA studies WB, and MIGA will be available to planned to assess commercial eligible projects and developers viability of developing geothermal Policy, Law & Regulation energy in Rwanda GoR has drafted a geothermal policy, Greenfield Investment Opportunities a geothermal resources exploration, • 10 MW wellhead pilot plant to be development and management act and installed if test wells are productive. regulations Estimated cost: $30m. Planned completion: 2014 Available Documents • GoR plans to develop 300 MW (4 • Studies by BRGM, chevron, x 75 MW) of geo-thermal power BGR, ISOR, ITER, KenGen, and by 2017. Estimated cost: $900m. Uniservices available for review completion: 2014-17 • International experts to peer review the Uniservices study Greenfield 10 MW Wellhead and • feasibility and SEIA studies to be Additional Projects completed after exploration drilling The initial 10MW will be publicly in 2013 financed, and the scale up will be structured as PPP Why Invest in Geothermal? • GoR is committed to cover the Financing Support for Investors upstream risks • financing institutions such as AfDB, • Rwanda is keen to develop its WBG (WB, Ifc, MIGA), EU and other geothermal resources as part of its bilateral donors and development strategy to substantially increase partners will support eligible projects power capacity • GoR will consider providing other • Geothermal energy is base load www.rdb.rw UNLEASHING THE OPPORTUNITIES 29
  31. 31. Project profiles Energy: The Opportunity in Rwanda RFP for a 10 MWe well generating Units Sector Energy Sector, Geothermal Geographical Location Kabatwa, Nyabihu District, Rwanda Responsible Agent(s) EWSA/Ministry of Infrastructure Description: The is a Government of Rwanda project to design and construct a 10 MWe well head generating units using steam from exploration wells as proof of concept for viability of geothermal energy in Rwanda Objectives Project Description & Rationale / Objectives · Reduce risks in geothermal exploration to attract private sector involvement in geothermal development · Provide environmentally friendly base load source of electricity · Diversify the source of energy development Project Size 10 MWe by 2014 RFP, Short listing and EPC contract. The initial 10MWe will be publicly financed, and the scale up will be Proposed Procurement Process structured as PPP Planned Start Date February 2013 · Draft geothermal policy, a geothermal resources exploration, development and management act and regulations Project Documentation · Studies by BRGM, Chevron, BGR, ISOR, ITER, KenGen, and Uniservices available for review · International experts to peer review the Uniservices study · Feasibility and SEIA studies to be completed after exploration drilling in 2013 · Drilling of exploration wells to start on August 2012 · Development of infrastructure for drilling in progress Current Status · Prefeasibility and feasibility studies after completion of drilling in 2013 · Prefeasibility studies for the power transmission system ongoing Financing amount & Structure · GoR financing with support from development partners Required · Estimated to cost between USD 16 to 20 M Contact Person Yussuf Uwamahoro, Deputy Director General for EWSA30 UNLEASHING THE OPPORTUNITIES www.rdb.rw
  32. 32. EnErgy: The Opportunity in RwandanOTES PEAT-TO-POWER PROjEcTS IN RWANDA Background Akanyaru and Nyabarongo rivers and A Peat Master Plan prepared by the Rwabusoro plains EKONO indicated that Rwanda has an estimated reserves of 155 million Potential for Peat-to-Power Generation tons of dry peat spread over an area of The theoretical potential (assuming all about 50,000 hectares peat bogs are exploited) for electricity energy generation from peat is About 77% of peat reserves are near estimated to be about 1,200 MW www.rdb.rw UNLEASHING THE OPPORTUNITIES 31
  33. 33. EnErgy: The Opportunity in Rwanda nOTES Peat in the Rwabusoro marshland • GoR is negotiating with a and around the Akanyaru river can strategic partner to develop a fuel 450MW of electricity generation 100 MW peat fired power plant for 25 years in South Akanyaru prospect. Project to be developed as a The Rwabusoro marshland and PPP. Rucahabi in the districts of Nyanza and Bugesera present significant • GoR has advertised tenders opportunity for large-scale peat for EPc contractor and an harvesting for power generation Owner’s engineer for 100 MW peat-to-power project in Rwanda plans to develop its peat Rwabusoro prospect. Project to resources to generate about 200 be structured either as public or MW of power by 2017 private. Present use of peat in Rwanda Greenfield 100 MW Project • Two firms are mechanically • The GoR is open to discussions harvesting peat in Rwanda with investors for the development of the 100 MW • PEc(Peat Energy company) plant supplies 2,000 tons per month to • GoR is open to a long term a cement plant concession with a strategic • RAS (Rwanda Auto Service) investor as long as the off-take supplies peat prisons for price and project structure cooking makes sense • The project is planned to be Peat-to-Power Projects in Rwanda developed as a PPP. GoR may • GoR is developing a 15 MW consider a PPP or jv structure to peat-to-power in Bugarama lower the cost of capital and the Rusizi district. cost of power generation32 UNLEASHING THE OPPORTUNITIES www.rdb.rw
  34. 34. EnErgy: The Opportunity in RwandanOTES Peat-to-Power Financing Opportunities • The Peat Master Plan (1992/93) • financing institutions such as study prepared by EKONO energy AfDB, Ifc, MIGA and other bilateral • An updated Peat Master Plan is donors and development partners under review will support eligible projects • Peat to power Pre-feasibility studies • GoR will consider providing other on 8 sites are under preparation incentives • Risk mitigation instruments Why invest in peat to power? including PRI from the AfDB and • Peat-to-power technology is a MIGA will be available to eligible proven commercial technology and projects and developers the risks are low and peat mining projects are in operation Policy, Law & Regulation • Rwanda is keen to develop its peat The GoR is preparing a Peat Policy to resources as part of its short-term sustainably and safely harvest peat strategy to substantially increase resources for power generation power capacity Available Documents www.rdb.rw UNLEASHING THE OPPORTUNITIES 33
  35. 35. EnErgy: The Opportunity in Rwanda nOTES ENERGY SEcTOR PROjEcT PROfILES Sector ENERGY : Greenfield 15MW peat fired power plant Location Bugarama, Rusizi Dstrict, Rwanda Responsible Agent(s) EWSA/ Ministry of Infrastructure Description This is a Government of Rwanda project intended to increase the installed capacity up to 1000MW by 2017 to support the national economic development, favor regional energy trade. The rationale of the project is to increase access to energy as enshrined in EPDRS and vision 2020. Project Description & Rationale / Objectives The objectives are; 1. Improve access to energy for the Rwandan population 2. To boost economic activities 3. To support regional integration inter alia with energy trade. Project Size approx – 35 Million USD Proposed Procurement Process • Open tender for EPc contractor and supervising company Planned project start Date Mid 2012 • Peat Master Plan Project Documentation • feasibility study prepared current Status GoR is looking for an EPc contractor • Public financing. The project is planned to be developed as Public. GoR may consider a PPP or JV financing amount & structure Required structure to lower the cost of capital and the cost of power generation charles NYIRAHUKU Manager, Peat, Methane & Petroleum / Energy, Water and Sanitation Authority (EWSA). P. O. Box: 537 contact Person KIGALI Email: charles_nyir@yahoo.fr or cnyirahuku@ewsa.rw34 UNLEASHING THE OPPORTUNITIES www.rdb.rw
  36. 36. EnErgy: The Opportunity in RwandanOTES ENERGY SEcTOR PROjEcT PROfILES Project Greenfield 100MW peat fired power plant Location Akanyaru, Bugesera district ,Rwanda Responsible Agent(s) EWSA/ Ministry of Infrastructure Description This is a Government of Rwanda project intended to increase the installed capacity up to 1000MW by 2017 to support the national economic development, favor regional energy trade. The rationale of the project is to increase access to energy as enshrined in EPDRS and vision 2020. Project Description & Rationale / Objectives The objectives are; 1. Improve access to energy for the Rwandan population 2. To boost economic activities 3. To support regional integration inter alia with energy trade. Project Size 100 MW • The GoR intends to procure the services of private developers and investors to develop the 100 MW Proposed Procurement Process • The project is planned to be structured as PPP. Planned project start Date End 2012 • Peat Master Plan Project Documentation • Tender document with technical specifications current Status Request for proposals financing amount & structure Required approx – USD 400 Millions, to be structured as PPP. charles NYIRAHUKU Manager, Peat, Methane & Petroleum / Energy, Water and Sanitation Authority (EWSA). P. O Box: 537 contact Person KIGALI Email: charles_nyir@yahoo.fr or cnyirahuku@ewsa.rw www.rdb.rw UNLEASHING THE OPPORTUNITIES 35
  37. 37. EnErgy: The Opportunity in Rwanda nOTES SOLAR ENERGY Background It is generally characterised by Savannah climate and its geographical location endows Rwanda is located in East Africa at it with sufficient solar radiation approximately 2 degrees below the intensity approximately equal to equator. It boarders with Burundi in 5kWh/m2/day and peak sun hours the south, Democratic Republic of of approximately 5 hours per day. congo in the west, Tanzania in the East and Uganda in the North.36 UNLEASHING THE OPPORTUNITIES www.rdb.rw

×