Some Pacific Island perspectives on adaptation and
strengthening the capacities of Pacific Small Island
countries on both ...
Perhaps the stereotypical
vision of what a tropical
pacific islands are all
like……
Borabora, French Polynesia
Funafuti Ato...
Approximately half of the region’s population today remains rural and
the wellbeing and cultural identity of these peoples...
e.g. Kiribati has 3.4 million km2 EEZ and 810 km2 land.
= 4,220 : 1 (Ocean : Land ratio)
Makin KI
Norman Manley
Internatio...
1
Rarotonga – Cook Is.
The greater majority of our
“high island” communities and
infrastructure development is
in near-shore...
Seawalls are a common response in the Pacific and there is no doubt that
well designed and constructed seawalls will conti...
Population bears a direct relationship to “development” but also human
wellbeing, vulnerability / resilience dynamics and ...
Nukuoro – Federated States of Micronesia
Small island environments +
Rapid development +
Climate change & sea level rise
=...
What we see today in respect to flooding in the Pacific
Islands is entirely consistent with what should be expected
as the...
Koror – PALAU 2014
Sea level rise:
The challenge of maintaining our
coastal infrastructure.
Whilst we desperately NEED to see a rapid increase in
urgency and resources to address issues like sea level rise.
Tragica...
PALAU, Rock Islands - Ngkesill 2013
2013
Beach footprint 2013
2012
Beach footprint 2013
2011
Beach footprint 2013
2006
Beach footprint 2013
1994
Beach footprint 2013
1992
Beach footprint 2013
1976
Beach footprint 2013
Coastal infrastructure planning, maintenance and
management an urgent issue.
Kosrae, Federated States of Micronesia
The role of planning is key to improved resilience.
2012
2014
Storm ridge
What can long term coastal resilience look like.
Funafuti - TUVALU
Before
After
A few “take home” points…..
• The greater majority of Pacific Island Communities and infrastructure
are located in low-lyi...
Kam Bati n Rabwa!
(Thank you very much!) if you’d like to discuss any aspect of this presentation please
feel free to emai...
Some Pacific Island perspectives on adaptation and strengthening the capacities of Pacific Small Island countries on both ...
Some Pacific Island perspectives on adaptation and strengthening the capacities of Pacific Small Island countries on both ...
Some Pacific Island perspectives on adaptation and strengthening the capacities of Pacific Small Island countries on both ...
Some Pacific Island perspectives on adaptation and strengthening the capacities of Pacific Small Island countries on both ...
Some Pacific Island perspectives on adaptation and strengthening the capacities of Pacific Small Island countries on both ...
Próxima SlideShare
Cargando en…5
×

Some Pacific Island perspectives on adaptation and strengthening the capacities of Pacific Small Island countries on both regional, national and community level.

563 visualizaciones

Publicado el

Arthur Webb

Publicado en: Medio ambiente
0 comentarios
0 recomendaciones
Estadísticas
Notas
  • Sé el primero en comentar

  • Sé el primero en recomendar esto

Sin descargas
Visualizaciones
Visualizaciones totales
563
En SlideShare
0
De insertados
0
Número de insertados
18
Acciones
Compartido
0
Descargas
3
Comentarios
0
Recomendaciones
0
Insertados 0
No insertados

No hay notas en la diapositiva.

Some Pacific Island perspectives on adaptation and strengthening the capacities of Pacific Small Island countries on both regional, national and community level.

  1. 1. Some Pacific Island perspectives on adaptation and strengthening the capacities of Pacific Small Island countries on both regional, national and community level. Dr. Arthur Webb Senior Visiting Fellow – ANCORS, University of Wollongong, Australia Lead Author - Small Islands Chapter. 5th IPCC Assessment Report. Kosrae Federated States of Micronesia
  2. 2. Perhaps the stereotypical vision of what a tropical pacific islands are all like…… Borabora, French Polynesia Funafuti Atoll, Tuvalu
  3. 3. Approximately half of the region’s population today remains rural and the wellbeing and cultural identity of these peoples are inseparably linked to natural environmental systems and ecosystems. Makin Is.
  4. 4. e.g. Kiribati has 3.4 million km2 EEZ and 810 km2 land. = 4,220 : 1 (Ocean : Land ratio) Makin KI Norman Manley International Airport, Jamaica
  5. 5. 1
  6. 6. Rarotonga – Cook Is. The greater majority of our “high island” communities and infrastructure development is in near-shore low lying zones as well ….. analogous to atoll conditions.
  7. 7. Seawalls are a common response in the Pacific and there is no doubt that well designed and constructed seawalls will continue to be the mainstay of shoreline defence. However, at this time seawalls are seldom of adequate design and it is usually not understood that in our typically low laying near-shore zones flooding will occur behind the seawall irrespective of how well the wall performs.
  8. 8. Population bears a direct relationship to “development” but also human wellbeing, vulnerability / resilience dynamics and asset investments. Makin Ebeye
  9. 9. Nukuoro – Federated States of Micronesia Small island environments + Rapid development + Climate change & sea level rise = Coastal resilience issues are among our most urgent challenges.
  10. 10. What we see today in respect to flooding in the Pacific Islands is entirely consistent with what should be expected as the “baseline” of sealevel is gradually increased. 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 Land height Mean Sea Level
  11. 11. Koror – PALAU 2014 Sea level rise: The challenge of maintaining our coastal infrastructure.
  12. 12. Whilst we desperately NEED to see a rapid increase in urgency and resources to address issues like sea level rise. Tragically this same urgency combined with poor resourcing at this time can lead to mal-adaptation, inappropriate engineering and inefficient use of limited resources.
  13. 13. PALAU, Rock Islands - Ngkesill 2013
  14. 14. 2013 Beach footprint 2013
  15. 15. 2012 Beach footprint 2013
  16. 16. 2011 Beach footprint 2013
  17. 17. 2006 Beach footprint 2013
  18. 18. 1994 Beach footprint 2013
  19. 19. 1992 Beach footprint 2013
  20. 20. 1976 Beach footprint 2013
  21. 21. Coastal infrastructure planning, maintenance and management an urgent issue. Kosrae, Federated States of Micronesia
  22. 22. The role of planning is key to improved resilience. 2012 2014 Storm ridge
  23. 23. What can long term coastal resilience look like.
  24. 24. Funafuti - TUVALU
  25. 25. Before After
  26. 26. A few “take home” points….. • The greater majority of Pacific Island Communities and infrastructure are located in low-lying vulnerable coastal zones, on atolls and on our high islands. • Today we still have a roughly 50/50 split between rural and urban across the region - the wellbeing of subsistence communities are immediately linked to the sustained function of environmental and ecosystem services. • Climate change and associated sea level rise present unprecedented challenges in the region; however unplanned urbanisation, poor decision making and inappropriate infrastructure development is also a major driver of enhanced coastal vulnerability at this time. • This is in fact good news! Since simple support in areas like; planning, infrastructure development, asset management, engineering, etc. can make a huge difference to human well being, resilience into the future, the costs of disasters, etc. • Right now there is a huge gap in the necessary technical support and resources needed to assist Pacific Islands to address such challenges ………
  27. 27. Kam Bati n Rabwa! (Thank you very much!) if you’d like to discuss any aspect of this presentation please feel free to email: webbarthur@gmail.com Abaiang, Kiribati

×