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PAA Africa Phase II: Final Monitoring Results

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The IPC-IG's Senior Research Coordinator Fabio Veras attended the annual plenary session of the FAO's Committee on World Food Security (CFS), held in Rome, Italy, from 17 to 21 October. CFS is the foremost inclusive international and intergovernmental platform for all stakeholders to work together to ensure food security and nutrition for all. The Committee reports to the UN General Assembly through the Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) and to FAO Conference.
The side event "Connecting Smallholders to markets", organized by the Government of Brazil, FAO, WFP and IPC-IG, presented the results of South-South Cooperation initiatives to adapt the Brazilian Hunger Zero (Fome Zero) programme to the context of African countries. Dr. Veras delivered a presentation on the results of the PAA Africa programmes, which aims to implement institutional food purchased from smallholder farmers for school feeding.

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PAA Africa Phase II: Final Monitoring Results

  1. 1. PAA Africa Phase II Final Monitoring Results
  2. 2. PAA Africa Programme PAA Africa aims to implement institutional food purchases from smallholder farmers for school feeding. Partners: the WFP, FAO, Government of Brazil, DFID and IPC-IG Programme Components: 1. Production support 2. Institutional procurement and school feeding 3. Policy dialogue and knowledge sharing
  3. 3. PAA Africa Monitoring Framework Objectives  Collect data on programme implementation results  Identify achievements and challenges  Promote knowledge sharing and learning  Provide recommendations for programme development
  4. 4. PAA Africa Monitoring Framework Data collection method IPC-IG team PAA Africa field consultants and IPC-IG Researchers WFP Country Office Schools Farmer Organizations (Data on Food Purchases) Regional / National Government FAO Country Office Farmer Organizations (Data on inputs, training) Regional / National Government
  5. 5. PAA Africa Monitoring Framework  Mixed methods approach combining qualitative and quantitative data  35 indicators to measure progress towards 3 outputs: 1. Support to production 2. Food procurement and school feeding 3. Policy dialogue and knowledge sharing
  6. 6. Output 1 Support to production: strengthening small-scale family farming
  7. 7. Country Number of farmers Percentage of women Extension staff/farmers trained Quantity of inputs (Mt) Machinery and equipment Ethiopia 2815 30.2% 54 trainers 302.7 Multi threshers Malawi 3773 57.9% 3919 farmers 3.05 Warehouses, grading equipment Mozambique 672 38.7% 672 farmers 73.74 Motor pumps, vegetables dryers and silos Niger 7738 40.5% 665 farmers 40 staff 5.35 N/A Senegal 1000 47.7% 20 trainers 159.2 Rice shelling machines Total 15998 43.1% 4650 544 _
  8. 8. Output 2 Local procurement and support to school feeding
  9. 9. Country Quantity of food (Mt) Commodities Number of schools Number of pupils Number of stakeholders trained in HGSF Ethiopia 333.5 Wheat, maize, fava beans and haricot beans 7 9700 N/A Malawi 361 Cereals, pulses, vegetables, fruits and meat 10 10065 131 Mozambique 40.57 (vegetables) Vegetables and maize 26 8557 196 Niger 1776.8 Millet and black eyed beans N/A N/A 300 Senegal 186 Rice 90 11085 N/A Total 2698 _ 133 39407 627
  10. 10. Output 3 Promoting policies to enhance national local food purchase programmes
  11. 11. Country Knowledge exchange events Policy dialogue spaces Partnerships Ethiopia PAA Africa International Knowledge Exchange Workshop HGSF Steering Committee Bureau of Agriculture Ministry of Finance Bureau of Education Malawi Knowledge Exchange Event Malawi/Mozambique Exchange visits between districts National School Health and Nutrition Committee National HGSF Committee Nutrition Coordination Committee District governments We Effect (NGO) Mozambique Knowledge Exchange Event Malawi/ Mozambique PAA Technical Working Group Ministry of Education Ministry of Agriculture Niger Atelier de Capitalisation N/A HC3N Initiative Ministry of Agriculture Senegal PAA Africa Workshop 2014 PAA Africa National Forum 2015 PAA National Coordination Committee Ministry of Agriculture Ministry of Education NGOs
  12. 12. Achievements PAA has successfully implemented local food procurement for school feeding from smallholder farmer organizations  Direct purchases from Farmer Organizations  Diverse procurement models adapted to local contexts and capacities  Decentralized food purchases at the district or regional levels
  13. 13. Achievements The programme has made significant contributions to dietary diversification among pupils and communities  Introduction of legumes in Niger and Ethiopia  Introduction of fresh vegetables and fruits in Malawi and Mozambique  Trainings in nutrition in Malawi, Mozambique, Niger and Ethiopia  Trainings in food preparation to schools and communities in all countries
  14. 14. Achievements PAA has promoted national ownership and strengthened stakeholders’ capacity in local food procurement. PAA Africa has been included in:  Triennial Priority Investment Plan of Senegal  The 3N Initiative in Niger  Ethiopia’s national budget Strong civil society participation in:  Malawi  Mozambique  Senegal
  15. 15. Challenges Promoting better coordination between production support and food procurement targeting
  16. 16. Challenges Further adapting PAA Africa procurement processes in order to cater for smallholder farmers needs  Delays in the contracting process  Delays in the transfer of resources to procuring entities  Long time lags in the aggregation/delivery/payment process
  17. 17. Challenges Ensuring a stable supply of diverse and nutritious food for school feeding through local smallholder production  Increasing smallholder production capacity in order to address food supply shortages  Promoting production diversification through agricultural investments
  18. 18. Recommendations  Devising strategies to improve production support and procurement targeting such as using FOs and NGOs to monitor purchases  Improving PAA Africa contracting and payment processes such upfront payments and access to finance  Strengthen production support in order to increase farmers capacity to comply with food quality and safety standards  Expand the participation of women by developing strategies that meet their particular needs and enhance their rights.
  19. 19. Next Steps Outcome evaluations in Malawi and Senegal  Inform stakeholders about the PAA Africa’s relevance, effectiveness, efficiency, sustainability and outcomes  Assess school feeding and production support components  Construct a counterfactual by comparing data on non intervention and intervention areas