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Present perfect vs Past Simple - Been vs Gone - For Since Yet Already Never Ever Just

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Present perfect vs Past Simple - Been vs Gone - For Since Yet Already Never Ever Just

  1. 1. PRESENT PERFECTPRESENT PERFECT (PRETÉRITO PERFECTO)(PRETÉRITO PERFECTO)
  2. 2. FORM HAVE / HAS + PAST PARTICIPLE PRESENT PERFECT
  3. 3. AFFIRMATIVE have / has + past participle I have / ‘ve studied He / She / It has / ‘s come We / You / They have / ‘ve written a letter
  4. 4. NEGATIVE haven’t / hasn’t + past participle I haven’t studied He / She / It hasn’t come We / You / They haven’t written a letter
  5. 5. INTERROGATIVE (WH-) + have / has + subject + past participle (+ complements)? Have I done anything wrong? Has he / she / it come? Why have we / you / they written a letter?
  6. 6. SHORT ANSWERS Yes, subject + have / has No, subject + haven’t / hasn’t  Has she come? Yes, she has / No, she hasn’t  Have they written a letter? Yes, they have / No, they haven’t
  7. 7. PRESENT PERFECT USE  Talking about past actions when we don’t say when they happened ‘I have read the newspaper’  Past actions with present results ‘He’s bought a house’  Talking about actions that happened in a period of time that is not finished ‘The postman has come this morning’ (It’s 11:00 a.m.)  Talking about actions that started in the past and go on ‘I have worked here for ten years’ ‘I have worked here since 2005’
  8. 8. We don’t use the present perfect in sentences where there are past time references. Then we use the past simple. ‘The postman has come this morning’ (It’s 11 am) ‘The postman came this morning’ (It’s 3 pm)
  9. 9. BEEN / GONE • We use “BEEN” to say that the person went to a place and came back. He has been on holiday, but he is at home now. • We use “GONE” to say that the person is still in that place. He has gone on holiday, so he can’t do it now.
  10. 10. For / Since • We use “for” to say how long an action has continued. We have been here for a week. • We use “since” to say when an action began. We have been here since Friday.
  11. 11. The plumber has been here ___ two o’clock.
  12. 12. The plumber has been here since two o’clock.
  13. 13. We’ve tried to help them ____ a long time.
  14. 14. We’ve tried to help them for a long time.
  15. 15. I haven’t slept ____ I heard about the oil spill.
  16. 16. I haven’t slept since I heard about the oil spill.
  17. 17. Have you been to Italy ____ last year?
  18. 18. Have you been to Italy since last year?
  19. 19. ____ early this morning, we’ve picked up hundreds of broken bottles.
  20. 20. Since early this morning, we’ve picked up hundreds of broken bottles.
  21. 21. We’ve been near the lake ____ six hours now.
  22. 22. We’ve been near the lake for six hours now.
  23. 23. Real fur coats haven’t been fashionable ____ years.
  24. 24. Real fur coats haven’t been fashionable for years.
  25. 25. Fish haven’t lived there ____ the oil spill.
  26. 26. Fish haven’t lived there since the oil spill.
  27. 27. He hasn’t played football ____ he hurt his foot last week.
  28. 28. He hasn’t played football since he hurt his foot last week.
  29. 29. We haven’t spoken ____ Monday.
  30. 30. We haven’t spoken since Monday.
  31. 31. Kevin has worked with animals ____ 2002.
  32. 32. Kevin has worked with animals since 2002.
  33. 33. We haven’t seen Sally ____ months.
  34. 34. We haven’t seen Sally for months.
  35. 35. I haven’t seen any good films ____ the summer.
  36. 36. I haven’t seen any good films since the summer.
  37. 37. Have you eaten ice creams ____ you began your diet?
  38. 38. Have you eaten ice creams since you began your diet?
  39. 39. EVEREVER NEVERNEVER JUSTJUST ALREADYALREADY YETYET .
  40. 40. • “Yet” va al final de la oración. • Las otras van entre “have” o “has” y el past participle.
  41. 41. EverEver En oraciones interrogativas: “alguna vez”. • Have you ever seen a shark?
  42. 42. • En oraciones negativas: “nunca “jamás”. • Carol hasn’t ever been to that disco.
  43. 43. NeverNever • En oraciones afirmativas: “nunca”. • I have never been to Russia.
  44. 44. JustJust • En oraciones afirmativas: “acabar de”. • The bus has just left.
  45. 45. AlreadyAlready • En oraciones afirmativas: “ya”. • They have already arrived.
  46. 46. YetYet • En oraciones negativas: “aún”, “todavía”. • He hasn’t arrived yet.
  47. 47. • En oraciones interrogativas: “ya”. • Have you finished yet?
  48. 48. Ever -Never - Just - Already -Ever -Never - Just - Already - YetYet • They haven’t bought a car _____.
  49. 49. • They haven’t bought a car yet.
  50. 50. • We have _____ heard about the tornado.
  51. 51. • We have just heard about the tornado.
  52. 52. • Have you _____ been to Alaska?
  53. 53. • Have you ever been to Alaska?
  54. 54. • We have _____ slept in a tent. Is it fun?
  55. 55. • We have never slept in a tent. Is it fun?
  56. 56. • I’ve _____ washed all the dishes.
  57. 57. • I’ve already washed all the dishes.
  58. 58. • He has _____ left. He’s probably outside the door.
  59. 59. • He has just left. He’s probably outside the door.
  60. 60. • I haven’t finished my homework _____.
  61. 61. • I haven’t finished my homework yet.
  62. 62. • Mary has _____ put on her make-up and now she’s ready to go.
  63. 63. • Mary has just put on her make-up and now she’s ready to go.
  64. 64. • Have you _____ found money in the street? Yes, I have.
  65. 65. • Have you ever found money in the street? Yes, I have.
  66. 66. • Betty has _____ finished her project.
  67. 67. • Betty has already finished her project.
  68. 68. • I have _____ slept in a forest.
  69. 69. • I have never slept in a forest.
  70. 70. • I haven’t flown to the USA _____.
  71. 71. • I haven’t flown to the USA yet.
  72. 72. • Have your friends _____ eaten frog’s legs? No, they haven’t.
  73. 73. • Have your friends ever eaten frog’s legs? No, they haven’t.
  74. 74. THE ENDTHE END

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