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Isam Shahrour conference at Shandong Agricultural University: Smart City for environmental challenges

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This conference presented the world environmental challenges in particular the greenhouse emission, the global warming, the climate change and the air pollution, then the Smart City concept and how this concept could help in facing the environmental challenges.

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Isam Shahrour conference at Shandong Agricultural University: Smart City for environmental challenges

  1. 1. Smart  City  and  environmental  challenges   Professor  Isam  Shahrour Isam.Shahrour@univ-­‐lille1.fr Shandong  agricultural   University,  China,   December  23,  2015
  2. 2. Contact-­‐Follow Isam.shahrour@univ-­‐lille1.fr www.isamshahrour.com https://www.linkedin.com/in/ishahrour http://fr.slideshare.net/ishahrour
  3. 3. Q1:  Environmental  challenges? Q2:  How  the  Smart  City  concept  will  help  to  face  these   challenges  ? Q3:  How  to  implement  the  Smart  City  concept?   3 questions  
  4. 4. Q1:  Environmental  challenges? Q2:  How  the  Smart  City  concept  will  help  to  face  these   challenges  ? Q3:  How  to  implement  this  concept?   (Case  study  :  SunRise  project) 3 questions  
  5. 5. Environmental  challenges   World  Summits  (From  Kyoto  2005  to  Paris  2015)
  6. 6. Changement  climatique
  7. 7. Water  stress  evolution Source:  Le  Monde  diplomatique (%  Water  withdrawal  of  the  total  available  water)
  8. 8. The  City: • 70%  of  the  total  energy  consumption • 80%  of  the  greenhouse  emission     Greenhouse  emission  is  due  mainly  to  energy   consumption Why    ?
  9. 9. Urban   Developing  countries Urban  – Developed    countries Rural Developing  countries Concentration  of  the  population  in  cities
  10. 10. Concentration  in  large  cities
  11. 11. The City has similarities with biological system Urban  network  act  as  cardiovascular  and  nervous  systems
  12. 12. Generally,  cities  operate  with  undersized  networks As  an  adult  with  a  cardio-­‐vascular  system  of  a  child.
  13. 13. The  city  suffers  from  traffic  Congestion  
  14. 14. From  high  air  pollution WHO  :  7  million  deaths/year
  15. 15. From  lack  of  basic  urban  services: • 1  billon  do  not  have  access  to  drinking  water. • 2.5  billons  do  not  have  access  to  sewage  service.
  16. 16. Investment  need  :  1.8  to  2.3  trillions  /year Transport   Electricity Water Telecom Developing  countries has  huge   needs  in  Infrastructures
  17. 17. United  States    (ASCE,  2013  report): Infrastructures  GPA  =  D+ Developed  countries:  aging  Infrastructures  challenges  
  18. 18. 80%  (France) Buildings  in  France  :  high  investment  needs  for  building   renovation    
  19. 19. The  situation  of  the  city  is  critical In  the  coming  years,  it  is  expected  to  become  more  critical,   because  of  the  explosion  of  the  urban  population Developed   Developed   Less  developed
  20. 20. Energy  consumption  will  continue  to  increase   OECD  :  Organization  for  Economic  Co-­‐operation  and  Development
  21. 21. Infrastructures Buildings Urbanization Management   City: Eco-­‐ friendly   Socio  –friendly   Huge  financial  crisis We  have  to  transform  the  city  to  meet  the  environmental   challenges
  22. 22. In  a  period  of  tough  crisis,  we  have  to  be   innovative Digital  technology    (Smart  City)  ?  
  23. 23. Q1:  Environmental  challenges? Q2:  How  the  Smart  City  concept  will  help  to  face  the   environmental  challenges  ? Q3:  How  to  implement  this  concept?   (Case  study  :  SunRise  project) 3 questions  
  24. 24. Digital   technology Internet   Social  Network
  25. 25. Each  object  : -­‐ Identified -­‐ Geo-­‐localized -­‐ Communicate -­‐ Store  data -­‐ Analyze  data  
  26. 26. See Analyze Understand Improve Real  time Digital  technology  in  the  City  
  27. 27. Thanks  to  this  technology,   buried  infrastructures  become  visible   When  we  see  things,  we  make  progress.
  28. 28. Health,  Education Art,  Culture More  data   BIG  DATA digital,  images,   movies,  audios
  29. 29. Smart  city  technology  allows: • Real-­‐time  monitoring • Rapid  action  in  the  case  of  an  abnormal  event   (security,  leakage,  contamination,....) • Optimal  management • Stakeholders  implication • New  services  
  30. 30. Smart  Energy  :  optimal    management Production Storage Smart  Grid   Energy  Consumption
  31. 31. Q1:  Environmental  challenges? Q2:  How  the  Smart  City  concept  will  help  to  face  these   challenges  ? Q3:  How  to  implement  this  concept?   3 questions  
  32. 32. SunRise  – Smart  City: Large  Scale  demonstrator  of  the  Smart  City  
  33. 33. Innovation  operators   • Pole  Ubiquitaire • CITC  –EURARFID • PRN Local  government • AMGVF  (Large   Cities  association) • Lille  Metropolis • Region • ArtoisComm International: • W-­‐Smart  (Int.  Ass.  for   water  Security) • US • Netherland,  UK,  Spain • Lebanon,  Morocco Water/Energy/Buildings   operators • Dalkia • Eaux du  Nord  (Suez) • Eau  de  Paris • ERDF   • Lille  Métropole Habitat   Research  Laboratories: • Engineering • Information  technology   • Social  Science Education  : • Master  programs • PhD  programs Starts-­‐ups  :   Stereograph,  Noolittic, Inodesign,  Calmwater,   Planete oui,  Ixsane,  Projex,   SunRise  :  Large  public-­‐private  partnership
  34. 34. Smart  City implementation  ? Large  Experimentation   (Demonstrator)  
  35. 35. Scientific  Campus Smart  City  Demonstrator   Small  town: • 25  000  users • 140  Buildings  
  36. 36. C1  – Chimie  (1966) Polytech’Lille  (2000) IUT      (2006) Learning  Center  (2016) Bâtiment  D   (Rénovation  /Extension,  2019)  
  37. 37. 100  km  of  urban  networks • Drinking  Water • Sewage • District  Heating • Gas   • Electrical  (  HV,  LV) • Public  light • Roads  
  38. 38. SunRise  Community  : PhD,  Master  Degree  Students,  engineers,  
  39. 39. SunRise  PlatformInformation   Sytem Asset  Data  (GIS) Analytics Web  server     communication • Users • Management  staff • Technical  staff • Academic  Staff Communication  :   • Réseaux  filaires   • Réseaux  sans  fils   Monitoring   • Buildings • Water  Network • Energy  network • Others   Sensors  data   Users   -­‐ Alert   -­‐ Information Users  data   Open  data   • Weather • Traffic   • Emergency   Open  data  
  40. 40. Drinking  water  
  41. 41. Concerns:   • Leakage • Real-­‐time  contamination  detection • Users  awareness
  42. 42. TWUL  Demo  site London Smart  Burgos Burgos VIP Leeuwarden Sunrise  Demo  site Lille European  Smart  Water  demonstrator   SmartWater4Europe
  43. 43. 15  km  of  pipes
  44. 44. 100  electronic  Counters reading  1h  step
  45. 45. Pressure  cell Datalogger Electronic  pressure  cells
  46. 46. Real-­‐time  water  quality  control     Accidental  contamination  ?
  47. 47. 49 Intellisonde                                                                                S::can                                                                                                            EventLab               Innovative  devices  for  water  quality  control
  48. 48. 50 Emplacement  des  capteurs qualité Plan  of  implementation  
  49. 49. Before    the  field  implementation,  we  conducted  analysis  of   the  sensors  performances  for  the  detection  of  chemical   and  biological  contaminations.
  50. 50. Injection Point  de   mesure 52 Lab-­‐Station  for  the  analysis  of  the  sensors  performances  for  the   detection  of  chemical  and  biological  contaminations.
  51. 51. 53 -­‐0,5 0 0,5 1 1,5 2 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 Changement  de  phase   Temps  (minutes) 40  mg/L                                 30  mg/L             20  mg/L 10mg/L 5mg/L Phase  change  – chemical  contamination EventLab  –Optiqua  
  52. 52. 54 1,5 1,7 1,9 2,1 2,3 2,5 2,7 2,9 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 200 Turb  ISO  -­‐[FTU] Temps  (minutes) S::CAN Turbidity   Absorbency   E.  Coli  injection 105  UFC/mL 105 UFC/mL 108 UFC/mL 107 UFC/mL
  53. 53. District  heating
  54. 54. Concerns:   • Data-­‐based  Diagnostic   • Reduction  of  energy  looses  (network,   buildings) • Demand-­‐ based  energy  production   • Users  awareness
  55. 55. SunRise Site pilote de la ville intelligente et durable Réseau  d'eau District  heating  system Heating  Center
  56. 56. Heating  Sub-­‐Station • Temperature • Flow • Pressure • Consumption Regulation  System (Valve  Controllers)
  57. 57. Data  :  Building  «  M1  » Heat  Consumption External  Temperature
  58. 58. Large  economy  with  smart    control Smart  Regulation? Real  Consumption
  59. 59. High  potential  of  energy  savings University  strategy  :  Large  investment  for  the -­‐ Transformation  of  the  district  heating  into  a  smart  one -­‐ Construction  of  co-­‐generation  station     Funded  by  : • Energy  savings • Public  – private  partnership  
  60. 60. Under  Progress: • Public  lighting • Sewage   • Cyber  security   • SunRise  social  network
  61. 61. Contact-­‐Follow Isam.shahrour@univ-­‐lille1.fr www.isamshahrour.com https://www.linkedin.com/in/ishahrour http://fr.slideshare.net/ishahrour

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