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Applying an ecosystem-based approach to fisheries management: focus on seamounts in the southern Indian Ocean (IWC5 Presentation)

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Applying an ecosystem-based approach to fisheries management: focus on seamounts in the southern Indian Ocean (IWC5 Presentation)

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Carl Gustaf Lundin
IUCN (Indian Ocean Seamounts)

Presentation given during the 5th GEF Biennial International Waters Conference in Cairns, Australia (during the pre-conference workshop marine ecosystems, Global Change and Marine Resources).

Carl Gustaf Lundin
IUCN (Indian Ocean Seamounts)

Presentation given during the 5th GEF Biennial International Waters Conference in Cairns, Australia (during the pre-conference workshop marine ecosystems, Global Change and Marine Resources).

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Applying an ecosystem-based approach to fisheries management: focus on seamounts in the southern Indian Ocean (IWC5 Presentation)

  1. 1. Applying an ecosystem-based approach to fisheries management: focus on seamounts in the southern Indian Ocean Agulhas and Somali Current Large Marine Ecosystems Project
  2. 2. IUCN – Global Marine ProgrammeSIODFA Meeting, Vigo, Spain, 14 September 2009 Background • FUNDING GEF Medium-size project (1 mio. USD) • IMPLEMENTING AGENCY United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) • FOCAL AREA International Waters • STRATEGIC PROGRAMME Restoring and sustaining coastal and marine fish stocks and associated biological diversity • DURATION April 2009 – October 2012
  3. 3. IUCN – Global Marine ProgrammeSIODFA Meeting, Vigo, Spain, 14 September 2009 Main co-funders and partners Institute of Zoology, London (~4 mio. USD) & SIODFA FAO EAF-Nansen Project (~ 800,000 USD) IMR, Norway Cooperation Agency, Norway Agulhas and Somali Current LME Project (150,000 USD) African Coelacanth Ecosystem Programme Marine Ecology Lab, Reunion University (200,000 €) Southern Indian Ocean Deepsea Fishers Association
  4. 4. IUCN – Global Marine ProgrammeSIODFA Meeting, Vigo, Spain, 14 September 2009 Organigram Project Steering Committee UNDP IUCN FAO WCPA ZSL ASCLME SIODFA (observer) Project Management Unit (PMU) Project Coordinator Administrative Assistant / communications and guidance support Finance Officer PMU cooperates with these projects ASCLME SWIOFPACEPPMU cooperates with these organisations SWIOFC IOC IOTC Nairobi Convention Cruise Coordinator
  5. 5. IUCN – Global Marine ProgrammeSIODFA Meeting, Vigo, Spain, 14 September 2009 Overall goal “To apply an ecosystem-based approach to fisheries management for biologically- globally significant and commercially-important areas beyond national jurisdiction in the southern Indian Ocean, focusing on seamounts, with a long-term aim to demonstrate innovative approaches to improve conservation and management of unique biodiversity and ecological resources in the high seas”
  6. 6. IUCN – Global Marine ProgrammeSIODFA Meeting, Vigo, Spain, 14 September 2009 Why SW Indian Ocean? Global database of coral records Predicted habitat suitability of stony corals on seamounts Global knowledge gap
  7. 7. IUCN – Global Marine ProgrammeSIODFA Meeting, Vigo, Spain, 14 September 2009 Governance and management gap Distribution of major fisheries on seamounts Only large-scale conservation initiative • No comprehensive conservation and management framework for the high seas of the Indian Ocean Fisheries • Lack of implementation of existing instruments (e.g. UNCLOS, CBD, UNFSA, etc.), including UNGA resolution 61/105? • SIOFA not yet in force Other threats (incl. climate change)
  8. 8. IUCN – Global Marine ProgrammeSIODFA Meeting, Vigo, Spain, 14 September 2009 Why seamounts? • Hotspots of biodiversity • Strong benthic- pelagic coupling • Habitats for commercially- important species • Vulnerability of species and ecosystems • Risk linked to destructive fishing practices
  9. 9. IUCN – Global Marine ProgrammeSIODFA Meeting, Vigo, Spain, 14 September 2009 Project objectives Objective 1 – Biodiversity Assessment Improve scientific understanding and capacity for monitoring, assessment and analysis of high seas biodiversity and fisheries Objective 2 - Governance Enhance governance framework for high seas resources conservation and management Objective 3 - Management Identify management and compliance options for deep and high seas biodiversity in the southern Indian Ocean, based on precautionary and ecosystem-based approaches Objective 4 - Outreach Raise awareness of and share knowledge with policy makers, the fishing industry and the public regionally and internationally
  10. 10. IUCN – Global Marine ProgrammeSIODFA Meeting, Vigo, Spain, 14 September 2009 Project objectives (1) • Biodiversity assessment • Fishing activities’ impacts assessment Improve knowledge and understanding of seamounts A = Atlantis, B = Sapmer, C = Bridle, D = Melville, E = Coral Southwest Indian Ocean Ridge 5 seamount areas – all exclusively on the high seas 3 inside proposed BPAs (A, C & E) 2 outside BPAs (B & D) • BPAs effectiveness assessment • Capacity building
  11. 11. IUCN – Global Marine ProgrammeSIODFA Meeting, Vigo, Spain, 14 September 2009 How & when Cruise 1 • RV Dr. Fridtjof Nansen • Aim: 40 days, November-December 2009 • Focus: pelagic ecosystems and biodiversity, pelagic fishery resources and oceanography • Some activities: - Acoustic and net-studies of zooplankton, micronekton, nekton and fish populations - Sampling of animals for studies of pelagic biodiversity, trophic ecology, genetics - Sampling of fish for analysis of species diversity, age / size structure of populations and genetics
  12. 12. IUCN – Global Marine ProgrammeSIODFA Meeting, Vigo, Spain, 14 September 2009 Cruise 2 • Led by IOZ/ZSL on the James Cook (?) • Aim: 40 days, end 2011 • Focus: benthic ecosystems and biodiversity, benthic fishery resources and impact assessment of bottom fishing activities • Some activities: - ROV-based surveys of seamounts to estimate abundance and diversity of the fauna - Some surface-based sampling to analyse the diversity of smaller organisms living on seamounts (those not visible with ROV cameras) - Collection of specimens for taxonomic identification, trophic ecology studies, reproductive biological studies, genetic studies, palaeooceanographic analyses
  13. 13. IUCN – Global Marine ProgrammeSIODFA Meeting, Vigo, Spain, 14 September 2009 Project objectives (2) • Institutional and legal gap analysis (international to national); development of options for improvement and strengthening of legal and institutional framework for high seas resources in the Indian Ocean • Fisheries situation analysis • Identification and analysis of threats other than fisheries (2) Enhance governance framework for high seas resources conservation and management
  14. 14. IUCN – Global Marine ProgrammeSIODFA Meeting, Vigo, Spain, 14 September 2009 Project objectives (3) (3) Identify management and compliance options for deep and high seas biodiversity in the southern Indian Ocean, based on the ecosystem approach • Identification of conservation and management options based on the precautionary and ecosystem approaches, and in line with res. 61/105 • Identification of appropriate monitoring, control and surveillance systems to maximise compliance and enforcement • Development of a draft management framework for high seas biodiversity and important high seas areas in the SIO
  15. 15. IUCN – Global Marine ProgrammeSIODFA Meeting, Vigo, Spain, 14 September 2009 Project objectives (4) • Dissemination of information at relevant regional and international fora (policy briefs, research results, etc.) • Liaison and exchange of information with relevant institutions (NGOs, scientific entities, international organisations, fisheries associations, international programmes, etc.) • Communications • Website & cruise blog • Brochure • Films, pictures, display • Pictorial book • Articles (media and specialised press) (3) Outreach
  16. 16. IUCN – Global Marine ProgrammeSIODFA Meeting, Vigo, Spain, 14 September 2009 Where to next? • Southwest Atlantic? • Pacific? • Whole Indian Ocean basin?
  17. 17. IUCN – Global Marine ProgrammeSIODFA Meeting, Vigo, Spain, 14 September 2009 THANK YOU! THANK YOU!

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