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Chapter 3 :Biodiversity
1.                    What is biodiversity?          Biodiversity is also know as biological diversity     Biodiversity re...
Observe the biodiversity in this rainforest
Where can we find biodiversity?
2.               BIODIVERSITY     ANIMALS                  PLANTS
1. There are two main groups of animals:                              Animals           Vertebrates                       ...
A. Invertebrates a. More than 90% of animals are invertebrates b. Since invertebrates have no backbone, they are usually  ...
B. Vertebrates a. Smaller group compared to invertebrates.    However, we are more familiar with this group    of animals ...
Classification of vertebrates                    VertebratesAmphibians            Birds             Reptiles             F...
Sword FishLampam         Banded Leaf            Fish
1.Common characteristics of fish• Body covered with slimy scales for protection• Have fins and tail to swim• Streamlined b...
Toad   Salamander
1. Common characteristics of amphibians• Body covered with moist skin•Adults can live on land and water• Adults breathe wi...
Tortoises               Snake   Crocodile
1. Common characteristics of reptiles • Body covered with hard and dry scales for protection • Breathe with lungs • Cold-b...
KingfisherHornbill
1.Common characteristics of birds• Body covered with feathers• Have wings and beak• Breathe with lungs• Warm-blooded (body...
Camel           Orangutan                     TigerRhinoceros                               Elephant
1. Common characteristics of mammals • Body covered with hair or fur • Breathe with lungs • Warm-blooded (body temperature...
PlantsFlowering Plants            Non-flowering Plants    Examples                      Examples
Plants                     Produce flowers                            Do not produce flowers      Single blade            ...
Non-flowering plants• Further divided to conifers, ferns, mosses, and algae• Conifers        Reproduce by seeds produced ...
• Mosses          Reproduce by spores produced in capsules          Example: White moss•Algae          Very simple plan...
Flowering plants• Produce flower for reproduction• Flower      fruits and seeds       new plants• Based on the seeds they ...
• Each seed has only one cotyledon                                     One cotyledon            Amaize grain cut into half
• Their leaves have parallel veins                                       Parallel                                       ve...
• Mostly are herbaceous plant (plants with non-woodystems)• Examples: Grasses, sugar cane, banana, paddy, andorchid plants
• Each seed has two cotyledons              Two cotyledons                 Agreen bean (split into two)
• Their leaves have network-like veins                                  Network-like                 Balsam plant     vein...
• They may be trees, shrubs or herbaceous• Examples: Rubber and durian trees, hibiscus, morning gloryand sunflower plants
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Chapter 3 biodiversity

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Chapter 3 biodiversity

  1. 1. Chapter 3 :Biodiversity
  2. 2. 1. What is biodiversity? Biodiversity is also know as biological diversity Biodiversity refers to wide variety of organisms on earth
  3. 3. Observe the biodiversity in this rainforest
  4. 4. Where can we find biodiversity?
  5. 5. 2. BIODIVERSITY ANIMALS PLANTS
  6. 6. 1. There are two main groups of animals: Animals Vertebrates Invertebrates Animal with backbones Animal without backbones
  7. 7. A. Invertebrates a. More than 90% of animals are invertebrates b. Since invertebrates have no backbone, they are usually small in size. c. Examples:  Inserts such as ants, butterflies, flies, and cockroaches  Spiders  Crabs  Prawns  Worms  Mollusks such as snails
  8. 8. B. Vertebrates a. Smaller group compared to invertebrates. However, we are more familiar with this group of animals b. Since vertebrates have backbone to support their weight, many vertebrates are large in size c. Examples:  Elephants  Eagles  Whales  Snakes  Frogs  Clown fish
  9. 9. Classification of vertebrates VertebratesAmphibians Birds Reptiles Fish Mammals
  10. 10. Sword FishLampam Banded Leaf Fish
  11. 11. 1.Common characteristics of fish• Body covered with slimy scales for protection• Have fins and tail to swim• Streamlined bodies to swim well• Breathe through gills•Cold-blooded (body temperature changes with the surrounding temperature)• Lay eggs•Carry out external fertilization (eggs are fertilized outside the female body)
  12. 12. Toad Salamander
  13. 13. 1. Common characteristics of amphibians• Body covered with moist skin•Adults can live on land and water• Adults breathe with lung on land and through moist skin when in water• Cold-blooded (body temperature changes with the surrounding temperature)• Lay eggs covered with jelly-like substance• Young amphibians live in water and breathe through gills• Carry out external fertilization (eggs are fertilized outside the female body)
  14. 14. Tortoises Snake Crocodile
  15. 15. 1. Common characteristics of reptiles • Body covered with hard and dry scales for protection • Breathe with lungs • Cold-blooded (body temperature changes with surrounding temperature) • Lay eggs with leathery shells • Carry out internal fertilization (eggs are fertilized inside the female body)
  16. 16. KingfisherHornbill
  17. 17. 1.Common characteristics of birds• Body covered with feathers• Have wings and beak• Breathe with lungs• Warm-blooded (body temperature remains constant)• Lay eggs with hard shells• Carry out internal fertilization (eggs are fertilized insidethe female body)
  18. 18. Camel Orangutan TigerRhinoceros Elephant
  19. 19. 1. Common characteristics of mammals • Body covered with hair or fur • Breathe with lungs • Warm-blooded (body temperature remains constant) • Give birth to live young • Carry out internal fertilization (eggs are fertilized inside the female body) • Young mammals feed on milk from their mother’s mammary glands
  20. 20. PlantsFlowering Plants Non-flowering Plants Examples Examples
  21. 21. Plants Produce flowers Do not produce flowers Single blade Leaves divided leaves Into leaflets Needle-like Leaves divided leaves into leaflets Leave with Leaves withparallel veinsnetwork-like veins Leaves with Leaves with parallel veins network-like veins
  22. 22. Non-flowering plants• Further divided to conifers, ferns, mosses, and algae• Conifers  Reproduce by seeds produced in cones  Have needle-like leaves  Example: casuarinas, pine• Ferns  Reproduced by spores on the underside of leaves  Example: Bird’s nest fern, stag’s horn fern
  23. 23. • Mosses  Reproduce by spores produced in capsules  Example: White moss•Algae  Very simple plants  No proper roots, stems, leaves  Example: Seaweed
  24. 24. Flowering plants• Produce flower for reproduction• Flower fruits and seeds new plants• Based on the seeds they produce, flowering plants can befurther divided into 2 groups Flowering plants Monocotyledons Dicotyledons Have seeds with one cotyledon Have seeds with two cotyledon
  25. 25. • Each seed has only one cotyledon One cotyledon Amaize grain cut into half
  26. 26. • Their leaves have parallel veins Parallel veins Maize Fibrous roots• They have fibrous roots
  27. 27. • Mostly are herbaceous plant (plants with non-woodystems)• Examples: Grasses, sugar cane, banana, paddy, andorchid plants
  28. 28. • Each seed has two cotyledons Two cotyledons Agreen bean (split into two)
  29. 29. • Their leaves have network-like veins Network-like Balsam plant veins Tap root• They have fibrous tap roots
  30. 30. • They may be trees, shrubs or herbaceous• Examples: Rubber and durian trees, hibiscus, morning gloryand sunflower plants

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