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History of Leader 3500BC to 569 AD

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History of Leader 3500BC to 569 AD

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This content is all about the history of previous leaders. Here we can know about the mistake that was made by those previous leader and their raise and fall. In fact, we can know about the legacy and contribution of the leader.

This content is all about the history of previous leaders. Here we can know about the mistake that was made by those previous leader and their raise and fall. In fact, we can know about the legacy and contribution of the leader.


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History of Leader 3500BC to 569 AD

  1. 1. History of Leader 3500BC to 569 AD Leadership
  2. 2. 3500 BC 569 AD Ancient Mesopotemia 3500-300 BC Ancient Egypt 3000-300 BC Ancient India 2700-550BC Ancient Greek 800-50 BC Ancient Rome 750 BC- 500 AD Ancient Persian 550-330BC
  3. 3. “I am not afraid of an army of lions led by a sheep; I am afraid of an army of sheep led by a lion.” —Alexander The Great
  4. 4. How a Civilization is Born
  5. 5. Ancient Mesopotemian Empire King Sargon I (4000 BC)
  6. 6. Ancient Mesopotemian Inventions 60 Seconds 60 Minutes 360 Degree Angle 12 Months 7 Days
  7. 7. Ancient Mesopotemian Empire Military conquest of Cyrus The Great in 539 BCE
  8. 8. Persian Empire • Religious Tolerance • Funding of public work • Diplomacy
  9. 9. Persian Inventions Standardized Weight Standardized Currency Standardized Measurement
  10. 10. Fall of Persia Persian Invation of Greece in 480 BCE Alexander The Great’s Invation of Persia in 330 BCE
  11. 11. Ancient Egypt Civilization Pharao Menes 2575 BCE
  12. 12. Ancient Egypt Civilization King Menes 2575 BCE
  13. 13. Inventions of Ancient Egypt • Mathematics and Written Language • Cubits Unit System • 24 hour Days and 365 days a Solar Year • Hieroglyphics • Hieratic
  14. 14. Fall of Egypt Invation of Egypt by King Cambyses II of Persia in 4th Century BCE Roman Invation in 30 BCE
  15. 15. Ancient Roman Empire King Romulus (753-716BC)
  16. 16. Regal 753-510 BCE Republican 509-29 BCE Imperial 27BC-476AD Major Governing Periods of Ancient Rome
  17. 17. Inventions of Ancient Rome
  18. 18. Fall of Ancient Rome • Political Corruption • Economic Crises • Class Conflict Internal Factors • Invation • Military Threat External Factors
  19. 19. HAMMURABI (1810-1750)BC
  20. 20. The sixth Amorite king of the old Babylonian Empire Reigning from 1792 BC to 1750 BC
  21. 21. Early Life Birth: 1810 BC Hammurabi likely attended a school called the tablet house. He also learned how to fight and lead an army. He learned how to rule by watching his father and listening to his advisors
  22. 22. Vision • Mesopotamia Conquered
  23. 23. Vision • Internal Developments and Architecture • Protector of the Realm • Urbanization • Agricultural Development • Classification of Society
  24. 24. Rule • The Code of Hammurabi
  25. 25. Rule • History’s first great political self-promoters • Judged fairly and did not have to fear his power
  26. 26. Failure • Failed to set up an effective bureaucratic system • Fully engaged in wars during the last part of his reign • Some historians and scholars think Hammurabi's laws were cruel and unjust
  27. 27. Good things learn from him • Mainlining Accountability • Managing Risk • Communicating the Standards
  28. 28. Death He died about 1750 BC after 43 years of rule, with the burden of government already being carried by his son, Samsuiluna.
  29. 29. Tutankhamun Aka. King tut 1341 BC – 1323 BC Ruled c. 1332 – 1323 BC Recognized chiefly for his intact tomb discovered in 1922 Known for reforming the political and religious chaos his father created
  30. 30. Upper Egypt Lower Egypt Western Desert
  31. 31. As a great leader Came to throne at the age of Nine 01 02 03 04 Restorati on of universal harmony Horseback riding, hunting, training in military skills No longer having to fear interventio n
  32. 32. Cyrus The Great (590/580 BC - 529BC)
  33. 33. EARLY LIFE OF CYRUS • Cyrus The Great was Born in 580/590 BC • Cyrus The Great lived in Persia • Cyrus father was the king of Anshan • When Cyrus turned 10, it was clear he was noble born
  34. 34. ACHIEVEMENTS OF CYRUS • Cyrus The Great created the “Cyrus Cylinder” and it was called “the first declaration of human rights.” • He made the Iranian people unite under 1 ruler for the first time ever. • Cyrus The Great founded one of the largest empires in the world. • He conquered vast territories, like modern day Turkey and modern-day Oman
  36. 36. Conquests Median Empire • Cyrus occupied the capital at Sardis, conquering the Lydian kingdom in 546 BC • He conquered Lydia and took, then used their wealth • The first place he conquered was the Median Empire • The was held (553-550BC) • He destroyed The Ruler of the Medes Lydian Empire and Asia Minor Neo-Babylonian Empire • Cyrus the great was very well known for his great military, planning, and his knowledge • The conflict had begun possibly in the winter of 540 BC • On 29 October, Cyrus himself entered the city of Babylon
  37. 37. When he conquered, he treated his enemy respectfully. Some even thought of him as a father figure Legacies PHILANTHROPIST GRACIOUS TRUE LEADER RELIGIOUS He freed the Jews who were exiled from Babylon To the people he led, he was a father figure He is heralded to be "Gods Anointed One" in the old testament
  38. 38. When he conquered, he treated his enemy respectfully. Some even thought of him as a father figure Legacies PHILANTHROPIST GRACIOUS TRUE LEADER RELIGIOUS He freed the Jews who were exiled from Babylon To the people he led, he was a father figure He is heralded to be "Gods Anointed One" in the old testament
  39. 39. “Having Knowledge but lacking the power to express it clearly is no better than never having any ideas at all.” —Pericles
  40. 40.  Born in 495 B.C  From a powerful, political family  Intelligent, an inspiring speaker & a skilled politician  Soon became a great leader of Athens  Fought Persians at Salamis  Came to power after Cimon ostracized from Athens  Elected strategies – in charge of military  Turned the Delian league into an Athenian empire At A GLANCE OF PERICLES
  41. 41. ESSENTIAL SKILLS IN PERICLES LEADERSHIP -illustrates certain innovations in the classical Greek conception of intellect and action. MOVE Pericles was motivated to move decisively to war VISION -wanted Athens to be the greatest city-state in the entire Greek world. COURAGE ROLE -responsible for the full development, in the later 5th century BCE, of both the Athenian democracy and the Athenian empire, making Athens the political and cultural focus of Greece. 03 04 01 02
  42. 42. DEMOCRACY IN ATHENS Direct Democracy Three Branches Athens 18 & older males Made executive Decisions- to war, grant citizenship, some legislating, some trials Assembly The executive committee for the Assembly Severed for 1 year, the presidency rotated monthly administration to the state – treasury, foreign issues The Council (of 500) Jurors picked from a pool of 6000 people over 30, full citizens Trials- representing the voice of the people The Courts
  43. 43. Pericles  First Peloponnesian War (460-445 BC) o Battle in Sicyon ( 454 BC) o Second Sacred War ( 448 BC) o Expulsion of barbarians from Gallipoli ( 447 BC)  Samian War ( 440BC-439 BC) -Athens Vs Samos Second Peloponnesian War ( 431 BC- 429 BC)
  44. 44. while Pericles was trying to beautify Athens, he was using money essentially stolen from the Delian League's treasury, which he had said would be used to defend Athens from Persia and Sparta. Good lessons of leadership from Pericles  There will always be haters  Be innovative  Be different and own it!  Have the end prize in mind!  “We do not imitate, but are a model to others”.  “Better die standing than live kneeling”.  Endure, endure, endure! Mistake in Pericles’s leadership
  45. 45. “The pessimist complains about the wind. The optimist expects it to change. The leader adjusts the sails.” —John Maxwell
  46. 46. CHANDRAGUPTA MAURYA (Reign 321-297 BC)
  47. 47. Born on 340 BCE. He was the son of Surya Gupta. He was married with Durdhara. Their son “Bindhusara” further expanded the emprire. BACKGROUND
  49. 49. ACHIEVEMEN T LEGACY 0 5 06
  50. 50. Was he a good leader or bad leader ?
  51. 51. Octavian Augustus
  52. 52. Caesar Augustus ● 63 BC-14 AD ● Octavian was winner of 18 years civil war ● Designated heir of Julius Caesar ● Was of the family of Caesar (adopted) so he took the name Caesar
  53. 53. 4 Augustus
  54. 54. 6
  55. 55. Caesar Augustus Accomplishments ● Increased Rome’s Wealth ● Transformed The City Of Rome From Ancient To Modern ● Built A Large Road System ● Established Police & Firefighter
  56. 56. Caesar Augustus Accomplishments ● Many new European lands conquered ● Established Peace ● Standard currency system ● Effective financial system
  57. 57. Construction Projects Temple of Caesar Baths of Agrippa
  58. 58. Construction Projects Forum of Augustus Built 82 Temples in a Year
  59. 59. WhatmakesAugustus A GREAT LEADER?
  60. 60. GOLDEN AGE
  61. 61. End of lengthy CIVIL WARS 200 years of PEACE Ending in 180 C.E.
  62. 62. Leadership lessons from Caesar Augustus Grab the opportunities Be prepared to change yourself Focus on the job Success has a price Don't romanticize leadership
  63. 63. JESUS CRIST Name: Prophet Eesa(Peace upon him) Mother: Mary, Mariyam-Daughter of Prophet Imran Last Prophet Before Mohammad( Saaw) Last Messenger of Bani Israel He Bought the Injil, also known as the Bible by the order of Allah By Roman Army, he was sentenced to crucified to Death Why He Was a GOOD LEADER?
  64. 64. Trajan 98-117 AD
  65. 65. EARLY LIFE • Born on September 18th , 53 AD in the Roman province of Hispania Baetica (now known as Spain).
  66. 66. Rise to Power • Began his career in the Roman army. • 76-77 AD: nominated as consul. • 97 AD : made the adoptive son & the successor of the current emperor, Nerva, in order to improve Nerva’s standing with the army. • 98 AD : Became the 13th Roman Emperor.
  67. 67. Vision Trajan had a vision for his empire, to conquer a number of areas in an effort to expand his territories.
  68. 68. Wars Against Dacia • 101 AD: Battle of Tapae. • 102 AD: Battle of Adamclisi. • 105 AD: Battle of Sarmizegetusa. • The Dacian wars were commemorated in Trajan’s column, which still stands in Rome today.
  69. 69. Welfare Programme ● Trajan created a welfare programme called Alimenta that provided funds, food & subsidized education to the orphans & poor children of Italy.
  70. 70. Building Projects ● Complex including Trajan’s Forum, Trajan’s Market & Trajan’s Column. ● Alcantara Bridge in Spain. ● Roads in Italia & Hispania. Alcantara Bridge Trajan’s Column Ruin’s of Trajan’s Market
  71. 71. Wars against Parthia ● 113 AD : Parthia placed an unacceptable king on the throne of Armenia. Roman army marched on Armenia, removed the newly appointed king & annexed Armenia as a Roman Province. ● 115 AD : Roman army took two northern Mesopotamian cities & Trajan began organizing a province in Mesopotamia. ● 116 AD : Roman army captured Babylon, Seleucia & Parthian capital of Ctesiphon. Babylon was made a new province & Trajan declared the conflict to be over.
  72. 72. Death and Succession ● During the Parthian conflict, Trajan grew ill. ● August 9th 117 AD : Trajan died of Edema. ● Trajan’s adoptive son, Hadrian, became emperor on August 10th 117 AD.
  73. 73. Leadership lessons from Trajan 1. Perseverance 4.Be innovative 3. Create a compelling vision 5.Treat those around you with respect 2. Good Administrative power
  74. 74. 306- 337 CE Constantine the Great
  75. 75. Birth Flavious Constantius 272 CE Father Death 337 CE
  76. 76. Constantine served with distinction under the Roman emperors Diocletian and Galerius Constantine began his career by Campaigning in the eastern provinces Early Rule
  77. 77. Rise to Emperor Western Empire Great civil war of 324 CE against Licinius Battle of Milvian Bridge outside Rome in 312 CE against Maxentius Eastern Empire
  78. 78. Contributions Administrativ e Reforms Religious Policy Monetary Reforms Edict of Milan Foundation of Constantinop le Reversing the pro- equestrian trend 01 02 03 04
  79. 79. Edict of Milan
  80. 80. Later Campaigns Campaign against Persia 332 CE Constantine campaigned with the Sarmatians against the Goths 336 CE 334 CE Sarmatian commoners had overthrown their leaders and Constantine gained control 03 01 02
  81. 81. Legacy Hailed as Saint Spreading Christianity 01 02 03 Abolition of Tetrarchy
  82. 82. What can we learn from Constantine the Great?
  83. 83. THANK YOU