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Military Justice Project Power Point Presentation

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PowerPoint presentation on military justice

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Military Justice Project Power Point Presentation

  1. 1. Military Jurisdiction Presentation Lisa Moody Jason Graefen Angela Coleman
  2. 2. Military Justice Jurisdiction <ul><li>Authority to delegate Jurisdiction and Political Process </li></ul><ul><ul><li>President (commander in chief) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Secretary of defense and Department of Defense (DOD) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Secretary of the: Army, Navy, Marines, and Air force </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Military Police and their divisions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Political Process </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Pre-Confinement <ul><li>Types of pre-trial confinement falls under court martial 304a </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Conditions on liberty </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Restrictions in lieu of arrest </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Escort </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>confinement </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Alternatives to Confinement <ul><li>Different levels of operation: Army, Navy, Air force and Marines </li></ul><ul><ul><li>McChord: restriction to base, restriction of liberty, extra duty, loss of rank, correctional custody, 30 days rehabilitation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fort Lewis: commander decides whether the soldier will be placed on confinement or just restricted to base </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Navy: have security barracks that are used when a service member gets into trouble </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Confinement <ul><li>Confinement: Army Model </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Restriction by confinement up to 45 days </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If sentenced to more then seven years confinement occurs at fort Leavenworth Kansas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Other inmates in level three facilities include inmates of: a shorter sentence, escape risk offenders, and unmanageable offenders </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Post Supervision <ul><li>Soldiers are discharged from the military after completion of their sentence. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>There is no post-supervision conducted </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Relationship between Military and Civilian Law Enforcement <ul><li>Crime outside of military instillation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Arresting jurisdiction belongs to the city or county where the crime is committed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>County or city releases offender to military custody </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Example: Murder in military law is article 118 of the uniform code of military justice </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Relationship between Military and Civilian Law Enforcement <ul><li>Joint Jurisdiction of Offender </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Anytime there is case of misconduct not on a military instillation both civilian and military law enforcement share jurisdiction. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Civilian criminal penalties may be applied as well as military disciplinary action and military court martial. </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Relationship between Military and Civilian Law Enforcement <ul><li>Title 10 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Crimes of murder, rape, drug use, larceny, drunk driving and bad checks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>criminal arrest and prosecution of these offense can be made both by civilian justice and military justice </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Both Civilian and military law enforcement must report crimes committed in the adjacent jurisdiction. </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Relationship between the Military and the Courts <ul><li>Article 52 and Article 32 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Civilian and military can prosecute under their own judicial proceedings. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Commander serves as convening authority to decide whether a case proceeds to a military court </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Article 32 is the proceedings of the court martial. </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Relationship between the Military and the Courts <ul><li>Jurisdiction </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To be tried by court martial the military must have jurisdiction over the offender. </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Special Populations <ul><li>Sex Offenders </li></ul><ul><li>Drug Offenders </li></ul>
  13. 13. Sex offenders <ul><li>USDB </li></ul><ul><ul><li>55% percent of the population at U.S. Disciplinary Barracks Fort Leavenworth committed sex offenses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Minimum (general population) Medium and Maximum security </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Confinement level is based on seriousness of crime and behaviors of the offender </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Sex offenders <ul><li>Security </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Camera systems and surveillance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inmate movement through the facility </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Meals served in minimum, medium, and maximum levels </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Correctional Specialists </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Sex offenders <ul><li>Relationship and Interaction </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rehabilitative Programs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Educational Opportunities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Trades (Textile, Barber, and Wood Work </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Behavioral Observation (Correctional Specialists) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mental Evaluation (Mental Health Staff) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sex Offender Registry Requirement </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Drug Offenders <ul><li>Treatment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Processed under court martial </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sentencing is of a non judicial or administrative discharge from the service </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If in need of immediate detoxification offender is sent to a treatment center </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Further Rehabilitation is offered through the Veterans affairs office </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Budget <ul><li>Department of Defense </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Total Funding: 439.3 billion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Operation and Maintenance: 152.2 billion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Military Personnel: 110.8 billion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Procurement: 84.2 billion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Research, Development : 73.2 billion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Military Construction: 12.6 billion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Family Housing: 4.1 billion </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Professions <ul><li>Commander in Chief </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Requirements, Salary, Responsibilities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>35 years of age </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Citizen of the united states </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Have lived in the United States for at least 14 years </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>400.000 plus salary </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Choose cabinet members </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Command armed forces (military) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Foreign relations </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Appoint judicial members </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sign and veto bills created by congress </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Propose new laws </li></ul></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Professions <ul><li>Criminal Investigation Division Agent (CID) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Requirements, Salary, Responsibilities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>18 years of age </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>U.S. Citizen </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>U.S. Soldier </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Maximum grade of E-5 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Two years military experience </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>60 college credits </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pass TABE Test </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pass physical fitness test </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Continued </li></ul></ul></ul>
  20. 20. Professions Professions <ul><li>Criminal Investigation Division Agent (CID) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Requirements, Salary, Responsibilities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Normal color vision </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Possess a valid drivers license </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Top secret clearance, good credit, no discharge </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Provide security for DOD personnel </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Investigate crimes committed by soldiers and civilians residing on military instillations </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Forensic analysis of credit fraud and biological evidence </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Under cover investigations </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Participation in judicial process of offenders </li></ul></ul></ul>
  21. 21. Professions <ul><li>Military Police </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Requirements, Salary, Responsibilities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Physical demands: moderately heavy </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Aptitude test score of 95 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Security clearance </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Valid drivers license </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>No record of pre-trial intervention or conviction </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>No offense involving force or violence </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Age 18 at time of enlistment </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>No record of possession or use of any narcotic </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Must have training in military police school </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>continued </li></ul></ul></ul>
  22. 22. Professions <ul><li>Military Police </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Requirements, Salary, Responsibilities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Use of fire arms </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Arrest and restraint </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Field missions </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Military and civil laws and jurisdiction </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Crime and accident investigation procedures </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Traffic and crowd control procedures </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Arrest and restraint of a suspect </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Respond to 911 calls </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Use radars, working gates, and patrol on foot or in vehicle </li></ul></ul></ul>