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2 greek religious belief

  1. Greek Religious Belief Gods, Goddesses, and MythologyGods, Goddesses, and Mythology
  2. Greek Gods and Goddesses In the classical period (5th Century BCE), the Greeks recognized twelve major gods and goddesses, called the Twelve Gods of Olympus, named after the mountain where they were said to live.
  3. Greek Worldview The Greeks, like other civilizations we have studied, saw the natural world inhabited by supernatural powers. For the Greeks, the gods possessed very human characteristics and embodied human emotions and were even depicted in art as very human- like.
  4. Greek Worldview The gods, although similar to humans, were forever young, beautiful, and powerful.
  5. Greek Religion Based on a polytheistic religion POLY - Latin prefix meaning many THEISM - Latin word for “god”
  6. Early Religion Greek mythology was based upon polytheistic religion that was central to culture, politics, and art. Symbols and images found in western literature, art and architecture! Explained natural phenomena (thunder, earthquakes, floods), human characteristics (jealousy, anger, love), and life events (marriage, birth, death, war)
  7. Greek Worship Greeks built large temples dedicated to individual gods and goddesses. These temples were seen as the houses of the gods. Inside the temple would be a large statue of the god or goddess. The statue might be made of wood, bronze, gold, and/or ivory.
  8. Greek Worship Outside the temple, priests would sacrifice animals and burn (roast) the flesh. This is the origin of the term a “burnt offering.” The smoke was said to be the essence of the animal given to the gods. The meat would be shared among the population.
  9. Greek Temples Greek temples were often rectangular or round, surrounded by columns with a small, enclosed sacred center. The Parthenon is an example of a temple dedicated to Athena. The temples were elaborately decorated and painted with scenes from mythology.
  10. Zeus  King of the gods  God of thunder and lightning  Uses Thunderbolts as his weapon  Most powerful
  11. This is an artist’s conception of the famous statue of Zeus at Olympia, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. It was made of ivory and gold and was created by Phidias, the same sculptor who created the statues on the Parthenon. The statue was probably about 4 stories tall.
  12. Hera  Queen of the Mt. OlympusQueen of the Mt. Olympus  Goddess of marriage, childbirth and jealousy  Wife/sister of ZeusWife/sister of Zeus  The peacock and geese areThe peacock and geese are symbolssymbols
  13. The Temple of Hera at Olympia
  14. Aphrodite Goddess of beauty and love  Married toMarried to Hephaestus, the godHephaestus, the god of ironworking, butof ironworking, but had many affairs withhad many affairs with gods and mortals,gods and mortals, most famously withmost famously with the god of war, Aresthe god of war, Ares Mother of ErosMother of Eros Roman times he will beRoman times he will be known as Cupidknown as Cupid
  15. Athena  Goddess of battle, wisdom  Daughter of Zeus and Titan – she popped out of his head after he swallowed the pregnant Titan  Parthenon was dedicated to the Goddess Athena!
  16. Parthenon
  17. Apollo  God of music, poetry, prophesy, truth, light, medicine, healing and archery  Sun God in someSun God in some myths (drive hismyths (drive his chariot with the sunchariot with the sun across the sky)across the sky)  Son of Zeus and LetoSon of Zeus and Leto Apollo asteroids are near-earth asteroids
  18. Delphi Delphi was the site of the Delphic oracle, the most important oracle in the classical Greek world, and a major site for the worship of the god Apollo after he slew the Python At Delphi, every four years they would hold the Pythian Games, similar to the Olympic Games. At the archaeological site, scientists have found a stadium and a gymnasium
  19. The starting line at the stadium at Delphi. Runners would place their toes in the slots. An elaborate set of strings tied to sticks would prevent false starts.
  20. Artemis  Apollo’s Twin sisterApollo’s Twin sister  Goddess of the hunt and wild things  Moon GoddessMoon Goddess The Artemis navigation satellite
  21. The Temple of Artemis at Ephesus (Asia Minor) was another of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. At the time, it was said to be the largest building in the world.
  22. Poseidon God of the Sea and earthquakes  Trident is weaponTrident is weapon  Zeus’s brotherZeus’s brother  Considered 2Considered 2ndnd mostmost powerfulpowerful
  23. Temple of Poseidon at Sounion
  24. Hades  God of the Underworld and Wealth  King of the dead but heKing of the dead but he is not Deathis not Death  Zeus’s brotherZeus’s brother  Has a helmet thatHas a helmet that makes the wearermakes the wearer invisibleinvisible  Persephone is his wifePersephone is his wife  NOT EVIL! (but he isNOT EVIL! (but he is unpitying)unpitying)  Considered 3Considered 3rdrd mostmost powerfulpowerful
  25. Other Five Gods and Goddesses  DemeterDemeter – Goddess of Harvest and Fertility– Goddess of Harvest and Fertility  Hestia – virgin Goddess of Hearth (Home)Hestia – virgin Goddess of Hearth (Home) and Architectureand Architecture  AresAres – God of War and Spring– God of War and Spring Son of Zeus and HeraSon of Zeus and Hera  Hermes –God of the Traveler, Messenger ofHermes –God of the Traveler, Messenger of the Gods and Guide to the Underworldthe Gods and Guide to the Underworld  Hephaestus – God of IronworkingHephaestus – God of Ironworking Married to AphroditeMarried to Aphrodite
  26. Quick Check Match them up…Match them up… 1.1. ZeusZeus A. God of the UnderworldA. God of the Underworld 2.2. HeraHera B. God of the SeaB. God of the Sea 3.3. ArtemisArtemis C. God of ThunderC. God of Thunder 4.4. ApolloApollo D. Goddess of MarriageD. Goddess of Marriage 5.5. PoseidonPoseidon E. Goddess of the HuntE. Goddess of the Hunt 6.6. AthenaAthena F. God of music, prophesyF. God of music, prophesy 7.7. HadesHades G. Goddess of battleG. Goddess of battle 8.8. AphroditeAphrodite H. Goddess of loveH. Goddess of love

Notas del editor

  1. Some Lovers of Zeus – CALLISTO – forest nymph, gave birth to Arcas. Zeus changed her into a bear to hide her from Hera. She was accidentally shot by her friend, Artemis. Zeus placed her in the sky as a constellation (Ursa Major) EUROPA – Zeus came in the shape of a bull ANTIOPE – daughter of a river god. Zeus came in the form of a satyr DANAE – Zeus came in the form of a golden rain shower, gave birth to Perseus SEMELE – gave birht to Dionysus – Hera tricked her to ask to see Zeus in all his glory. It fried her. Hercules’ mom he came in the shape of her husband Ledo – came in the form of a swam
  2. Caught by Hepheastus with Ares. Everyone laughed at Hephaetus Loved Adonis but had to share him with Persephone Had a son with Hermes named Hermaphroditos – he was loved by a water nymph but he did not return her attentions. When he bathed in some waters, she merged with him to be with him forever. The result was a female boy.
  3. His mom, Leto, is a titan (daughter of Coeus and Phoebe) and worshipped by the Greeks. Hera sent a giant serpent to kill her for sleeping with Zeus, but she got away. Apollo defeated a python at Delphi in order to claim the oracle.
  4. As one legend says, Apollo first came to Delphi in the guise of a dolphin swimming into the Corinthian Gulf bringing with him priests from Crete, but in another version Apollo journeyed from the north pausing at Tempe, in Thessaly, and gathered laurel. Every fourth year laurel was taken from Tempe to Delphi, which became the prize in the form of a crown worn by the victors of the Pythian Games.