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God Gold Glory: The Age of Exploration

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God Gold Glory: The Age of Exploration

  1. 1. God, Gold, & Glory<br />An Introduction to European Exploration & Expansion<br />
  2. 2. Motives<br />The 3 G’s<br />God<br />religious fervor <br />convert natives<br />Gold<br />expand trade - esp. spices & precious metals<br />profit<br />Glory<br />adventure<br />power<br />national pride<br />
  3. 3. Means<br />Mid-1400s<br />European monarchs had MORE:<br />Power<br />Resources<br />Advanced technology<br />Pair/Share: Based on our last unit, why do you think the above is true?<br />
  4. 4. Portugal<br />Early leader<br />Sailed eastward<br />--&gt; India (spice trade)<br />
  5. 5. Vasco da Gama<br />Cape of Good Hope<br />Secured control of spice trade<br />Took from Muslims<br />HUGE $$$<br />
  6. 6. Prince Henry the Navigator<br />Instrumental <br />Patronage led to major technological advances (p. 197)<br />
  7. 7. Spain<br />Sailed westward<br />Seeking route --&gt; Asia<br />Spain<br />Portugal<br />
  8. 8. Christopher Columbus<br />Earth not so big<br />Queen Isabella <br />4 voyages - all end up in the Caribbean<br />
  9. 9. Ferdinand Magellan<br />1519 - 1st to circumnavigate the globe (sort of)<br />
  10. 10. Spain in the Americas<br />Conquistadors - the Spanish conquerors of the Americas<br />Gifts from Spain<br />
  11. 11. Encomienda System<br />Aztec & Inca civilizations destroyed<br />Spanish control<br />Subjects of Queen <br />Encomienda - the right of landowners to use Native Americans as laborers<br />Protection - required but not followed<br />
  12. 12. Columbian Exchange<br />The exchange of plants and animals between Europe and the Americas<br />Europe --&gt; Americas<br />Horses, cattle, & wheat<br />Americas --&gt; Europe<br />Potatoes, cocoa, corn, tomatoes, & tobacco<br />Transformed economic activity <br />
  13. 13. European Rivals<br />Dutch<br />French<br />British<br />
  14. 14. Reading<br />Read pages 208-211 (section 3 “Colonial Latin America”)<br />Write the definitions for the following words in your notebook:<br />Peninsulares<br />Creole<br />Mestizos<br />Mulattoes<br />Mita<br />