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The Present of Be:
1             Statements and Yes/
              No Questions

                     Introductions



    Focus on Grammar 2
    Part I, Units 1 and 2
    By Ruth Luman, Gabriele Steiner, and BJ Wells
    Copyright © 2006. Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
Conversation

Tom: Are you a new student here?

Lea: Yes, I am. My name is Lea.

Tom: My name’s Tom Sanchez.

Lea: Oh, I think I know your mother. She’s Marta
Sanchez, right?

Tom: Uh, Marta Sanchez isn’t my mother. She’s my
sister.

Lea: Oh.
Form

Subject       Be

   I          am

 you          are

 he
 she          is
  it
  we
              are
 they
Use of the Verb Be 1
We use the verb be before. . . NOUNS.



          I am a firefighter.



       He is a photographer.
                                        ??
                                        ?

        They are aliens.
Use of the Verb Be 2

We use the verb be before. . . ADJECTIVES.



            I am busy.


                  He is afraid.



            It is hungry.
Use of the Verb Be 3
    We use the verb be before. . . PREPOSITIONAL
    PHRASES.


She is in the shower.




            She is from Japan.


                   He is under the bed.
Contractions
In a contraction, an apostrophe (’)
replaces a letter.


    I’m am a student.
      I ’m student.
         a


       Sam’s from China.
       Sam’s from China.
           is


          They ’re excited.
           They’re excited.
                 are
Talk with a partner about
Practice 1                     these pictures. Use the verb
                               be and contractions.

   in the air     upset       painters        shocked

  Example:                     1.




          He’s shocked.             She’s upset.
     2.                        3.




          They’re painters.         It’s in the air.
Negatives 
              Not
          Subject + Be
                         Contraction
             + Not

            I’m not          X


aren’t
    not    you’re not    you aren’t

            he’s not       he isn’t
isn’t
   not     she’s not      she isn’t
            it’s not       it isn’t
            we’re not     we aren’t
aren’t
    not    they’re not   they aren’t
Make negative
  Practice 2                  contractions for these
                              sentences.
Example:

           He is happy. He’s not happy. He isn’t happy.

                              Answer 1       Answer 2
 1.          They are       They’re not    They aren’t
             teachers.       teachers.      teachers.

 2.        I am from the    I’m not from
               U.S.           the U.S.         X
 3.
                              We’re not     We aren’t
           We are single.
                               single.       single.
Questions
The verb be comes before the subject
in questions.

          She is at school?
           Is she         .




            They are young?
            Are they      .
Change the statements
Practice 3                  into questions.


  Example: She is a teacher.
        Is she a teacher?

  1. Sam and Lisa are in class.
       Are Sam and Lisa in class?

  2. He is late.
        Is he late?

  3. I am busy.
         Am I busy?
Be Careful!
    Don’t use contractions in affirmative
    short answers.

                                     Yes,
                                   Yes, I’m.
 Are you                              I am.
new here?
Talk with a partner about
 Practice 4                  these pictures. Use the verb
                             be and contractions.

Example:     Is it broken?   1. Am I at the right house?




           Yes, it is.             No, you aren’t.
  2. Are they in love?       3. Is he late?




      No, they aren’t.               Yes, he is.
References

Copyright © 2006 Pearson Education
and its licensors. All rights reserved.

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The present of be

  • 1. The Present of Be: 1 Statements and Yes/ No Questions Introductions Focus on Grammar 2 Part I, Units 1 and 2 By Ruth Luman, Gabriele Steiner, and BJ Wells Copyright © 2006. Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
  • 2. Conversation Tom: Are you a new student here? Lea: Yes, I am. My name is Lea. Tom: My name’s Tom Sanchez. Lea: Oh, I think I know your mother. She’s Marta Sanchez, right? Tom: Uh, Marta Sanchez isn’t my mother. She’s my sister. Lea: Oh.
  • 3. Form Subject Be I am you are he she is it we are they
  • 4. Use of the Verb Be 1 We use the verb be before. . . NOUNS. I am a firefighter. He is a photographer. ?? ? They are aliens.
  • 5. Use of the Verb Be 2 We use the verb be before. . . ADJECTIVES. I am busy. He is afraid. It is hungry.
  • 6. Use of the Verb Be 3 We use the verb be before. . . PREPOSITIONAL PHRASES. She is in the shower. She is from Japan. He is under the bed.
  • 7. Contractions In a contraction, an apostrophe (’) replaces a letter. I’m am a student. I ’m student. a Sam’s from China. Sam’s from China. is They ’re excited. They’re excited. are
  • 8. Talk with a partner about Practice 1 these pictures. Use the verb be and contractions. in the air upset painters shocked Example: 1. He’s shocked. She’s upset. 2. 3. They’re painters. It’s in the air.
  • 9. Negatives  Not Subject + Be Contraction + Not I’m not X aren’t not you’re not you aren’t he’s not he isn’t isn’t not she’s not she isn’t it’s not it isn’t we’re not we aren’t aren’t not they’re not they aren’t
  • 10. Make negative Practice 2 contractions for these sentences. Example: He is happy. He’s not happy. He isn’t happy. Answer 1 Answer 2 1. They are They’re not They aren’t teachers. teachers. teachers. 2. I am from the I’m not from U.S. the U.S. X 3. We’re not We aren’t We are single. single. single.
  • 11. Questions The verb be comes before the subject in questions. She is at school? Is she . They are young? Are they .
  • 12. Change the statements Practice 3 into questions. Example: She is a teacher. Is she a teacher? 1. Sam and Lisa are in class. Are Sam and Lisa in class? 2. He is late. Is he late? 3. I am busy. Am I busy?
  • 13. Be Careful! Don’t use contractions in affirmative short answers. Yes, Yes, I’m. Are you I am. new here?
  • 14. Talk with a partner about Practice 4 these pictures. Use the verb be and contractions. Example: Is it broken? 1. Am I at the right house? Yes, it is. No, you aren’t. 2. Are they in love? 3. Is he late? No, they aren’t. Yes, he is.
  • 15. References Copyright © 2006 Pearson Education and its licensors. All rights reserved.