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The simple past

  1. 1. The Simple Past: 8 Regular and Irregular Verbs The Life of Wangari Maathai Focus on Grammar 1 Part VII, Units 21 & 22 By Ruth Luman, Gabriele Steiner, and BJ Wells Copyright © 2006. Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
  2. 2. The Life of Wangari Maathai 4: 1 966: in -200 llion 1976 0 mi 1960- school 3 o nted Kenya w ent t U.S. pla s in the tree Past Now : 2004: : 1940 rn 1971 .D. bel o taP e h wo n the No as b a go ze w y h om t y of P eace Pri in Ken fr it ivers i Un irob Na
  3. 3. The Simple Past Use the simple past to talk about an event that happened in the past. Now : 1971 . from a Ph.D ity of Got nivers the U airobi N
  4. 4. Regular Verbs Regular verbs in the simple past end in -ed. If the base form ends in -e, add only –d. If the base form ends in -y after a consonant, change the y to i and add -ed. She moved back to Kenya. She planted trees. She studied biology.
  5. 5. Verb Forms Use the same verb form for all persons. I you he studied she worked it lived we they
  6. 6. Negative 1 Use did not + the base form of the verb for negative statements in the simple past. Base Form Verb He did not have a lot of money. Base Form Verb She didn’t go to school in England.
  7. 7. Time Expressions Time expressions come at the beginning or at the end of a sentence. Last week, she traveled to Norway. Her parents visited the capital city a year ago. This morning, we listened to the news about her award.
  8. 8. Tell a partner about the things Practice 1 you did or didn’t do at the times listed. Use the words in the box. 1. last weekend Last weekend, I 2. two days ago watched TV. I 3. this morning didn’t study English. 4. last night 5. last year cook watch visit listen study work clean travel play exercise fix stay
  9. 9. Irregular Verbs Irregular verbs have different forms in the simple past. win Wangari won many awards for her work. teach She taught at several universities.
  10. 10. Negative 2 Be careful! Don’t use did or didn’t with the past tense form of the verb. Regular Verbs Irregular Verbs She didn’t planted trees She didn’t went to England in 1966. in the U.S. She didn’t plant trees inShe didn’t go to England in 1966. the U.S. She planted trees in Kenya. went back to Kenya in 1966. She
  11. 11. Work with a partner. Describe your Practice 2 life to your partner. Use the simple past and these verbs. 1. be born  was born 2. grow up  grew up 3. begin college  began college 4. fall in love  fell in love 5. go to school  went to school 6. leave home  left home 7. come to this city  came to this city 8. choose a major  chose a major
  12. 12. Yes / No Questions To make a yes / no question in the simple past, use did + the subject + the base form of the verb. Base Other Did Subject Form Verb Words Did she finish college? her Did parents help her?
  13. 13. Short Answers You can use did or didn’t in the short answer in the simple past tense. Did Wangari return to Kenya? Yes, she did. Did she plant trees in the U.S.? No, she didn’t.
  14. 14. Work with a partner. Practice Practice 3 asking and answering questions about the past. Use did and time expressions. Example: pass the exam / last week Yes, I did. Did you pass the OR exam last week? No, I didn’t 1) watch TV / last night 3) do your homework / yesterday 2) eat breakfast / this morning 4) go shopping / last month
  15. 15. References Copyright © 2006 Pearson Education and its licensors. All rights reserved. Photo Credit: The Green Belt Movement

Notas del editor

  • UBEAUJO 2/13/2006 Change to: Regular (bold) verbs (bold) in the simple past end in -ed (bold, italics). If the base form ends -e (bold, italics), add only -d (bold italics). If the base form ends in -y (bold, italics) after a consonant, change the y (bold italics) to i (bold, italics) and add -ed (bold, italics).
  • UBEAUJO 2/6/2006 ADD A SLIDE: Header: Negative Grammar rule bar: Be careful! Don't sue did (italics) or didn't (italics) with the past tense for of the verb. Body: Regular Verbs: She didn't plant trees in the U.S. [animate and highlight (planted) and (didn't plant)] [art: picture of an African woman plantin trees. (United States) appears, is crossed out with an "X", and (Kenya) appears appears. She planted trees in Kenya Irregular: She didn't go to England in 1966. [animate and higllight (went) and (didn't go)] [art: African woman heading to the airport gate (luggage), the wrong date appears above, is crossed out with an "X", and is followed by the correct date appearing] She went back to Kenya in 1966.

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