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Verb to be JESSICA CALDERÓN CUEVA AND SHARON RAMOS

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Verb to be JESSICA CALDERÓN CUEVA AND SHARON RAMOS

  1. 1. UNIVERSIDAD CENTRAL DEL ECUADOR FACULTAD DE FILOSOFIA LETRAS Y CIENCIAS DE LA EDUCACIÓN ESCUELA DE IDIOMAS QUINTO SEMESTRE  SHARON RAMOS  JESSICA CALDERÓN
  2. 2. The verb be has one special importance in English because it depends of the sentence´s context.
  3. 3. It means “ ser o estar” EXAMPLES: I am a teacher / Soy profesor I am in the class/ Estoy en la clase
  4. 4.  IT USE TO EXPRESS THE AGE: Mary is 20 years old / Maria tiene 20 años I am 21 / Yo tengo 21 años How old are you? / ¿Cuántos años tienes?
  5. 5. TO EXPRESS THE ACTIONS OR FEELINGS : Are you hungry? / ¿Tienes hambre? He is thirsty / Tiene sed
  6. 6.  ALSO TO TALK ABOUT THE WEATHER : It's windy / Hace viento It's very cold / Hace mucho frío
  7. 7. IT USES THE FOLLOWING PRONOUNS: I AM SINGULAR I YOU HE SHE IT YOU WE ARE THEY WE YOU PLURAL THEY HE SHE IT IS
  8. 8. **VERB TO BE** Conjugación Inglés Español 1ª per. singular I am yo soy/estoy 2ª per. singular you are tú eres/estás he is él es/está 3ª per. singular she is ella es/está It is (para objetos) 1ª per. plural we are nosotros/as somos/estamos 2ª per. plural you are vosotros/as sois/estais 3ª per. plural they are ellos/as son/están
  9. 9. STRUCTURES: POSITIVE SENTENCES: SUBJECT + VERB TO BE + COMPLEMENT I + AM + A SECRETARY
  10. 10. POSSITIVE CONTRACTIONS:
  11. 11. EXAMPLES:  I am a student I´m a student  You are teacher You´re teacher  He is a doctor He´s a doctor  She is a nurse She´s a nurse  It is black It´s black  We are the best We´re the best  You are teachers You´re teachers  They are pilots They´re pilots
  12. 12. NEGATIVE SENTENCES: SUBJECT + VERB TO BE + NOT + COMPLEMENT SHE + IS + NOT + ACTRESS
  13. 13. NEGATIVE CONTRACCTIONS
  14. 14. EXAMPLES:  I´m not a student  You aren´t teacher  He isn´t a doctor  She isn´t a nurse  It isn´t black  We aren´t the best  You aren´t teachers  They aren´t pilots
  15. 15. INTERROGATIVE SENTENCES: VERB TO BE + SUBJECT + COMPLEMENT + ? ARE + YOU + BAKER + ?
  16. 16. EXAMPLES:  Are you a student?  Are you teacher?  Is he a doctor?  Is she a nurse?  Is it black?  Are you the best?  Are we teachers?  Are they pilots?
  17. 17. SHORT ANSWERS Yes + subject + verb to be. Yes, I am. No + subject + verb to be + not No, I am not.
  18. 18. ACTIVITIES:
  19. 19. A) COMPLETE THE FOLLOWING SENTENCES WITH THE VERB TO BE : AM, IS, ARE 1. These bags heavy. 2. I an engineer. My wife a nurse. 3. This house not very expensive. 4. My books on the table. 5. you a good teacher?.
  20. 20. VERB TO BE PAST
  21. 21. IT USES THE FOLLOWING PRONOUNS : I WAS I YOU HE SINGULAR SHE IT YOU WE WERE THEY WE YOU PLURAL THEY HE SHE IT WAS
  22. 22. VERB TO BE CONJUGATIONEspañol Conjugación Inglés yo ¿fui?, ¿era? / ¿estuve?, 1ª per. singular I was ¿estaba? tú ¿fuiste?, ¿eras? / ¿estuviste?, 2ª per. singular you were ¿estabas? he was él - ella ¿fue?, ¿era? /¿estuvo?. 3ª per. singular she was ¿estaba? It was (para objetos) nosotros/as ¿fuimos?, ¿éramos? 1ª per. plural we were / ¿estuvimos?, estábamos vosotros/as 2ª per. plural you were ¿fuisteis?, ¿erais?, ¿estuvisteis?, ¿estabais? ellos/as ¿fueron?, ¿eran? / 3ª per. plural they were ¿estuvieron?, ¿estaban?
  23. 23. STRUCTURES:  POSITIVE SENTENCES: SUBJECT + VERB TO BE in past + COMPLEMENT I + WAS + A SECRETARY
  24. 24.  I was a student EXAMPLES:  You were teacher  He was a doctor  She was a nurse  It was black  We were the best  You were teachers  They were pilots
  25. 25. NEGATIVE SENTENCES: SUBJECT + VERB TO BE in past+ NOT + COMPLEMENT SHE + WAS + NOT + ACTRESS
  26. 26. EXAMPLES:  I wasn´t a student  You weren´t teacher  He wasn´t a doctor  She wasn´t a nurse  It wasn´t black  We weren´t the best  You weren´t teachers  They weren´t pilots
  27. 27. INTERROGATIVE SENTENCES: VERB TO BE in past+ SUBJECT + COMPLEMENT + ? WERE + YOU + A BAKER + ?
  28. 28. EXAMPLES:  Were you a student?  Were you teacher?  Was he a doctor?  Was she a nurse?  Was it black?  Were you the best?  Were we teachers?  Were they pilots?
  29. 29. SHORT ANWERS  Yes + subject + verb to be in past.  Yes, I was.  No + subject + verb to be in past+ not  No, I was not.
  30. 30. ACTIVITIES
  31. 31. COMPLETE THE FOLLOWING SENTENCES WITH VERB TO B E I N T H E PA S T : W A S , W E R E 1. My sister married last year. 2. The bus driver unconscious after the accident. 3. The results of the economy exam excellent. 4. your family excited because of the trip to Africa? 5. The twins 6 years old when they started school.
  32. 32. COMPLETE 1-Today they in France,yesterday they in Holland. 2-Today it Tuesday, yesterday Monday. 3-This week we (not) on holiday,yesterday we on holiday. 4-She a woman,she a baby. 5-We men, we boys.

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