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Literary History of the Philippines (Pre-Colonialism Period)

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Literary History of the Philippines (Pre-Colonialism Period)

  1. 1. THREE PERIODS IN THE LITERARY HISTORY OF THE PHILIPPINES Pre – Colonialism Colonialism Post - Colonialism
  2. 2. Pre - Colonialism The early literary forms of the Philippines were epics, legends, riddles and proverbs which were told and retold by the natives.  The literature of the pre – colonial Filipinos bore the marks of the community.
  3. 3.  Filipinos managed to preserved laws, legends, songs and epics by inscribing them on barks of trees, palm leaves and bamboos.  Some of the literary forms have managed to survived war and tropical disasters because they retained in the common minds and were later reduced to permanent forms.
  4. 4. LITERARY FORMS  RIDDLE (bugtong)  EPIGRAMS / MAXIMS / PROVERBS (SALAWIKAIN & SAWIKAIN)
  5. 5.  Ex of salawikain  Ang matapat na kaibigan, tunay na maaasahan. - - -You will know a true friend in time of need.
  6. 6.  Ex of Sawikain  kumukulo ang dugo "blood is boiling" = is very angry  isulat sa tubig "write on water" = forget about it Ex of Maxims  Pag hindi ukol, Hindi bubukol. -means What is not intended for one will not bear fruit.
  7. 7. CHANTS (BULONG) used in witchcraft and/or enchantment  Tanaga a quatrain expressing insights and lessons in life Ex. “Tahak ng tingin, tulak ng sulyap, yakap, lapat ng titig sa balikat. hatak pa, kindat, hakat”
  8. 8.  traditional poetry of the Hanunoo Mangyans of Oriental Mindoro which is normally inscribed on bamboo using a pre-Colonial syllabic writing system called the Surat Mangyan .  usually chanted  teaches lessons about life  recited by parents to educate their children, by the youth to express their love, by the old to impart experiences, or by the community in tribal ceremonies
  9. 9.  on some occasions like burial rites, the ambahan is used for entertainment Sugot nga maaw kunman Tangdayan no ma-amban Sabungan no manuywan Impad las yami daywan Hanggan buhok timbangan Hanggan sa balod pangdan Bugkat di way yamungan Bilang dayi bunlagan No kang tinaginduman Kang magpahalimbaw-an Ga bugtong ti bilugan
  10. 10.  Explain how the world was created, how animals possess certain characteristics, why some places have volcanoes, mountains etc. Story of Bathala The Legend of Maria Makiling
  11. 11.  Presence of different deities  Ex. Bathala  Lakambakod  Mythical creatures  Aswang  Dila  Diwata  Dwende  Tikbalang  Mankukulam
  12. 12.  Ifugao – Hudhud hi Aliguyon  Ilocos – Biag ni Lam-ang  Bicol - Ibalon  Mindanao – Darangan  Panay – Hinilawod  Bagobo - Tuwaang  Kalinga – Ulaliim  Manobo – Agyu or Olahing  Subanon - Sandayo
  13. 13.  Aliguyon  the exploits of Aliguyon as he battles his arch-enemy, Pambukhayon  Biag ni Lam-Ang  tells of the adventures of Lam-Ang who exhibits extraordinary powers at a very early age.  Ibalon  the story of three Bicol heroes: Baltog, Handiong, Bantiong  Hinilawod  oldest and longest epic poem in Panay  the exploits of three Sulodnon demigod brothers, LabawDonggon, Humadapnon and Dumalapdap of ancient Panay
  14. 14.  a form of folk lyric which expresses the people’s hopes, aspirations, and lifestyles  traditional songs and melodies  inspired by the reaction of the people to their environment
  15. 15.  uyayi – lullaby  komintang – war song  kundiman – melancholic love song  harana – serenade  Tagay (Cebuano/Waray) – drinking song  mambayu – Kalinga rice-pounding song  subli – dance-ritual song of courtship /marriage  Kanogan (Cebuano) – song of lamentation for the dead.
  16. 16. PHILIPPINE LITERATURE DURING SPANISH COLONIZATION
  17. 17. A. Spanish Religious Works B. Formative Language C. Nationalist Stage
  18. 18. Philippine Literature During American Regime

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