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Dhwani 2012 Prelims

  1. Jithin & Raouf with inputs from VR and VIP (you know, of MusicAloud fame )
  2. 1. The quiz master is always correct. 2. Don‟t forget rule 1.
  3. This genre of 19th century novels, also called Plantation literature, was written in response to an 1852 novel. What is the name of the genre? 1
  4.  Anti – Tom literature  Named after Uncle Tom’s Cabin
  5. In business, a defensive manoeuvre to stave off a hostile takeover in which a company that is threatened attempts to reverse the situation and take over its would-be acquirer instead is called X defence. This is named after X where a „Power Pellet‟ causes a similar role reversal. The first of its kind would be the attempted takeover of Martin Marietta by Bendix Corporation in 1982. X? 2
  6.  Pac Man
  7. “I went to Madras hoping to replace X from playback singing. When I realised that it was not gong to happen, I tried to make X‟s life difficult by giving him tough songs. Even the songs I thought X would find difficult, he amazed me with his rendering, giving them heights I didn‟t even imagine.” Translation of excerpts from a book by Ravi Menon, a Malayalam music critic. Identify the speaker and the person he is referring to here. 3
  8.  Raveendran on K.J.Yesudas
  9. This phrase didn't originate in Australia but in the American frontier of the mid-19th century. It probably originated from ______ “hopping” from one place to another for employment. Other authorities suggest that the name comes from the tendency of unfair ______ during that same time period to jump to conclusions. The earliest recorded usage is in a news report on The Mississippian in January 1849. What phrase? 4
  10.  Kangaroo court
  11. What word can be best used to connect these rulers as per a 2004 top 10 list? 1. Suharto, Indonesian President (1967-98) 2. Ferdinand Marcos, Philippine President (1972-86) 3. Mobutu Sese Seko, Zairian President (1965-97) 4. Sani Abacha, Nigerian Head of State (1993-98) 5. Slobodan Miloševic, Yugoslav President (1989-2000) 6. Jean-Claude Duvalier, Haitian President (1971-86) 7. Alberto Fujimori, Peruvian President (1990-2000) 8. Pavlo Lazarenko, Ukrainian Prime Minister (1996-97) 9. Arnoldo Alemán, Nicaraguan President (1997-2002) 10. Joseph Estrada, Philippine President (1998-2001) 5
  12.  Kleptocracy  Lit. “Rule by thieves”
  13. One of the nicknames of the Netherlands national football team is _________ ______. The first word of the nickname is generally used in contexts to denote machine like regularity and describes the precision passing involved in the total football practiced by the Dutch in the 1970s. The second word has significance for the Dutch in several ways. It is one of the national symbols of Netherlands, which was in turn adopted from the current ruling dynasty. This nickname is also a reference to something totally unrelated to sports. What is the nickname? 6*
  14.  Clockwork Orange
  15. Where is this plaque by ASM International located? Use the other 2 visuals, which show the street signs at the place, as clues. 7
  16.  Ytterby
  17. In Déjà Q, the 61st episode of Star Trek: The Next Generation, the crew of the Starship Enterprise attempt to prevent a moon from falling from its orbit and crashing into a planet. Complications arise when Q, their foe, who has been stripped of all his powers and turned into a human on his request, appear on the ship. His explanation of the situation has led to one of the most popular memes on the internet. What? 8
  18.  Facepalm
  19. Mansa Musa was the ruler of the Malian empire in the early 14th century. He is considered the wealthiest ruler of his time and is mostly remembered for his extravagant hajj to Mecca in 1324. What devastating impact did his trip have according to the Arab historian al-Umari? 9
  20.  Destroyed the local economies  He gave out so much gold that they depressed its value in Egypt and caused its value to fall.
  21. What does this list constitute? 1. Uncut hair 2. Wooden comb 3. Metal bracelet 4. Specific style of cotton underwear 5. Ceremonial sword or dagger 10
  22.  The five Ks of Sikhism (Kakars)  Kesh, Kanga, Kara, Kachera and Kirpan
  23. In linguistics, a __________ or loan translation is a word or phrase borrowed from another language by literal, word-for- word or root-for-root translation. Some examples of a __________ would be „Flea market‟ from the French “marché aux puces” (“market of fleas”) and „Free Verse‟ from Latin „Vers Libre‟. Name the linguistic phenomenon. 11
  24.  Calque
  25. Why is this street in London a popular photo spot? 12*
  26.  Cover art of Abbey Road by The Beatles
  27. X was named by his father after English football team ________. When X told English cricketer Jim Laker this, Laker reportedly replied “It was a good thing your father wasn‟t a Y fan.” The player X and the team Y? 13
  28.  X - Everton Weekes  Y - West Bromwich Albion
  29. The ________ ___ __________ is an organisation which was established by 1844 by Joseph Smith, Jr, to symbolize and represent a future theocratic or theodemocratic “Kingdom of God” on the earth. Smith and his successor Brigham Young hoped to create this Kingdom in preparation for the Millennium and the Second Coming of Jesus. According to X teachings, while Jesus himself would be king of this new world government, its structure was in fact to be quasi-republican and multi-denominational; therefore, the early ________ ___ __________ included both Xs and non-Xs. Regular meetings of the ___________ ____ _____________ ended in 1884 and was technically extinguished in 1945 when its last member Heber J Grant died. 14
  30.  Council of Fifty  X - Mormon
  31. Something which is permissible with 1 is not so with 2. What title does this result in? 15*
  32.  To Kill a Mockingbird  “Shoot all the blue jays you want, if you can hit 'em, but remember it's a sin to kill a mockingbird”
  33. José Carlos Mariátegui was a Peruvian politician and philosopher, who founded one of the earliest communist parties in Peru in 1928. His most famous work, Seven Interpretative Essays on Peruvian Reality, examines Peru‟s social and economic situation from a Marxist perspective. One of his most famous maxims is “Marxism-Leninism will open the _______ ____ to revolution.” Complete the blanks. 16
  34.  Sendero Luminoso (Shining Path)
  35. In 1347, during the Hundred Years War between England and France, England‟s Edward III laid siege to the French city of X. Even after nearly a year of siege, the French forces failed to lift the siege and starvation forced the city to parley for surrender. Historian Jean Froissart (1333-1410), describes that King Edward demanded that six important citizens of the city to appear bareheaded, only dressed with a shirt, with a rope around their necks and the keys for the town in their hands, ostensibly to be beheaded. However, Queen Philippa of England persuaded Edward to spare their lives. How has this incident been immortalised? 17*
  36.  Burghers of Calais by Rodin
  37. Araneta Center is a commercial area in Quezon City, Philippines and is the home to one of the oldest shopping malls in the country built in 1976. Their website claims that it “was the very first truly modern shopping mall in the Philippines”. The mall is named after someone who achieved worldwide fame a few blocks from the place a few months before its construction. Who? 18
  38.  Muhammad Ali
  39. The story about the origin of this temple goes thus : Adi Shankara meditated at Kodachadri hills and Devi incarnated before him asking for his wish. He revealed his wish to install the Devi idol in a place in Kerala to worship where he wanted. Devi agreed but put forward a challenge that she will follow Shankara and he should not look back till he reaches his destination. But to test Shankara, Devi deliberately stopped the voice of her anklets when they reached X whereupon Shankara turned and looked back because of doubt. Devi then asked Shankara to install her vigraha, just as he sees her, at that very location in X. Which famous South Indian temple? 19
  40.  Kollur Mookambika temple
  41. There are two theories on the origin of ________ , two of which denote an ancient Greek dish. The main theory is that _______ comes from Greek λάγανον (laganon), a flat sheet of pasta dough cut into strips. The other theory is that the word ___________ comes from the Greek λάσανον (lasanon) meaning "trivet or stand for a pot","chamber pot". The Italians used the word to refer to the dish in which _________ is made. Later the name of the food took on the name of the serving dish. What dish? 20
  42.  Lasagna
  43. What did this strip of the Japanese sci-fi manga / anime series Gantz contribute to popular culture? 21
  44.  Y U No Guy
  45. “They Saved _______‟s Cock” by Angry Samoans  “Even ________ Had a Girlfriend” by Mr. T Experience  “____________ as Kalki” by Current 93  “_________ Was a Vegetarian” by The Residents  “Springtime for __________” from the film and play The Producers by Mel Brooks  “Even ____________ Had a Mother” written by Herbert Farjeon and John Pritchett, performed by Chas & Dave  “__________”, by Eek-a-Mouse  “Pictures of __________” by Bill Fay  “__________‟s Still Alive” by The Tokens  “___________‟s Favourite Song (Please Don't Tread On My Cheeseburger)” by Pig With The Face Of A Boy One name fills all. Who? 22
  46.  Hitler
  47. He is the current 100 metre World Champion. He holds the national junior record for the 100 metres, and tied Seun Ogunkoya as the youngest sprinter to have broken the 10- second barrier. On September 16, 2011 in Brussels, Belgium, he won in a time of 19.26 seconds, the second fastest 200 m ever. Identify this Jamaican sprinter. 23
  48.  Yohan Blake
  49. The Diversity Immigrant Visa program is a United States congressionally mandated immigration program for receiving a United States Permanent Resident Card. It is held annually by the Department of State and conducted under the terms of Section 203(c) of the Immigration and Nationality Act. The Act makes available 50,000 permanent resident visas annually to natives of countries deemed to have low rates of immigration to the United States. By what alternative name is it known? 24
  50.  Green Card Lottery
  51. XYs are phenomena said to arise when a number of Xs become intertwined at their tails, which become stuck together with blood, dirt, ice, excrement or simply knotted. The animals reputedly grow together while joined at the tails. The phenomenon is particularly associated with Germany, where the majority of instances have been reported. Historically, there are various superstitions surrounding XYs and they were often seen as an extremely bad omen, particularly associated with plagues. No part-points. XY. 25*
  52.  Rat King (or King Rat)
  53. When asked when he first acknowledged his sexuality, X quipped: “I suppose it all began when I came out of the womb. I looked back up at my mother and thought to myself, „That's the last time I‟m going up one of those.‟” Who? 26
  54.  Stephen Fry
  55. Whose ad? 27
  56.  Pears
  57. Connect the town marked in red in the map of the Shropshire county in UK on the left and the hospital in Buckinghamshire on the right. 28
  58.  Wenlock and Mandeville, London 2012 mascots
  59. The ___ ________ ______ when the palm is facing toward the person giving the sign, has long been an insulting gesture in England and later in the rest of the United Kingdom. It is frequently used to signify defiance to authority, contempt, or derision. According to an urban legend, it has its origins in the Battle of Agincourt (1415) during the Hundred Years' War and derives from a gesture made by English and Welsh longbowmen. According to the story, the French were in the habit of cutting off the arrow-shooting fingers of captured longbowmen, and the gesture was a sign of defiance on the part of the bowmen, showing the enemy that they still had their fingers. Fill in. 29
  60.  The two-fingered salute
  61. The song “Thanannam thannanam” from Balu Mahendra‟s Yathra (1985) is largely inspired from a song from a 1959 Broadway musical. The story goes that the director requested the music director to use the tune of this particular song and Ilayaraja complied with the request. Id the song and the musical. 30
  62.  My Favorite Things  The Sound of Music
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