What is planning.
Which parts of given course content
need to be emphasized more
What teaching method need to be
used to achieve the desired outcome.
How should instructions be planned
to achieve the objective in a specified
WHAT TO PLAN- (THE CONTENT)
In the process of planning
the teacher arranges the
content out line or subject
matter under series of
headings, topics and sub-
SUBJECT MATTER FOR TEACHING.
Don’t leave any portion from
the text book
Let the children may have a
You are suppose to probe
METHODS TO BE USED DURING
How to present your content.
The teaching is 4 what.
THE TEACHER IS THE ONE WHO HELPS TO
OPEN THE EYES
Teaching is to bring a desired change in the
behavior of student.
So here the method to be adopted is an important
PLANNING AND LEVELS OF
Who is the best teacher in the world.
One who teaches
One who love students
One who punishes students
or the person who does all the above.
WHAT KIND OF A TEACHER YOU
Teacher of high standard
Or one who can go to any
realm .of the above
THREE LEVELS OF TEACHINGS ARE THERE.
Fro passing an information to
students the teacher may
decide that students should
memories and retain the
factual material. This kind of
learning is called memory
level of learning.
Here the student assimilate the
content and apply the knowledge
in different situations.
The learner is given an
opportunity to practice the
learnt content on his/ her own
Ask first what the learner
Then step by step easy to
Concepts and sub-concepts
should be taught.
PLAN ACCORDING TO THE STUDENTS NEED
It also depends upon the capacity of
the teacher in using a suitable
situation for assessing students
needs and interests
His or her ability to provide
examples and explanations which
result in meaningful learning
experience for the students.
Knowledge does not respect any
But time calls one to be in a boundary
Organize the content.
That means breaking the content into
its constituent parts.
A sequential division of main topic
Selecting suitable presentation Mode.
What all teaching modes you
have administered in your
carrier of teaching ?
YOU SHOULD SEEK
What is the best way to go about
teaching each topic?
What method should be
What question should be asked?
Teacher should be able to
understand the characteristics of the
Social and economic backgrounds
Teachers teaching style.
Some teachers may be able to
handle 100 together but some not.
Choice of teaching method.
Lecturing can convey
information's and debate can
encourage the sharing of ideas or
According to the diverse needs
interests and aspiration of the
student teacher should cater.
THE TEACHING METHOD CAN BE
All the methods should foster the
natural capacities of the student.
The methods are best suited in
shaping raw human talent into
definite assets and abilities.
THE BOOKS FOR FURTHER HELP
Taba hilda. Curriculum
development theory and
John wiles the
essentials of teaching.
ANOTHER DIMENSION OF PLANNING
Boozing defines, an organized
statement of general and
specific goal together with
the specific means by which
these goals are to be attained
by the learner under the
guidance of a teacher on a
1. the effective organization of the
subject matter and activities in the
2.realization of the goals and
objectives in the preparation of the
subject matter, procedures and
activities and the preparation of the
test to evaluate the progress.
3. development of insights,
interest, special activities and
desirable habit among the
4. Co- ordination in teaching
5. increase in teacher
confidence and competence.
NEED FOR PLANNING
1.planning keeps both the teacher and
student on the right path
2. planning makes the teaching activity
3. it is a yardstick to measure success or
4.planning is a time saving device
5. it is helpful to the teacher to illustrate
teaching material effectively
6. it help the teacher to avoid unnecessary
PRINCIPLES OF PLANNING
1.planning should be flexible
2. the teacher should have
proper content knowledge
3.teacher should have sufficient
training on the method and
teaching of the subject.
4.planning should be done
5. teacher should provide
opportunity to the
student for the practical
use of their knowledge.
Year plan is a plan for an
Planning first starts at national
level then state level before the
starting of an academic year.
School will make a year plan
All the teachers will make a year
Planning will give a design of the work to
be executed during the year as whole.
In it the total material is divided into
units and units into daily lessons
Year plan suggests what to do with the
subject within the time limit. Here
various units, content should be taught,
number of periods required to finish the
It suggests the method of
teaching, provides the details
of the aids and equipments,
their source etc.,
Examination days, holidays
are also prepared.
ADVANTAGES OF YEAR PLAN
1. it gives an idea on the syllabus to
be covered in the whole year.
2.the year plan helps for better
3. it enable us to check the proper
coverage of the portion within the
4. promote professional co-operation
and mutual exchange of ideas.
A unit plan is a mutually related
content or it is a large segment of
subject matter having a common
fabric of knowledge.
In a unit there will be sub- units
A unit is in fact a compound of lesson
and moderates mixture of lessons
that it is just long cut-out of the total
It is the meaningful whole taken
from the curriculum which can be
effectively dealt with the realization
of a set of anticipated objectives
The unit plan includes
-the importance of the unit
-general information such as subjects
FORMAT OF A UNIT PLAN
Name of the
Name of the
Time for each
THE CONTENT IN A UNIT PLAN.
I. Is content analysis
5. Instructional objectives
STEPS IN PLANNING A UNIT
The following are the main steps
in preparation of a unit plan.
1. content analysis
It is the analysis of the subject
matter in the unit. It is advised
to split the subject matter in a
unit into sub-units or topics.
Content analysis is done by the teacher
fro the following purpose.
1 .to determine the scope of the unit
2.To know the number of teaching lessons
in that unit
3. to develop mastery over the subject
4. to know the recent trend in that
5. to plan for teaching and testing.
VARIOUS ASPECTS INCLUDED IN CONTENT
A term is a new definable
word having specific meaning
to the pupil
For eg. Norms of
It is an event or a
phenomena that has
occurred and being
recorded with out
disagreement among the
ADVANTAGE OF UNIT PLAN
1. the unit plan makes school work
2. unit plan provides for individual
difference directed study and remedial
3.Aims are clear and well defined
4. it should provide activities for the
5. it should cater the needs, interests, and
capabilities of the student.
A proper planning of the lesson is
the key to effective teaching. This
planning will give an idea that how
to teach in the class room.
How to correlates the concepts in
real life situation.
According to the L.V. Stand lesson
plan is a plan of action implemented
by the teacher in the class room.
VALUES AND IMPORTANCE OF LESSON
1. achievement of definite goals
2. prevention of wastage
3.self confidence of the task of
4. effectiveness in the learning
5. evaluation is possible
AIMS OF THE LESSON PLAN
1. the knowledge that the
student have acquired
2. the direction towards which
the students have to be carried
3. systematic knowledge of the
subject to the student is possible.
FUNCTIONS OF LESSON PLAN
1. it limit with the field of work of the
teacher and also students and provide a
definite objects for each day work
2. since the goal is fixed so teacher gets a
sprit to achieve the goal
3. it prevent the teacher going out of the
4. it helps the teacher to organize and
systematize the learning process.
5. avoids unnecessary repetition.