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AP Euro CH 21 Rise of Napoleon

Examine the rise of Napoleon and how his rule was affected by and affected nationalism. What was the significance of Napoleon's rule?

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AP Euro CH 21 Rise of Napoleon

  1. 1. Chapter 21: The Age of Napoleon<br />AP European History<br />Magister Ricard<br />
  2. 2. Questions to Consider<br />How did the concept of the nation and nationalism affect Napoleon?<br />How did Napoleon rise to power? <br />What is the significance of Napoleon’s rule?<br />
  3. 3. The Rise of the Nation-State<br />Chapter 21<br />
  4. 4. Nations and Nationalism<br />The American and French revolutions helped to establish the modern concept of the “nation”<br />A group of people bound together by a common political identity<br />Nationalism provides the idea that nations are different from one another<br />18th century revolutions also show political identity is separated from loyalty to a king<br />
  5. 5. The Age of Napoleon<br />Chapter 21<br />
  6. 6. The Rise of Napoleon<br />What is so important about Napoleon?<br />Plays a pivotal role in creating a new political order<br />Helps establish a modern world of nation-states<br />Inspired French nationalism while he was alive and long after he had died<br />
  7. 7. The Rise of Napoleon<br />Grew up in Corsica<br />Due to revolution, was able to obtain higher rank in military<br />Previously only French nobility could hold high positions<br />1797: Napoleon defeats Austrian armies in Italy<br />Gains access to Red Sea in Egypt<br />1799: Overthrows the Directory <br />Names himself consul in coup d’etat<br />
  8. 8. The Rise of Napoleon<br />1801: France defeats Austria<br />Signs Treaty of Luneville<br />1802: France signs Treaty of Amiens with Britain<br />Napoleon is named consul for life<br />1804: Returns France to monarchy<br />Crowns himself emperor – Napoleon I<br />
  9. 9. Napoleon’s Rule<br />Military victories made him popular<br />Stabilized the country by rolling back radical measures of Reign of Terror (Jacobins)<br />Made religious compromise, recognized preferred religion of Catholicism<br />Pays clergy as employees of the state<br />Centralizes control; reduces National Assembly<br />Creates Napoleonic Code<br />Religious freedom, equal rights for men (but not women)<br />
  10. 10. Napoleon’s Rule<br />By 1810 was at war with all major European powers<br />Everywhere he conquered he tried to destroy old orders<br />Decreed equal opportunity and religious toleration<br />In 1812 invades Russia but gets too far from supply lines<br />Russian winter kills off most of his forces<br />Spanish rebels take advantage of his absence<br />
  11. 11. Napoleon’s Rule<br />Attempted to destroy England through trade<br />Continental System – forbade England to trade with France and its dependencies<br />British retaliate, take Paris in 1814 and defeat him at Waterloo in 1815<br />Banished first to Elba, escapes<br />Banished to St. Helena<br />
  12. 12. Napoleon’s Legacy<br />As Grand Army conquered, the conquered were in awe <br />Stirred a sense of disgust of French yoke, but also aroused patriotism in opposition to French<br />Congress of Vienna established recognition of the Netherlands, German Confederation, and Switzerland<br />France lost most of its territories<br />Used “encirclement of France” to keep in check<br />Restored French monarchy <br />
  13. 13. Napoleon’s Legacy<br />Nationalism sparked by revolution served Napoleon’s ambitions well<br />Raised Grand Army, lots of recruits<br />Also stirred opposition in conquered lands<br />Sparked independence movements in Latin America (against Spain, Portugal)<br />
  14. 14. Questions to Consider<br />How did the concept of the nation and nationalism affect Napoleon?<br />How did Napoleon rise to power? <br />What is the significance of Napoleon’s rule?<br />