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深入浅出云计算
之IaaS
--适兕 2015.11.11
议程
谈谈⽅法
阐述历史
业界优秀产品体验
关键组件/概念诠释
虚拟化、虚拟化管理⼯具、IaaS平台释疑
能⼲什么?有何好处?
业界标杆的平台介绍
欢
迎
随
时
互
动
!
谈谈⽅法
–-《复仇者联盟2:奥创纪元》中美国队长如是说
“The World is a big place,start it
making smaller.”
讲解的两个视野
由外⽽内
由理论⽽实践
切忌!
定位好自⼰的角⾊
⼀些直觉上的认识
–Vivek Kundra,former federal CIO,U.S. government
“There are a time when every
household,town,farm,or village had
its own w...
By Krishnan Subramanian 2010
Electrical power generation and
delivery through electrical grid are
similar to the cloud pro...
–《the prehistory of Cloud》
“Stop thinking about ‘the cloud’ as a
noun and to begin to us ‘clouding’
as a verb,Now everythi...
–《Cloud system administration》
“Cloud Computing is Market term.
not technology.”
企业、学术界的各种定义
–AWS
“Cloud computing is the on-demand
delivery of IT resources and
applications via the Internet with
pay-as-you-go prici...
NIST 定义
On-demand self-service.
Broad network access.
Resource pooling
Rapid elasticity.
Measured service.
pdf
–Buyya et al.
““Cloud is a parallel and
distributed computing system consisting of a collection of
inter-connected
and vir...
–Vaquero et al.
“clouds are a large pool of easily usable and
accessible virtualized resources (such as hardware, developm...
– McKinsey and Co. report
““Clouds are hardware based
services offering compute, network,
and storage capacity where:
Hard...
–University of California Berkeley
““(1) the illusion of infinite
computing
resources; (2) the elimination of an
up-front ...
总结⼀下
按需付费
可伸缩
⽆限的资源
自助服务
资源是抽象的或虚拟化的
虚拟化
SOA,Web2.0,web服务
运维自动化
分布式系统
API可编程
轻松访问的⽹络
用户视野 内部视野
简短的历史阐述
–Thought of Cloud
A Brief History of Cloud
第⼀次出现
1996年末,⽹景浏览器如日中天
在Compaq的⼀间小办公室里,⼀个技术小组
首先提到了⼀个名词:
Cloud Computing
–Eric Schmidt 2006
“We call it cloud computing – they
should be in a "cloud" somewhere.”
–aws on wikipedia
“Amazon EC2 was built by a team in
Cape Town, South Africa, under
Pinkham and lead developer Chris
Brown...
–“cloud computing” on wikipedia
“In July 2010, Rackspace Hosting
and NASA jointly launched an open-
source cloud-software ...
对于未来的两个观点
过去差不多每家⼯厂都会
自个发电,现在都使用国
家电⽹了。
之所以租房⼦住,是因为
没有⾜够的经济能⼒,⼀
旦有了这个,谁不愿意拥
有自⼰的房产?
-–业界顶级云计算产品的认识
AWS Demo
图片来源:Gartner
关键组件、概念
冯诺伊曼架构
图灵
香农
Hypervisor
Xen and the Art of Virtualization
KVM
VMwareESXi
Hyper-V
VirtualBox
容器及集群管理
Docker、LXC、rkt
Mesos、Kubernetes、Swarm
SDN/NFV/SR-IOV
OpenFlow,控制与数据分离
Network-as-a-Service
如何提⾼性能
编程接⼝和数据交换格式
RESTFUL API
JSON/YAML data format
Object Storage
以对象来管理数据,就像是⽂件系统中的⽂件、
块存储中的扇区。
数据本身、元数据、全局唯⼀标识
Block volume
分布式系统设计
自动化/DevOps
虚拟化、虚拟化管理⼯具、
IaaS平台之间的区别
服务模式与负载
statefull VMs:
SLA = SLA
SLA
scale up: add
vCPU,vRAM
Stateless VMs:
SLA VM
scale out:
VMs
/
cloud
服务模式与负载
能⼲什么?有何好处?
What can IaaS
cloud computing do
回到⽔、电的比喻
⼀种资源
⼏乎所有的事情
适用场景
启用了数字业务
敏捷IT项目
传统的IT数据中⼼替代
批处理计算
好处
好处案例1
创业公司
好处案例2
经典的华盛顿邮报图片处理
好处案例3
小米的海外扩张
内容提供、App Store
好处案例4
⼤型电商双11之后的资源去
向
开源的IaaS平台有哪些?
CloudStack Web	Service	(AWS)
IaaS
CloudStack cloud.com VMOps
Cloud.com 2011
2012 4 Apache
cloudstack.apache.org
Citrix,	Cl...
Eucalyptus AWS
Eucalyptus
2009 1 2014
www.eucalyptus.com
HP
HP
GPLv3
Java(54%)
1,542,831
AppDynamics,	 MemSQL,	Mosaik Solu...
OpenNebula
OpenNebula 2005 gnacio M.Llorente Rubén	S.	
Montero	 2008
www.opennebula.org
OpenNebula Systems	( C12G	Labs)
Cl...
OpenStack
2010 5 NASA RackSpace OpenStack
www.openstack.org
Cisco,	HP,	IBM,	Mirantis,	NEC,	Rackspace,	Red	Hat,	SUSE
Aptira...
图书推荐⼀
图书推荐⼆
图书推荐三
图书推荐四
–-开放云精选
“Thanks for your Listening!”
如何联系我们?
新浪微博:@开放云精选
社区:http://www.ocselected.org
邮件:lijiansheng@ocselected.org
更多:http://www.ocselected.org/wiki/
如何参与
参考资料
cloud computing on wikipedia
Evolution of as-a-Service Era in
Cloud(PDF)
Above the Clouds: A Berkeley View
of Cloud C...
深入浅出云计算之IaaS
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深入浅出云计算之IaaS

一次培训用到的Slide,以外部和内部两个视野来学习何为IaaS。外部着重于感性的认识、内部则侧重于IaaS或云计算平台的关键技术。

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深入浅出云计算之IaaS

  1. 1. 深入浅出云计算 之IaaS --适兕 2015.11.11
  2. 2. 议程 谈谈⽅法 阐述历史 业界优秀产品体验 关键组件/概念诠释 虚拟化、虚拟化管理⼯具、IaaS平台释疑 能⼲什么?有何好处? 业界标杆的平台介绍 欢 迎 随 时 互 动 !
  3. 3. 谈谈⽅法
  4. 4. –-《复仇者联盟2:奥创纪元》中美国队长如是说 “The World is a big place,start it making smaller.”
  5. 5. 讲解的两个视野 由外⽽内 由理论⽽实践
  6. 6. 切忌!
  7. 7. 定位好自⼰的角⾊
  8. 8. ⼀些直觉上的认识
  9. 9. –Vivek Kundra,former federal CIO,U.S. government “There are a time when every household,town,farm,or village had its own water well.Today,Shared public utilities give us access to clean water by simply turning on the tap;Cloud computing works in a similar fashion.”
  10. 10. By Krishnan Subramanian 2010 Electrical power generation and delivery through electrical grid are similar to the cloud provider taking care of compute power and delivering through internet. Pay as you go pricing model. Enormous cost savings that accompanies large scale centralized power/compute generation and delivery.
  11. 11. –《the prehistory of Cloud》 “Stop thinking about ‘the cloud’ as a noun and to begin to us ‘clouding’ as a verb,Now everything can be clouded.Airbnb are modern versions of housing clouds delivering housing as a service,and similarly,Zipcar and Uber are car cloud.”
  12. 12. –《Cloud system administration》 “Cloud Computing is Market term. not technology.”
  13. 13. 企业、学术界的各种定义
  14. 14. –AWS “Cloud computing is the on-demand delivery of IT resources and applications via the Internet with pay-as-you-go pricing. Cloud computing provides a simple way to access servers, storage, databases, and a broad set of application services over the Internet.”
  15. 15. NIST 定义 On-demand self-service. Broad network access. Resource pooling Rapid elasticity. Measured service. pdf
  16. 16. –Buyya et al. ““Cloud is a parallel and distributed computing system consisting of a collection of inter-connected and virtualised computers that are dynamically provisioned and presented as one or more unified computing resources based on service-level agreements (SLA) established through negotiation between the service provider and consumers.”
  17. 17. –Vaquero et al. “clouds are a large pool of easily usable and accessible virtualized resources (such as hardware, development platforms and/or services). These resources can be dynamically reconfigured to adjust to a variable load (scale), allowing also for an optimum resource utilization. This pool of resources is typically exploited by a pay-per-use model in which guarantees are offered by the Infrastructure Provider by means of customized Service Level Agreements.”
  18. 18. – McKinsey and Co. report ““Clouds are hardware based services offering compute, network, and storage capacity where: Hardware management is highly abstracted from the buyer, buyers incur infrastructure costs as variable OPEX, and infrastructure capacity is highly elastic.”
  19. 19. –University of California Berkeley ““(1) the illusion of infinite computing resources; (2) the elimination of an up-front commitment by cloud users; and (3) the ability to pay for use ... as needed ...”
  20. 20. 总结⼀下 按需付费 可伸缩 ⽆限的资源 自助服务 资源是抽象的或虚拟化的 虚拟化 SOA,Web2.0,web服务 运维自动化 分布式系统 API可编程 轻松访问的⽹络 用户视野 内部视野
  21. 21. 简短的历史阐述
  22. 22. –Thought of Cloud A Brief History of Cloud
  23. 23. 第⼀次出现 1996年末,⽹景浏览器如日中天 在Compaq的⼀间小办公室里,⼀个技术小组 首先提到了⼀个名词: Cloud Computing
  24. 24. –Eric Schmidt 2006 “We call it cloud computing – they should be in a "cloud" somewhere.”
  25. 25. –aws on wikipedia “Amazon EC2 was built by a team in Cape Town, South Africa, under Pinkham and lead developer Chris Brown.”
  26. 26. –“cloud computing” on wikipedia “In July 2010, Rackspace Hosting and NASA jointly launched an open- source cloud-software initiative known as OpenStack. ”
  27. 27. 对于未来的两个观点 过去差不多每家⼯厂都会 自个发电,现在都使用国 家电⽹了。 之所以租房⼦住,是因为 没有⾜够的经济能⼒,⼀ 旦有了这个,谁不愿意拥 有自⼰的房产?
  28. 28. -–业界顶级云计算产品的认识 AWS Demo
  29. 29. 图片来源:Gartner
  30. 30. 关键组件、概念
  31. 31. 冯诺伊曼架构 图灵 香农
  32. 32. Hypervisor Xen and the Art of Virtualization KVM VMwareESXi Hyper-V VirtualBox
  33. 33. 容器及集群管理 Docker、LXC、rkt Mesos、Kubernetes、Swarm
  34. 34. SDN/NFV/SR-IOV OpenFlow,控制与数据分离 Network-as-a-Service 如何提⾼性能
  35. 35. 编程接⼝和数据交换格式 RESTFUL API JSON/YAML data format
  36. 36. Object Storage 以对象来管理数据,就像是⽂件系统中的⽂件、 块存储中的扇区。 数据本身、元数据、全局唯⼀标识
  37. 37. Block volume
  38. 38. 分布式系统设计
  39. 39. 自动化/DevOps
  40. 40. 虚拟化、虚拟化管理⼯具、 IaaS平台之间的区别
  41. 41. 服务模式与负载 statefull VMs: SLA = SLA SLA scale up: add vCPU,vRAM Stateless VMs: SLA VM scale out: VMs / cloud
  42. 42. 服务模式与负载
  43. 43. 能⼲什么?有何好处?
  44. 44. What can IaaS cloud computing do 回到⽔、电的比喻 ⼀种资源 ⼏乎所有的事情
  45. 45. 适用场景 启用了数字业务 敏捷IT项目 传统的IT数据中⼼替代 批处理计算
  46. 46. 好处
  47. 47. 好处案例1 创业公司
  48. 48. 好处案例2 经典的华盛顿邮报图片处理
  49. 49. 好处案例3 小米的海外扩张 内容提供、App Store
  50. 50. 好处案例4 ⼤型电商双11之后的资源去 向
  51. 51. 开源的IaaS平台有哪些?
  52. 52. CloudStack Web Service (AWS) IaaS CloudStack cloud.com VMOps Cloud.com 2011 2012 4 Apache cloudstack.apache.org Citrix, Clogeny, Cloudera, McAfee (Intel), Schuberg Philis, ShapeBlue, Solidfire Apache2.0 Java(75%) 1,577,071 Alcatel Lucent, British Telecommunications, CenturyLink, Datapipe, Edmunds.com, Fujitsu, IBM (Softlayer), Nokia, NTT, Orange, TATA Communications,TomTom, Verizon, WebMD, Zynga
  53. 53. Eucalyptus AWS Eucalyptus 2009 1 2014 www.eucalyptus.com HP HP GPLv3 Java(54%) 1,542,831 AppDynamics, MemSQL, Mosaik Solutions, NASA, Nokia
  54. 54. OpenNebula OpenNebula 2005 gnacio M.Llorente Rubén S. Montero 2008 www.opennebula.org OpenNebula Systems ( C12G Labs) ClassCat, Inovex, Netways, OpenNebula Systems, Terradue Apache 2.0 C++ (32%), Ruby (26%), Javascript (20%) 268,262 Akamai, BBC, Blackberry, CentOS, , Deutsche Post ESA, Produban - Santander Bank
  55. 55. OpenStack 2010 5 NASA RackSpace OpenStack www.openstack.org Cisco, HP, IBM, Mirantis, NEC, Rackspace, Red Hat, SUSE Aptira, Canonical, Cisco, CloudScaling, EasyStack, eNovance, HP, IBM,Metacloud, Mirantis, Oracle, Piston, Rackspace, Red Hat, SUSE, SwiftStack Apache 2.0 Python(71%) 2,334,355 Bluehost, Canonical, CERN, Cisco, GoDaddy, HP, HubSpot, IBM, Intel, PayPal, SUSE, Wells Fargo
  56. 56. 图书推荐⼀
  57. 57. 图书推荐⼆
  58. 58. 图书推荐三
  59. 59. 图书推荐四
  60. 60. –-开放云精选 “Thanks for your Listening!”
  61. 61. 如何联系我们? 新浪微博:@开放云精选 社区:http://www.ocselected.org 邮件:lijiansheng@ocselected.org 更多:http://www.ocselected.org/wiki/ 如何参与
  62. 62. 参考资料 cloud computing on wikipedia Evolution of as-a-Service Era in Cloud(PDF) Above the Clouds: A Berkeley View of Cloud Computing (PDF) 云计算介绍(pdf)

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