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SEMINAR ON THE HOLY SACRAMENT OF MATRIMONY St. Peregrine Laziosi Parish Tunasan, Muntinlupa CityPrepared by:Leonard Guiang, OSM09274057537 / email@example.com
Outline of discussionsI. Sacrament of Marriage a. What are the common concepts of marriage either in Church or civil aspect? b. What is marriage? c. Biblical foundation d. The Sacrament e. Nature of marriage f. Sincere consent g. Matter of marriage and the ministers h. Purpose of marriage i. Properties of marriage j. Effects of marriage
Outline of discussionsII. Canon Law: Marriage nullity grounds a. Legal Capacity to Marry b. Integrality of Matrimonial consentIII. Rite of the Sacrament of MatrimonyIV. Family Planning a. What Is Natural Family Planning? b. What are the benefits of using NFP? c. What are the requirements in Family planning? d. What is the meaning of Marital Intercourse? e. Kinds of Natural Family Planning methods f. Four aspects of Responsible Parenthood g. Contraception and the side effects
1. What are the common concepts ofmarriage either in Church or civil aspect?• Union between man and woman• Entered in accordance with law (formality)• For conjugal and family life• Contract of permanent union of two opposite sex• For paper / document for future use• Paglalagay ng sarili sa tahimik (?)
2. What is the sacrament of matrimony?• Matrimony, is a "covenant by which a man and a woman establish between themselves a partnership of the whole of life and which is ordered by its nature to the good of the spouses and the procreation and education of offspring.• What is covenant?• from L. convenire "come together" – Applied in Scripture to Gods arrangements with man. – as a translation of L. testamentum, Gk. diatheke, both rendering Heb. berith (though testament is also used for the same word in different places).
3. Biblical foundations• Genesis 2:22 – 24The LORD God then built up into a woman the rib that he had taken from the man. When he brought her to the man, the man said: "This one, at last, is bone of my bones and flesh of my flesh; this one shall be called woman, for out of her man this one has been taken." That is why a man leaves his father and mother and clings to his wife, and the two of them become one body.
• Ephesians 5:21-30Be subordinate to one another out of reverence for Christ. Wives should be subordinate to their husbands as to the Lord. For the husband is head of his wife just as Christ is head of the church, he himself the savior of the body. As the church is subordinate to Christ, so wives should be subordinate to their husbands in everything.Husbands, love your wives, even as Christ loved the church and handed himself over for her to sanctify her, cleansing her by the bath of water with the word, that he might present to himself the church in splendor, without spot or wrinkle or any such thing, that she might be holy and without blemish.
• So (also) husbands should love their wives as their own bodies. He who loves his wife loves himself. For no one hates his own flesh but rather nourishes and cherishes it, even as Christ does the church, because we are members of his body. "For this reason a man shall leave (his) father and (his) mother and be joined to his wife, and the two shall become one flesh." This is a great mystery, but I speak in reference to Christ and the church. In any case, each one of you should love his wife as himself, and the wife should respect her husband.
–1 Peter 3:1-8• Likewise, you wives should be subordinate to your husband’s so that, even if some disobey the word, they may be won over without a word by their wives conduct when they observe your reverent and chaste behavior. …. Likewise, you husbands should live with your wives in understanding, showing honor (support) to the weaker female sex, since we are joint heirs of the gift of life (children), so that your prayers may not be hindered. Finally, all of you be of one mind, sympathetic, loving toward one another, compassionate, humble.
–1 Corinthians 11:1-12• … I want you to know that Christ is the head of every man, and a husband the head of his wife, and God the head of Christ. … A man, on the other hand, should not cover his head, because he is the image and glory of God, but woman is the glory of man. For man did not come from woman, but woman from man; nor was man created for woman, but woman for man; for this reason a woman should have a sign of authority on her head, because of the angels. Woman is not independent of man or man of woman in the Lord. For just as woman came from man, so man is born of woman; but all things are from God.
–Colossians 3:18-21• Wives, be subordinate to your husbands, as is proper in the Lord.• Husbands, love your wives, and avoid any bitterness toward them.• Children, obey your parents in everything, for this is pleasing to the Lord.• Fathers, do not provoke your children, so they may not become discouraged.
–Hebrews 13: 4• Let marriage be honored among all and the marriage bed be kept undefiled,for God will judge the immoral and adulterers.
Matthew 19:3 -12; Mark 10:2-12Some Pharisees approached him, and tested him, saying, "Is it lawful for a man to divorce his wife for any cause whatever?" He said in reply, "Have you not read that from the beginning the Creator made them male and female and said, For this reason a man shall leave his father and mother and be joined to his wife, and the two shall become one flesh So they are no longer two, but one flesh. Therefore, what God has joined together, no human being must separate."
4. Sacrament• Sacrament – is an efficacious sign instituted by Christ that gives grace• Call to holiness• Instituted by Christ (cf. Mt.19)• Symbolizes Christ and the Church (cf. Eph. 5:21-30)• gives grace-relationship with God and the spouses
5. Nature of marriage• Union – spouses’ copulation• Conjugal – properties• Man and woman - gender• Two qualified person – canonical and civil process• Living together for life – Divine blessing for the faithfulness to God and to each other’s vows. (no divorced)
6. Sincere consent of the spouses – (form) important to makes it valid and it must be integral7. Matter of marriage and the ministers• Spouses mutual donation or self-giving8. Purpose of marriage• For the good of the spouses – mutual affection• Procreation and upbringing of children – generosity and openness to God
9. Properties of marriage• Unity – monogamy• Indissolubility – Divine institution,10. Effects of marriage• Perpetual and exclusive bond for the spouses• They would receive God’s graces - guidance
ActivityPersonality style AssessmentWhen God made you… Video
Chapter 2CANON LAW: The Marriage nullity grounds (Canons 1073-1107)
Canonical aspects 1. Legal Capacity to Marry 2. Integrality of Matrimonial consent
1. Legal Capacity to Marry• Age – 14 for woman and 16 for man – (18 years old in the Philippines)• Impotence – not sterility, as long as they can copulate.• Pre-existing bond – within Church that has valid bond that includes the civil wedding.• Disparity of cult –between catholic and non- Catholic or non-Christian• Sacred Orders – ordained ministers
• Perpetual Vow of Chastity – perpetually professed religious men and women• Abduction – if the intention is for marriage in the case of women ONLY.• Crime – direct and indirect engagement• Consanguinity – until the 4th degree in collateral line (first cousin – ask for dispensation from the bishop).
• Affinity – all direct line and the siblings of your partner in the past• Public Propriety – public scandal (de facto marriages)• Legal Relationship - legally adopted or spiritual relationships
2. Integrality of Matrimonial consent• Psychological incapacity, has no capacity in what they are entering to and how and what are their obligationsa. Lack of sufficient use of reason – insaneb. Lack of due discretion – teen pregnancy, psychological issues, traditional practicesc. Unable to assume obligations (Purpose of marriage) - homosexual (mutual affection), nymphomaniac (marital fidelity)
• Ignorance – nature, purpose, properties of marriage• Error – wrong knowledgea. Substantive error – erroneous judgment about the identity of the person (FB,YM, Pen pal)b. Attributive error – erroneous judgment about the “quality” of the person (rich but poor person in reality)
• Misconception – wrong knowledge or false judgment about matrimonial fidelity or indissolubility or sacramentality.• Proxy – absence of the other partner in the marriage rite• Simulation – doing the rite on marriage yet not the purpose or any essential of marriage.• Condition – “I will marry if ….” Unless there must be explicitly written letter in front of the bishop.
Symbols and its meaning: Bridal Procession – symbolizes the ‘transfer’ of the parents’ rights over their daughter to the groom. The groom will be the protector and defender of the bride.
The White Gown – symbolizes beauty and purity and the unstained dignity of the sacrament of matrimony.
Joining Hands – expression of marital consent. Symbolizes their mutual total donation, belonging each other as one body, heart, and purpose
Candle – symbolizes Christ. He will be the light of couples and accompany them in their marriage life. God will be their only guide towards proper direction.
Rings – symbol of affection / love and fidelity. It represents the very personas of the spouses.
Arrhae – symbolizes material resources and support. The husband gives it to his wife with two hands to indicate that it is the duty of the husband to support the wife and the future family /family.
Veil – symbolizes the spouses’ living together under one roof, dining together in one table, and sleeping together in one bed. It is placed on the head of the wife to symbolize her promise of love and service to her husband. It is placed on the shoulder of the husband to signify his love and dependability in favor to his wife.
Cord – symbolizes the confirmation of their marriage bond which is intrinsically one and indissoluble.
WHAT IS NATURAL FAMILY PLANNING?• Natural Family Planning (NFP) is an umbrella term for certain methods used to achieve and postpone pregnancies.• These methods are based on observation of the naturally occurring signs and symptoms of the fertile and infertile phases of a womans menstrual cycle.• Couples using NFP to postpone pregnancy abstain from intercourse and genital contact during the fertile phase of the womans cycle. No drugs, devices, or surgical procedures are used to postpone pregnancy.
What are the benefits of using NFP?• NFP reflects the dignity of the human person within the context of marriage and family life, promotes openness to life, and recognizes the value of the child.• By respecting the love-giving and life-giving natures of marriage, NFP can enrich the bond between husband and wife.
• In NFP both spouses are taught to understand the nature of fertility and work with it, to plan a pregnancy.• Couples who use NFP soon learn that they have a shared responsibility for family planning.• Husbands are encouraged to "tune into" their wives cycles and both spouses are encouraged to speak openly and frankly about their sexual desires and their ideas on family size.
Other benefits include:• No harmful side effects• Effectiveness for achieving, spacing, or limiting pregnancy• Can be used throughout the reproductive life cycle• Marriage enrichment and mutual understanding• Appreciation for the value of children• Fosters respect for and acceptance of the total person• Moral acceptability in accordance with the will of God
What is the meaning of Marital Intercourse?• It is a symbol of an expression of two human beings who have vowed to openness, the weakness, the mutual self-giving of covenant love in God• Marital intercourse is a natural sacrament because it is a sign of the wisdom of the design of God for human persons.• The integrity of marital intercourse and fertility acceptance are the concern of the Church. In Church teachings has highlighted the values of dialogue, reciprocal respect, shared responsibility, self-control.
What are the requirements in Family planning?1. Family planning requires decisions of conscience that must respect the law of God2. Family planning requires decisions of conscience that must respect the teaching authority of the Church in Christ Jesus which authentically interprets the divine law.
What is a Law? Categories of Law• Divine Law• Natural Law• Human Lawa. Ecclesiastical Lawb. Civil law
The Human Dignity and freedomWhat do we mean human?What is freedom?What is human dignity?Who am I?What is the meaning of life?
Reproduction and HealthWhat is stewardship and dominion?What is the meaning of fertility?What do we mean health?What is reproduction?Is depopulation a reproduction?Is pregnancy a disease? Why?
Kinds of Natural Family Planning methods• There are four basic types of natural family planning:1. Lactating method or breatfeeding2. the Basal Body Temperature (BBT) method;3. the ovulation method; a. Normal - 21 to 35 days. 14 days before ovulation b. Abnormal - Less than 21 or more than 35. c. Use every morning observation • Video presentation on how to used it.4. the Sympto-Thermal Method (STM). a. 2 degrees up when ovulation method. b. Use thermometer
Four aspects of Responsible Parenthood (from Humanae Vitae #10)1. The knowledge and respect of reproductive process which are integral parts of human person.2. The integration of the tendencies of instinct or passion or desire with our reason and freewill.3. Consideration of the physical , economic, psychological, and social conditions in relation to which couples generously decide to have several children or for serious reasons, to limit their family size.
4. A profound relationship with moral order established by God through the formation of conscience.(Two key aspects in the formation of conscience: 1. there must be absolute fundamental in understanding the dignity of the human person in his or her relationship with God and 2. as a practical moral guide in making judgments and decisions in life.)
How does the pill work?• Stops ovulation• Thins uterine lining• Thickens cervical mucus
Side-effects Breast tenderness Nausea or VomitingIncrease in headaches Abnormal bleeding High blood pressure Moodiness Weight change Spotting Dizziness Liver problem Gall bladder disease
Depo-Provera• Birth control shot given once every three months to prevent pregnancy• 99.7% effective preventing pregnancy• No daily pills to remember
How does the shot work?• The same way as the Pill• Stops ovulation• Stops menstrual cycles• Thickens cervical mucus
SIDE EFFECTS NO PERIOD after 3-6 monthsExtremely irregular menstrual bleeding spotting for 3-6 months! Weight change Breast tenderness Mood change Nausea or Vomiting Increase in headaches Abnormal bleeding High blood pressure Dizziness Liver problem Gall bladder disease
IMPLANTS• Implants are placed in the body filled with hormone that prevents pregnancy• Physically inserted in simple 15 minute outpatient procedure• Plastic capsules the size of paper matchsticks inserted under the skin in the arm• 99.95% effectiveness rate
Norplant I vs. Norplant II • Six capsules • Two capsules • Five years • Three yearsThe pill works in several ways to prevent pregnancy. Thepill suppresses ovulation so that an egg is not releasedfrom the ovaries, and changes the cervical mucus, causingit to become thicker and making it more difficult forsperm to swim into the womb. The pill also does not allowthe lining of the womb to develop enough to receive andnurture a fertilized egg. This method of birth controloffers no protection against sexually-transmitted diseases.
Emergency Contraception Emergency contraception pills can reduce thechance of a pregnancy by 75% if taken within 72 hours of “unprotected” sex!
Emergency Contraception (ECP)• Must be taken within 72 hours of the act of “unprotected intercourse” or failure of contraception method• Must receive ECP from a physician• 75 – 84% effective in reducing pregnancy• Floods the ovaries with high amount of hormone and prevents ovulation• Alters the environment of the uterus, making it disruptive to the egg and sperm• Two sets of pills taken exactly 12 hours apart
BARRIER METHODS• Spermicides• Male Condom• Female Condom• Diaphragm• Cervical Cap
BARRIER METHOD• Prevents pregnancy blocks the egg and sperm from meeting• Barrier methods have higher failure rates than hormonal methods due to design and human error
SPERMICIDES• Chemicals kill sperm in the vagina• Different forms: -Jelly -Film -Foam -Suppository• Some work instantly, others require pre-insertion• Only 76% effective (used alone), should be used in combination with another method i.e., condoms
MALE CONDOM• Most common and effective barrier method when used properly• Latex and Polyurethane should only be used in the prevention of pregnancy
MALE CONDOM• Perfect effectiveness rate = 97%• Typical effectiveness rate = 88%• Latex and polyurethane condoms are available• Combining condoms with spermicides raises effectiveness levels to 99%
FEMALE CONDOM• Made as an alternative to male condoms• Polyurethane• Physically inserted in the vagina• Perfect rate = 95%• Typical rate = 79%• Woman can use female condom if partner refuses
The Female CondomThe female condom is a lubricated polyurethane sheath, similar in appearance to a male condom. It is inserted intothe vagina. The closed end covers the cervix. Like the male condom, it is intended for one-time use and thendiscarded.The sponge is inserted by the woman into the vagina and covers the cervix blocking sperm from entering the cervix.The sponge also contains a spermicide that kills sperm. It is available without a prescription.
Side effects and health risks Irritation allergic reaction Bladder infection STD/ STI - HIV infection
Vaginal Ring (NuvaRing)• 95-99% Effective A new ring is inserted into the vagina each month• Does not require a "fitting" by a health care provider, does not require spermicide, can make periods more regular and less painful, no pill to take daily, ability to become pregnant returns quickly when use is stopped. NuvaRing is a flexible plastic (ethylene-vinyl acetate copolymer) ring that releases a low dose of a progestin and an estrogen over 3 weeks.
DIAPRAGHM• Perfect Effectiveness Rate = 94%• Typical Effectiveness Rate = 80%• Latex barrier placed inside vagina during intercourse• Fitted by physician• Spermicidal jelly before insertion• Inserted up to 18 hours before intercourse and can be left in for a total of 24 hours
DIAPHRAGM The diaphragm is a flexible rubber cup that is filled with spermicide and self-inserted over the cervix prior to intercourse. The device is left in place several hours after intercourse. The diaphragm is a prescribed device fitted by a health care professional and is more expensive than other barrier methods, such as condoms
CERVICAL CAP• Latex barrier inserted in vagina before intercourse• “Caps” around cervix with suction• Fill with spermicidal jelly prior to use• Can be left in body for up to a total of 48 hours• Must be left in place six hours after sexual intercourse• Perfect effectiveness rate = 91%• Typical effectiveness rate = 80%
Cervical Cap The cervical cap is a flexible rubber cup-like device that is filled with spermicide and self-inserted over the cervix prior to intercourse. The device is left in place several hours after intercourse. The cap is a prescribed device fitted by a health care professional and can be more expensive than other barrier methods, such as condoms.
Sponge The sponge is inserted by the woman into the vagina and covers the cervix blocking sperm from entering the cervix. The sponge also contains a spermicide that kills sperm. It is available without a prescription
INTRAUTERINE DEVICES (IUD)• T-shaped object placed in the uterus to prevent pregnancy• Must be on period during insertion• A Natural childbirth required to use IUD• Extremely effective without using hormones > 97 %• Must be in monogamous relationshipThe intrauterine device (IUD) shown uses copper as the active contraceptive, others useprogesterone in a plastic device. IUDs are very effective at preventing pregnancy (less than2% chance per year for the progesterone IUD, less than 1% chance per year for the copperIUD). IUDs come with increased risk of ectopic pregnancy and perforation of the uterusand do not protect against sexually transmitted disease. IUDs are prescribed and placed byhealth care providers.
Copper T and Progestasert• 10 years • 1 year• 99.2 % effective • 98% effective• Copper on IUD acts as • T shaped plastic that spermicide, IUD blocks egg releases hormones over a one year time frame from implanting • Thickens mucus, blocking• Must check string before egg sex and after shedding of • Check string before sex & uterine lining. after shedding of uterine lining.
Side effects and health risks Heavy menstrual bleeding Cramps Painful intercourse Anemia Abnormal bleeding Pelvic infection Blood poisoning Perforation of the uterus Septic abortion Ectopic pregnancy
STERILIZATION• Procedure performed on a man or a woman permanently sterilizes• Female = Tubal Ligation• Male = Vasectomy
TUBAL LIGATION• Surgical procedure performed on a woman• Fallopian tubes are cut, tied, cauterized, prevents eggs from reaching sperm• Failure rates vary by procedure, from 0.8%-3.7%• May experience heavier periods Surgical sterilization which permanently prevents the transport of the egg to the uterus by means of sealing the fallopian tubes is called tubal ligation, commonly called "having ones tubes tied." This operation can be performed laparoscopically or in conjunction with a Cesarean section, after the baby is delivered. Tubal ligation is considered permanent, but surgical reversal can be performed in some cases
VASECTOMY• Male sterilization procedure• Ligation of Vas Deferens tube• No-scalpel technique available• Faster and easier recovery than a tubal ligation• Failure rate = 0.1%, more effective than female sterilization
During a vasectomy (“cutting the vas”) a urologist cuts andligates (ties off) the ductus deferens. Sperm are still producedbut cannot exit the body. Sperm eventually deteriorate andare phagocytized. A man is sterile, but because testosteroneis still produced he retains his sex drive and secondary sexcharacteristics.
Side-effects and health risks• Infection and uterine perforation• Ectopic pregnancy• Menstrual cycle disturbances• Gynecological problems• Bleeding, infection, or reaction to anesthetics• Damage to organs including bowels, bladder, uterus, ovaries, blood vessels, and nerves• Does not protect against sexually transmitted infections, including HIV/AIDS• Requires surgery.• Has risks associated with surgery.• May not be reversible.• Possible regret.
Vasectomy side-effects and health risks• Bleeding• Infection• Mild inflammatory reaction• There is a risk is that the ends of the vas deferens may find a way to create a new path to one another, though this doesnt occur very often.• It is possible for sperm to leak out of the cut tubes and collect in surrounding tissues; in this case hard lumps, called sperm granulomas, can form. They are not harmful, and can be treated with anti-inflammatory medicines• Testicular pain
Contraception Deception• It deceives most of all people of goodwill.• It kills million and billions of babies.• It kills the very fiber of the society.• It trivializes sex.• It disrespects human dignity.• It killings us little by little.• It is now in congress and in the senate
Reminders forgood marriage and family life (acronym)
PUT God at the center of our life especially in the relationship P – Patience U – Understanding T – Trust
LET God be always the center in our life L – Love E – Encouragement T – Truth
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Prepared by:Leonard Guiang, OSM09274057537 / firstname.lastname@example.org Thank you