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Fa (e) lect 1 (9 aug 2010 4 full days) n

  1. WELCOME Public First Aid Certificate Course (English) PCFA / 10 / 11
  2. Preparations for Examination Parts of Exam. (Time) Preparations 1 Written examination (30 min.) Stationery : 2 blackball pens, correction ink HKID card 2 Bandaging (15-20 min.) Roller bandage : 2” and 3” X 2 each size Bandage clips X 4 no. Gauzes : 6 pieces Triangular bandages : at least 6 pcs. Pads / towels : large and small X 2 each 3 Cardio-pulmonary Resuscitation (about 10 min.) Face shield (provided by HKSJ)
  3. DO FIRST 1. Physical Care : D anger R esponse A irway B reathing C irculation H aemorrhage S hock F racture Life- threatening 999
  4. 2. Psychological Care Casualty First Aider Upset, tearful, angry, frightened, distressed  Psychological support  Help to regain confidence  Early referral Positive feeling Negative feeling  Coping skills  Share & consult others
  5. 1. Safe Environment 2. Nature of Accident / Illness 3.Casualty 4. Self-Competence Assessment
  6. The Falling Back of the Tongue Risk of Unconsciousness Blocked Airway (A)
  7. Head Tilt Chin Lift To Open Airway
  8. Examples of Drugs Kept by a Casualty Always ask a bystander to act as witness when searching the casualty’s bag for clues. Medicines e.g. glyceryl trinitrate for angina and phenytoin for epilepsy A warning bracelet states medical condition and may give a phone no. for information about the casualty’s medical history. Auto-injector Contains epinephrine (adrenaline), for people at risk of anaphylactic shock.
  9. Warning Card I am a Diabetic If you find me confused with strange behaviour, it may be due to disturbed blood sugar level. If I can drink, please give me a cup of sugary drink. If I remains confused after 10 – 15 minutes, please send me to hospital immediately or inform my relatives by phone. If I cannot swallow, or become comatose, please dial 999 and send me to hospital without delay or inform my relatives. Thank you very much for your help. Name : Tel. : Address : s Follow up hospital : Dr. : Next of Kin : Tel. : Oral drug : Dose : Frequency & Time : Insulin & Dose : Frequency & Time : Other :
  10. Recovery Position (P.64-65) Bend elbow Hand support the face
  11. Triangular Bandage Point Side End Side End Base End End Base Point broad-fold bandage (2) -> narrow-fold bandage (3) 1 2
  12. Triangular Bandage Uses Whole piece Arm /elevation sling, ring pad, the head Broad-fold bandage Immobilize fracture - clavicle, upper arm, forearm, wrist (elbow can bend) , hand, fingers, flail chest - upper arm, elbow or forearm (elbow cannot bend) - pelvis, thigh, knee(pad), leg Narrow-fold bandage Immobilize feet : fracture pelvis, thigh, leg Control severe bleeding : palm
  13. Reef Knot L R Left Cross Right Right Cross Left L R Untie a reef knot Reef Knot (U-shape)
  14. Arm Sling, P.251 1. Unfold triangular bandage 2. Keep the apex 2 – 3 inches away from the elbow 3. Pad reef knot above the clavicle 4. Twist the apex backwards Direct one end of bandage to the injured side Expose all fingers
  15. Elevation Sling 1 2 3 4 5 6 Hold hand Tuck the apex under the upper arm 3 Pull backward, keep it under the scapula Pad reef knot just above the clavicle Tidiness
  16. Slings Reef knot Injured side Injured side Reef knot Expose nails Arm Sling Elevation Sling Use Support the upper arm, elbow, forearm and wrist Hand and fingers Injured arm position Bend the elbow between 80-90 degrees Cross the chest with injured fingers almost touching the shoulder Knot On the injured side, at the hollow just above the clavicle On the un injured side above the clavicle
  17. Four Improvised Slings (P.253) Jacket Corner Check Circulation Button-Up Jacket Support wrist on lower button Anchor using a safety pin Place hand in loop Check circulation 1 2 3 4 Protect elbow Unfasten button Long-Sleeved Shirt Belt or Thin Garment