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Chapter 3: Federalism A More Perfect Union 1/e
Federalism• An Overview of the U.S. Federal System  – Unitary System  – Confederal System  – Federal System    • Intergove...
©2011, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.   3
©2011, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.   4
Federalism• Constitutional Distribution of Authority  – Concurrent Sovereign Authority  – National Sovereignty     • Supre...
©2011, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.   6
©2011, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.   7
Federalism• Constitutional Distribution of Authority (continued)  – The Supreme Court’s Interpretation of    Enumerated, I...
©2011, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.   9
Federalism• Evolution of the Federal System  – Dual Federalism  – Cooperative Federalism  – Centralized Federalism  – Conf...
Federalism• Evolution of the Federal System                                        (continued)  – Further Evolutionary Lan...
Federalism• Today’s Federalism: The Good, the Bad,  and the Inevitable  – Public policy experimentation  – Redundant and o...
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Chapter 3

  1. 1. Chapter 3: Federalism A More Perfect Union 1/e
  2. 2. Federalism• An Overview of the U.S. Federal System – Unitary System – Confederal System – Federal System • Intergovernmental Relations • What a Federal System Means for Citizens ©2011, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 2
  3. 3. ©2011, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 3
  4. 4. ©2011, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 4
  5. 5. Federalism• Constitutional Distribution of Authority – Concurrent Sovereign Authority – National Sovereignty • Supremacy Clause • National Treaties with Indian Nations – State Sovereignty • Powers Delegated to the States • Powers Reserved to the States ©2011, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 5
  6. 6. ©2011, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 6
  7. 7. ©2011, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 7
  8. 8. Federalism• Constitutional Distribution of Authority (continued) – The Supreme Court’s Interpretation of Enumerated, Implied, and Reserved Powers • The Power to Regulate Commerce • The Power to Provide for the General Welfare – National Obligations to the States – State-to-State Obligations: Horizontal Federalism – The New Judicial Federalism ©2011, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 8
  9. 9. ©2011, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 9
  10. 10. Federalism• Evolution of the Federal System – Dual Federalism – Cooperative Federalism – Centralized Federalism – Conflicted Federalism – Landmarks in the Evolution of Federalism • The Civil War and the Postwar Amendments • The Sixteenth Amendment • The Seventeenth Amendment ©2011, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 10
  11. 11. Federalism• Evolution of the Federal System (continued) – Further Evolutionary Landmarks • Categorical Grants • Block Grants • State Attempts to Influence Grant-in-Aid Conditions – Federalism’s Continuing Evolution: Mandates • Preemption • Partial Preemption ©2011, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 11
  12. 12. Federalism• Today’s Federalism: The Good, the Bad, and the Inevitable – Public policy experimentation – Redundant and overlapping protection of civil rights and civil liberties ©2011, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 12

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