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Roman art and architecture

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Art History

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Roman art and architecture

  1. 1. And Architecture
  2. 2. Roads Aqueducts Bridges
  3. 3. “All Roads Lead to Rome”
  4. 4. The first and most famous Roman road
  5. 5. Wall built by the Roman Empire across the width of northern England by the Roman Emperor Hadrian. To prevent military raids on Raman Britain by the Pictish tribes of what is now Scotland.
  6. 6. The Romans took the art of brick making to the far reaches of the empire. So long as suitable clay, sand and water was available, tiles and bricks were manufactured on- site or in kilns nearby. Flatter than modern bricks Roman bricks were seldom more than 2 inches thick. Today they are practically as sound as when they were made, fifteen centuries ago.
  7. 7. Ancient Roman Concrete Vault in Rome Concrete consisted of a mortar and an aggregate. The mortar—a hydraulic cement —was a mixture of lime and a special kind of volcanic deposit. The aggregate varied and included pieces of rock, ceramic tile, and brick rubble from the remains of previously demolished buildings. Pantheon in Rome
  8. 8. Arches were held in place by wooden scaffolding until the mortar dried.
  9. 9. Pantheon
  10. 10. Clouds can be see through the oculus. Rain falls in and is drained away. Birds on occasion fly in as well.
  11. 11. Lasted for 2000 years
  12. 12. The Romans were city planners as seen by the Roman Forum. They also built massive structures, Model
  13. 13. Note the Corinthian columns that were borrowed from the Greeks
  14. 14. Developed a round building style Temple of Athena (Wisdom) Tholos ruins
  15. 15. Developed a round building style
  16. 16. Roman audiences watched spectacles here: •Animal hunts •Fights to the death between gladiators and/or animals. •Trained animal and acrobats •Mock sea battles (the floor could be flooded) •The opening performance lasted 100 days and cost the lives of 9000 animals and 2000 Gladiators.
  17. 17. Corinthian pilasters—4th Corinthian—3rd Ionic—2nd Tuscan-plain on ground level )
  18. 18. The floor was laid over a foundation of service rooms and tunnels and covered with sand or arena in Latin, hence the English term. Approximately 50,000 spectators moved easily through the 76 entrance doors to the 3 sections of seats and standing area at the top.
  19. 19. Note: how similar this construction is to present day stadium construction.
  20. 20. The Pantheon (125 – 28 AD) is a temple to the Olympian gods. The Entrance porch is made to resemble the façade of a Roman Temple Behind the porch is a giant Rotunda (a circular structure with 20 ft. thick walls) Supported on these walls is a round bowl shaped dome (143 ft wide and 143 ft high).
  21. 21. 32 Originally created as an aqueduct It once provided 100 gallons of spring water a day from the springs of Uzes, 30 miles to the north
  22. 22. It consists of three Arcades (walls with a series of regularly spaced arch openings) stacked one on the other
  23. 23. 34
  24. 24. The Romans collected and copied Greek Works which were more idealistic. Roman sculpture was more realistic and showed wrinkles and other body imperfections..
  25. 25. Greek vs. Roman Statuary Roman statures were usually clothed with togas. . Greek Statues were usually nude Hellenistic
  26. 26. Circa: 69 AD to 79 AD
  27. 27. COLOSSAL HEAD OF CONSTANTINE THE GREAT 4th Century A.D. (300-399 A.D.) First Christian Emperor
  28. 28. Marcus Licinius Crassus Dives Roman General and Politician Dives means very rich 115 BC to 53 BC Julius Ceasar Roman Military and Political Leader 100 BC to 44 BC
  29. 29. Emperor when Christ was born.
  30. 30. High Relief sculpture ---form is raised from the background without being disconnected from it and deeply carved Roman Senators
  31. 31. Bas relief is raised slightly from the background Roman Coins
  32. 32. A sunken-relief recedes into the background. Roman Mammisi (chapel) in Dendarah, Egypt.
  33. 33. •Shows them crossing the Danube and building a fort •Used as positive propaganda for the Emperor Trajan. Roman emperors used statues, buildings , and coins as positive propaganda . Constantine the Great Coin
  34. 34. Bas Relief
  35. 35. The she-wolf is thought to be a 5th century Etruscan statue. The two babies, thought of as the founders of Rome, Romulus and Remus, were added during the Renaissance.
  36. 36. Mosaic is the art of creating images with small pieces of colored glass, stone or tiles. Mosaics were used Extensively on walls And floors to decorate Roman interiors.
  37. 37. Floor Mosaic At Bath, England
  38. 38. Pomeii had many beautiful buildings with ornate Roman motifs until Mt. Vesuvius erupted. Casts of people who died in the eruption.
  39. 39.  Created a three dimensional world on the flat walls.  Fresco--Painting in wet plaster.
  40. 40.  A wall treated as a flat surface then divided by decorative horizontal and vertical bands with occasional pictures painted in decorative frames as if hung on the wall
  41. 41. Vitruvius informs us that Roman artists made their red pigments from cinnabar or red ochre
  42. 42. Fresco of a Roman woman from Pompeii, c. 50 CE.
  43. 43. Chi Rho are the first two letters in the Greek spelling of the word Christ, and so have come to be used for a number of Christian-related usages. The Chi Rho is one of the earliest cruciform symbols used by Christians. It is formed by superimposing the first two letters of the word "Christ" in Greek. . Constantine I use of it on flags and armor, and it became the imperial standard in the early 4th century.
  44. 44. Mildenhall Treasure These items were discovered in January1,942 by a Suffolk, England ploughman . He did not recognize the objects for what they were, and it was some years before the silver pieces came to the attention of the authorities. In 1946 the discovery was made public and the treasure was acquired by the British Museum in London. The treasure is believed to have been buried in the 4th century. It includes some of the finest surviving examples of Roman silver- smithing, including the mid-4th century Great Dish of Bacchus Great Dish of Bacchus
  45. 45.  What are some of the unique elements of Roman art and architecture that distinguish it from Greek and other art of the same time period?  In what ways does Roman art and architecture incorporate the arts of conquered peoples from Greece, England to Egypt? 69
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