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1. Shipping instructions
2. Types of shipping documents
3. Types of shipping containers
- Containers service types
Shipping Instructions❏ Instructions to suppliers, as integral parts of orders:
● Terms of purchase: FOB… CFR… CIP… (specify the port/airport)
● Method of dispatch: ocean freight, airfreight, container, etc
● Packing required, shipping marks and addresses
● Name of forwarded to contact, if applicable
❏ Instructions to forwarders or suppliers acting as such:
● Documents required, how many copies (we recommend 3 original B/L, for
● To whom documents must be distributed
● Transportation charges payable by the buyer (this is important when on-forwarding
is required from a port to an inland destination)
❏ Information on recommended routing:
The decision on routing should not be left to chance, but be taken by the buyer, often with
feedback and advice from the freight forwarder and/or from the receiving end.
❏ Instructions or information on insurance coverage:
Instructions should specify either that coverage is not required because the consignment will not
be commercially insured, or will be insured by the agency or that insurance arrangements are to be
made, and in that case, specify the risks to be covered.
❏ When in doubt on the method of dispatch:
For many orders there is no doubt about the method of dispatch, for example due to the size,
weight or urgency, etc.; they are scheduled for surface or air and sent accordingly. There are
frequent cases, however, when it is not known at the time of placing the order whether surface or
air should be selected. Considering the high cost of transit and on-forwarding charges.
International Trade and Transport
❏ Air way bill
❏ Truck bill of lading (Carta de porte)
❏ CMR transport document
❏ Bill of lading B/L (Conocimiento de embarque)
❏ Air waybill AWB
❏ International commercial invoice (Factura comercial)
❏ Proforma invoice
❏ Packing list
❏ Delivery note (Nota de entrega)
❏ Certificate of origin
❏ Cargo insurance certificate (Pólizas de seguro)
❏ The shipper's letter of instruction (SLI)(Carta de instrucciones)
Types of shipping containers
- to withstand
Container service types
FCL : Full Container Load – this is when the full container is used by a single
customer for his cargo..
LCL : Less than Container Load – this is when the same container is used for cargoes
belonging to multiple shippers and consignees..
Types of shipping documents
Bill of Lading: The BOL is a contract between the owner of the goods and the carrier. There are two
types of BOL; firstly a straight bill of lading which is nonnegotiable and secondly, a negotiable or
shipper's order bill of lading. The negotiable BOL can be bought, sold, or TRADED while the goods are
in transit. The customer will usually need an original as proof of ownership to take possession of the
Commercial Invoice: The invoice is the bill for the goods from the seller to the buyer. It can be used
to determine the true value of goods when assessing the amount of customs duty.
Certificate of Origin: The COO is a signed statement which identifies the origin of the export item.
Inspection Certificate: This document may be required by the customer to certify the goods have
been inspected or tested and the quality of the goods is acceptable.
Export License: This license is a government document that authorizes the export of goods in
specific quantities to a specific destination.
Shipper's Export Declaration: The SED is used for export statistics.
Export Packing List: This is a detailed packing list that itemizes each item in the shipment, what
This insurance covers all risks of loss of or damage to the subject-matter insured except as excluded by the
provisions of Clauses 4, 5, 6 and 7 below.
2. This insurance covers general average and salvage charges, adjusted or determined according to the contract
of carriage and/or the governing law and practice, incurred to avoid or in connection with the avoidance of
loss from any cause except those excluded in Clauses 4, 5, 6 and 7 below.