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Flash cards for key facilitation techniques. Print 4-up and laminate, or use http://tinyurl.com/facilitationcards to access a Google Docs set you can modify for your own use - or use from any mobile device as is!
List of Facilitation TechniquesWarm up: CarouselWarm up: Cocktail PartyWarm up: ConstellationWarm up: InterviewWarm up: Learning namesWarm up: Round of namesWarm up: TribesGathering data: Map of FinlandGathering data: Me/We/UsGathering data: Timeline
Carousel6-30 people 5 mins1) Participants stand in two circles, facing each other (see picture).2) Participants go through three rounds of pair discussions with a different pairfor each question (outer circle rotates around).3) Each person answers his/her pairs question in 30 seconds.Example questions:- How has your morning gone- What makes you happy- What has gone well last week/sprint/etc- What have you been proud of lately- Something about the topic of your workshop
Cocktail Party10-30 people 15-25 mins1) Ask each participant to write an entry ticket for a party on a post-it note. Inthe ticket persons write their name and answers to a few questions e.g.:- what gives you energy ?- what would make this a great workshop?2) Ask the persons to stick the ticket on their shirt3) Ask participants to form 3-person groups with people they dont know, andask them to introduce themselves to each other4) After 4 minutes, form new groups5) Repeat 2-4 times
Constellation10-50 people 10 mins1) Have an object that you can place in the center of the room (e.g. aFrisbee) and have the participants stand scattered around it.2) Explain to them that you are going to read some statements, andyou want them to move closer to or farther from the center, inrelation to how true that statement is for them…the more true, thecloser to the center.3) Once everyone has moved, have themlook around and see where their team-mates are standing4) read the next statement and repeatabout 10 times5) Have discussion about “Where wereyou surprised about the shape of aconstellation?”
Constellation QuestionsI feel more of an accomplishment workingindividually than as a teamI like getting resultsI want others to leadI do not like uncomfortable silence and put effortto fill it inI am open to changeI feel comfortable providing direct feedbackI like discussing alternativesI like to work aloneDuring the finishing stage, I donʼt like to go backto discussing alternativesI am competitiveI donʼt mind bending the rules to get things doneI value work/life balanceWhen under stress, I like to be told what to doIʼm comfortable in front of a groupI like public recognitionIʼm nervous about providing real-time feedbackIʼm frustrated when there is not orderI enjoy alone timeI feel a sense of accomplishment when I knowIʼve done a complete and thorough jobI feel a sense of accomplishment when othersrecognize meI need to feel a sense of accomplishment to staymotivatedI thrive on being around peopleI like to make things with my handsI like to make my own wayI like surprisesI like to take charge and make decisionsWhen things are chaotic, I like to create order
Interview6-20 people 15 mins1) Create interview questions in advance.2) Assign people in pairs. Give the questions to each pair.3) Each person interviews his pair and prepares to present his pair to the rest ofthe group. Switch around after 5-10min.Example questions:- Name, title, company- What is the best thing in yourwork? What gives you energy?- What is your experience in thesubject?- What is your expectations aboutthis workshop?- What is a dream you are going toaccomplish?
Learning Names5-20 people 15 mins1) Form a circle2) State your name and some word starting with the same letter (an adjective, aname of an animal,..e.g. "Tim the Tiger") with it.3) Ask the person next to you repeat your name and the word, and then sayhis/her name with a word.4) The next person repeats the names and words of all the previous persons,and adds his/her name and a word5) Repeat until all the names are said.
Round of Names1) Participants can sit in a circle or around a table.2) Each person in turn says his/her name, and answers onesimple question.3-10 people 5 minsExample questions:- Describe how youfeel with one word.- If you were a car,what car would yoube and why?- What is yourbiggest hope for thisworkshop?
Tribes1) Participants are standing up.2) Someones states something about him/her, e.g. "I havetwo kids", "I drive a renault", "I play football", "I like toprogram with Clojure".8-20 people 5-10 mins3) People who share the samething go to stand next to theperson who spoke, forming a"tribe" with him/her.4) Next person states a thingabout him/her, and peoplesharing the same thing againmove next to him/her (includingpeople from previous tribes).
Map of Finland / Am I the only one?Two different ways to get to know each other:Map Of Finland1. Each participant puts his name on his own birthplaceon the map of your home country (or the world if needed).2. In round-robin fashion, everyone introduces them-selves and where they are from.Am I the only one?1. Everybody sits. Each participant tries to figure out afact that applies to no one else, for example, "Am I theonly one who has played american football?".2. Facilitator starts by standing up and stating his fact.3. If no one else has done the thing, turn goes to thenext one. Else, participant has to come up with another fact.4-20 people 15-20 mins
me / we / us2-20 people 15-30 minsThis is a very basic method to facilitate thinking around practically any topic ora question in any kind of a workshop.1) Define the question that needs to be answered.2) Me: everyone thinks about the question by themselves, and writes theirproposals down.3) We: in pairs or small groups (depending on the amount of participants), gothrough your members proposals and choose ~3 best ones.4) Us: present ideas from the small groups to all participants. Collect those to awall for further processing.
Timeline1) Define a time period that you will be talking about (lastsprint/month/project/etc.), and draw a line on the wall to cover that time period.2) Ask people to write on post-it notes major events that have had a positive ornegative impact to their work during that period.3) Ask people to post their notes on the wall and tell briefly to others what was itabout.4) Draw a scale from happy to sad below your timeline.5) Ask people to draw little marks on the timeline to indicate how happy or sadthey were feeling during each time.6) Discuss what people can observe about the events and happiness marks.What caused the happiness and sadness peaks?3-8 people 15-30 mins
Template Slide for Warm-Upsx-yy people m mins1) Duplicate this template2) Edit in the header: the title, minimum and maximum amount of participants &how long the exercise approximate takes3) Edit body text: write step by step guide4) Add examples, scan and add pictures or diagrams5) Choose headers background color according to the type of activity.Example questions:- Did you test your instruction by making someonetry it?- Can you substitute text with a pic?- example question 3- example question 18- Do edit the template to make it perfect. :)
This work is licensed under the CreativeCommons Attribution-ShareAlike license(CC BY SA).Please improve, add, contribute to this material!Send email to get editable Google Docs copy:firstname.lastname@example.org