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Literature review exhibtion center

  2. EXHIBITION: THETERM EXHIBITION IS DERIVED FROMTHE LATIN WORD "EXPOSITION"WHICH MEANS "DISPLAYING"OR "PUTTING ON A SHOW”. Exhibitions are a collection based on research,marketing and learning etc… such as expos which include it, constructionand cultural exhibition respectively,in which they focus on display, identification,and interpretation of what they promote and collect.
  3. HISTORY OF EXHIBITION CENTER Exhibition spaces evolved from the open-air amphitheatersof the Greek Agoras and Roman Forums, which were initially intended for large commercial fair The first convention centers can be traced back to mid- 19th century In 1851QueenVictoria decided to create an exhibition symbolizingthe industrial, military and economic superiority ofGreat Britain. In addition to this, she felt it important to parade her achievementsalongsidethe „less civilized‟countries.
  4. TYPE OF EXHIBITION CENTER Trade Exhibitions Consumer Exhibitions
  5. TRADE EXHIBITIONS Trade exhibitionsare generallydesignedto meet the needs of one particular type of businessor product or country . Only people involved in the field are invited to attend and the general public is rarely admitted.
  6. TRADE EXHIBITIONS Automobile exhibition • • Military exhibition • • Textile exhibition •
  7. TRADE EXHIBITIONS Food exhibition • • Health care exhibitions •
  8. CONSUMER EXHIBITIONS Consumerexhibitions are horizontal markets. They usually involve a range of productsfrom a number of different industries on display to the general public
  9. CONSUMER EXHIBITIONS Manufacture exhibition • • Technology exhibition • •
  10. AUTOMOBILE EXHIBITION Automobile exhibition also known as motor show or car show is a public exhibition of current automobile model debuts, concept car out of product classic It attended by automotive industry representative dialers., auto journalists and car enthusiasts
  11. PROGRAM OF EXHIBITION CENTER Major Exhibition hall Food court Toilet Store [hard] [soft] Parking Meeting hall Auditorium Landscape[outdoor exhibition] Mainor Lobby Utility room Shopping mall Reception
  12. PROGRAM OF EXHIBITION CENTER Major Maintenance Administration office Mainor Praying space kid play ground Frist aid service Control room Janitor room
  13. PRAYING ROOM •Encourage washing hands upon entry and exit •Simultaneous view of patient and monitor • Exam table and monitor proximity •Ease of access to literature rack from chair It must separate men and women room [in Ethiopia context]
  15. FRIST AID SERVICE  •Encourage washing hands upon entry and exit •Simultaneous view of patient and monitor • Exam table and monitor proximity •Ease of access to literature rack from chair
  16. MEETING HALL Site factors - Meeting rooms to be accessible from office reception spaces and building entry points. - Meeting rooms are ideally located in central core office areas to provide equitable access, and allow natural lighting to primarily service the work spaces. Room and Spaces Planning Requirements Meeting rooms to be approximately square. Shape may differ depending on size and intended furniture configuration. Design occupancy Min 9m 2 for 4 people Area - Allow 0.2m 2 of meeting room space per staff member in any given office - Minimum 1 x 10m 2 meeting room per 50 staff Other Maximum 60m from any workpoint
  18. JANITORS ROOM  Design requirement of janitors room  A] DOOR -The door should be at least 36" wide, 40" is better. Our master should show the door swinging out 180 degrees to lay back against the outside wall. For those rare cases where you can't swing the door out, you will need an overhead stop for the door since wall and floor style stops won't work. B] SINK -The sink should be a floor-set mop sink measuring 2'x3'. "Wall mounted mop sinks went out of style a century ago." The narrow end goes against the far wall where the water faucets should be placed using a braced spigot with an integral bucket hook. Above the long side there should be a wall-mounted mop-hanging bracket so drying mops can drip into the floor sink.
  19. JANITORS ROOM C] SHELVES -The shelves are three floor set metal units, each measuring 36" wide by 72" high by 18" deep. The shelves should be adjustable. D] CART -The cart is often 30" wide by 48" long. Occasionally there will be two of them to support a large floor plate. Consider two rooms or one larger one.
  20. TOILET  Design requirement of toilet  It should be access to disable  It could best use natural ventilation
  21. PLAY GROUND  Requirement of play ground  No pollute  It should be a focal point  Adequate sunshine
  22. REQUIREMENT OF EXHIBITION HALL Pedestrian must be accessible for operation of lights, heating and cooling. If only using half of the hall defined by a panel wall, there needs to be a pedestrian access of no less than 1.2m wide The power distribution boards of the halls must be accessible. Pedestrian must be accessible for operation of lights, heating and cooling. All fire exit doors, call point, and fire equipment in the hall must remain accessible at all times.
  23. REQUIREMENT OF EXHIBITION HALL • The height of the Covered part of ExhibitionSpace (or Building Height) must be less than 12 meters •The height limit for any additional architectural elements (such as skylights,roof elements, vertical connectionsto the roof, sunscreens,signals,etc.) is 17 meters. The distance between buildingsand the side street shall be no less than 2 meters; there shall be no buildingconcessiondirectly to squares, greens, streets or public spaces,without the 2 meters’ setback Exhibition spaces may have multiple entrances/exitson different sides of the lot.They must provide differentiated access for visitors, includingdisabled, special reserved visitors, reserved groups,workers and finally supplies/waste. A viewer tends to turn clockwiseupon entering the exhibit area.Circulation pattern should be designedwith this in mind.
  24. CIRCULATION  The circulation route must be clearly defined,  well lighted, and easy to follow.  Provide sufficient lighting on circulation routes.  A minimum of 50 to 100 lux (5 - 10 foot candles)of quality light  on the circulation route is necessary for people  with visual and perceptual difficulties to negotiate the path
  25. CIRCULATION  Visually define the walls, floors, and pedestals. some people with low vision have difficulty with depth perception  Design areas so that floor surfaces attend around accessible seating areas are level, stable, firm, and slip resistant.  Provide an accessible floor plan to aid visitors in way finding.  Provide more than one exit from an exhibition.
  26. EXHIBITION HALL  Mount small items to center line at no higher than 1015mm above the floor. Construct the top of a case at a maximum of 915 mm.  Construct exhibition barriers like railings at a maximum height of 915 mm Items placed below an average-height exhibit barrier 1065 mm cannot be seen by people who are short or seated.
  28. EXHIBITION HALL Relation ship diagram Of exhibition center
  29. OUT DOOR EXHIBITION The landscape design shall be developed in keeping with the Theme and with the Participant’s approach to it. Like architecture
  30. OUT DOOR EXHIBITION Open spaces A minimum of 30% of each lot must be dedicated to open areas and greenery. Excluding lot setbacks the Open-air Exhibition Space represents around 50% of each lot, where it is possible to build: Structures used for plants ensuring soil permeability (e.g. trellises, pergolas, garden structures, planters). Landscaping structure (e.g. structures used to retain soil or other materials, pools, exhibition structures, art works).
  31. AUDITORIUM An enclosurecovered or open where people can assemble for watching a performancegiven on the stage
  32. AUDITORIUM  Ceiling  Ceiling may be flat but it preferable to provide a slight increase in the height near the center of hall.  The volume per person required to be provide should normally range between 35 to 5.5 cu.M
  33. AUDITORIUM The seats should be arranged in concentricarcs of circles drawn with the center located as much behind the center of the curtain line as its distance from the auditorium rear wall
  34. AUDITORIUM  PROPERTIESOF AN AUDITORIUM:-  These are reception and viewing angles obtained from spectators' psychological perception and viewing angles, as well as required for good view from all seats.  Head movement should be according to following:-  30°- no movement  60°- slight movement  110°- more eye movement  360°-full head and shoulder  Movement so as to be within the permissible limits
  35. AUDITORIUM  Ventilation  Aggregate clear area of the opening is to be no less than 5% of the stage area  A smoke layer must be maintained at greater than 6 ft. Above the highest level of the seating or maintained above the top of the proscenium opening.  A mechanical exhaust system is to be activated by the operation of Sprinkler system.
  36. FOOD COURT Should be planned to achieve variety of seating arrangements. Provide acoustic lobby between restaurant and kitchen. Access should be planned for guest. The service aisle should not be less than 0.9-1.35m if it is to be used by both trolleys and guest. Waiter station should be located so as not to disturb guest. Ambience is an important factor in restaurant design: decoration, lighting should be an integral part.
  37. FOOD COURT  Spatial relation ship of food court
  38. FOOD COURT Functional areas Space allowed (%) Receiving 5 Food storage 20 Preparation 14 Cooking 8 Baking 10 Ware washing 5 Traffic aisles 16 Trash storage 5 Employee facilities 16 Miscellaneous 2 Area Required: Per seat 1.5 – 2.15 sq. m. Ratio of service area to total area 25-50% Net kitchen area 15-25% Aisle Width: Main – min. 2.00m wide Intermediate – min. 0.9m wide  Side – min. 1.2m wide
  39. FOOD COURT Dining arrangement
  40. FOOD COURT  Dining arrangement
  41. PARKING  Parking can be done in various ways: inclined with various angles or perpendicular. The basic requirements for parking spaces should be taken from the vehicle dimensions whilst driving in a linear path, cornering and entering into and driving out of the parking area
  42. PARKING Standard of parking
  43. PARKING Ramps for Basement Parking .In case of basement parking, there should be enough provision to be economical in this view but for highly commercialized areas where the land value is very high, this can be feasible. .In case of basement parking, a relatively narrow column grid pattern can be used, with careful planning and design, reduce building cost and height without any loss of function.
  44. ADMINISTRATION OFFICE  A large office building will consist of several different type of space.  office area  records area  central clerical  post room  corporate display  social facilities  additional spaces  entrance drive, parking space and delivery bays.  circulation spaces  central services are responsible for technical equipment, air conditioning, ventilation,
  45. ADMINISTRATION OFFICE The orientation of anew office building will depend on location. The building should be oriented to admit useful daylight while avoiding glare and solar heat gain. A single row of room is generally uneconomical,and is only justified for deep office spaces where daylight is a problem.A double row of individual small rooms, all with daylight, was previouslyused in most officebuildings.A three- part arrangementis typical of high-rise office building.
  47. ADMINISTRATION OFFICE  Work arrangement  Floor area requirement  1 a standard office separate office, 1.25m grid module, three module spaces only. 2 deluxe separate office, grid module 1.50m, various widths.  3 open-plan office, room depth 20-30m, floor area up to 1000m2 .  4 group office for 15-20 employees, workstations no more than 7.50m from the façade.  5 combined office, all single rooms approx. 10m2 with a common area 6-8m deep
  48. UTILITY ROOM The best position for utility rooms is facing north. They should ideally be near the side or rear door and be adjacent to or accessiblefrom the kitchen. Utility room are used for a variety of purposes,including storage, laundry and ironing, sewingand possiblyalso for hobby activities. The length available for standing space or work surface should be a minimum of 3.80m.
  49. STORE Storage area Pitched roofs, though strong on first cost, waste storage volume and run the risk of being damaged by handling equipment:Three factors favor the flat or low pitch roof type: •The column pitch can be wide, 15.17 and 15.18. •They are more adaptable to a change of use or changes dictated by new processes. •They are more suitable for the installation of services suchas cooled air.
  50. STORE Minimum clear internal height(m) Type o f storage 5–5.5 Minimum-cost low-rise block stacking warehouse Suitable for light industrial factory use 7.5 Minimum for any industrial storage building 9+ combining racking and block stacking When narrow-aisle trucks are used 15–30 Fully automatic, computer-controlled warehouses and stacker cranes are to be used
  51. STORE  Fire requirements Compartmentation: most regulations permit up to 2000 m2 and 7000 m3 or twice this size (4000 m2 ) with automatic sprinkler system. Smoke evacuation: reservoir space with exhaust ventilation and controlled airflows. Construction: fire-resisting structures and limitations on surface flame spread of lining materials. Isolation: sprinklers, water curtains and physical separation of escalators, lift shafts and voids. Means of escape: travel distances to protected staircases and adequate exits to street.
  52. STORE
  53. SHOPPING MALL A Shoppingcenter is a complex of retail stores and related facilities planned as a unified group to give maximum shoppingconvenience to the customers and maximum exposure to the merchandise.
  54. STORE
  55. SHOPPING MALL General characteristics of a Shopping Mall: The mall usually consistsof the principalmall, the major pedestrian shoppingstreet of the project, and one or more subsidiary approachmalls or access routes connectingthe main mall with the parking areas or adjacent streets. With few exceptions,all stores have their principleentrance on the main mall or, less desirably, on approachmalls, whether or not these stores have additional entrances to parking lots or adjacent streets. The main mall can be on one level or on two or more superimposedlevels. Each mall level should, however,avoid slopes or steps within its own walkways to avoid hindranceto shoppingand a source of accidents.
  56. SHOPPING MALL  The mall can be:  Open, with weather protection consisting solely of continuous canopies along the store fronts,  Completely covered but open to the air, or  Completely enclosed, necessitating heating in winter and air-conditioning
  57. SPATIAL RELATION SHIP  LINEAR ORGANIZATION  linear organization consists essentially of a series of spaces or objects.  These spaces can be directly related to one another or linked through a separate and distinct space
  58. SPATIAL RELATION SHIP  CENTRALIZED ORGANIZATION A centralized organization is a stable, concentrated composition that consists of a number of secondary spaces grouped around a larger central space or object
  59. SPATIAL RELATION SHIP  CLUSTERED ORGANIZATION  A clustered organization uses proximity to relate its spaces or objects to one another. Clusters can accommodate within its composition spaces that are dissimilar in size, form and function. Because the pattern does not originate from a rigid, geometric concept, the cluster is flexible and can accept growth and change easily.
  60. SPATIAL RELATION SHIP GRIDORGANIZATION A grid consistsof forms and spaces whose positionsin space and relationshipswith one another are regulated by a geometrical and repetitive pattern.A grid is usually created by creating by establishing a regular pattern of points that define the intersection of two parallel lines.
  61. REFERENCE  senior student  Metric Handbook : Planning and Design DataThird EditionDavid Littlefield  Time-SaverStandardsforArchitecturalDesign Data.pdf EditionDonaldWatson ,Michael J. Crosbie, John Hancock Callender  Ernst and peter neuferetArchitect data third edition by bousmaha baiche and NicolasWilliam  google  Case study of exhibitioncenter  Wikipedia What is exhibition Type of exhibition  Slide share Literature_Review_and_Case_Study_on_Conv.pdf  Archi daily  automotiveShowroom and LeisureCentre by ManuelleGautrandArchitecture_  Pinterest Standards of exhibition space