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Theories of Motivation

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Theories of Motivation
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Publicado en: Educación

Theories of Motivation

  1. 1. ORGANIZATION and MANAGEMENT KATHLEEN C. ABAJA PRES. DIOSDADO MACAPAGAL HIGH SCHOOL Chapter 6: LEADING THEORIES OF M TIVATION
  2. 2. OBJECTIVES • Upon completion of this lesson, the students will understand the concepts behind motivating employees to create a pleasant and productive workforce. • Upon completion of this lesson, the students will understand the importance of motivational theories as they relate to implementing the work in an organization.
  3. 3. Who are they? What traits do they have in common?
  4. 4. What do you think motivated them to do what they do? A College Student Preparing for an Exam An OFW Dad A Handicapped Athlete
  5. 5. DEFINITION OF MOTIVATION mo·ti·va·tion ˌmōdəˈvāSH(ə)n/ noun noun: motivation; plural noun: motivations 1.the reason or reasons one has for acting or behaving in a particular way. "escape can be a strong motivation for travel" •the general desire or willingness of someone to do something."keep staff up to date and maintain interest and motivation"
  6. 6. DEFINITION OF MOTIVATION
  7. 7. Categorize whether it is under intrinsic or extrinsic motivation. INTRINSIC EXTRINSIC Rewards Mastery Purpose Promotion Pay Raise Self-Expression Growth Passion Enjoyment Fun Fear of Punishment Prizes Benefits Bonuses
  8. 8. • Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs • McClelland’s Acquired Needs Theory • Alderfer’s ERG Theory • Herzberz Two-Factory Theory THEORIES OF MOTIVATION
  9. 9. HUMAN NEEDS Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs – five universal human needs that act as fuel for our internal drives to change.
  10. 10. SELF-ACTUALIZATION ESTEEM NEEDS BELONGINGNESS NEEDS SECURITY NEEDS PHYSIOLOGICAL NEEDS What satisfies higher-order needs? What satisfies lower-order needs? • Creative and challenging work • Participation in decision making • Job flexibility and autonomy • Responsibility of an important job • Promotion to higher-status job • Praise and recognition from boss • Friendly co-workers • Interaction with customers • Pleasant supervisor • Safe working conditions • Job security • Base compensation and benefits • Rest refreshments breaks • Physical comfort on the job • Reasonable work hours
  11. 11. THE ACQUIRED NEEDS THEORY
  12. 12. THE TWO-FACTOR THEORY
  13. 13. GROUP 1 Quote on Motivation GROUP 2 Write a song about Motivation GROUP 3 Spoken Poetry on Motivation GROUP 4 Interview an Expert GROUP 5 Hierarchy of Motivation of Student’s Following Maslow’s Theory GROUP 6 Skit – How motivation works in an organization GROUP ACTIVITY
  14. 14. SYNTHESIS • What are the benefits of employee work motivation? • How would the employee’s motivation affect the performance of the entire organization?
  15. 15. EVALUATION: Write T if the statement is TRUE and F if it is false. ___1. Abraham Maslow was the proponent of Human Needs. ___2. Need for Achievement is the desire to control, influence or be responsible to other people. ___3. ERG Theory stands for Existence, Relatedness and Gain. ___4. Two-Factor Theory involves Hygiene Factor and Motivator Factor. ___5. Need for affiliation is the desire to do something better, to solve problems or to master complex tasks. ___6. Decline in the productivity is one of the benefits of employee work motivation. ___7. Self-Actualization is the highest level of Human Needs according to Maslow. ___8. Curiosity and Independence are extrinsic motivations. ___9. Benefits, Recognition and Promotion are intrinsic motivations. ___10. Maslow, Aldefer, Herzberg and McClleland were all pyschologists on human motivational needs.
  16. 16. Homework Research companies on the Internet to discover how different real-world companies actually motivate their employees. Create an information flyer using any software that either displays three companies and one motivational practice from each company.
  17. 17. Reference: Salvador, S.M., Geronimo, E.F., Essentials of Supervisory Management, Allen Adrian Books, 2011

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