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Dyscalculia cisp 421

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CISP 421

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Dyscalculia cisp 421

  1. 1. Dyscalculia
  2. 2. What is Dyscalculia? • A brain-based condition that makes it hard to make sense of numbers and math concepts • People with this disability may know what to do in a math equation, but don’t understand why they are doing it • Can also be called: Schools – Mathematics learning disability Doctors – Mathematics disorder Kids/Parents – Math dyslexia
  3. 3. Two Types of Dyscalculia • “Number Sense” – Person with disability does not understand how numbers work • “Number Blindness” – It is hard for the person to tell the difference between quantities Example: Cannot grasp the concept that 5 cookies = 5 cupcakes 5 5
  4. 4. How Common? • This disability is not widely know/understood, but it is almost as common as dyslexia • 5-8% of people suffer from this disability • In a class of 30, approximately 2 kids are affected • Studies show math disorders link to reading disorders Estimated 56% of kids with reading disorder have poor math skills Estimated 43% of kids with a math disability have poor reading skills =
  5. 5. What Are The Causes? 1. Genes/heredity – person with disorder has a parent/sibling with math issues 2. Brain development – differences in surface area, thickness, volume areas in the brain 3. Environment – linked to exposure to alcohol in the womb 4. Brain injury – serious injury to the brain
  6. 6. Signs & Symptoms • Preschool/ Kindergarten Cannot count, trouble with symbols, trouble remembering numbers, avoids games with numbers and counting (Candy Land) • Elementary/ Middle School Cannot do simple math (2+4=6), doesn’t know +/-, poor sense in left and right, trouble telling time • High School Everyday math concepts ($, tips), trouble measuring, cannot read graphs/charts, extreme lack of confidence
  7. 7. Dyscalculia: My Story •
  8. 8. Skills That Are Affected • Social skills • Sense of direction • Physical coordination • Money • Time management
  9. 9. Now, Lets Do Some Math!
  10. 10. Now Try This! 6 + 2 = 8 5 + 7 = 12
  11. 11. Questions • If you suffered from this learning disability, how do you think you could learn math in your own, unique way? • We tend to automatically assume math is a hard subject. Do you think if kids were told math was easy, they could be able to learn a little better despite their issues with math? • 5-8% of kids live with this disability, do you think it is underdiagnosed given the fact that many students are not “math people”? • Do you think there is a way to cure this learning disability? If not cure, do you think medication can be taken to help?