2. Journal #1
Recall the last 3 medications you have taken
What purpose were they taken for?
Did they work?
Different purposes people use medication for?
Think of up to 5 reasons.
3. Medicine slogans
Plop plop fizz fizz oh what a relief it is
All day long all day strong
Nausea, heartburn, indigestion upset stomach relief
Life doesn’t stop for allergies works when you need it most
Nightime sniffling sneezing cough achey fever best sleep ever
got cold medicine
Because your periods more than a pain
Painrelievershostpitals use most
The headache medicine
4. Role of Medicine
Medicines are classified based on how they work
in your body.
Medicines: drugs that are used to treat or prevent
diseases or other conditions
Drugs: substances other than food that change
the structure or function of the body or mind
6. Disease Prevention
Vaccines: a preparation that prevents a person
from contracting a specific disease.
Vaccines contain weakened or dead pathogens
that cause the disease. When injected into the
body the vaccine produces antibodies that fight
those pathogens. Your body also produces
memory cells that recall how to make these
7. Fight Pathogens
Antibiotics: class of drug that destroy disease-
causing microorganisms, called bacteria.
When antibiotics were first introduced they were
considered a miracle drug because they saved so
8. Relieving Pain
Most commonly used medicines are analgesics
or pain relievers.
Analgesics range from relatively mild medicines
such as aspirin, to strong narcotics, such as
opium-based morphine and codeine.
Addiction to pain relieving medicines can be
addictive. Patients who use these drugs can
become physically or psychologically
dependent on them.
9. Managing Chronic Conditions
These medicines maintain or restor health, offer
people with chronic disease a higher level of
Body Regulating Medicine: Insulin, cardio
Cancer Treatment Medicines
10. Taking Medications
Oral: taken by mouth
Topical: applied to the skin
Inhaled: delivered in mist or powder
Injected: delivered through shot goes straight to the
11. Reactions to Medications
Side effects, reactions to medicine other than
the one intended.
Additive interaction: medicines work together in a
Synergistic effect: the interaction of two or more
medicines that results in a greater effect than
when each medicine is taken alone.
Antagonist Interaction: effect of one medicine is
canceled or reduced when taken with another
12. Tolerance and Withdrawl
When a person takes a medication for a long
period of time, the body can become used to
the medication. Problems may include:
Tolerance: body becomes used to the effects of a
medicine. The body requires increasingly larger
doses to produce desired effect.
Withdrawal: person stops using a medicine on
which he or she has become physiologically
dependent. Symptoms: severe headaches,
vomiting, chills and cramps.
13. Medicine Misused
Medicine Misused: using a medicine in ways
other than the intended use.
Failing to follow instructions
Giving a prescribed medicine to a person for whom it
was not prescribed, or taking another persons med.
Taking too much or too little
Taking a medicine longer or shorter than prescribed
Discontinuing use of a medicine without informing
your health care provider
Mixing medicines with knowledge of health care
14. Medicine Abuse
Medicine Abuse: intentionally taking
medications for nonmedical reasons.
Some teens feel that since a medicine is a
prescription or over the counter that it is safer than
Abusing any medicine is DANGEROUS/ILLEGAL.
15. Teens should avoid using drugs
Lose weight or stay awake while studying
To fit in with peers
Pill parties: teens mix whatever OTC and prescription
medicines are available. DANGEROUS!!!!
Avoid taking medicine that was prescribed to
someone else. This is illegal and unsafe