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Newspapers, IIIF, & ALTO
ALA 2016
Karen Estlund
Co-chair, IIIF Newspaper Interest Group
Associate Dean for Technology & Digital Strategies
Penn State University Libraries
kestlund@psu.edu
What is IIIF?
IIIF APIs
Image API
{scheme}://{server}{/prefix}/{identifier}/{region}/{size}/{rotation}/{quality}.{format}
Presentation API
…..
Search API: Use Cases
● Searching OCR generated text to find words or phrases
within a book, newspaper or other primarily textual
content.
● Searching transcribed content, provided by crowd-sourcing
or transformation of scholarly output.
● Searching multiple streams of content, such as the
translation or edition, rather than the raw transcription
of the content, to jump to the appropriate part of an
object.
● Searching on sections of text, such as defined chapters
or articles.
● Searching for user provided commentary about the
resource, either as a discovery mechanism for the
resource or for the discussion.
● Discovering similar sections of text to compare either
the content or the object.
IIIF Newspaper Interest Group Goals
● To determine development + Usage of IIIF for digital
Newspapers
● To demonstrate best practice in exploitation of IIIF for
Newspapers
● To promote usage of IIIF for Newspapers
● To consider related formats, especially serials
● To explore and exploit possibilities for search,
discovery, and annotation of Newspapers
Chairs: Karen Estlund, Penn State & Glen Robson, National
Library of Wales
Special Thanks to Glen! I’ll be using examples from National Library of Wales throughout.
IIIF Newspaper Resources
● Newspaper IG Page: http://iiif.
io/community/groups/newspapers/
● Newspaper IG Working Documents: goo.gl/jNFfVw
● IIIF Awesome: https://github.com/IIIF/awesome-iiif
● IIIF User Stories: https://github.com/IIIF/iiif-stories/
● Slack Channel: iiif.slack.com #newspapers
○ Email kestlund@psu.edu to be added
● Code of Conduct: http://iiif.io/event/conduct/
IIIF Mapping
Newspapers IIIF
Title Collection
Issue Manifest
Edition Manifest
Article Range
Page Canvas
Image Image
Alto Annotations
IIIF Newspapers Best Practices Document (Draft)
https://goo.gl/yY3T9T
OCR in Annotation List
{
"@id": "http://dams.llgc.org.
uk/iiif/4342443/annotation/list/ART8.json",
"@type": "sc:AnnotationList",
"label": "SIEraOROLlOIOAt,
OBSERVATIONS,",
"within":
{
"@id": "http://dams.llgc.
org.uk/iiif/4342439/annotation/layer/ART8.json",
"@type": "sc:Layer",
"label": "OCR Article Text"
}
},
OCR and ALTO in Open Annotations
{
"@type":"oa:Annotation",
"motivation":"sc:painting",
"resource":
{
"@type":"cnt:ContentAsText",
"format":"text/plain",
"chars":"SIEraOROLlOIOAt, OBSERVATIONS,"
},
"on":"http://dams.llgc.org.
uk/iiif/4342439/canvas/4342443#xywh=2003,4684,554,34"
},
Also Recommend Link to the OCR in the Manifest
"seeAlso": [
{
"profile": "https://www.loc.
gov/standards/alto/",
"@id": "http://oni.mith.
us/lccn/sn83045396/1911-09-17/ed-1/seq-1/ocr.
xml",
"format": "text/xml"
}
],
Getting Newspapers Into IIIF
● Quick Start Guide for IIIF: http://iiif.io/technical-
details/
● Newspaper Best Practices Model: Forthcoming, Draft:
https://goo.gl/yY3T9T
● NDNP Data
○ Open ONI (open source fork from Chronicling America
software): https://github.com/open-oni/open-oni
○ RAIS image server: https://github.com/uoregon-
libraries/rais-image-server
○ Python Library to host static images: https://github.
com/umd-mith/ndnp_iiif
IIIF Guidance in Open ONI / How to use APIs
Example: http://[url]/about/api/
Open ONI Newspapers in IIIF Viewer
IIIF Newspapers in IIIF Viewer
http://newspapers.library.wales/view/4342439/4342445/53/
Comparing Newspapers in IIIF Viewer (Mirador)
http://iiif.github.io/mirador/demo/
OCR and ALTO as Annotation Layers
What this Means for Newspapers

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Newspapers, IIIF, and ALTO

  • 1. Newspapers, IIIF, & ALTO ALA 2016 Karen Estlund Co-chair, IIIF Newspaper Interest Group Associate Dean for Technology & Digital Strategies Penn State University Libraries kestlund@psu.edu
  • 6. Search API: Use Cases ● Searching OCR generated text to find words or phrases within a book, newspaper or other primarily textual content. ● Searching transcribed content, provided by crowd-sourcing or transformation of scholarly output. ● Searching multiple streams of content, such as the translation or edition, rather than the raw transcription of the content, to jump to the appropriate part of an object. ● Searching on sections of text, such as defined chapters or articles. ● Searching for user provided commentary about the resource, either as a discovery mechanism for the resource or for the discussion. ● Discovering similar sections of text to compare either the content or the object.
  • 7. IIIF Newspaper Interest Group Goals ● To determine development + Usage of IIIF for digital Newspapers ● To demonstrate best practice in exploitation of IIIF for Newspapers ● To promote usage of IIIF for Newspapers ● To consider related formats, especially serials ● To explore and exploit possibilities for search, discovery, and annotation of Newspapers Chairs: Karen Estlund, Penn State & Glen Robson, National Library of Wales Special Thanks to Glen! I’ll be using examples from National Library of Wales throughout.
  • 8. IIIF Newspaper Resources ● Newspaper IG Page: http://iiif. io/community/groups/newspapers/ ● Newspaper IG Working Documents: goo.gl/jNFfVw ● IIIF Awesome: https://github.com/IIIF/awesome-iiif ● IIIF User Stories: https://github.com/IIIF/iiif-stories/ ● Slack Channel: iiif.slack.com #newspapers ○ Email kestlund@psu.edu to be added ● Code of Conduct: http://iiif.io/event/conduct/
  • 9. IIIF Mapping Newspapers IIIF Title Collection Issue Manifest Edition Manifest Article Range Page Canvas Image Image Alto Annotations
  • 10. IIIF Newspapers Best Practices Document (Draft) https://goo.gl/yY3T9T
  • 11. OCR in Annotation List { "@id": "http://dams.llgc.org. uk/iiif/4342443/annotation/list/ART8.json", "@type": "sc:AnnotationList", "label": "SIEraOROLlOIOAt, OBSERVATIONS,", "within": { "@id": "http://dams.llgc. org.uk/iiif/4342439/annotation/layer/ART8.json", "@type": "sc:Layer", "label": "OCR Article Text" } },
  • 12. OCR and ALTO in Open Annotations { "@type":"oa:Annotation", "motivation":"sc:painting", "resource": { "@type":"cnt:ContentAsText", "format":"text/plain", "chars":"SIEraOROLlOIOAt, OBSERVATIONS," }, "on":"http://dams.llgc.org. uk/iiif/4342439/canvas/4342443#xywh=2003,4684,554,34" },
  • 13. Also Recommend Link to the OCR in the Manifest "seeAlso": [ { "profile": "https://www.loc. gov/standards/alto/", "@id": "http://oni.mith. us/lccn/sn83045396/1911-09-17/ed-1/seq-1/ocr. xml", "format": "text/xml" } ],
  • 14. Getting Newspapers Into IIIF ● Quick Start Guide for IIIF: http://iiif.io/technical- details/ ● Newspaper Best Practices Model: Forthcoming, Draft: https://goo.gl/yY3T9T ● NDNP Data ○ Open ONI (open source fork from Chronicling America software): https://github.com/open-oni/open-oni ○ RAIS image server: https://github.com/uoregon- libraries/rais-image-server ○ Python Library to host static images: https://github. com/umd-mith/ndnp_iiif
  • 15. IIIF Guidance in Open ONI / How to use APIs Example: http://[url]/about/api/
  • 16. Open ONI Newspapers in IIIF Viewer
  • 17. IIIF Newspapers in IIIF Viewer http://newspapers.library.wales/view/4342439/4342445/53/
  • 18. Comparing Newspapers in IIIF Viewer (Mirador) http://iiif.github.io/mirador/demo/
  • 19. OCR and ALTO as Annotation Layers
  • 20. What this Means for Newspapers