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English 4 Style Analysis Magazine

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Magazine articles written by my English 4 class analyzing the stylistic techniques used by Tim Burton.

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English 4 Style Analysis Magazine

  1. 1. The Movie H und Tim Burton Special “One person’s crazyness is another person’s reality.” - Tim Burton
  2. 2. CONTENTS 2-3 Signs of a Tim Burton movie 1
  3. 3. Signsyou’rewatchinga TimBurtonMovie Article written by Ashley Krause May 1, 2014 The Movie H und Alice from Alice in Wonderland courtesy of parentpreviews.com Sparky from Frankenweenie courtesy of comicbook.com Jack Skellington from Nightmare Before Christmas courtesy of Kingdom Hearts wikia Welcome boys and girls of all ages to the wonderful, yet dark, mind of the one and only Tim Burton. His mind, more importantly the movies and characters that have come from it, are famous for it’s creepy and dark nature. Burton fueled by his originality and dark demeanour have created some pretty amazing movies. In fact, his movies have prompted a new genre to be created called Burtonesque, which is any person/place/thing that resembles the style his films use. Please join me as I go deeper into his mind and tell you what you are most likely to see in a Burton movie. Flashbacks These flashbacks are an occurring event in Burton movies and are used to help explain a character’s past. For instance, in Charlie and the Chocolate Factory, he uses this technique to help explain Willy Wonka’s troubled past with his father and how he came to be a chocolatier. Same Cast Mr. Burton is also quite the fan of using the same actors over and over again. This can be seen in almost every single movie with Johnny Depp and Helena Bonham Carter. These two can often be seen as the love interest of one another like in Corpse Bride, Sweeney Todd, and Dark Shadows. No one knows the truth as to why he likes to cast the same actors but most people can agree that it’s either due to friendship or great charisma on the actors’ part. Creepiness Almost anyone who has seen a movie of Burton’s will definitely agree that they are creepy. Take his film Edward Scissorhands for instance, the main character has scissors for hands and the dark castle on top of the hill just scream creepy. Or what about his versions of the Batman mov- ies? Those most definitely have a creep factor to them. I mean have you seen Penguin in Batman Returns? What a total downright creepy character! Who would ever think of something like this except for the master of it all Mr. Burton himself. Dark and Bright Colors Darkness and bold shadows are another specialty found in almost all of his movies. Used to create a suspenseful, dark, or dreary mood he skillfully uses this to his advan- tage. Seen quite often in many of his movies like 9, Night- mare Before Christmas, and Dark Shadows. On the other hand he is also quite the fan of using bright colors in his movies like Alice in Wonderland and Corpse Bride. In fact, in Corpse Bride he actually uses dark colors to represent the land of the living and bright, cheery colors to represent the land of the dead. By doing this he shows how dreary and boring the living can be and then how much fun the dead are. Gothic Architecture The architecture in most of his films can be deemed as gothic as well as the tone of the whole movie. Gothic in 2
  4. 4. Johnny Depp, Helena Bonham Carter, and Tim Burton out together courtesy of aforanything.com Emily from Corpse Bride courtesy of littlegothichorrors.blogspot.com nature, his films show the dark side of life without holding anything back. The buildings in many films, like Sweeny Todd: the Demon Barber of Fleet Street and Edward Scissorhands, are in a style seen back in the seventeenth-eighteenth century. Characterised by it’s pointed arches, large win- dows, towers, spires, and pinnacles this gothic style has influenced many of Burton’s movies. Deep Hidden Meanings Burton’s movies are also very deep and usually have a meaning hidden amongst the complexi- ty of the plot. In Edward Scissorhands it could be interpreted as Edward (the main character) having a disability (his scissor hands) and how he overcomes this disability and is a part of the community at first (cutting hair and bushes). There are quite a few deep meanings in his claymation film Corpse Bride, for example there is the color difference between life (dull grey tones) and death (bright cheery colors) showing that people have more fun when they’re dead and don’t have to care about anything. Also in that movie there is a butterfly that can be seen throughout the film, the same butterfly that Emily turns into. Butterflies can mean a number of things like rebirth or love or transition but in this movie it means that Emily is finally free. That she let go of the pain she held and transformed into something beautiful and free. Mystery in Shadows There is definitely a mystery effect to quite a lot of his films. He uses harsh lighting to create bold shadows in order to create a feeling of suspense. This feeling make the view- er wonder what will happen next, hence creating mystery. This can be seen in pretty much every single one of his movies. Twisted Humor This is another thing Mr. Burton is quite the fan of and uses it in quite a few of his movies. In his film Beetlejuice, he changed the face of horror comedy. His “cheap” effects made the twisted world of Beetlejuice something to laugh at instead of focusing on how strange of an idea it truly is. The Outcast Another favorite of Mr. Burton that can be seen quite often in his movies. The skittish outcast that is either the main character or sidekick to the main character. I mean just take a look at Edward from Edward Scissorhands, Willy Wonka from Charlie and the Chocolate Factory, Barnabas Collins from Dark Shadows, and many, many more. They are all skittish outcasts that are fan favorites. They tend to keep to themselves, do not know how to socialize, or just seem downright strange. Monsters Things that go bump in the night. Creepy crawlers, skel- etons, ghosts, you name it and you’ve got it. Mr. Burton is notorious for his monsters of the night such as Oogie Boogie from The Nightmare Before Christmas, The Head- less Horseman from Sleepy Hollow, the Jabberwocky from Alice in Wonderland, and the Sand Worm from Beetlejuice. Mr. Burton does love his monsters and you can bet you will see them in his movies. 3
  5. 5. 1 TIM BURTON Tim Burton is an author because of his constant use of the same actors, producers and crew member as well as the similar themes in his movies. Tim Burton is known for being the director of movies such as Batman(1989), Corpse Bride(2005), Charlie and the Chocolate Factory(2005), Alice in Wonderland(2010) and Edward Scissorhands(1990). In his movies Tim Burton is usually illustrating the good and the evil in his plot. In his movies the characters that are trustworthy turned to become corrupted, Tim Burton talks about a lot about corruption as for instance in Batman where the President of Gotham city Max Shreck becomes a corrupt person as well as for the police officer Max Eckhardt. This characteristic is also seen in Edward Scissorhands whereas Edward is seeing as a monster by the society but all he demands is love and acceptance from them, however the society is stereotyping him and rejecting him. At the end the people from the town that were stereotyping him and calling him a monster turned out to become the monsters. Tim Burton uses a lot of stereotypes and generalizations of people and characters in his movies as for instance, in the movie Edward Scissorhands, Tim Burton stereotypes typical 1950’s american women as housewives and domestic workers. He also generalize women as gossips in his movie, these women are hungry for news and are constantly on the phone as well as buying and selling beauty products. In also Charlie and the Chocolate Factory for instance Tim Burton stereotypes the characters. “One person's craziness is another person's reality.”
  6. 6. Alexandre Liapis May 9th 2014 2 As for example to illustrate the winners that found the tickets to go the chocolate factory, Tim Burton stereotypes the spoil English girl with a posh and rich father. He illustrates the American boy as a kid obsessed of video games and electronics. The reason why Tim Burton is recognized as an author is because of his general dark gothic theme found in his movies. Something that makes Tim Burton unique is the fact that in most of his movies, the villain isn’t always the strange guy or the “freak” as in most common movies that we can watch in our society where the leading character is a big brave hero accompanied of his cheerleaders. In Tim Burton’s films he is usually using dark characters or characters that could be seen as “freaks” for the leading role as for instance Edward, in the movie Edward Scissorhands. “I always liked strange characters.” Another technique that is constantly seen in Tim Burton’s movies are flashbacks that conflict with the presents. We can see these flashbacks, in Charlie and the Chocolate Factory where Wily Wonka has flashbacks about his childhood and his father. These flashbacks are also seen in Alice in Wonderland, Batman and Edward Scissorhands. All these movies have the similarity to have their leading character having flashbacks throughout the movie which helps the viewer understand better the choices made by the leading character.“Keep it real for yourself”
  7. 7. 3 Alexandre Liapis May 9th 2014 Settings in most of Tim Burton’s movies are unrealistic by giving a look of “farytale” as seen in Alice in Wonderland or the castle in which Edward lived in Edward Scissorhands. In pretty much all of Tim Burton’s movies we can see many similarities that make the movie noticed as a Tim Burton movie. In his movies we can usually see or feel death, violence, machinery, dark colors and blood. Tim Burton uses a very gothic style. Most of his movies also have near death experiences as for instance in Edward Scissorhands, Jim tried to murder Edward. In Corpse Pride, Victor was close to remain in the world of the death. In Charlie and the Chocolate Factory all the winners of the golden ticket except for Charlie had a near death experience. Furthermore another similarity seen in Tim Burton’s work is his use of storytelling. Other than the techniques used in Tim Burton movies that make him an author, there are other factors such as the constant use of the same actors in his movies. Actors such as Johnny Deep, Helena Bonham Carter and Christopher all appeared in height, seven and six of Tim Burton’s movies. The film composer Danny Elfman, is a composer that worked in all of Tim Burton’s film for the exception of Sweeney Todd: The Demon Barber of Feet Street(2007) and Ed Wood (1994). These factors portray Tim Burton as an author. To understand Tim Burton’s choices in his movies we sometimes have to understand him and who he is. As for instance his style is seen by the audience as sometimes to dark or violent for the kids. Tim Burton’s inspiration for this particular style started as a child, when he went to the movie theatre he watched a lot of different types of movies, as cited here from one of his interviews “A lot of things you see as a child remain with you... you spend a lot of your life trying to recapture the experience” as well as “Anybody with artistic ambitions is always trying to reconnect with the way they saw things as a child”. We can also sometimes link his relationship with his parents as a kid to his movies. As for instance we know that Tim Burton was shy and reserved as a kid and that his father used to be slightly neglected on Burton which affected a lot his relationship with him. We can connect that relationship to the one between Willie Wonka and his father in Charlie and the Chocolate Factory, who is careless and always trying to control everything in Willie Wonka’s life. By watching Tim Burton movies we can notice that he likes to portrait our society with dark colors and to portray the world of the dead with colorful colors. This technique can be clearly seen in the movie Corpse Bride where the world of the living is in grey and black while the world of the dead is colorful. Tim Burton also uses the costumes to illustrate these emotions. For instance in Edward Scissorhands, Edward is wearing an all-black outfit which portrays him as evil and has his face is very white which emphasize death.
  8. 8. Alexandre Liapis May 9th 2014 4 Edward isn’t evil and neither the bad guy in movie but in most common movies the bad guy would be illustrated that way. While Edward is dressed with dark colors, the “nice” people of the town are wearing only colorful colors and live in colorful houses. In this contrast, we can understand that Tim Burton tried to emphasize the nice person as the evil and the evil as the nice people. “I think a lot of kids feel alone and slightly isolated and in their own world.”
  9. 9. Low Lighting Techniques: Youngblood’s English Magazine13 In many of Tim Burton’s movies, he uses the technique of low key lighting to empha- size the mysteriousness and to add sus- pense to the movie and scenes. ighting is an important part in a film, as without it, you would not be able to see the characters, set, or anything happening; The film would just be a dark screen with voices and sound effects. The way that Tim Burton uses lighting is for a totally different reason; Tim Burton uses lighting to add suspense and to create a mysterious vibe to his films. For instance, have you ever seen Corpse Bride? In that film, he uses lighting, specifically low key lighting to add suspense towards what is going to happen when Victor, the main character, is being dragged under- ground by vines when lost in the forest. And it definite- ly does the trick! It allows you to wonder what is happening, why it is happening and especially makes you wonder what will happen next. Personally, I thought, ‘What’s happening?! Why is it happening?! Why are the vines grabbing him?! The suspense is killing me!’. L This happens in almost all of Tim Burton’s movies. The low lighting is used in Alice in Wonderland, Nightmare Before Christmas, Sweeney Todd, and Edward Scissorhands. In each one of them, you can find elements that are leading to suspense, and make you wonder, allowing for you to question what might happen next. Low lighting is used to keep you on the edge of your seat, keep you interested and wondering during the movie. It allows for you to connect with how the charac- ter on screen is feeling, gives you, who can see and sense more than the character, a slight insight into the won- dering, mysterious, confused mindset of the character. It connects you two, and it lets you feel what the character is feeling. Tim Burton’s goal is to attract your attention, and he definitely succeeds with his dark, seemingly insane main characters, making your mind work as you watch his films. The lighting used in Edward Scissor- hands, in the scene where Peg enters the upstairs room of Edward’s mansion and sees Edward for the first time, is low key lighting. It is used to add mystery as to why he has scissors and blades for hands, and what is going to happen to Peg since she discovered him. It keeps you on the edge of your seat, or at least, Tim Burton hopes it will keep you on the edge of your seat. By using this technique of lighting, Tim Burton hopes that he will keep your attention, make you wonder what is going on, and make you question Edward, attracting even more of your attention than some bad situational comedy on television. In this scene from Alice in Wonderland low key lighting is used to add mystery as to where Alice is, and suspense through wondering what is going to Nightmare Before Christmas shows low lighting in this scene, where Sally is preparing something, and you wonder what she is preparing and why. Photo: Nightmare Before Christmas
  10. 10. Youngblood’s English Magazine 14 “I think a lot of kids feel alone and slightly isolated in their own world.” -Tim Burton In Nightmare Before Christmas, Sally is seen making a mixture, cooking something. You’re not sure what it is when you first see it, as she could be making anything, but from the low lighting used, you can tell that it’s something sinister, and it makes you wonder what that something sinister will be, and what will happen when the concoction is complete. It creates the suspense for his film, in just that single scene. The lighting adds mystery, and keeps you wondering. For example, in Alice in Wonderland, when Alice first falls down the rabbit hole and rediscovers Wonder- land, she looks around, in the low light of the Wonderland forest, with crazy colors, plants, and creatures. She looks lost, and the way that Tim Burton portrays the feeling of being lost is not only through actress Mia Wasikowska’s facial emotion, but through the lighting used as well. The low light that the forest gives off, mixed with the sun bursts coming through the trees, creates an element of mystery and suspense. It makes you wonder why Alice has found this place, and what this place is, and it lets you understand why it is called Won- derland. It makes your mind wonder why, what, and basically allows you to create your own suspense in your head as you wonder and try to figure out what is going on. It’s as if you’re a small child who has just discov- ered the attic of their house. You’re mesmerized by this new-to-you ‘world’ and you’re curious as to what lies in the darkest shadows. You’re scared, but yet something- some element of curiosity- is pulling your interest into discover- ing it all. Your mind is wandering, creating short stories for things as all kids do, and the mystery of this new place is overwhelming. You don’t know what this place is, why it is here, or what will happen if you go exploring in the darkest corner, but yet, you’re bouncing with anticipation of what you will find. That’s the feeling that Tim Burton portrays with the low lighting in his films. It’s the feeling of being isolated in a world all to yourself, being alone, and yet instead of being scared, being intrigued by the mystery that this ‘world’ has to offer. This can also relate to a quote by Tim Burton, where he says, “I think a lot of kids feel alone and slightly isolated in their own world.”* Since you can connect to how the character is feeling, it can also connect you to memories of your past, where you might now have known what was happening, or what was going to happen next, or why certain things happened at a certain time. It let’s you see into those feelings, connecting you further. That’s why the quote, which is a vision of what Tim Burton thinks some kids are like, can relate you to his movies through the lighting that causes suspense. But it’s not only in Edward Scissorhands, Alice in Wonderland, and Corpse Bride that Tim Burton uses low key lighting to portray mystery, emotion, and add suspense. He uses it in a majority of his films, from Batman, to Sweeney Todd, to Nightmare Before Christmas. If you’ve seen these movies, you can probably tell that most of the movie is dark, filmed with barely enough light to see what is happening. The low lighting adds suspense and mystery, and allows YOU to create an answer to ‘Why is this happening?’ and ‘What will happen next?’. A scene from Edward Scissorhands portraying low lighting. Photo: Edward Scissorhands Low lighting shown in Corpse Bride. Photo: Corpse Bride *Quote from http://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/quotes/t/timburton454896.html
  11. 11. Movies 101 May 11, 2014 Darkness or Simply Just Unique? Tim Burton has established himself as a sensational filmmaker in the industry. The mind behind the creations of such gothic, unique, and creative scenarios is known for his consistent cinematic styles. His most renowned works include Edward Scissorhands, Charlie in the Chocolate Factory, Alice in Wonderland and Corpse Brides. These are only a small component of the true creation behind this Academy Award nominees director. When you watch a movie you can immediately notice his style, which include, gothic mystery, flashbacks, color contrasting, a character that doesn’t belong, and someone that always looks down upon the other characters. ! His Styles! When witnessing a Tim Burton movie, the audience immediately notices how the scenes are flooded with mystery, whether it being brought by a character, mood, or just simply the setting. He is an expert in creating a sense of secure darkness and this can be shown in all 16 films he directed and the 12 he produced. ! 1Movies 101 Framing Apart from his unique styles, Tim Burton carefully uses certain techniques to follow through with his ideal scenes. He uses an abundance of close ups to show focus on something important. He uses this to show movement and emotions. In Edward Scissorhands, for example, close ups are mainly used to show the intensity of Edwards eyes as he is very quiet and doesn’t express himself vocally. ! Lighting Tim Burton also uses a contrast of low key lighting, being full of shadows and creating suspense, verses high key lighting, a lot of light giving the feeling of happiness and joy. This effect gives the audience a feeling of variation, and of powerful effect. Giving this contrast, Tim Burton’s color contrast style is easily produced. ! Angles Lastly, Tim Burton uses high angle and low angle to accentuate the “looking down upon” relationships. High angle, making the character look week and low angle making the character look powerful are both present in Charlie and the Chocolate Factory. ! These techniques have made Tim Burton style pop in giving it his own personal touch, additionally they have been able to give him a greater effect which brought him fans from all over the globe.$ WHY TIM BURTON Putting characters in a habit they don’t belong, Tim Burton is now known for the most unique movies, but why? A glimpse behind the inspiration that led Tim Burton to become the greatest director and producer yet.
  12. 12. Movies 101 May 11, 2014 A second element of style present in Tim Burton’s movies are flashbacks. Tim Burton uses flashbacks to show an important connection to the characters past. In Edward Scissorhands, we see Edward thinking back to when he was created and how his creator was about to insert real hands when he suddenly died. This left Edward with Scissorhands, his hands complicated the plot of the movie especially after his flashback as his attitude switched to furious anger. Instead in Charlie and the Chocolate Factory we see that it is indeed Willy Wonka who remembers when he was a kid and his father, a dentist, would burn Willy’s halloween candy. This results in a big impact on the relationship between Willy Wonka and Charlie. As Charlie, who is really close to his family helps Willy fix the long lost relationship with his Mr Wonka, his father.! In three of his most famous works, Edward Scissorhands, Corpse Brides and Charlie and the Chocolate Factory, Tim Burton decides to use color contrast. Tim Burton purposely decides for this dramatic comparison of setting to show contrast and belongings of the characters. Tim Burton creates the setting of the dark ! 2Movies 101 Why does Tim Burton tend to use these elements/techniques most often? What is Tim Burton trying to get his viewers to do/feel/believe/think? According to, The Hollywood Reporter Tim Burton explained in his interview that "It's important to feel like you live or understand the character." The character he feels most attached to is Victor from Frankenweenie. Similar to Victor, Burton grew up to the same circumstances Victor did. The author includes that, “Over the course of a long career that is going as strong today as ever, Burton has learned that you can't please all of the people all of the time -- and he doesn't seem terribly interested in trying to do that. Moreover, he is now embraced by the animation community that once shunned him”. This has shown he does things out of his comfort zone. According to The New York Times, his style “is strongly visual, darkly comic and morbidly fixated, but it is rooted just as much in his affection for monsters and misfits (which in his movies often turn out to be the same thing).”! Overall, Tim Burton tries to connect his characters to his audience, making them feel as much love and Burton felt when creating the movies.!
  13. 13. Movies 101 May 11, 2014 
 castle as dark and mysterious with the central color being black, but just outside this “dangerous” castle lies the happy suburbs all playing around vibrant neon colors, think around 70s mentality. This shows extreme difference before the storyline even begins. On the other hand, Tim Burton decides to create Corpse Brides in a different manner. In Corpes Brides the contrast is between the living and the dead, he accomplishes this by showing the living in this sad, gloomy setting while the underground in these lively colors. In Corpes Brides, Burton sends out the message of the underground enjoying “life” more then the one alive themselves, this not only shows color contrast but sends out a sincerely important message that we don’t pay enough attention to the important things therefore we live in sorrow. Lastly, Charlie and the Chocolate Factory compares the outside world to inside Willy Wonka’s Factory, similar to Edward Scissorhands. In Charlie and the Chocolate Factory the outside world is the part that is gray and cold while inside the factory we see luscious colors and unimaginable goods. Overall this shows a similar concept to Corpes Brides because inside the factory is where the magic begins and where Wonka’s happiness lies, while outside the characters especially Charlie are trying to make it to next month! We can say Tim Burton has truly become a specialist when it comes to contrasting colors and settings, doing something not everyone has seen before and that lets him succeed every time.! Another important element of Tim Burton Cinematic Style, is having a character that doesn’t belong in the scenario become the main focus of the movie. In Edward Scissorhands, Edward was the odd one out and became the central focus of the story. First, everyone wanted to meet him, second the community used him, thirdly they started rebelling after him, and so forth, leading Edward to agree he didn’t belong and had him run back to his castle. A similar story line is in Corpes Brides when Victor, one of our main characters, is brought to the land of the dead, but he's alive! He knows he doesn’t belong in the underground and tries every possible idea to get back to the living, but does he really want to leave the pleasant underground? In Alice in Wonderland, Alice is the character that doesn’t belong in Wonderland, and 3Movies 101
  14. 14. Movies 101 May 11, 2014 in Charlie and the Chocolate Factory well, the kids in the factory. The recurring theme of having one character that doesn’t belong, prompts Tim Burton to have an exciting storyline as he tries to either have the character fit in, or have them exit the scene. This keeps his movies entertaining and full of fresh new interactions.! Lastly, a noticeable Tim Burton style is the fact that one character is always looked down upon. Adding to the fact that one character doesn’t belong, Burton also includes a figure of authority or of higher power looking down upon the more fragile characters. In Frankenweenie, we see both Victors neighbor, and teachers looking down upon him, and his parents look at him as if he’s “different”. In Charlie and the Chocolate Factory, Willy Wonka is looked down upon from the parents of the children, because he seems “strange”, and Willy looks down upon the children because they are “strange” to him. This exhibits itself various times in his different movies, it feels as if one or more characters are viewed as lesser or have some type of different mentality as the rest of the group. 
 4Movies 101 Resources ! Feinberg, Scott. "Tim Burton on His Life and Movies Coming Full Circle with 'Frankenweenie' (Video)." The Hollywood Reporter. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 May 2014. ! Itzkoff, Dave. "Tim Burton, at Home in His Own Head." The New York Times. The New York Times, 22 Sept. 2012. Web. 12 May 2014.
  15. 15. Donahue Sauer Today’s Close up A close up look at Tim Burton close ups 5/13/14 Tim Burton close ups In Edward Scissorhands Tim Burton uses many close ups. The way he uses them most in the movie is to show Edward’s emotions. Being that this movie was about a man who was invented and was suddenly fully emerged into the outside world, a lot of the movie focused on his behavior and how Edward felt about what happened around him. The film technique Close ups were used frequently throughout the film Edward Scissorhands. Tim Burton uses it at any small climax or when a character learns something new. One example of who Tim Burton used a close up is when the mother first discovers Edward in the mansion. She is frightened and also confused. Tim Burton used a close up in this situation to show the audience how frightening and also confusing Edward was at first appearance. Tim Burton used close ups in Edward Scissorhands to capture the emotion of his characters. Edward Scissorhands was about a young man invented by a scientist and had scissors for hands. He is new to a social setting and at first is very liked by the entire town. Because of how he was new to the town and also brand new to Tim Burton One person's craziness is another person's reality.
  16. 16. lorem ipsum dolor issue, date 2 Alice in Wonderland conversing with people he is confused for much of the movie. Tim Burton uses the close up to capture all these confused moments to help understand Edward. Close up was a very important film technique to complete this film. Close up was the best technique to us for the scene when Peg discovers Edward in the castle because other shots wouldn’t have been able to capture the same emotion as the close up achieved. Tim Burton, in his film Alice in Wonderland uses close up by capturing the emotion of the characters by having that character be the only one in the shot. I believe that the use of the close ups on Alice helps you the viewer attracted to her. Since she is confused about Wonderland and doesn’t know where she is, whenever there is a close up on her you realize that she’s just as confused as you. This makes you attached to Alice and makes you want her to be the hero to save the day. Tim Burton uses this technique most to capture Alice’s emotion. He uses it many times during the film, such as when she first falls down the rabbit hole with the different doors in them. She is confused at this part of the film and Tim Burton keeps the shot on her to capture every bit of her confusion. She runs around trying to find an unlocked door, when she discovers they are all locked she finds a much smaller door. This is when she is most confused because how is she supposed to fit through such a small door? She must drink the shrinking juice and she finds her way through. Alice’s emotion is captured most because she is completely confused when she is in Wonderland. The other characters claim she is the right Alice and that she has been in Wonderland before when she in fact doesn’t ever remember being in Wonderland at all. Tim uses the fact that she doesn’t remember ever being in Wonderland to capture her emotion many times during the film. In the film The Corpse Bride, Tim Burton most uses the film technique by capturing Victor’s fear and confusion during the film. Since he was a Frankenweenie close up
  17. 17. lorem ipsum dolor issue, date 3 newly dead and was confused about where he is, close ups are used to help you feel bad for Victor and for also the viewer to come up with an opinion about where it would be better for him to live. An example of when Tim Burton uses a close up during the film Corpse Bride is when Victor has just awoken Emily and she is chasing after him. This is practically an entire scene of close ups. Since Victor isn’t used to people chasing him in the woods during the middle of the night, he is very scared. Tim Burton keeps a close up on his face for much of the chase. The best example is when Emily finally catches Victor and he falls on the floor. He looks up frightened and the camera is glued to him. This is a prime example of a close up because it captures how scared Victor is and also how he is confused about what he is going to see when he looks up. Tim Burton uses close ups many times in Corpse Bride, this is because he wishes to capture emotion, but I believe he also uses many close ups because he wants to show off his characters. A close up was the most effective shot for this specific scene because no other shot would have been able to really focus on Victor’s emotion. Tim Burton, in his film Frankenweenie, uses the film technique close up to capture the emotion of the character. The emotion of a character is very important for the viewers to see. An example is a close up on Victor’s face after witnessing his own dog’s death. This was a very tragic moment. I shed many tears. Burton used close ups frequently in the film to show the characters emotions. Burton uses the close up to show the emotions of the characters in his film. Such as when Victor’s parents find Sparky after Victor brought him back to life. The parents were scared and also confused. Burton uses a close up for this specific part of the scene because it’s able to show the specific emotions of the characters. A close up works better than the other shots because along with the dialogue from the character the close up shows all parts of emotion. You can see just their face rather than the rest of the body, which isn’t really important when a viewer wants to know how a character feels about something. Also characters legs aren’t important when it comes to a scene like this. Courtesy of: http://taraharing.wordpress.co m http://www.imdb.com http://disney.wikia.com https://www.blastr.com http://www.stopmotionworks.c om http://www.imdb.com http://www.imdb.com
  18. 18. The Reviewer THE UNIQUE TIM BURTON May 2014 The Tim Burton Unique Style is known as the “Unorthodox Technique” ! Tim Burton a World renowned director, uses his techniques to create his outlandish films. The one and only, world renowned Tim Burton is known for making the most bizarre films. Tim Burton was brought up in California drawing cartoons and watching old films. His inspirations were born when he was young. Tim Burton has produced many well known films such as Alice in Wonderland, Charlie and the Chocolate Factory, Sweeney Todd, and many more. He has made a name for himself known for his outlandish films. Read on to get the inside scoop on Tim Burton’s and his mad directing techniques such as lighting, characters, angles, and much more... Lighting ! Due to Burton’s particular style of movies (dark and gothic films) he uses low-key lighting to enforce his message of the dark and ominous films. The purpose of the low-key lighting is to create suspense and tension. The low-key lighting signifies the dark mysterious nature of his films. An example of low-key lighting in Edward Scissorhands occurs when Pam first sets eyes on Edward scissorhands. Not only is she terrified and scared but the lighting enhanced the mystery and tension in the film. Low-key lighting is very useful when filming a horror or gothic film. The lighting in Burton’s films enhances the style and mystery in the movie. By: Ellie Porter The Reviewer “ O n e p e r s o n ’s crazyness is another person’s reality.” -Tim Burton
  19. 19. THE REVIEWER! PAGE 2 The Reviewer Angles A variety of angles are used in many of Tim Burton’s films but the one most relevant is the low angle shot. He uses this shot in all of his films. The low angle is to signify the dominance and strength a particular character has over another. The similarity with the low angles is that the “bad guy” in all films is apart or involved in the shot. This signifies that they’re on a pedestal or is very important, and prominent in Tim Burton Films. In terms of his films he uses this technique in the movie Charlie and the Chocolate Factory multiple times. The purpose of the Low- angle shot is to show the characters power and dominance over another character. In particular, Charlie and the Chocolate Factory a low- angle was used to show that Charlie’s father (the dentist) had control over the amount of candy he ate. His father wanted to show that he had control over his son, who in this case was charlie. This is just another example of a low- angle shot. Cast ! Tim Burton consistently chooses Johnny Depp and Helena Bonham Carter. There is a reason for his selection as they play the perfect characters in his films. They portray a dark and sinister feel. For instance in Sweeney Todd, a horror movie, the gloomy, dark and insidious feeling is portrayed mainly in the characters They both portray the exact feeling that Tim Burton directs. Maybe choosing Helena Bonham Carter has something to do with the fact that Carter and Burton are married. These two actors show relevance to his films because they create the dark atmosphere that linger in Tim Burton’s directing technique. A part of his dramatic directing skills are the characters he picks to play the most important roles in his films. Resources Itzkoff, Dave. "Tim Burton, at Home in His Own Head." The New York Times. The New York Times, 22 Sept. 2012. Web. 12 May 2014. "Tim Burton Quotes." BrainyQuote. Xplore, n.d. Web. 12 May 2014.
  20. 20. THE COLLECTOR! PAGE 3 The Reviewer Type of characters ! Within Burton’s particularly bizarre films not only is it the film that creates the feeling, but the characters. Not necessarily the actors but the characters in each of Tim Burton’s film create and the plot and sense of the theme of the movie. The characters build to the plot and make the movie more interesting to the viewer. Tim Burton has not failed to impress the viewers as each of his movies are vastly different compared to realistic ordinary movies. Similar Themes ! An ongoing and occurring theme in the Tim Burton’s movies and directing is the insidious and dark aura. Tim Burton has a different take on his directing style and the type of movies he produces. Not only does he use very unique and unorthodox techniques, he portrays these techniques in his films. The similar theme carried on throughout his films is the mysterious, unorthodox, and unpredictable mood. These are the three key adjectives that make him “Tim Burton”. He far exceeds other producers in his techniques and quirky ideas. These give him a famous name to live by. Tim Burton ! “I've always been misrepresented. You know, I could dress in a clown costume and laugh with the happy people but they'd still say I'm a dark personality.” -Tim Burton. Tim Burton has been preserved as the dark and sinister characters in his movies. When in reality he is a genuine kind man. There is a disconnect from Tim Burton and his directing style. The New York Times writer and interviewer describes Dave Itzkoff interviewed Tim Burton at his home in London. Itzoff described it as “Modern Nonconformist”. There is memorabilia of his movies laid around the house such as “Ultraman toys and models of skeletal warriors.” He truly is a very eccentric man but thats what makes him the world renowned director Tim Burton. He was brought up with a father who was a professional baseball player. He accepted more of the artistic gene. He was not exactly cut out for sports as he had more animated dreams in mind. At the age f 54 Burton has produced 16 featured films over a thirty years. “He may be the most widely embraced loner in contemporary cinema.” describes Burton to a tee. Burton, one of the most well-known directors in the world has created a different era for directing movies. He has changed the ordinary everyday directing style to a new unorthodox style.
  21. 21. 1 Tim Burton Sneak Peak Tim Burton is considered to be one of the greatest film writers of all time. Burton has won and been nominated many awards for his films. Some of Tim Burtons most famous recent films are Alice in Wonderland, Charlie and the Chocolate Factory and Corpse bride. Over the many years that Burton has been producing and creating one of a kind films he has made a very specific style for his movies. Tim burton continues to use the same main characters, puts a social outcast in each movie and uses the same main ideas to get his point across to the viewer. Common elements of a Tim Burton Movie REOCCURRING CHARACTERS In tim burtons film he tends to cast the same cast for each film,if its an animation he will use them for the voice of a character. Tim Burtons main cast is usually his wife Helena Bonham Carter and Johnny Depp, Christopher Lee and Jeffery Jones. The reasoning behind Burton using the same cast is because he has created a close relationship with each one of them and he TIM BURTONWritten by: Lexi Jones | May 13,2014 | “It's great to find people like that you can communicate with on an almost subconscious level.” -Tim Burton
  22. 22. 2 believes if it worked well for him once, it will work well for him again. While using the same cast is important to Tim Burton he also tends to use the same musician Danny Elfman to make scores for him. While this is Burtons most reoccurring cast he has many more people that will continue to be shown in more films than one. SOCIAL OUTCAST In each one of Tim burtons films theres always a very different main character, they are portrayed different than normal which makes them an outcast. For example in Edward Scissor Hands, Edward Scissor hands is born with scissors as hands but is put into a typical everyday environment. Edward is singled out and has to figure out how to deal with day to day life as an outcast. Burton says the reason for always having a social misfit is because growing up he felt that was him, he didn't think he fit in with everyone else and had to deal with the pressures from the outside world. Flashbacks Many of Burtons main films such as Alice in Wonderland and Charlie and the chocolate factory have flash backs that answer many questions that the viewer could be asking themselves while watching the movie. In Charlie and the chocolate factory, Wonka has flashbacks to when he was a child and his dad was a dentist that didn't allow him to eat candy. Burton says these flashbacks are important to him because he feels that it pulls the whole plot together, so in each movie you will notice sometimes more than one flashback. (Picture to the right is a flashback to when Wonka was a just a child not allowed to eat sweets.) “I was never interested in what everybody else was interested in. I was very interiorized. I always felt kind of sad.” - Tim Burton
  23. 23. 3 Dark Themed Movies Usually when people go to see a Tim Burton film they probably have made a pretty good assumption that the movie is going to have a dark, gothic and quirky horror theme to it. Tim Burton would not call any of his movies scary because he says he doesn't believe that any of them are. Tim Burton believes that his films have some dark humor in them but also deal with emotions and about the real life reality of losing people and having to deal with problems that lead to emotional stress. Tim Burton makes these movies to show that eventually you will make it out ok, even in the darkest of times. Dark Lighting In Many of Tim Burtons Stop action creations he tends to use grey, black and any dark colors to portray the mood. For example in Corpse Bride the main colors that were used were dark colors until the very end when you saw a couple brighter colors but the majority were dark colors. Tim Burton uses this technique to draw the viewers in, and set the mood for the creepy movie that is taking place. While the colors are dark not always are the characters supposed to come off. Surreal Humor Surreal humor is used in many of Tim burtons movies. Surreal humor is when main actors in the movie are making decisions that are clearly irrational and not what the average person would do. For example in Beatle Juice two recently descent human ghosts hire a free lance bio exorcist ghost to scare away the new inhabitants of their old home.ironically the ghost hire another “I have a problem when people say something's real or not real, or normal or abnormal. The meaning of those words for me is very personal and subjective”. - Tim Burton
  24. 24. 4 ghost to scare the new people away, when really all ghost have the same scare factor effect on humans. Tim Burton uses this kind of humor because its what makes him laugh and Burton in many interviews has sad he doesn’t do things to please others.If Burton laughs and believes its a well written piece then he will make it into a movie despite what others say to him. Overall Tim burton has mad it very obvious to the viewers that these are the cinematic techniques he likes to use over and over again and doesn't plan on changing or switching up the routine anytime soon. By now you can see that Tim Burton has grown up not as the popular kid or the smartest kid he was always an introvert. Tim Burton has never wanted any of his viewers to believe something is real or unreal, when someone says that he says “ who are you tell make that decision”. Making movies for Tim Burton is more than just a job and a money maker its making his dreams come true and finally getting to show the world whats going on in his head. Resources
  25. 25. Tim Burton’s Life One Person’s craziness is another person’s reality.” “It’s good as an artist to always remember to see things in a new weird way.” -Tim Burton 5/13/14 Why is He so Unique? A Tim Burton film is always unique and shows qualities of it being one of his productions. Whether it’s the same group of actors (Johnny Depp, Helena Bonham-Carter, Christopher Lee or Jeffrey Jones) facial expressions, dark and mysterious plots that show different perspectives in how Burton sees. Tim Burton is a very interesting man and has been through many up and downs during his lifetime but he has changed the movie industry forever. Burton is able to use flashbacks, witch figures, types of creepy and strange settings as well as very odd character to really put a twist on it. What really makes Tim Burton so different is that he’s a very honest person with gothic interests. He doesn’t seem to do it for the money or even to make a profit, he does it because its something he loves to do. Burton doesn’t have to promote his work like other producers and directors because his name is already so large in the movie making industry. In all of Tim Burton’s movies he uses similar types of framing, shots and lighting. He’s a mysterious man and has dawning interest in many different “I always liked strange Characters” -Tim Burton Tim Burton pg. 3
  26. 26. 2 Famous Producer/Director things that wouldn’t be considered to be the norm. Burton’s personality reflects on more than just the movies he works on but what he buys and where he lives. Many people buy a property that reflects their interests and what they like. If Tim Burton were to buy a house it would a mysterious and dark looking house. From his movies, Alice and Wonderland you can see how he interprets the world. He is able to use a lot of low-key lighting to show the shadows and really create a lot of "I had never really done something that was more of a horror film, and it's funny, because those are the kind of movies that I like probably more than any other genre. The script had images in it that I liked." –Tim Burton suspense in this movie. When Alice first gets to Wonderland and is traveling through the forest you can tell right away that this would be a Tim Burton movie. In Charlie and the Chocolate Factory Burton gives off the creepy unusual feeling when entering Charlie’s house and also the man that is trying to steal the gobstopper recipe. Close up is usually used to capture emotion and show what the characters are really feeling. In Alice and Wonderland, Mad Hatters face was zoomed in on to capture how scared and frightened he was when making the hats for the red queen near the middle of the film. Low-key lighting is also one of many cinematic techniques used by Burton to show the suspenseful and creepy aspects of his life. In Alice and wonderland low key was used a lot to show how cruel and rude she is. Alice was in a low-key lighting area in the forest to show how mysterious that forest is very creepy. In Frankenweenie when the dog died low-key lighting was used the most because they were really trying to show how upsetting and depressing it was to have lost his dog. Dramatic expressions occur a lot more in a low key lighting area. Two-Shot is a well- known cinematic feature to capture the relationship between the two characters. Charlie and the Chocolate Factory used a two shot at the beginning of Willie Wonka and Charlie to possibly foreshadow what was to come in the future. Also a two-shot was taken of Charlie and his grandpa to give off the feeling of companionship and that he would refuse to leave his family. Life Of Tim Burton Cont… References Pictures credited from imdb.com Quotes credited from brainyquote.com
  27. 27. 1 Tim Burton uses lighting techniques of high key and low key lighting to contrast two entirely different worlds that the main character experiences in each of his stories. He also uses these lighting techniques in ironic ways to add depth to these worlds and characters. High key lighting is a technique that uses bright light and colors to show bright upbeat situations or emotions and low key lighting is a technique where low lighting is used to create contrast or a dim situation in order to create drama and suspense or to show low moods, sadness, and dark themes. It is usually used in scary places, during sinister scenes and to highlight spooky things, during a dramatic or intense scene, or to show that something is dull and uninteresting. However, Tim Burton does not use these lighting techniques in a typical way to get his point across. For example, in his stop motion film The Corpse Bride he uses low 2 key lighting and dull colors in the world of the living to show how dead the living really are, and he uses high key lighting and exciting vibrant colors in the world of the dead to show that the dead are actually more alive than the living. In Alice In Wonderland, he uses high key lighting and pastel colors in the real world because it seems to be the perfect place but in reality it is quite boring there and the people are unimaginative and stuck in the conventions of society. However, in wonderland the use of low key lighting and darker colors would suggest a strange, almost frightening place but once you look past the strangeness, it is a wonderful place filled with beauty, adventure and whimsy. In Edward Scissorhands, Burton uses High key lighting and cheerful pastel colors in the town that Peg lives in, making it seem perfect and welcoming but the town is actually full of people that are quick to judge and 3 spiteful. And though both the lighting in the mansion where Edward was created and his attire are dark and monochromatic, he is actually a very nice guy and the place he was created holds sentimental memories of the only father figure he’s ever had. In Charlie and the chocolate factory, low key lighting and dark colors used on the Buckets’ little house make it seem like a dull shack from the outside but on the inside it actually is filled with so much love and care and is a nurturing and supportive environment filled with family and love for Charlie and holds many good memories and traditions. High key lighting and bright, vibrant colors in the chocolate world might be misleading because for Willy Wonka it is actually somewhat of a prison. He is alone and has no family except for traumatic memories of his father. Tim burton’s intent is to use the lighting in his films so that the A brief look into the brilliant lighting techniques used by director Tim Burton in his films Tim Burton’s Lighting Techniques Exposed Tim Burton Director
  28. 28. Tim Burton 4 viewer will make assumptions about characters and places that the viewer then learns are wrong, to encourage his viewers to be more open minded. Burton’s childhood influenced his style greatly. From a young age he would watch horror movies and he didn’t really have a very good relationship with his parents. He says "When I was younger, I had these two windows in my room, nice windows that looked out onto the lawn, and for some reason my parents walled them up and gave me this little slit-window that I had to climb up on a desk to see out of. I never did ask them why. But my parents are dead now, so I guess the answer will remain unanswered as to why they sealed me in a room. I guess they just didn't want me to escape." Tim Burton’s fascination with horror movies might have contributed to his use of low key lighting in his own films. As a child, he always identified more with and felt more empathy towards the monsters in the monster movies he watched, than he did with the 5 adults in his real life, which might have influenced his decisions about what types of lighting to use in his films. For example, his use of high key lighting and bright colors in the land of the dead in corpse bride shows that he viewed a place where the monsters lived as more exciting and friendly than the real world, where he used dull colors to portray the boringness. It also might contribute to why in Edward Scissorhands, he made Edward, the “monster” of the movie, such a nice, innocent, and non-scary guy. "I don't know why but I always related to characters like Frankenstein. I think a lot of kids do; its easier to relate to the monster in the sense of he's alone. Growing up, you could feel those feelings and the way you felt about your neighbours is like they're the angry villagers.” He says of his affinity towards monster movies. "I was never scared of monster movies. I could happily watch a monster movie but if I had one of my relatives come over, you'd be terrified.” RESOURCES Alice picture courtesy of josemiguelvasquez.com Tim Burton picture courtesy of hollywoodreporter.com Alice In Wonderland Alice before the final battle for wonderland
  29. 29. Lorem Ipsum Dolor Issue #, Date ee No. 1 TimBurtonFilms About Tim 1 Tim Burtons previous film information. Burtons Style2 About Burtons style and how he uses the techniques he uses. People 3 Talks about Burtons relationships with Depp. Tim Burton is a well-known director with a unique twisted and original style. The movies he directs usually fall between the genres of gothic horror films and quirky comedies. What makes a Tim Burton film; a Tim Burton film is his style. In other words he sprinkles his personality within his movies. Some could say that he is the unknown offspring Ozzy Osborne, the Prince of Darkness, and Vincent Price, the horror film prodigy. Tim Burton’s gothic, dark, and mysterious personality would most likely make people perceive his enjoyment for the darker side of life. Nevertheless he is the man behind the masterpiece that is Beetle Juice and the ghoulish The Corpse Bride. Burton has also composed several quirky comedies such as Mars Attacks! and Pee-Wee’s Big Adventure which are perfect examples of the type of comedy you won’t find in other films. Tim Burton’s Film Background
  30. 30. Lorem Ipsum Dolor Issue #, Date 2 Beetlejuice for those the five people in this work that have not watched it is about a dead couple attempting to scare a modern family out of there house with the help of a “bio- exorcist”. This dark supernatural wild film features Michael Keaton as Beetlejuice with crazy hair and a ridiculous outfit. In this movie, Tim used lighting to create the mood and emotions he wanted the viewers to feel. When the couple was in the graveyard, unburying Beetlejuice, he sprung out with grey and ghoulish blue tint lighting. Tim also used the same color throughout the same scene with a pitch-black background. From gothic horror to quirky comedies, Tim Burton does it all. In his outrageously comedy Mars Attacks, Martians come to earth and learned the ways of the humans to pose as them in order to successfully attack and take over the White House. Although this film is a comedy, the genius Burton managed to yet again use his aptitude on lighting to make another one-of- a-kind Tim Burton film. The film also shows the uniqueness of his style. In what other parallel universe would a director use aliens coming down to destroy Earth as a comedy? Tim Burton! Tim wears a pair pinstripe socks as a lucky charm at every premiere and special occasion. Beetlejuice, Beetlejuice, Beetlejuice! ALIENS ATTACK In Burton’s Edward Scissorhands, the protagonist is a ghoulish “monstrosity” with scissors for hands. This film, like many other Burton films, is also dark and eerie. The lighting is set up in a way that makes the viewer feel the same emotions the other characters experience through out the film. In this film Burton was able to successfully create a comedy out of a horror film by making his protagonist a friendly monster with good intentions but having the secondary characters revolt towards his presence. In my opinion, this film was an excellent twist to the classic Frankenstein film. SCISSOR HANDS! Fun Fact:
  31. 31. Lorem Ipsum Dolor Issue #, Date 3 Tim Burton usually has the same two people starring his movies: Johnny Depp and Helena Bohnam Carter. Burton met Depp while filming Edward Scissor Hands. When they met Burton knew there was something about Depp that he liked. Johnny Depp and Tim Burton share that dark, comical, unorthodox disposition that makes them so similar and close. The reason for all their projects together is because they both have such mutual respect for one another. Tim Burton, I believe, is the modern day horror guru. He has tried his hands on stop-motion film, quirky comedies, and timeless classic with a twist to the horror that is Sweeney Todd the musical. Using his usual techniques, the movie was filmed with a grayish dark lighting overshadowing the look. Like Burton’s usual rated R movies, the film was explicitly gory with a musical twist. This movie is about a demon barber with a thirst for blood and vengeance. As usual the main character, Depp, played Sweeney Todd with a strange hairstyle. But this is not the only movie Depp had a weird hairstyle, Burton followed also gave Depp strange looks in movies like Edward Scissorhands, Alice in Wonderland, Willy Wonka and the Chocolate Factory. The Odd Gothic Horror Film On the other hand, Alice in Wonderland was a more “colorful” film filled with outrageous characters and scenes. This film used various types of unique lighting to make every scene look as if the characters where in a dreamscape. Every character does not look like a normal human being, especially Depp and Carter, who look rather human but look like they are from completely different worlds. Burton applied his twisted creativity onto their costumes and successfully morphed his “duo couple” into something out of a dream, by using bright colors and non-human psychical qualities. Thus, brilliantly making letting his viewers think they are hallucinating. Image by: Brian T.
  32. 32. the art of 151 Sweeney Todd Burtonesque. According to The New York Times it’s a “part of the cul- tural lexicon…[Tim Burton] has developed a singular if not easily pinned-down sensibility…His style is strongly visual, darkly comic and morbidly fixated, but it is rooted just as much in his affection for monsters and misfits.” Some of his common techniques include: the witch, flashbacks, the skittish outcast, and usage of the same actors. Tim Burton commonly uses the character of ‘the witch’. As blogger Meredith Woerner said, “Burton loves to throw in a sassy witch to stir the pot.” The persona of ‘the witch’ has appeared in Sweeney Todd’s Mrs. Lovett and in Alice in Wonderland’s the Red Queen. A common plot device Burton uses is flashbacks – he uses them to explain the usually morbid background stories of his characters. Some examples would be The Corpse Bride when Emily is sing- ing about getting murdered and Sweeney Todd, when Mr. Todd has flashbacks about his days as Benjamin Barker. One common character role Burton uses is “The Skittish Outcast.” The Mad Hatter, Sweeney Todd, and Edward Scis- sorhands are the most known of this type of character. And finally Tim Burton is known best for his usage of the same actors. Tim Burton often works with Johnny Depp and Helena Bonham-Carter. When asked about his relationship with Depp, Burton responded: “he’s great… he’s always into a challenge…that’s the joy of working with him. He’s kind of up for anything.” Burton is also known for casting his partner Helena Bonham-Carter. When asked about this, Burton said, “I wouldn’t just cast her to cast her the same way I wouldn’t cast Johnny or anybody that I love working with just to have them in the movie. You always want it to be the right thing, the right role…Most of the people I work with understand that.” When Depp was asked why he continuously works with Burton he said, “Working with Tim…is really like going home for me.” Depp even remarked that, “For me, I see myself as just a very, very lucky boy who’s been drafted to come along for the ride…it’s just that we’re good friends and we understand each other.” Johnny Depp even told Cal Fussman with Esquire that, “My life is my life because of Tim.” When Dave Itzoff from The New York Times asked Burton about his relationship with Depp he said, “He’s always been able to decipher my ramblings.” When asked about his relationship with Burton, Depp responds, “It’s always been, with Tim and I…that you get these sort of mysterious phone calls out of nowhere after sometimes months, sometimes years…I mean, there’s no subject. There’s no project. There’s nothing. It’s just like, ‘Okay. I’m going to go see Tim in a week.’ It’s always been like that.” When Helena Bonham-Carter was asked whether she liked to work with the same directors she said, “I defi- nitely like working with the same person… particularly if they’re Tim, because he’s pretty good.” Carter remarked on her working-relation- ship with Burton when she said, “I hope I don’t just [get cast] because I sleep with a guy…But you know what? Actually it’s quite the opposite. Because I sleep with him he asked me to audition, you know? So it obviously doesn’t work for me.” When Burton talked about his relationship with Carter he remarked, “I think maybe, be- cause I am with her, I probably was a bit harder on her. Nobody else had to audition, that’s true (laughing).” But as Tim Burton would and did say, “There’s something quite exciting when you have a history with someone and you see them do new and different things.” 150SweeneyTodd FILMANALYSIS The common techniques, moods, plot lines, and characters that make up the coined term “Butonesque.” Story by: Jaclyn Ryan Burtonesque Lighting - Low Key Shot - Long Shot Angle - High Angle Sound/Music - “Ephiphany“ Explanation - In this scene Tim Burton uses the film technique “High Angle“ to show the subject (Sweeney Todd) from above to make the subject appear small, weak, inferior, and to show the characters location. By using this technique it shows how Mr. Todd’s de- sire is too much for him to handle. This is foreshad- owing of Mr. Todd’s ultimate death and failure. Lighting - High Key Shot - Two Shot Angle - Low Angle (slight) Sound/Music - “By the Sea“ Explanation - Tim Burton uses the “High Key“ lighting technique to show lots of lighting with the daylight scene. Tim Burton uses this technique to create a feeling of hap- piness and/or excitement. This is especially important because it shows Mrs. Lovett’s fantasy of a “happy” family with “Mr. T” once he kills fulfills his mission. Lighting - Side Lighting Shot - Two Shot Angle - Eye Level Sound/Music - “Final Scene“ Explanation - Tim Burton uses the technique “Two Shot“ to show the relationship between Sweeney Todd (AKA Benjamin Barker) and the street rat (AKA his wife Lucy). In this scene Swee- ney Todd wanted to avenge his wife Lucy by killing Judge Turpin. But, he lost control and unknowingly killed his beloved Lucy. His throat was slit shortly after he realized what he had done. 1 2 3 1 2 3 Sweeney Toddthe demon barber of fleet street Story Sources: Fussman, Cal. “What I’ve Learned: Johnny Depp.” Esquirecom Article. N.p., 17 Dec. 2007. Web. 13 May 2014. Itzkoff, Dave. “Tim Burton, at Home in His Own Head.” The New York Times. The New York Times, 22 Sept. 2012. Web. 12 May 2014. Murray, Rebecca. “Helena Bonham Carter Interview-Corpse Bride, Tim Burton, and Finding Her Character.” About.com Hollywood Movies. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 May 2014. Murray, Rebecca. “Johnny Depp Interview - Corpse Bride, Tim Burton, and Voicing Victor.” About.com Hollywood Movies. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 May 2014. Murray, Rebecca. “Tim Burton Interview on Corpse Bride, Johnny Depp.” About. com Hollywood Movies. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 May 2014. “Tim Burton Quotes.” BrainyQuote. Xplore, n.d. Web. 13 May 2014. Woerner, Meredith. “10 Things You’ll See in Almost Every Tim Burton Movie.” Io9. N.p., 10 May 2012. Web. 12 May 2014. Left Page Sources: Design by: Zoe Klumph; Barber Knife: Google Images; 1) Google Images; 2) Google Images; 3) Google Images Right Page Sources: Top: IMDB; Middle: Google Images; Bottom: IMDB
  33. 33. Distinction Tim Burton is a complex and strange man. He uses many techniques of framing, lighting, and angles to demonstrate his unique and dra- matic style. As an American film director Tim Burton produced and directed many films such as: Beetlejuice Edward Scissorhands, Night- mare before Christmas, Ed Wood, Sleepy Hollow, Corpses Bride, Sweeney Todd, Dark Shadows, Alice in Wonderland, Charlie and the Chocolate Factory and Frankenweenie. Burton has directed 16 films and produced 12 as of 2012 his latest film Bigeyes a biographical drama film about Walter Keenan his wife Margaret will be released on Christmas Day 2015 in the United States. The elusive Tim Burton is a man of vast perpetual mystery and the master of the darkness through animation. Burton is the wolf howling at the moon, and the forbidden love beneath the ebony smoke of a starlit tragedy. You can tell you are watching a Tim Burton directed film by these categories below. The eloquence of a joke well told by such a menacing character, used to bring a ray of sunlight that is actually no version of warmth, but a sliver of soul devour- ing chills of a laugh hanging on the cliff of a taste bud, begs the moral questioning of if a laugh should echo the edges of lips at all. But it is this deviltry of humor in itself that signifies the pure genius of Burton in his entirety: the ability to make the audience shake with fright and laugh with cruel delight within seconds. As a well known director he can now use his twisted mind to his full potential, where as before he was closed into a normal rule following society. Dark Sense of Humor “When I worked at Disney as an animator, I used to hide in the closet for most of the day.” - Burton Frequent Collaborators Monsters The complexity of each personality he instills in the souls of his characters, or lack thereof, is a truly awe inspiring feat to watch dance across the screen in a midnight waltz of the night. His uncanny onyx power to formulate plots of such depths touches the caverns of each soul, and dares to question the sanity of the minds of humanity. The “monsters” of his movies are not always the antagonists. Edward is shy and more afraid of the people around him than they are of him. Emily in the Corpse Bride is only in search for love and does not seek to hurt her beloved Victor. Tim Burton uses two shot camera angle technique to show his two frequent actor collaborators Johnny Depp and Helena Bonham Carter. Many times Burton puts them in the same frame on purpose to show dramatic effect and the long history the actors have in working together. In Alice in Wonderland Helena plays the red queen and Johnny plays the Mad Hatter he throws them in a two shot right before the Red Queen summons the guards to “take off his head”. Although Burton and his domestic partner live in separate houses burden uses Helena Bonham Carter and many films including Allison Wonderland, Charlie and The Chocolate Facto- ry and many others. Burton’s long-lasting friendship with Johnny Depp has taken them to collaborate and eight films together. Burton is known for using recurring collaborators on his works; among them are Johnny Depp, who has become a close friend of Burton since their first film together; musician Danny Elfman, who has composed scores for all but two of the films Burton has directed; and actress - do- mestic partner Helena Bonham Carter who stars as a main character in many of his movies. “For his part, Victor (Charlie Tahan) is an exemplary Burton protago- nist, or possibly an alter ego. Wide-eyed and hollow-cheeked in a way that recalls Johnny Depp in Edward Scissor Hands”(Scott 2012)
  34. 34. Stop Motion “There is an energy with stop-motion that you can’t even de- scribe. It’s got to do with giving things life, and I guess that’s why I wanted to get into animation originally. To give life to some- thing that doesn’t have it is cool, and even more so in three di- mensions, because, at least for me, it feels even more real. With the large Marge thing or the dinosaur – any time we could throw in some stop-motion, the better. We could have had a lot more if they’d let us.” (Burton 2014) Burton uses stop motion in movies such as Nightmare before Christmas, Frakenweenie and Corpse Bride. He likes to spend hours and hours just on filming one or two seconds, Burton feels the magic come alive by being so tedious and precise. Creepiness Throughout his filmmaking, he exudes a magnificent sort of power over his characters, captivating his audience with the undeniable urge to creep to the edge of their seats, want- ing more but almost frightened to keep their eyelids blinking. In his movies like Sweeney Todd the Demon Barber, he uses the musical style to show such a dark and horrific man who kills so many people. Edward Scissor Hands uses his long, nasty and sharp mechanical hands to cut into everyday chores and try to blend in with society. Techniques Many times Burton uses Low Light and Back Light in his scenes. His filming style is dark and both of these cinemat- ic techniques held show a gloomy and dark ambiance in his films. Many times he will show close up camera angles on monsters, gross cuts, gory parts and gruesome pieces to give the viewers an experience you can only receive with his films. Many viewers are drawn to his movies because of his creepy and mind twisting power to raise your neck hairs and give butterflies to your stomach. In Frakenweenie close up is used to show the invisible fish and the lesson of how you cannot trust what you cannot see. Resources: Scott, A. O. “It’s Aliiiive! And Wagging Its Tail.” The New York Times. The New York Times, 04 Oct. 2012. Web. 12 May 2014. “Tim Burton Talking About Animation.” Tim Burton Dream Site -. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 May 2014.
  35. 35. W Whenever there is a new released Tim Burton film, without watching the trailer or the movie itself, you can pretty much always bet that Johnny Depp is the leading male actor and it also somehow features Helena Bonham Carter. The collaboration of the trio is a reoccurring theme in Tim Burton’s movies, which are generally marked by their sinister and dark style. During Tim Burton’s teenage years, he was influenced by classic horror movies directed by Roger Corman, which usually cast Vincent Price, a critically acclaimed actor who typically performs villainous and sinister roles and had great relationships with Tim Burton later on in his career; his last movie performance was in Tim Burton’s Edward Scissorhands (1990). Despite the fact that Tim Burton started his career as an animator for Disney, he had never gave up his passion of gothic themes; after Disney’s disap- proval of his individual projects, Vincent and Frankenweenie, he left the company and started his individual career and subse- quently released his individual projects during Disney in 1982 and 1984, respectively. He then received mainstream success and gain reputation from Pee-wee’s Big Adventure (1985), Beetlejuice (1988), and especially Batman (1989). Despite the mainstream success of Batman, Burton still wanted to pursue his own per- sonal passion; therefore, he co-wrote and directed a film named Edward Scissorhands (1990), starring Winona Ryder, leading ac- tress in Beetlejuice and Johnny Depp. Due to the popular TV se- ries that is 21 Jump Street in the 1980s, Johnny became a teenage idol, a title that he didn’t want to be associated with. Tim Burton offered Johnny Depp an unordinary role, in which he performed an incomplete human with scissorhands. It was the first time that Johnny Depp and Tim Burton collaborated and showed the world their quirky perceptions; it is also the beginning of their 8 Tim Burton and His Crew collaborations – Edward Scissorhands (1990), Ed Wood (1994), Sleepy Hollow (1999), Charlie and the Chocolate Factory (2005), Corpse Bride (2005), Sweeney Todd (2007), Alice in Wonderland (2010), and Dark Shadows (2012). Tim Burton has developed a habit of working with a group of same actors over the years, that being said, Johnny Depp isn’t the only actor that Tim Burton prefers to work with. Entering the new millennium, Tim Burton directed the com- mercial success film, Planets of the Ape (2001), where he met his current long-term partner, Helena Bonham Carter. She later featured in seven Tim Burton schools including Big Fish (2003), Charlie and the Chocolate Factory, Corpse Bride, Sweeney Todd, Alice in Wonderland, and Dark Shadows. Both Johnny Depp and Helena Bonham Carter mastered the elements, which make a typical Tim Burton movie: (1) a gothic and quirky of perception of the real world and a colorful imagination of the underground world (2) a sense of madness and wickedness (3) featuring an outcast of the norm. Johnny Depp in most of Tim Burton’s movie, performs an outcast that doesn’t fit in to the society; in Edward Scissorshands, Edward lived in a dark and gloomy castle for most of his life; in Charlie and the Chocolate Factory, Willy Wonka isolated himself in the Chocolate factory before allowing 5 children to visit; in Sweeney Todd, he was exiled from London for 15 years and returned to be a serial killer; and last but not least, in Alice in Wonderland, he performed the role of Mad Hat- ter, an insane and wicked character. It is the mastery of madness and wicked characteristic possessed only by Johnny Depp that make him Tim Burton’s long term trusty leading male actor; it allows Tim Burton to use his favorite close up framing technique to capture the subtle emotions of Johnny Depp. Similarly, in Tim Burton’s films, there is usually a shrewish and witch-like charac- ter; it turned out that his partner, Helena Bonham Carter is the perfect choice for this character. Just like Johnny Depp, Helena Bonham Carter’s interpretation of craziness, shrewishness is also top-notch. This is evident from her performance as Mrs. Lovett in Sweeney Todd, where she became the crazy business partner of Sweeney Todd and sell meat pies made out of human corpse; her performance as Red Queen in Alice in Wonderland, she exempli- fies the unreasonable and villainous tyrant of the underground world. You can safely argue that there are no other actors, actress, or director who can do “weird” better the trio of Tim Burton, Johnny Depp, Helena Bonham Carter. The common taste and passion of the director and two actors helped build the magical bond and chemistry that created the quirky imaginary world for audiences to wonder. Off the set, Tim Burton still maintains close relationships with the two actors. Johnny Depp and Tim Burton have become closed friends since their collaboration in Edward Scissorhands; the two men comes along together as they not only have similar visions toward their creative work but also enjoy having abstract conversations in general. Tim Burton once commented on his relationship with Johnny Depp in an interview with MTV, “It’s very nice to have someone that you can have a completely ab- stract conversation with and leave the room, feel like everything’s fine, and then realize that if you pick it apart, you have absolutely no idea what either of you said” (Ditzian). In their personal lives, Tim Burton and Helena Bonham Carter are long-term partners; despite not being married to each other, they have been living in two joint apartments in London since 2006; the couple remains this domestic relationships and have two children, son Billy Raymond Burton and daughter Nell Burton, and Johnny Depp is the godfather of both children. The three have not only formed a formidable bond in their work environment, but also established a family like relationship in real life, which further enhanced their close collaboration on sets. In the foreseeable future, it is likely that the trio would continue to strive for what they do best, which is taking the audience on an adventure, filled with quirky madness and twisted visions, to explore and wonder through their gothic perception of the real world and vibrant imagination of the unknown world. Ditzian, Eric. “Tim Burton Explains His ‘Abstract’ Relationship With Johnny Depp.” News. Viacom Media Networks, 01 Sept. 2009. Web. 12 May 2014. Woerner, Meridith. “10 Things You’ll See in Almost Every Tim Burton Movie.” Io9. Gawker Media, 12 May 2012. Web. 12 May 2014. Written by Masahiro Hayashi 2013/05/13 Johnny Depp (left), Helena Bonham Carter (middle), and Tim Burton (right) attending their movie premier. online source: deppcarterburton. tumblr.com/page/3 A scene of Johnny Depp (left) and Hel- ena Bonham Carter (middle) in Sweeney Todd. Source: http:// popcultureplaypen. files.wordpress. com/2011/01/stodd. jpg Tim Burton on Set. Source: :http:// emc.elte. hu/~FAMRACB/ blog/images/tb02. jpg Johnny Depp as Willy Wonka in Charlie and the Chocolate Factory. Source: http:// img2.timeinc.net/ people/i/2013/ gallery/johnny-
  36. 36. Tim BurtonTim Burton reveals the secrets that leaded his movies to success and what makes them so unique. In this article that we are offering you, we have interviewed the celebrity movie director Tim Burton and the main question that we asked him was: “ what makes your film unique, your own?” Tim burton than started saying the different elements, aspects and styles that he like to work with and this is what we came out with: Flash- backs, a figure that resembles ingenuity, a rebellious figure, work with the same actors, stop-motion, dutch angle, points of view and colors. Tim Burton explains how he loves to express emotion, like pain in most of his movies, of a character by using flashbacks and we can actually see this in pretty much most of his movies: Emily sings about her nasty death (The Corpse Bride), Ichabod Crane dreams of his busty mother’s death (Sleepy Hollow). If you are a big fun of Tim Burton surely you must have notice that in every single one of his movies never misses a blonde figure. This aspect occurs because Tim Burton thinks that there is not a better figure than that one to resemble the concept of ingenuity and gives the perfect bleached from all sins look. If you have noticed this here the proof: Sandra Bloom (Big Fish), Katrina Van Tessel (Sleepy Hollow), Kim (Edward Scissorhands), Johanna (Sweeney Todd), Vicki Vale (Batman), Daena (Planet of the Apes) and The White Queen (Alice In Wonderlan). If u pay attention to his movies you surely figured out that it never misses a young lady that is mis- understood by everybody and she thinks she is trapped by the expectation of the others. These rebels are often the voice of reason in Burton’s mad, mad world. Examples of these idea are: Lydia Deetz (Beetlejuice), Ari (Planets of the Apes), Carolyn Stoddart (Dark Shadow), Alice (Alice in Wonderland), Sally (The Nightmare Before Christ- mas) and Emily (Corpse Bride). Tim Burton explained us why he loves to coop- erate, work, with the same actors and the mainly reason is because he already built up with them a relationship and he knows that from them he can have what he requires for his movie since they already know how he likes to work. The actors that have the privilege to work with him are Johnny Deep, Helena Bonham-Carter, Christopher Lee and Jeffrey Jones. Even if it hasn’t been used in a lot of his mov- ies, surely one of his signature techniques is the stop-motion animation. This technique really got associated to Tim Burton after the production of “The Nightmare Before Christmas”, which was a success, and also with the production of “Corpse Bride”. The stop-motion technique involves the use of physical sets and puppets and shooting each subsequent frame of the film as the puppets are moved through the motion you end up seeing on the movie. Another technique that pups out really often in Tim Burton’s movies is the Dutch angle, also known as the Dutch tilt. Even if this isn’t one of his signature techniques, Tim Burton told us that he uses it more often than a conventional moviemaker. Tim Burton also explained us what is a Dutch angle by saying that the shot involves tilting the camera when shooting a frame in order to create a skewed sense of tension and he also added that at the end the result would be of an angle rather than horizontal. Another technique that Tim Burton told us he likes to play with point-of-view shots quite often in his films. This technique is demonstrated most clearly in one of his breakout early successes, “Edward Scissorhands” where Tim Burton uses different shots in order to see something from a point of view of a character. He prefers using this technique better than make see something from an outside eye looking in. Last but not least, the technique that Tim Burton masters better is the one about colors. He uses color in a way that no one uses. In most of his mov- ies Tim Burton shoots subjects in oversaturated and under saturated colors with the purpose to add some more Gothic mystery or unreal (dream- like) states to the stories he wrote. He also uses digital color in order to assist him to achieve vibrant and specific colors for his picture. A clear example of this can be founded in “Charlie and the Chocolate Factory” where is clear how the real world is colored with boring and off colors (such as grey) and, instead, when the characters enter in the chocolate factory there is an explosion of bright and strong colors giving the sensation to live in a magical but real world. As we already know Tim Burton uses this techniques in order to achieve effects that he need to express and make reach certain feelings to the viewer. For exaples he use the color technique in order to separate the true wolrd from the idealy and dreamly one. Tim Burton always said that he never wanted to make a “scary/horror movie” and he asserts that even if he tries to make a horror movie he can’t cause it’s not on his style. Tim Burton does not consider even movies like Beetle juice, Corpse Bride and the recent Dark Shadows, horror movies. He also told that isn’t something new make watch scary movies to children cause, for example, he told how he grew up with Disney movies were most of the times there was a scary character involved.
  37. 37. 1/Renan Passador’s Cut Tim Burton’s portrait under front lighting An examination on his lighting technique used in several of his films that explains how, when, and why he uses it, mainting focus on how he uses lighting to define his own particular style and to communicate with his audience. CINEMATIC TECHNIQUES burton on lighting Tim Burton’s style aids building certain atmospheres and shows representations for the audience to better compre- hend his message and motivation behind the film. Artistic strategies help the audience realize what theme each mov- ie touches on. Being mindful of specific styles and tech- niques helps those watching the film on comprehending the meaning of motion pictures. Tim Burton’s utilization of lighting alongside other elements causes the audience to be attentive to finding meaning behind his choices. Tim Burton is an American director born in 1958 in Califor- nia. He grew up viewing horror films and drawing on his leisure time. He was first renowned for being an animator and in the long run climbed to a finer position as director. He is currently acclaimed for making motion pictures, for example, Edward Scissorhands, Corpse Bride and Charlie and the Chocolate Factory. It seems like he turned into a director on the grounds that he needed to make films like the movies he watched as a child due to his choices. Generally, Tim Burton’s artistic deci- sions are exceptional and accommodating to the sentiments of the audience. One of the compo- nents that help Tim Burton’s unusual style is lighting. Tim Burton utilizes different types of lighting to under- line a certain atmosphere. The change of lighting can change the feelings behind a certain scene. Tim Burton has a tendency to uti- lize a ton of lighting technique playing with shadows and chiaroscuro to make a suspenseful and scary atmosphere as well as to compare the characters’ reality with the world they are introduced to. edward scissorhands In the film Edward Scissorhands there are a great deal of scenes where he utilizes this method. Burton stirs up high and low-key lighting to add profundity to his characters. Burton utilizes the high key lighting strategy in the town that Peg resides, depicting it as splendid and lively looking. In the town, the houses are portrayed as colorful with a ton of light, which contrasts to the atmosphere of Edward’s castle up in the hill, showing different worlds. In the castle, where Edward existed, Burton utilizes low-key lighting having it dull with few shades providing for it a troubling feel. This made the audience realize the castle was a strange place segre- gated from the city. Edward himself looks unpleasant, yet he is a deli- cate man. Burton utilizes lighting to set the atmosphere, as well as to add depth his characters. Lo-key lighting was additionally utilized within the flashbacks Edward every now and again had. Based on that, the audience was able to see how melanchol- ic his past was. Edward appeared to be fine on the outside, yet the low-lit flashbacks and castle indicated that he carried on with a discouraging life, so the lighting aides passing on the theme that an individual is more than simply what the eye can see, permitting the audience to distinguish the depression Edward felt. An specific example is seen in the scene in which Peg drives to Edward’s castle and enters to offer Avon; low-key lighting is utilized to conceal Ed- ward’s face from being seen. Peg is only able to see Edward resembling a monster in the dark. Burton uses this type of “It may be perceived that way, but I have to personalize everything” - Burton lighting to make the house as dim and dull as he could for Edward to look terrifying and for the audience to imagine Edward is going to do something terrible to Peg. charlie and the chocolate factory In the film Charlie and the Chocolate Factory, Burton utilizes low-key lightning when Wonka and the chosen kids open the door to finally see what’s inside the factory. The low-key lighting makes the scene look frightening in spite of the fact that factory is expected to be a fun place, yet it seems dim and suspicious. Tim Burton again exhibits his remarkable style with low-key lighting at Charlie’s house, which would appear like an unpleasant looking shack. The audience expects that no nice individuals could conceivably live there. Charlie resides there with his mother, father, and grandparents in an ador- ing atmosphere. Burton gets the audience to make suspicions about the characters based off of the lighting, yet then astonishes with the complete inverse. corpse bride Lighting is likewise used to create mood in Burton’s Corpse Bride. For instance, when Victor lands in the place where there is the dead and the atmosphere of the film changes. At the point when Victor was in the place where there were the living people his surroundings were dim with minimal color and low-key lighting. When we see Victor’s parents going into Victoria’s house there is no side or from below. This makes a difference between two sepa- rate characters and their distinctive state of psyche. This further stresses the topic of appearances vs. actuality. The film is made in a comparative style to 1920s German Expressionist movies and this is clear through its stark dark and white appearance and chiaroscuro lighting, which contrasts light and darkness to evoke a scary and suspenseful feeling in the audience. Tim Burton utilizes lighting to portray unique situations in his works as director. Tim Burton has a unusual style that suits his gothic movies well. Not just does he utilize lighting for visual impacts inside his settings, however uses lighting as characteriza- tion to add profundity to each character by portraying them as outcasts, away from the norm. His utilization of lighting causes the audience to be attentive to finding the reason why it was made the way Burton chose, making lighting set the atmosphere of his suspenseful vs. cheerful worlds. light inside with the exception of the light coming from outside that beams through the door. However, in the place where there is the dead, Burton utilizes high key light- ing that creates a joyful environment and brings all to life. It is more vibrant and lights up the entire mood of the film making the place where there is the dead have a merry atmosphere contrasted with the place that is known for the living. vincent Despite the fact that Vincent is a short anima- tion, Burton was still capable of fusing various types of lighting with shadows. Burton successfully contrasts bright or high key lighting scenes for Vincent’s typical adolescence with dull or low-key lighting scenes for his envisioned torments. At the point when the ordinary Vincent is introduced, the lighting is high-key, but when the storyteller depicts his tormented state of mind, the lighting is low-key with Vincent Malloy being lit either from the 2/Renan Passador’s Cut http://images2.fanpop.com/images/photos/7300000/Tim-Burton-Comic-Con-2009-Portrait-tim-burton-7315666-281-400.jpg

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