Department of Management Sciences
Assignment # 1
Name: Ayesha Shaukat
Reg No: SP23-RPM-003
Subject: Management, Organizational Policies and Practices
Instructor: Dr. Zohra Saleem
Submission Date: 12-03-2023
COMSATS University Islamabad, Abbottabad Campus
Q1. Why is management important?
Management is important for several reasons:
1. Goal Achievement: Management plays a critical role in setting and achieving organizational
goals. Managers develop strategies, allocate resources, and coordinate activities to ensure that
the organization is able to achieve its objectives effectively and efficiently.
2. Resource Management: Effective management ensures that resources such as people, finances,
and materials are allocated efficiently to support the organization's goals.
3. Coordination and Communication: Management helps to coordinate the efforts of different
teams and departments within the organization. Effective communication and collaboration
among team members are crucial for ensuring that everyone is working towards the same goals.
4. Decision-making: Managers make important decisions that impact the organization's success.
Effective decision-making is crucial for ensuring that the organization is able to adapt to
changing circumstances and remain competitive.
5. People Management: Managers are responsible for managing people and creating a positive
work environment. Effective people management helps to attract and retain talented employees
and build a strong organizational culture.
6. Organizational Efficiency: Management helps to ensure that organizational processes and
systems are efficient and effective. By identifying areas for improvement and implementing
best practices, management can help to streamline operations, reduce waste, and increase
7. Innovation and Creativity: Management can also promote innovation and creativity by
fostering a culture that values experimentation, risk-taking, and continuous learning. By
encouraging new ideas and approaches, management can help the organization to stay
competitive and adapt to new challenges and opportunities.
Overall, management is essential for ensuring that organizations are able to achieve their goals,
efficiently allocate resources, coordinate activities, make effective decisions, manage people,
streamline operations, foster innovation and creativity, and maintain a strong organizational
Q2. What is effective management?
Effective management is the ability to lead and coordinate people, resources, and processes in a
way that achieves organizational goals efficiently and effectively. It involves making sound
decisions, setting clear goals, communicating effectively, allocating resources appropriately, and
motivating and empowering employees. Effective management is characterized by strong
leadership, strategic thinking, effective communication, and the ability to motivate and inspire
employees to work towards a common goal.
Some key characteristics of effective management include:
1. Clear Communication: Effective managers communicate clearly and concisely, ensuring that
employees understand their roles and responsibilities and have a clear understanding of the
organization's goals and objectives.
2. Goal-Setting: Effective managers set clear and measurable goals for their team and develop a
plan to achieve them.
3. Decision-making: Effective managers make decisions based on data and analysis, taking into
account the impact on the organization and its stakeholders.
4. Strategic Thinking: Effective managers think strategically, taking a long-term view of the
organization and its goals and developing plans to achieve them.
5. Resource Allocation: Effective managers allocate resources effectively, ensuring that they are
used efficiently to achieve the organization's goals.
6. Motivation: Effective managers motivate and inspire employees to perform at their best,
creating a positive and productive work environment.
7. Continuous Improvement: Effective managers are constantly looking for ways to improve
processes and systems, seeking feedback from employees and stakeholders and implementing
changes as needed.
Overall, effective management is essential for achieving organizational success, and it requires a
combination of leadership, communication, strategic thinking, decision-making, resource
allocation, motivation, and continuous improvement.
Q3. What does good management look like?
Good management can take different forms depending on the specific organization, industry, and
context, but there are some key characteristics that are generally associated with effective
1. Strong Leadership: Good management requires strong leadership skills, including the ability
to inspire and motivate employees, provide clear direction and vision, and lead by example.
2. Effective Communication: Good managers communicate clearly and effectively, ensuring that
employees understand their roles and responsibilities, goals and objectives, and providing
regular feedback and updates.
3. Strategic Thinking: Good managers think strategically and develop plans to achieve
organizational goals, taking into account the organization's strengths and weaknesses,
opportunities and threats, and the competitive environment.
4. Decisiveness: Good managers make timely and well-informed decisions based on data and
analysis, taking into account the impact on the organization and its stakeholders.
5. Resource Allocation: Good managers allocate resources effectively, ensuring that they are used
efficiently to achieve the organization's goals.
6. Continuous Improvement: Good managers are always looking for ways to improve processes
and systems, seeking feedback from employees and stakeholders, and implementing changes
7. Empowerment: Good managers empower employees by providing them with the tools,
resources, and authority they need to perform their jobs effectively and make a meaningful
contribution to the organization.
Overall, good management involves a combination of leadership, communication, strategic
thinking, decisiveness, resource allocation, continuous improvement, and empowerment. A good
manager is able to balance these factors effectively, adapting their approach to meet the specific
needs and challenges of their organization.
Q4. Why do you study management?
I study management because of the following reasons:
1. Career Opportunities: Studying management can provide you with the knowledge and skills
needed to pursue a career in a variety of industries and roles, such as project management,
operations management, human resource management, and more.
2. Personal Development: Studying management can help you develop your leadership,
communication, problem-solving, and critical thinking skills, which can be valuable both in
your professional and personal life.
3. Business Ownership: If you are interested in starting your own business, studying management
can provide you with the knowledge and skills needed to successfully manage and grow your
4. Organizational Improvement: Studying management can provide you with the tools and
techniques needed to improve organizational performance and achieve strategic goals.
5. Globalization: With the increasing globalization of business, studying management can
provide you with the knowledge and skills needed to work effectively in diverse cultural and
Overall, studying management can provide you with a broad range of knowledge and skills that
can be valuable in a variety of settings, and can open up a wide range of career opportunities.