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Jyotigram yojana

how jyotigram yojna of gujrat state government can be implemented in jharkhand.

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Jyotigram yojana

  2. 2. Jyotigram Yojana and Jharkhand  What is jyotigram yojna  Rural electrification status of Jharkhand  Programs in Jharkhand for rural electrification  Implementation of jyotigram yojna in jharkhand
  3. 3. Jyotigram Yojana
  4. 4. Jyotigram Yojana  Jyotigram Yojana is an initiative of the Government of Gujarat to ensure availability of 24-hour three phase quality power supply to rural areas of the state and to supply power to farmers residing in scattered farm houses through feeders having specially designed transformers. Under the scheme state government separated electricity feeder lines for agricultural and nonagricultural users to make farm power rationing effective and tamper proof. By providing a continuous, reliable full-voltage power supply for restricted hours daily, the Jyotigram Yojana made it possible for farmers to keep to their irrigation schedules, conserve water, save on pump maintenance costs and use labour more efficiently.
  5. 5. 1 1: Jyotigram Yojana 3 Raysan is a village exactly like any other of the 6.3 lakh away free or subsidised power to agriculture, and cut the power of odd villages in India. Population: 1700. Agriculture based the domestic and industrial sector. families. Living in semi-thatched houses. Rearing cows and goats. Worried about the rain and their children's education. Until Jyotigram: Nothing to put Raysan on the forefront of our national psyche. The power supply chain from power plant to point-of-use Except every household in Raysan gets 24/7 electricity, 365 days a travels through stations, transformers and wires. Traditionally, year.
  6. 6. 1  Enabling people to pursue small-scale industries or buy TV's this transmission system is a SINGLE UNIT from which power is and refrigerators which actually work rather than just act as show fed to various sectors for agriculture, industry and domestic use. pieces; allowing students to study late into the night. Just like The Government of Gujarat SPLIT the agriculture power supply every one of Gujarat's 18,000 odd villages. Just like every one of chain from the domestic and industrial power supply chain. In Gujarat's 10 million households. 'Let there be light' is a reality essence, it constructed a whole new parallel transmission system here. to feed and monitor electricity to agriculture. As a result, the Government of Gujarat began to: How did this miracle happen? ŸIntelligently ration power supply to farmers. For the first time Power supply is a tinderbox issue. It has been caught in a in the country,
  7. 7. 1  farmers in Gujarat received 8 hours of electricity vicious political cycle for years across the country. Governments of guaranteed voltage and timings, whereas previously they win elections with promises of free power to the electorate. A received 13-14 hours of irregular and unreliable supply. majority of this free power is used by farmers to run pumps in ŸCharge farmers for power. order to access groundwater for irrigation of crops. In fact, ŸProvide households 24/7 power through dedicated domestic agriculture consumes close to 85% of a state's power supply. This feeders. overuse by agriculture leaves very little power for domestic and industrial purposes resulting in crippling power outages. Consider What made it happen? this: if most of the power is subsidised or free, it is no wonder then, From imbalance of power to the balance of power + irrigation: that many state electricity boards are bankrupt. Therefore, most Gujarat saw light when the government recognized an electricity boards have neither the funds nor the motivation to imbalance that went unnoticed. Most governments are trapped in provide good quality power to the farmers.
  8. 8. 1  The result: power the power struggle; farmers hold them ransom for more power and supply is erratic, the quality of power is low, and the expensive governments continue to pander to their needs. Everyone irrigation pump equipment often gets damaged. recognizes power is needed for irrigation. And therefore they However, no one is willing to break this vicious cycle by provide power for irrigation. However, the Government of charging for power or by rationing supply. Because history shows, Gujarat saw it a little differently. And this little difference began governments that tried to charge for power, lost power instead. So the journey towards a whole new power game. Rather than power this became a sacred covenant: to stay in or to win power, give for irrigation, it recast the situation as a power and irrigation
  9. 9. 2  2Jyotigram Yojana 5 problem. Never before had anyone consciously created this link- actual benefit on ground, their protests turned to praise and both power and irrigation, as one. For the first time, Jyotigram as a acceptance. And so, with intelligent rationing, there was solution, would focus on the equation, power + irrigation for electricity for farmers and light for all. reform.And a workable solution began to emerge. CONVENTIONAL WAY JYOTIGRAM YOJNA Within the power + irrigation equation, the Government of Gujarat had one more realisation: free power without rationing Single Feeder Separate Feeders did not guarantee irrigation. The poor quality and the interrupted Agriculture Agriculture Domestic power created a bigger headache; Every time there was an + 3 phase: Single Phase: Domestic 8 hours 24 hours unscheduled power cut, the irrigation process went back to zero Impact: Impact: and had to restart all over again. The farmer had no way of - All power drawn for - Farmers get continuous good knowing when the power would return, which means he wasted agriculture quality electricity on pre- much of his time anxiously waiting for the power to come on. And - Crippling shortage in the announced schedules.
  10. 10. 2  domestic sector - No damage to equipment. poor quality electricity resulted in damage of expensive - The domestic sector gets 24 equipment. So whereas in theory he was getting unlimited power hours uninterrupted power supply. supply, in reality this power supply was of little help to him in irrigation. From insight to implementation: in a record 1000 days! So how does the government charge for what was free, The Government of Gujarat set up a complete alternate and cut the amount of time it is supplied for, and still get transmission system of power feeders: the heavy duty agricultural feeders that would provide 440 volts for 8 hours a day for farmer buy-in? agricultural needs and Work executed under Jyotigram1 From the above scenario, a promise to the farmers was regular feeders for 24/7 New High Tension Lines 56,307 Kms born- 8 hours uninterrupted, 440 volts, and pre- announced power domestic and industrial New Low Tension Lines 22,146 Kms supply
  11. 11. 2  . The benefit for farmers: uninterrupted power supply, purposes. Where farms New Transformers 18,724 Nos. allowed for water to be drawn and fed with maximum force to a n d h o m e s e x i s t e d Poles erected 17,00,000 Nos. crops, without a cease in water flow. 440 volts is the quality of SDT's Installed 3,101 Nos. together, they provided electricity required to run pumps, so farmers did not have to Jyotigram Feeders 1,888 Nos. special 'switch over' contend with damage to equipment. And a pre-announced 8 hour Project Cost Rs. 1290 Crores feeders called SDT's to Government Grant Rs. 1115 Crores schedule allowed for farmers to plan their work without wasting switch from 3 phase 440 State Population 5.07 Crores time praying for the electricity to come. volts to 2 phase 220 volts No. of Days 1000 The farmers protested at first, especially as the project rolled out. After all, nobody likes the thought of rationing what 1 Beyond State Boundaries, Jyotigram Yojana, Mr. S. Jagadeesan, Principal Secretary, was unlimited or paying for what was free. But when they saw the Energy and PetroChemicals Department
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