Guiding Your Strong Willed Child Workshop, Week 4

K
Guiding Your
Strong Willed Child
0 1 2 3 4 5 6
Week Four
Community Blame the Man
Family Invest with Yes
Science What’s Your Function?
Framework Case of the Missing Sock
At-Home Micro Choices
Negotiation www.youtube.com/watch?v=aFYsJYPye94
Community
Negotiables – a review
•  A negotiation
– Begins with your invitation (a question)
– Never follows whining or challenging behavior
– Ends immediately if challenging behavior occurs
Community
Blame the Man
aka “It’s What the Sign Says”
•  Concrete alternative to repeat negotiation
•  Once posted, it can not be changed until your
scheduled review
Photo via Exploreminnesota.com
Community
Blame the Man
•  Stay on their side - Allows you to commiserate while
still being consistent
Photo via honda.com, pinterest.com, today.com, playpartypin.com
Community
Questions for the Table – 10 Minutes
Community
1.  What did you discover this week about the
frequency of your negotiations? Ideally would
you like more, less or about the same number?
2.  Who is initiating the negotiation most often?
3.  Did you discover any pattern to the type of
negotiations you are engaging in?
4.  What happens currently if the negotiation turns
south (screaming, yelling…)?
End
Large Group Q & A
Community
• Questions?
• Reflections?
Week Four
Community Blame the Man
Family Invest with Yes
Science What’s Your Function?
Framework Case of the Missing Sock
At-Home Micro Choices
Who Had a HAT Meeting this Week?
How Are Things
Happy Adult Time
Family
Invest with Yes!
Freedom within CLEAR Limits
Yes
Vs. The Extremes
Family
Photo via pinterest.com and amazon.com
Family
Photo via gameofthrones.wikia.com
Boundaries are hard to hold,
Don’t spread yourself too thin!
Invest Video: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DAKnU95NTzI
Family
Home Climate Analysis
Family
•  Is it possible that we have too many rules?
– Can I ever do anything right?
•  Is it possible that our expectation are too high?
– Am I free to be a kid at home?
•  Is it possible that our expectations are unclear?
– What does my parent want me to do?
•  What prevents us from holding firm to our boundaries?
– Will I get my way today?
End
The Four Cs
Family
Choices BEFORE
Changes LATER
Consistency DURING
And, Corrections are expensive - spend them wisely!
HAT Meeting Four Assignment
Family
•  Schedule 30 minutes of protected, kid-free time for
each week of our workshop on your CALENDAR
Goal for Meeting Four
Make a list of all the (written or unwritten) rules you
have this week & see if they align with your values
Continue to define your values!
Week Four
Community Blame the Man
Family Invest with Yes
Science What’s Your Function?
Framework Case of the Missing Sock
At-Home Micro Choices
Nuts & Bolts of Behavior
Operational
Definitions
Antecedent
Original
Behavior
Replacement
Behavior
Consequence
Science
Today’s Gift from Science
Operational
Definitions
Antecedent
Behavior
Consequence
Science
Not-A-Test
•  Which of the following could be described as
a consequence? Select ALL that apply.
•  politely asking your child to sit on time out after she hit
her brother
•  passing your child the milk when she says, “milk please!”
•  talking with your child about how it makes you feel when
she hits her brother
•  giving your child “the look” but not talking with her after
she hits her brother
•  giving your child a big hug after she falls down
Science
Not-A-Test
•  Which of the following could be described as
a consequence? Select ALL that apply.
•  politely asking your child to sit on time out after she hit her brother
•  passing your child the milk when she says, “milk please!”
•  talking with your child about how it makes you feel when she hits her brother
•  giving your child “the look” but not talking with her after she hits her brother
•  giving your child a big hug after she falls down
ALL ARE CONSEQUENCES. A consequence is simply what
happens as a result of a behavior, it could be reinforcing or
punishing or have no effect.
Science
Not-A-Test
•  Reinforcement has occurred in which of the
following examples:
a)  Your child completes a chore & receives a sticker on
her daily chore chart
b)  Your child is being too loud at a restaurant so you
say, “If you don’t quiet down, I will take away your
ipad” and he quiets down
c)  Your child, stuck in her snowsuit, says, “Help, please” so
you free her. She starts asking for help more often as
a result.
Science
Not-A-Test
•  Reinforcement has occurred in which of the
following examples:
(c) Your child, stuck in her snowsuit, says, “Help, please”
so you free her. She starts asking for help more often as
a result.
This is the only example in which we know that the
probability of behavior increased in the future as a
result of the consequence!
Science
Not-A-Test
•  All behavior serves a __________________.
Please write in your single word answer. If you
don’t know the real answer, creative wrong answers
will earn partial credit ☺
Science
Not-A-Test
•  All behavior serves a __________________.
Please write in your single word answer. If you
don’t know the real answer, creative wrong answers
will earn partial credit ☺
FUNCTION!
Answer: And the key to changing a behavior is to understand its function.
Science
Behavior Serves a Function
•  A behavior continues to occur because it worked
•  “Worked” does not imply that a person can name
or identify the function of their own behavior
– Observation is the only real way to understand what
consequence is maintaining a behavior
•  If you want to change a behavior, a person needs
another way to get from A to C…a new B!
– This is where the magic lives! More on this to come…
Science
Determining the Function of Behavior
Science
•  We must understand the FUNCTION of a behavior
if we are going to be able to use “natural” positive
reinforcement to our advantage
•  How do we assess the function? We watch to see
what consequence follows the behavior currently
Determining the Function of Behavior
Science
I Eat Chocolate Ice Cream Before Bed…
•  What should I eat instead?
•  Carrots & Celery…
– (lasts 1 night, maybe)
•  Chocolate Snack
– (better chance)
Science
Week Four
Community Blame the Man
Family Invest with Yes
Science What’s Your Function?
Framework Case of the Missing Sock
At-Home Micro Choices
Case of the Missing Sock
•  Remember Little Sally?
– Sally is physically able to put on her socks & boots
– Family is preparing to leave for school, Mom asks Sally
to put on her socks & boots so that they can be ready
to go but…
• Almost everyday, Sally can be spotted wandering around
holding her socks while Mom puts a jacket on a younger
sibling and then Mom catches Sally and has to ask her to
put on her socks & boots again. Unless she is next to her, it
never gets done. Most mornings, Mom ends up helping Sally
put them on.
Framework
Function Detective
•  Current maintaining consequence is that most
mornings, Mom ends up helping Sally put socks &
boots on
– Might be attention (access to time with Mom)
– Might be avoidance (avoids effort of having to put on
socks & boots)
– Might be avoidance (delays going into car and then
to school)
Framework
Function-Based Reinforcement
•  New behavior must result in current maintaining
consequence…
– Might be attention (access to time with Mom)
• Mom only mimes until boots & socks are on
– Might be avoidance (avoids effort of having to put on
socks & boots)
• Mom puts on socks & boots immediately after saying, “Let’s
put on your boots” after using graduated guidance
– Might be avoidance (delays boring car ride)
• Favorite toys are in special car box waiting for child after
socks & boots are on
Framework
Week Four
Community Blame the Man
Family Invest with Yes
Science What’s Your Function?
Framework Case of the Missing Sock
At-Home Micro Choices
Choices are Good!
“Providing choice opportunities resulted in clinically
significant reductions in the number of occurrences
of problem behavior.”
•  The Effect of Choice-Making as an Intervention for Problem Behavior: a Meta-Analysis
(Shogren et al., Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions, 2004).
At-Home
Ways to Offer Choices
Open Ended Questions
Structured Choices
Micro Choices
You or Me Choices
At-Home
Micro Choices Overview
•  Tiny, EASY little choices that don’t affect the
outcome but still share control!
•  For now, stick with outcomes that you already know
the child will not resist – icing on the cake!
– Speed: Walk home fast or slow? (still walking home)
– Style: Green jacket or red jacket? (still wearing jacket)
– Size: Bath half full or all the way full (still having a bath)
– Shape: Orange peeled or unpeeled? (still eating an
orange)
At-Home
More Examples of Micro Choices
•  Examples
– Do you want to sit in the red chair or blue chair?
– Do you want a full or half glass of milk?
– Should I read underwater-style or rodeo-style?
– Do you want to use green or blue paint?
•  Non-examples
– What do you want for dinner? (open ended)
– Do you want to do your homework now or later? (structured)
– Are you going to put your boots on now or do I need to help
you do it? (your or me)
At-Home
At-Home
Making this Work at Home
•  Guided Practice Every Workshop Week
– HAT meeting
• This week: Determine if your rules align with your values?
– Daily Five
• This week: Add Micro Choices into your Daily Five!
– 30-Second Video
• This week: Email me a Micro Choices video!
At-Home
Questions, Comments?
Review the slides at biehus.wordpress.com
Email me at biehuschicago@gmail.com
At-Home
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Guiding Your Strong Willed Child Workshop, Week 4

  • 1. Guiding Your Strong Willed Child 0 1 2 3 4 5 6
  • 2. Week Four Community Blame the Man Family Invest with Yes Science What’s Your Function? Framework Case of the Missing Sock At-Home Micro Choices
  • 4. Negotiables – a review •  A negotiation – Begins with your invitation (a question) – Never follows whining or challenging behavior – Ends immediately if challenging behavior occurs Community
  • 5. Blame the Man aka “It’s What the Sign Says” •  Concrete alternative to repeat negotiation •  Once posted, it can not be changed until your scheduled review Photo via Exploreminnesota.com Community
  • 6. Blame the Man •  Stay on their side - Allows you to commiserate while still being consistent Photo via honda.com, pinterest.com, today.com, playpartypin.com Community
  • 7. Questions for the Table – 10 Minutes Community 1.  What did you discover this week about the frequency of your negotiations? Ideally would you like more, less or about the same number? 2.  Who is initiating the negotiation most often? 3.  Did you discover any pattern to the type of negotiations you are engaging in? 4.  What happens currently if the negotiation turns south (screaming, yelling…)? End
  • 8. Large Group Q & A Community • Questions? • Reflections?
  • 9. Week Four Community Blame the Man Family Invest with Yes Science What’s Your Function? Framework Case of the Missing Sock At-Home Micro Choices
  • 10. Who Had a HAT Meeting this Week? How Are Things Happy Adult Time Family
  • 11. Invest with Yes! Freedom within CLEAR Limits Yes Vs. The Extremes Family Photo via pinterest.com and amazon.com
  • 12. Family Photo via gameofthrones.wikia.com Boundaries are hard to hold, Don’t spread yourself too thin!
  • 14. Home Climate Analysis Family •  Is it possible that we have too many rules? – Can I ever do anything right? •  Is it possible that our expectation are too high? – Am I free to be a kid at home? •  Is it possible that our expectations are unclear? – What does my parent want me to do? •  What prevents us from holding firm to our boundaries? – Will I get my way today? End
  • 15. The Four Cs Family Choices BEFORE Changes LATER Consistency DURING And, Corrections are expensive - spend them wisely!
  • 16. HAT Meeting Four Assignment Family •  Schedule 30 minutes of protected, kid-free time for each week of our workshop on your CALENDAR Goal for Meeting Four Make a list of all the (written or unwritten) rules you have this week & see if they align with your values Continue to define your values!
  • 17. Week Four Community Blame the Man Family Invest with Yes Science What’s Your Function? Framework Case of the Missing Sock At-Home Micro Choices
  • 18. Nuts & Bolts of Behavior Operational Definitions Antecedent Original Behavior Replacement Behavior Consequence Science
  • 19. Today’s Gift from Science Operational Definitions Antecedent Behavior Consequence Science
  • 20. Not-A-Test •  Which of the following could be described as a consequence? Select ALL that apply. •  politely asking your child to sit on time out after she hit her brother •  passing your child the milk when she says, “milk please!” •  talking with your child about how it makes you feel when she hits her brother •  giving your child “the look” but not talking with her after she hits her brother •  giving your child a big hug after she falls down Science
  • 21. Not-A-Test •  Which of the following could be described as a consequence? Select ALL that apply. •  politely asking your child to sit on time out after she hit her brother •  passing your child the milk when she says, “milk please!” •  talking with your child about how it makes you feel when she hits her brother •  giving your child “the look” but not talking with her after she hits her brother •  giving your child a big hug after she falls down ALL ARE CONSEQUENCES. A consequence is simply what happens as a result of a behavior, it could be reinforcing or punishing or have no effect. Science
  • 22. Not-A-Test •  Reinforcement has occurred in which of the following examples: a)  Your child completes a chore & receives a sticker on her daily chore chart b)  Your child is being too loud at a restaurant so you say, “If you don’t quiet down, I will take away your ipad” and he quiets down c)  Your child, stuck in her snowsuit, says, “Help, please” so you free her. She starts asking for help more often as a result. Science
  • 23. Not-A-Test •  Reinforcement has occurred in which of the following examples: (c) Your child, stuck in her snowsuit, says, “Help, please” so you free her. She starts asking for help more often as a result. This is the only example in which we know that the probability of behavior increased in the future as a result of the consequence! Science
  • 24. Not-A-Test •  All behavior serves a __________________. Please write in your single word answer. If you don’t know the real answer, creative wrong answers will earn partial credit ☺ Science
  • 25. Not-A-Test •  All behavior serves a __________________. Please write in your single word answer. If you don’t know the real answer, creative wrong answers will earn partial credit ☺ FUNCTION! Answer: And the key to changing a behavior is to understand its function. Science
  • 26. Behavior Serves a Function •  A behavior continues to occur because it worked •  “Worked” does not imply that a person can name or identify the function of their own behavior – Observation is the only real way to understand what consequence is maintaining a behavior •  If you want to change a behavior, a person needs another way to get from A to C…a new B! – This is where the magic lives! More on this to come… Science
  • 27. Determining the Function of Behavior Science •  We must understand the FUNCTION of a behavior if we are going to be able to use “natural” positive reinforcement to our advantage •  How do we assess the function? We watch to see what consequence follows the behavior currently
  • 28. Determining the Function of Behavior Science
  • 29. I Eat Chocolate Ice Cream Before Bed… •  What should I eat instead? •  Carrots & Celery… – (lasts 1 night, maybe) •  Chocolate Snack – (better chance) Science
  • 30. Week Four Community Blame the Man Family Invest with Yes Science What’s Your Function? Framework Case of the Missing Sock At-Home Micro Choices
  • 31. Case of the Missing Sock •  Remember Little Sally? – Sally is physically able to put on her socks & boots – Family is preparing to leave for school, Mom asks Sally to put on her socks & boots so that they can be ready to go but… • Almost everyday, Sally can be spotted wandering around holding her socks while Mom puts a jacket on a younger sibling and then Mom catches Sally and has to ask her to put on her socks & boots again. Unless she is next to her, it never gets done. Most mornings, Mom ends up helping Sally put them on. Framework
  • 32. Function Detective •  Current maintaining consequence is that most mornings, Mom ends up helping Sally put socks & boots on – Might be attention (access to time with Mom) – Might be avoidance (avoids effort of having to put on socks & boots) – Might be avoidance (delays going into car and then to school) Framework
  • 33. Function-Based Reinforcement •  New behavior must result in current maintaining consequence… – Might be attention (access to time with Mom) • Mom only mimes until boots & socks are on – Might be avoidance (avoids effort of having to put on socks & boots) • Mom puts on socks & boots immediately after saying, “Let’s put on your boots” after using graduated guidance – Might be avoidance (delays boring car ride) • Favorite toys are in special car box waiting for child after socks & boots are on Framework
  • 34. Week Four Community Blame the Man Family Invest with Yes Science What’s Your Function? Framework Case of the Missing Sock At-Home Micro Choices
  • 35. Choices are Good! “Providing choice opportunities resulted in clinically significant reductions in the number of occurrences of problem behavior.” •  The Effect of Choice-Making as an Intervention for Problem Behavior: a Meta-Analysis (Shogren et al., Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions, 2004). At-Home
  • 36. Ways to Offer Choices Open Ended Questions Structured Choices Micro Choices You or Me Choices At-Home
  • 37. Micro Choices Overview •  Tiny, EASY little choices that don’t affect the outcome but still share control! •  For now, stick with outcomes that you already know the child will not resist – icing on the cake! – Speed: Walk home fast or slow? (still walking home) – Style: Green jacket or red jacket? (still wearing jacket) – Size: Bath half full or all the way full (still having a bath) – Shape: Orange peeled or unpeeled? (still eating an orange) At-Home
  • 38. More Examples of Micro Choices •  Examples – Do you want to sit in the red chair or blue chair? – Do you want a full or half glass of milk? – Should I read underwater-style or rodeo-style? – Do you want to use green or blue paint? •  Non-examples – What do you want for dinner? (open ended) – Do you want to do your homework now or later? (structured) – Are you going to put your boots on now or do I need to help you do it? (your or me) At-Home
  • 40. Making this Work at Home •  Guided Practice Every Workshop Week – HAT meeting • This week: Determine if your rules align with your values? – Daily Five • This week: Add Micro Choices into your Daily Five! – 30-Second Video • This week: Email me a Micro Choices video! At-Home
  • 41. Questions, Comments? Review the slides at biehus.wordpress.com Email me at biehuschicago@gmail.com At-Home