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CyberSalon - Smart Citizens, Cities & the Case for CitySDK

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What is the role of open data in smart cities - and how to get the most value out of it. The CitySDK Linked Data framework allows cities to publish real-time, five star linked open data; it allows developers to make software that scales, and citizens to choose for the best apps from around the world. Amongst the cities to implement CitySDK are Amsterdam, Manchester, Helsinki and Lisbon; many more to follow.

More information: &

Presented on the 27th of May at the CyberSalon in London, thanks for Eva Pascoe & friends.

Publicado en: Tecnología, Educación
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CyberSalon - Smart Citizens, Cities & the Case for CitySDK

  1. 1. Smart Cities, Smart Citizens and the case for CitySDK. Frank Kresin Research Director @kresin /
  2. 2. Smart Citizen Manifesto We, citizens of all cities, take the fate of the places we live in into our own hands.We care about the familiar buildings and the parks, the shops, the schools, the roads and the trees, but far more about the quality of the life we live in them.About the casual interactions, uncalled for encounters, the craze and the booze and the love we lost and found.We know that our lives are interconnected, and what we do here will impact the outcomes over there.While we can never predict the eventual effect of our actions, we take full responsibility to make this world a better place. Therefore, we will refuse to be consumers, client and informants only, and reclaim agency towards the processes, algorithms and systems that shape our world.We need to know how decisions are made, we need to have the information that is at hand; we need to have direct access to the people in power, and be involved in the crafting of laws and procedures that we grapple with everyday. Fortunately, we are not alone.We are well educated and have appropriated the tools to connect at the touch of a button, organize ourselves, make our voices heard.We have the tools to measure ourselves and our environment, to visualize and analyse the data, to come to conclusions and take action.We have continuous access to the best of learning in the world, to powerful phones and laptops and software, and to home-grown labs that help us make the things that others won’t. Furthermore we were inspired by such diverse examples as the 1% club,Avaaz, Kickstarter, Couchsurfing, Change by Us, and many, many more. We are ready. But government is not. It was shaped in the 18th century, but increasingly struggles with 21st century problems it cannot solve. It lost touch with its citizens and is less and less equipped to provide the services and security it had pledged to offer.While it tries to build ‘smart cities’ that reinforce or strengthen the status quo - that was responsible for the problems in the first place - it loses sight of the most valuable resource it can tap into: the smart citizen. Smart Citizens: • Will take responsibility for the place they live, work and love in; • Value access over ownership, contribution over power; • Will ask forgiveness, not permission; • Know where they can get the tools, knowledge and support they need; • Value empathy, dialogue and trust; • Appropriate technology, rather than accept it as is; • Will help the people that struggle with smart stuff; • Ask questions, then more questions, before they come up with answers; • Actively take part in design efforts to come up with better solutions; • Work agile, prototype early, test quickly and know when to start over; • Will not stop in the face of seemingly huge boundariesbarriers; • Unremittingly share their knowledge and their learning, because they know this is where true value comes from. All over the world, smart citizens take action.We self-organise, form cooperations, share resources and take back full responsibility for the care of our children and elderly.We pop up restaurants, harvest renewable energy, maintain urban gardens, build temporary structures and nurture compassion and trust.We kickstart the products and services we care about, repair and upcycle, or learn how to manufacture things ourselves.We even coined new currencies in response to events that recently shook our comfortable world, but were never solved by the powers that be. Therefore, we will refuse to be consumers, client and informants only, and reclaim agency towards the processes, algorithms and systems that shape our world.
  3. 3. Design Rules for Smarter Cities • Your citizens know more than you. • Prototype early and fast, engage the stakeholders, iterate quickly and be prepared to start all over. • Embrace self-organisation and civic initiative, but help to make the results sustainable and scalable. • Know what you are talking about in the face of technology. Never rely on consultants that will sell you more consultancy, not solutions. • Have binding decisions made at the lowest level possible and actively preach self-governance. • Favour loosely coupled, smaller systems over monoliths and mastodons, and use peer-defined standards to glue together the parts. Small systems tend to fail sometimes; large systems fail for sure. • To raise and deserve trust, build systems based on data reciprocity and transparency. • Reuse existing parts and design your additions for reuse, adding to the public domain and thereby strengthening its capacity to act and learn.
  4. 4. Waag Society
  5. 5. Meaningful Encounters
  6. 6. Principles: Best producer is the user (S)he can learn to make anything Sharing is key to innovation Making is crucial to understand & act in the world
  7. 7. Knowledge institutes Developer hubs Accelerators Innovation labs
  8. 8. Apps for Europe
  9. 9. Open Data & Smart Cities • Economical value • Efficiency • Transparency • Innovation • Social value
  10. 10. • Citizens • Companies • Civil servants • Developers • Politicians • Journalists Actors
  11. 11. Questions Schools: • Is there a safe bicycle lane towards it? • How about the air quality? • Any sports field around them? • How many schools does this neighbourhood need? • How about scores?
  12. 12. • Interview with alderman • Contact details on web • Three files from the Department of Education • One open data website • Two spreadsheets • Several PDF’s Data Sources
  13. 13. Widely varying identifications Statistics Office Education Department Public Transport Service Budget Office Emergency Services Administration nr. Coordinates Various ID’s Address & timetables Budget ID
  14. 14. For each school: • 6+ queries • 6+ results - Files - Databases - Values - Standards
  15. 15. • Labor intensive • Wide margins • Unreliable • Not interoperable Outcomes
  17. 17. City SDK 20 Open, interoperable service interfaces. Processes, guidelines and usability standards. Sharing, re-using and transferring city solutions across cities. Not inventing from scratch, but mapping, using & developing global best practices
  18. 18. CitySDK coverage Three domains: Participation, Tourism & Mobility 212012 Preparation stage2012 Preparation stage 2013 Lead Pilots2013 Lead Pilots 2013/14 Replication Pilots 2013/14 Replication Pilots
  19. 19. Mobility: Multimodal systems
  20. 20. Smart Mobility  services on real-time traffic data from multiple sources  Results: open source travel assistant application, several harmonized cities’ backend systems, cluster of SME developers working on services for Smart Mobility 23
  21. 21. CitySDK Linked Data • Collects • Annotates • Links • Distributes
  22. 22. mobility
  23. 23. Architecture App(lications) Intelligence CitySDK LD API Databases City Data
  24. 24.
  25. 25.
  26. 26. Embrace Civic Hacking
  27. 27. Cases • BAG viewer • RT mobility data • Parking API • Orphaned Bikes • Tourism in Amsterdam • Emergency services • City Dashboard • Smart Citizen Kits
  28. 28.
  29. 29.
  30. 30. Amsterdam Barcelona Helsinki Lisboa Istanbul Manchester Rome Lamia
  31. 31. Smart Parking Reducing Mobility
  32. 32.
  33. 33. Smart Citizen Kit
  34. 34. CitySDK Linked Data - Users • More than 13 parties use the ‘endpoints’ • NL implementation is used by the Greater Amsterdam region; Amsterdam Economic Board; Infrastructure,Traffic & Transportations; Glimworm, 2Cool Monkeys. • CitySDK Association coming up
  35. 35. Applications • Tree Spotter - Amsterdam (iOS, Android) • Citymarker - read and write data (GitHub) • Traze - video: & • Now: nearest available public transport • Buildings map: by year of construction • Open Data Globe • ReisRadar (Social Travel App, iOS, Android):
  36. 36. Pointers • Design Rules for Smarter Cities • Smart Citizens Publication • CitySDK Mobility API • Open Design Now • Smart Citizen Kit • Apps for Europe - Turning Data into Business
  37. 37. If You Can’t Open It, You Don’t Own It
  38. 38. Piet Heinkade 181 a 1019 HC Amsterdam Thanks! Frank Kresin - @kresin