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Concept and scope of Community health nursing

Concept and scope of Community health nursing, principles, aims, objectives,

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Concept and scope of Community health nursing

  1. 1. CONCEPT, OBJECTIVES ,SCOPE, PRINCIPLES OF COMMUNITY HEALTH NURSE Dr. KAILASH NAGAR ASSIT. PROF DEPT. OF COMMUNITY HEALTH
  2. 2. Concept of Health • Biomedical concept • Ecological concept • Psychosocial concept • Holistic concept
  3. 3. Biomedical concept • Health is “absence of disease” ie if one is free from disease than he is considered healthy. • Based on germ theory of disease. • Question – malnutrition, chronic disease, accidents, drug abuse, mental illness , environmental pollution etc which lead to ecological concept
  4. 4. Ecological concept • Ecologists – health is dynamic equilibrium between man and his environment, and disease is maladjustment of the human organism to his environment. • “Health implies the relative absence of pain and discomfort and a continuous adaptation and adjustment to the environment to ensure optimal function”
  5. 5. Ecological concept • Raised two questions – Imperfect man – Imperfect environment • History shows that improvement in human adaptation to natural environment can lead to longer and better quality of life- even with the absence of modern health delivery services.
  6. 6. Psychosocial concept • Development in social science – Health is not only a biomedical phenomenon, but it is influenced by • social, • psychological, • cultural, • economic and • political factors of the people concerned, • “Health is both a biological and social phenomenon”

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